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Automatic Transmissions And Transaxles,9780131197299
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Automatic Transmissions And Transaxles

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780131197299

ISBN10:
0131197290
Format:
Paperback w/CD
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

Automotive Transmissions and Transaxles presents comprehensive coverage of the operating principles as well as the service and repair procedures for modern automatic transmissions and transaxles. Its complete and up-to-date coverage provides readers with all the information needed to understand the latest automotive technology. Illustrations provided by some of the 48 vehicle and other manufacturers associated with MVAC, a Spanish language glossary, Real World Fixes case studies, and Service Tips all provide readers with support material, visuals, and tools to reinforce concepts and deepen understanding. The up-to-date content begins with operating theory and progresses from service and maintenance operations to problem diagnosis and repair procedures. Features information on evolving automobile technology and modern transmissionsincluding electronically controlled models. Covers transmission and power train advancese.g., continuously variable transmissions, hybrid drive systems, and 6-speed transmissions. For modern automotive technicians.

Table of Contents

Service Information, Fasteners, Tools, and Safety
1(25)
Learning Objectives
1(1)
Vehicle Identification
1(2)
VECI Label
2(1)
Calibration Codes
2(1)
Casting Numbers
3(1)
Service Information
3(1)
Service Manuals
3(1)
Electronic Service Information
3(1)
Technical Service Bulletins
4(1)
Internet
4(1)
Steel Classification
4(1)
Steel Classification Examples
5(1)
Threaded Fasteners
5(3)
Metric Bolts
6(1)
Bolt Grade
6(1)
Nuts
6(2)
Washers
8(1)
Basic Tool List
8(5)
Tool Sets and Accessories
11(1)
Brand Name versus Proper Term
12(1)
Safety Tips for Using Hand Tools
13(1)
Measuring Tools
13(2)
Micrometer
13(1)
Telescopic Gauge
14(1)
Vernier Dial Caliper
14(1)
Dial Indicator
15(1)
Safety Tips for Technicians
15(5)
Vehicle Lifting (Hoisting) Safety
18(2)
Electrical Cord Safety
20(1)
Fire Extinguishers
20(6)
Types of Fire Extinguishers
20(4)
Review Questions
24(1)
Chapter Quiz
24(2)
Environmental and Hazardous Materials
26(13)
Learning Objectives
26(1)
Introduction
26(1)
Occupational Safety and Health Act
26(1)
Health Care Rights
27(1)
Hazardous Waste
27(1)
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
27(1)
Clean Air Act
28(1)
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
28(1)
Asbestos Exposure Hazard
28(2)
OSHA Asbestos Standards
29(1)
EPA Asbestos Regulations
29(1)
Asbestos Handling Guidelines
29(1)
Proper Disposal
30(9)
Used Brake Fluid
30(1)
Used Oil
30(1)
Solvents
31(2)
Coolant Disposal
33(1)
Lead-Acid Battery Waste
34(1)
Fuel Safety and Storage
35(1)
Air Bag Handling
35(1)
Used Tire Disposal
36(1)
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Oil Disposal
36(1)
Review Questions
37(1)
Chapter Quiz
37(2)
Introduction to Transmissions
39(30)
Learning Objectives
39(1)
Transmissions: Their Purpose
39(2)
Torque and Horsepower
41(1)
Gear Ratios
42(3)
Tractive Force
45(1)
Standard Transmission and Clutch
46(3)
Simple Planetary Gearsets
49(2)
Compound Planetary Gearsets
51(3)
Control Devices
54(1)
Transmission Hydraulics
55(2)
Torque Converters
57(1)
Transaxle Final Drive and Differential
58(1)
Four Wheel Drive
59(2)
Nonplanetary Gear Automatic Transmissions
61(1)
Hybrid Drive System
62(7)
Review Questions
66(1)
Chapter Quiz
67(2)
Apply Devices: Clutches and Bands
69(19)
Learning Objectives
69(1)
Introduction
69(1)
Driving Devices
69(1)
Multiple-Disc Driving Clutches
70(7)
Clutch Plates
