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Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire : A Brief History with Documents,9780312404697

Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire : A Brief History with Documents

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780312404697

ISBN10:
0312404697
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/21/2005
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's
List Price: $21.30

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Summary

During his long reign of near-absolute power, Caesar Augustus established thePax Romana, which gave Rome two hundred years of peace and social stability, and established an empire that would endure for five centuries and transform the history of Europe and the Mediterranean. Ronald Mellor offers a collection of primary sources featuring multiple viewpoints of the rise, achievements, and legacy of Augustus and his empire. His cogent introduction to the history of the Age of Augustus encourages students to examine such subjects as the military in war and peacetime, the social and cultural context of political change, the reform of administration, and the personality of the emperor himself. Document headnotes, a list of contemporary literary sources, a glossary of Greek and Latin terms, a chronology, questions for consideration, and a selected bibliography offer additional pedagogical support.

Author Biography

RONALD MELLOR (Ph.D., Princeton University) is professor of ancient history at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he served as chair of the history department from 1992 to 1997. Centering his research on ancient religion and Roman historiography, Professor Mellor has written seven books: The Roman Historians (1999); Text and Tradition: Studies in Greek History and Historiography in Honor of Mortimer Chambers (ed. 1999); The Historians of Ancient Rome (ed. 1997); Tacitus: The Classical Heritage (1995); Tacitus (1993); From Augustus to Nero: The First Dynasty of Imperial Rome (ed. 1990); and Thea Rome: The Goddess Roma in the Greek World (1975). Professor Mellor is the statewide Principal Investigator of the California History–Social Science Project, which brings university faculty together with K-12 teachers.

