9781591432210

Astrology in Ancient Mesopotamia

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781591432210

  • ISBN10:

    1591432219

  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/20/2015
  • Publisher: Inner Traditions

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Summary

A detailed study of the earliest forms of astrology in Mesopotamia and their far-reaching hermetic influences from the Renaissance to the present day

• Reveals the roots of modern astrology in the Babylonian science of omens, which was concerned not with individuals but with the state and king

• Explores Mesopotamian mythology as it relates to the planets and to astrology

• Traces the hermetic transmission of this knowledge over the centuries from Mesopotamia to Egypt to Renaissance Italy

Among the many significant discoveries excavated from Assyrian king Ashurbanipal’s royal library in Nineveh were tablets documenting the development of Mesopotamian astrology, now recognized as the earliest astrological science.

Drawing upon translations of the Nineveh library tablets as well as many other ancient sources, Michael Baigent reveals the roots of modern astrology in the Babylonian science of omens. He explains how astrology in the Babylonian and Assyrian empires was concerned not with individuals but with the king and the state. He shows that by the first dynasty of Babylon, around 1900 to 1600 BC, astrology had become a systematic discipline, the preserve of highly trained specialists intent upon interpreting omens from the movements of planets and stars. He explores Mesopotamian mythology as it relates to the planets and to astrology as well as to Mesopotamian religion, magic, and politics--for the mythology of Babylon and Assyria served the state and thus changed as the state changed. He shows how this ancient form of astrology uniquely represents both Sun and Moon as masculine entities and Saturn (Ninurta) as the principle of order imposed on chaos. He examines the connections between ancient astrology and the symbolism of Western religions, such as how the “Greek” or “Templar” cross may symbolize the Babylonian god Nabu, now known as Mercury.

Tracing the hermetic transmission of this knowledge over the centuries from Mesopotamia to Egypt to Florence, Baigent reveals how the religious and magical aspects of early Babylonian cosmological speculation played a significant role in the Renaissance, influencing prominent figures such as Cosimo de Medici, Marsilio Ficino, and Botticelli.

Author Biography

Michael Baigent (1948-2013) was a researcher and writer best known for his book Holy Blood, Holy Grail, coauthored with Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln. He appeared in many documentaries on the origins of Christianity, Freemasonry, and the Grail legends. He was the editor of Freemasonry Today from 2001 to 2011 and the author or coauthor of 14 books, including The Jesus Papers, The Dead Sea Scrolls Deception, and The Messianic Legacy.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction 

Part 1

The Discoveries

1    The Amateur Archaeologists

2    The Scramble for Antiquities

   The Land of the Twin Rivers

4   
The Royal Library of Nineveh

5
   Letters from Assyrian Scholars

6
    The Great Omen Series: Enuma Anu Enlil

7
    The Numinous and the Mesopotamian Religion

Part 2

The Myths and the Planets

8    Sin: The Moon, Father of Time

9    Shamash: The Sun, Judge of Heaven and Earth

10
    Ishtar: Venus, Queen of Heaven

11
    Ninurta: Saturn, Brother to Mars

12
    Nergal: Mars, Lord of the Dead

13
    Marduk: Jupiter, Savior of Babylon

14
    Nabu: Mercury, Scribe to the Gods

15
    Astronomy: The mul.Apin

Part 3

The Aftermath

16    The Invasions

17    Harran: City of Temples

18    From Babylon to Botticelli

Notes

Bibliography

Index

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