72(2)
Clutch Operation
74(3)
One-Way Driving Clutches
77(2)
Clutch Operation
79(1)
Holding/Reaction Devices
79(1)
Multiple-Disc Holding Clutches
79(1)
One-Way Holding Clutches
79(1)
Bands
80(2)
Band Operation
81(1)
Shift Quality
82(6)
Shifts Involving One-Way Clutches
84(1)
Deceleration with One-Way Clutches
84(1)
Review Questions
85(1)
Chapter Quiz
85(3)
Power Flow Through Transmission Gearsets
88(43)
Learning Objectives
88(1)
Rules of Power Transfer
88(4)
Planetary Gear Ratios
90(2)
Transaxles
92(2)
Park
94(1)
Transmission Schematics
94(1)
Simpson Gear Train Transmissions
95(7)
Neutral
98(1)
First Gear
98(1)
Second Gear
99(1)
Third Gear
100(1)
Reverse
100(2)
Shift Timing
102(1)
Simpson Gear Train Plus an Additional Gearset
103(3)
Overdrive
103(3)
Ravigneaux Gearsets
106(9)
Two-Speed Ravigneaux Arrangement and Operation
106(2)
Three-Speed Ravigneaux Arrangement and Operation: First Version
108(2)
Three-Speed Ravigneaux Arrangement and Operation: Second Version
110(2)
Four-Speed Ravigneaux Arrangement and Operation
112(1)
Four-Speed Ravigneaux Arrangement and Operation: Second Version
113(1)
Lepelletier gear train
113(2)
Four-Speed Overdrive Gearset
115(9)
Power Flow: 4T60E
116(1)
Four-Speed Overdrive Gearset: Second Version
117(3)
Four-Speed Overdrive Gearset: Variation of Second Version
120(3)
Four-Speed Overdrive Gearset: Variation Two
123(1)
Nonplanetary Gearsets
124(7)
Helical Gear Types
124(1)
CVT Types
124(3)
Review Questions
127(1)
Chapter Quiz
128(3)
Hydraulic System Theory
131(31)
Learning Objectives
131(1)
Introduction
131(1)
Hydraulic Principles
132(2)
Simple Hydraulic Systems
134(1)
Basic Automatic Transmission Hydraulics
135(1)
Producing Fluid Flow and Pressure
135(3)
Providing Clean Fluid
138(2)
Controlling Fluid Flows
140(6)
Valve Hydraulic Forces
144(2)
Controlling Fluid Pressure
146(3)
Sealing Fluid Pressure
149(3)
Special Notes on Elastomers
151(1)
Applying Fluid Pressure
152(2)
Determining Piston Force
154(1)
Modifying Flow and Pressure
154(1)
Automatic Transmission Fluid
155(7)
Review Questions
159(1)
Chapter Quiz
160(2)
Hydraulic Shift Control
162(26)
Learning Objectives
162(1)
Introduction
162(2)
Pressure Development and Control
164(2)
Torque Converter, Oil Cooler, and Lubrication Circuit
166(6)
Torque Converter Pressure Control
166(2)
Torque Converter Clutch Control
168(1)
Cooler Flow
168(2)
Lubrication Flow
170(2)
Throttle Pressure
172(5)
Mechanical Throttle Valves
174(1)
Vacuum Throttle Valves
175(2)
Wide-Open Throttle Kickdown Valve
177(1)
Manual Value
177(2)
Governor Valve
179(2)
Shift Valves
181(7)
Shift Overlap
182(1)
Shift Modifiers
183(1)
Downshifts
184(1)
Review Questions
185(1)
Chapter Quiz
185(3)
Electronic Transmission Controls
188(28)
Learning Objectives
188(1)
Introduction
188(2)
Basic Electricity
190(7)
System Components
193(4)
Basic Electronics
197(19)
Sensors
197(6)
Electronic Transmission Shift Controls
203(5)
Actuators
208(5)
Review Questions
213(1)
Chapter Quiz
214(2)
Torque Converters
216(12)
Learning Objectives
216(1)
Introduction
216(1)
Construction
216(3)
Operation
219(2)
Torque Multiplication
219(1)
Coupling Phase
220(1)
Torque Converter Clutches
221(2)
Controlled TCC Capacity
222(1)
Viscous Converter Clutch
223(1)
Stall Speed
223(2)
Stall Factors
224(1)
Planetary Gear Torque Converters
225(3)
Review Questions
226(1)
Chapter Quiz
226(2)
Transmission Descriptions
228(40)
Learning Objectives
228(1)
Introduction
228(2)
Transaxles
229(1)
Chrysler Corporation
230(7)
DaimlerChrysler Rear Wheel Drive Transmissions
232(4)
DaimlerChrysler Transaxles
236(1)
Ford Motor Company
237(10)
Ford Motor Company Rear Wheel Drive Transmissions
238(4)
Ford Motor Company Transaxles
242(5)
General Motors Corporation
247(6)
General Motors Rear Wheel Drive Transmissions
247(5)