Table of Contents

Foreword v
Preface vii
A Note about the Text viii
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS xvi
PART ONE Introduction: From Octavian to Augustus 1(50)
The Collapse of the Roman Republic
3(3)
The Rise of Octavian
6(10)
Augustus as Princeps
16(3)
The New Constitution
19(3)
Creating a New Elite: Senators and Equestrians
22(3)
Social and Religious Reform
25(4)
The Army in War and Peace
29(4)
Italy and the Provinces
33(4)
The Imperial Family and Succession
37(3)
"A City of Marble"
40(4)
The Golden Age of Latin Literature
44(2)
The Death and Legacy of Augustus
46(2)
The Evaluation of Augustus
48(3)
Principal literary Sources for the Age of Augustus 51(6)
PART TWO The Documents 57(116)
1. The Rise of Octavian
59(31)
1. Augustus, The Achievements of Augustus, 14 CE
59(10)
2. Nicolaus of Damascus, On Julius Caesar's Admiration for the Young Octavius, 20s BCE
69(1)
3. Suetonius, On the Ides of March: The Assassination of Julius Caesar, Second Century CE
70(2)
4. Appian, On Octavian's First Confrontation with Antony, Second Century CE
72(2)
5. Marcus Tullius Cicero, Letters Revealing His Views of Young Octavian, 44 BCE
74(3)
6. Appian, On the Second Triumvirate, Second Century CE
77(3)
7. Tacitus, A Senatorial View of the Civil War, Second Century CE
80(2)
8. Plutarch, On Cleopatra's Seduction of Mark Antony, Second Century CE
82(2)
9. Cassius Dio, On Octavian's Propaganda against Antony, Third Century CE
84(1)
10. Suetonius, On Antony's Propaganda against Octavian in 34 BCE, Second Century CE
85(1)
11. Cassius Dio, On the Conquest of Egypt, Third Century CE
86(4)
2. Augustus as Princeps
90(6)
12. Suetonius, On the Restoration of the Republic, Second Century CE
90(1)
13. Cassius Dio, On the Illness of Augustus in 23 BCE, Third Century CE
91(1)
14. Suetonius, Some Anecdotes and Descriptions concerning Augustus, Second Century CE
92(2)
15. Macrobius, On Augustus' Sense of Humor, Fifth Century CE
94(2)
3. The New Constitution
96(8)
16. Cassius Dio, How Agrippa and Maecenas Gave Political Advice to Augustus, Third Century CE
96(6)
17. The Law Bestowing Power on the Emperor, January 70 CE
102(2)
4. Creating a New Elite: Senators and Equestrians
104(4)
18. Suetonius, How Augustus Revised the Membership of the Senate, Second Century CE
104(1)
19. The Town of Superaequum Honors a Local Man Who Became a Senator, Early First Century CE
105(1)
20. A Town in Asia Honors a Roman Administrator, 6 CE
106(2)
5. Social and Religious Reform
108(15)
21. Suetonius, On How Augustus Must Be Worshipped with the Goddess Roma, Second Century CE
108(1)
22. Josephus, On King Herod's Construction of a Temple to Roma and Augustus, Late First Century CE
109(1)
23. Suetonius, On Augustus' Restoration of Temples and Revival of Religious Rituals, Second Century CE
110(2)
24. The City of Narbo Celebrates the Emperor's Birthday, 11 CE
112(1)
25. Cassius Dio, On Augustus' Speech in Favor of Marriage, Third Century CE
113(2)
26. Roman Law Codes, Details of Augustan Legislation on Adultery and Marriage, Sixth Century CE
115(2)
27. Funeral Oration for an Exceptional Wife, Late First Century BCE
117(3)
28. Dionysius of Halicarnassus, On How the Emancipation of Roman Slaves Corrupts the Citizen Body, 8 BCE
120(1)
29. Gaius, On Augustan Laws Restricting the Freeing of Slaves, Second Century CE
121(2)
6. The Army in War and Peace
123(4)
30. Velleius Paterculus, On the Annihilation of Rome's German Legions, First Century CE
123(2)
31. Suetonius, On Augustus' Reaction to News of the Disaster in Germany, Second Century CE
125(2)
7. Italy and the Provinces
127(10)
32. Tacitus, On the Administration of the Empire, Second Century CE
127(1)
33. Suetonius, On How Augustus Showed Great Respect for Greek Culture, Second Century CE
128(1)
34. Cassius Dio, On How Augustus "Shared" Provincial Government with the Senate, Third Century CE
129(2)
35. Imperial Edicts for the Government of Cyrene, 7 BCE
131(2)
36. Josephus, On Augustus' Confirmation of the Rights of Jewish Communities, Late First Century CE
133(1)
37. Philo of Alexandria, On Augustus' Benevolence toward Rome's Jews, 39 CE
134(2)
38. The Gospel According to Luke, On the Birth of Jesus of Nazareth, About 80 CE
136(1)
8. The Imperial Family and Succession
137(11)
39. Suetonius, On the Grandchildren of Augustus, Second Century CE
137(2)
40. Tacitus, On Augustus, Livia, and Their Family, Second Century CE
139(2)
41. Aulus Gellius, A Letter from Augustus to His Grandson Gaius, Second Century CE
141(1)
42. Cassius Dio, How Livia Gives Advice to Augustus, Third Century CE
142(2)
43. Suetonius, A Report on Letters between Augustus and Tiberius, Second Century CE
144(1)
44. Suetonius, Augustus Asks Livia: "What Should We Do about Claudius?" Second Century CE
145(3)
9. "City of Marble" -Augustan Culture
148(12)
45. Horace, I Came, I Fought, I Ran, 23 BCE
148(1)
46. Horace, Rejoice: The Egyptian Queen Is Dead, 23 BCE
149(2)
47. Horace, Augustus Has Brought Peace, 13 BCE
151(1)
48. Virgil, A Description of the Battle of Actium, 19 BCE
152(1)
49. Ovid, On Jupiter's Praise of Augustus, 8 CE
153(2)
50. Vitruvius, On How Augustus Was Patron of the Arts, 23 BCE
155(1)
51. Suetonius, On the Emperor as a Builder, Second Century CE
156(1)
52. Strabo, A Greek View of Augustan Rome, 20 CE
157(3)
10. The Death and Legacy of Augustus
160(13)
53. Suetonius, On the Death and Funeral of Augustus, Second Century CE
160(1)
54. Cassius Dio, Another Account of Augustus' Death, Third Century CE
161(2)
55. Tacitus, On the Funeral of Augustus, Second Century CE
163(3)
56. Seneca, On the Clemency of Augustus, 55 CE
166(2)
57. Velleius Paterculus, A Soldier's View of Augustus, 29 CE
168(1)
58. Pliny the Elder, On the Trials and Tribulations of an Emperor, 75 CE
169(2)
59. Philo of Alexandria, Jewish Praise for Augustus, 39 CE
171
APPENDIXES
A Glossary of Greek and Latin Terms
173(3)
A Chronology of Events Relating to Caesar Augustus and the Roman Empire (63 BCE-1453 CE)
176(3)
Questions for Consideration
179(2)
Selected Bibliography
181(4)
Index 185


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