General Motors Transaxles
252(1)
Saturn Transaxle
253(1)
Import Transmissions/Transaxles
253(3)
Honda/Acura
256(3)
Honda Three-Speed Transaxles
256(1)
Honda Four-Speed Transaxles
257(1)
Longitudinal Designs
258(1)
Nissan
259(1)
RWD Transmissions
259(1)
FWD Transaxles
259(1)
Toyota
259(9)
RWD Transmissions
260(2)
FWD Transaxles
262(4)
Review Questions
266(1)
Chapter Quiz
266(2)
Transmission Service and Maintenance
268(24)
Learning Objectives
268(1)
Introduction
268(1)
Fluid Checks
269(3)
Transaxle Final Drives and Differentials
271(1)
Fluid Condition
271(1)
Fluid Changes
272(8)
Fluid Changing, Dropping the Pan
274(4)
Fluid Changing, Fluid Evacuator
278(1)
Fluid Exchange and Flush Units
279(1)
Manual Linkage Checks
280(4)
Manual Linkage Adjustment
282(2)
Throttle Linkage Checks
284(4)
Throttle Linkage Adjustments
286(2)
Band Adjustments
288(4)
Review Questions
289(1)
Chapter Quiz
290(2)
Mechanical Problem Solving and Diagnosis
292(40)
Learning Objectives
292(1)
Introduction
292(1)
Problem-Solving Procedures
293(1)
Diagnostic Procedure
294(2)
Visual Inspection
296(1)
Road Test
296(4)
Torque Converter Clutch Tests
300(3)
Converter Clutch Hydraulic Checks
301(1)
Cooler Circuit Flow Check
302(1)
Hydraulic System Pressure Tests
303(6)
Interpreting Pressure Readings
306(1)
Fluid Flow Diagrams
307(2)
Checking Governor Pressure
309(1)
Modulator Checks
309(3)
Modulator Diaphragm Leakage
309(1)
Modulator Vacuum Supply
310(1)
Modulator Stem Alignment
311(1)
Modulator Spring Pressure
311(1)
Stall Tests
312(3)
Interpreting Stall Test Readings
314(1)
Oil Pan Debris Check
315(1)
Air Testing
315(5)
Wet Air Checks
318(1)
Isolating Valve Body Problems
318(2)
Oil Leak Tests
320(2)
Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (NVH)
322(5)
Noise Checks
323(3)
Vibration Checks
326(1)
Troubleshooting Charts
327(5)
Review Questions
327(3)
Chapter Quiz
330(2)
Electronic Transmission Problem Solving and Diagnosis
332(41)
Learning Objectives
332(1)
Electronic Transmission Diagnosis
332(1)
Electrical Circuit Problems
333(2)
Open Circuits
333(1)
High-Resistance Circuits
334(1)
Shorted Circuits
334(1)
Grounded Circuits
334(1)
Measuring Electrical Values
335(13)
Measuring Voltage
338(3)
Measuring Resistance
341(1)
Measuring Amperage
342(2)
Measuring Duty Cycle
344(1)
Scan Tools
345(2)
Oscilloscopes
347(1)
Interpreting Measurements
347(1)
Electrical/Electronic System Repair
348(4)
Electronic Control System Checks
352(8)
Recalibration
352(3)
Electronic Control System Cautions
355(1)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
355(4)
Signal Monitor
359(1)
Forcing Shifts Electrically
359(1)
Clutch Volume Index
359(1)
EMI Electronic Problems
360(1)
Electronic Component and Circuit Checks
360(9)
TCM Power Checks
360(3)
TCC Checks
363(1)
Solenoid Checks
363(3)
Switch Checks
366(1)
Speed Sensor Checks
367(1)
Throttle Position Sensor Checks
368(1)
Temperature Sensor Checks
369(1)
Electronic Repair Job Completion
369(4)
Review Questions
369(1)
Chapter Quiz
370(3)
In-Vehicle Transmission Repair
373(27)
Learning Objectives
373(1)
Introduction
373(1)
Manual Shift Linkage, Interlock, and Seal
374(1)
Lip Seal Replacement
375(1)
TV Linkage and Seal
376(1)
Vacuum Modulator Removal and Replacement
377(1)
Aluminum Thread Repair
378(2)
Electrical Component Removal, Repair, and Replacement
380(1)
Cooler Line and Fitting Repair
380(3)
Valve Body Removal and Replacement
383(3)
Servo and Accumulator Piston, Cover, and Seal Service
386(2)
Remove, Replace, and Align Power Train Mounts
388(1)
Extension Housing Seal and Bushing Service
388(2)
Extension Housing Removal, RWD Transmission
390(3)
Speedometer Gear Replacement
392(1)
Park Gear and Pawl Service
393(1)
Governor Service
393(7)
Governor Disassembly
395(2)
Review Questions
397(1)
Chapter Quiz
398(2)
Transmission/Transaxle Removal and Replacement
400(18)
Learning Objectives
400(1)
Introduction
400(1)
Transmission Removal
401(3)
Transaxle Removal
404(2)
Drive Shaft Removal and Replacement
406(6)
RWD Drive Shaft Removal and Replacement
407(1)
FWD Drive Shaft Removal and Replacement
407(5)
Transmission Installation
412(2)
Transaxle Installation
414(4)
Review Questions
416(1)
Chapter Quiz
416(2)
Transmission Overhaul: Disassembly and Reassembly
418(34)
Learning Objectives
418(1)
Introduction
418(4)
Overhauled Transmissions
418(1)
Remanufactured Transmissions
419(1)
Transmission Parts
420(1)
Overhaul Procedure
420(2)
Transmission Disassembly
422(1)
Predisassembly Cleanup
422(1)
Torque Converter Removal
423(1)
Disassembly Fixtures
423(1)
Preliminary Disassembly
423(6)
End Play Check
427(2)
Other Predisassembly Checks
429(1)
Pump Removal
429(4)
Transaxles Using Input Chain Drive
431(2)
Major Disassembly
433(3)
Transmission Assembly
436(16)
Pump Installation and End Play Adjustment
443(4)
Torque Converter Installation
447(3)
Review Questions
450(1)
Chapter Quiz
450(2)
Transmission Overhaul Procedures
452(21)
Learning Objectives
452(1)
Introduction
452(1)
Component Cleaning
452(2)
Bushing, Bearing, and Thrust Washer Service
454(5)
Bushing Removal
456(1)
Bushing Installation
457(2)
Tapered Roller Bearing Service
459(1)
Friction Material Service
459(4)
Lined Plate Service
460(1)
Steel Plate Service
461(1)
Band Service
462(1)
New Friction Material Preparation
463(1)
Internal Seal Service
463(10)
Fitting Rubber Seals
465(1)
Installing Pistons with Lip Seals
466(3)
Fitting Sealing Rings
469(1)
Installing Teflon Sealing Rings
469(2)
Review Questions
471(1)
Chapter Quiz
471(2)
Subassembly Repair
473(36)
Learning Objectives
473(1)
Subassembly Repair
473(1)
Case Inspection
473(5)
Pump Service
478(5)
Clutch Assembly Service
483(9)
One-Way Clutch Service
492(1)
Gearset Service
492(3)
Valve Body Service
495(10)
Solenoids and Switches
505(1)
Differential Service
506(3)
Review Questions
507(1)
Chapter Quiz
508(1)
Torque Converter Service
509(18)
Learning Objectives
509(1)
Introduction
509(1)
Torque Converter Checks
510(7)
Visual Checks
510(1)
Stator One-Way Clutch Check
511(1)
End Play Check
512(1)
Internal Interference Checks
513(1)
Torque Converter Clutch Checks
514(1)
Leak Checks
515(2)
Torque Converter Cleaning
517(3)
Drilling a Torque Converter
517(1)
Cooler Cleaning
518(2)
Torque Converter Rebuilding
520(7)
Disassembling a Torque Converter
520(1)
Cleaning
520(1)
Subassembly Repair
521(1)
Torque Converter Reassembly
522(2)
Postassembly Checks
524(1)
Review Questions
525(1)
Chapter Quiz
525(2)
Automatic Transmission Modifications
527(18)
Learning Objectives
527(1)
Introduction
527(2)
Shift Quality
528(1)
Shift Improver Kits
529(5)
Orifice Changes
529(2)
Accumulator Changes
531(1)
Programming Changes, Electronic-Controlled Transmissions
531(1)
Programming Changes, Nonelectronic-Controlled Transmissions
532(2)
Clutch Packs
534(3)
Increasing Pack Size
534(2)
Drilling a Hub or Drum
536(1)
Floater Springs
537(1)
Band Changes
537(1)
Improving Lubrication
537(2)
Gear Train Changes
539(1)
Competition Transmissions: Strengthening and Lightening Changes
540(1)
Manual Shift Valve Bodies
540(1)
High-Stall Converters
541(1)
Direct Couplers
542(1)
Conclusion
542(3)
Appendix A ASE Certification 545(4)
Appendix B Automatic Transmission Models 549(16)
Appendix C ATF Specification Comparison 565(6)
Appendix D OBD-II Transmission Diagnostic Trouble Codes 571(2)
Appendix E J1930 Transmission Term Acronyms 573(2)
Appendix F Shift Signal Monitor 575(2)
Appendix G English-Metric-English Conversion Table 577(2)
Appendix H ATTS and NATEF 579(4)
English Glossary 583(4)
Spanish Glossary 587(8)
Index 595


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