9780133499612

Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780133499612

  • ISBN10:

    0133499618

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 8/13/2014
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Summary

Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing is appropriate for advanced undergraduate/ graduate-level courses in Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing. The book should also be useful for practicing engineers and managers who wish to learn about automation and production systems technologies in modern manufacturing.

 

This exploration of the technical and engineering aspects of automated production systems provides the most advanced, comprehensive, and balanced coverage of the subject of any text on the market. It covers all the major cutting-edge technologies of production automation and material handling, and how these technologies are used to construct modern manufacturing systems.

 

Teaching and Learning Experience

This book will provide a better teaching and learning experience—for you and your students. It will help:

  • Provide Balanced Coverage of Automated Production Systems: A quantitative approach provides numerous equations and example problems for instructors who want to include analytical and quantitative material in their courses.
  • Support Learning: End-of-chapter problems, review questions, and problem exercises give students plenty of opportunities to put theory into action.
  • Keep Your Course Current: This edition provides up-to-date coverage of production systems, how they are sometimes automated and computerized, and how they can be mathematically analyzed to obtain performance metrics.

Author Biography

Mikell P. Groover is Professor Emeritus of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Lehigh University, where he taught and did research for 44 years. He received his B.A. in Arts and Science (1961), B.S. in Mechanical Engineering (1962), M.S. in Industrial Engineering (1966), and Ph.D. (1969), all from Lehigh. His industrial experience includes several years as a manufacturing engineer before embarking on graduate studies at Lehigh.

 

His teaching and research areas include manufacturing processes, production systems, automation, material handling, facilities planning, and work systems. He has received a number of teaching awards at Lehigh University, as well as the Albert G. Holzman Outstanding Educator Award from the Institute of Industrial Engineers (1995) and the SME Education Award from the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (2001). His publications include over 75 technical articles and 12 books (listed below). His books are used throughout the world and have been translated into French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, Korean, and Chinese. The first edition of Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing received the IIE Joint Publishers Award (1996) and the M. Eugene Merchant Manufacturing Textbook Award from the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (1996).

 

Dr. Groover is a member of the Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE) and the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME). He is a Fellow of IIE and SME.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

New to This Edition

Support Materials for Instructors

About the Author

Chapter1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Production Systems

1.2 Automation in Production Systems

1.3 Manual Labor in Production Systems

1.4 Automation Principles and Strategies

1.5 About This Book

PART I OVERVIEW OF MANUFACTURING

Chapter2 MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS

2.1 Manufacturing Industries and Products

2.2 Manufacturing Operations

2.3 Production Facilities

2.4 Product/Production Relationships

Chapter3 MANUFACTURING METRICS AND ECONOMICS

3.1 Production Performance Metrics

3.2 Manufacturing Costs

Appendix 3A Averaging Formulas for Equation (3.20)

PART II AUTOMATION AND CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES

Chapter4 INTRODUCTION TO AUTOMATION

4.1 Basic Elements of an Automated System

4.2 Advanced Automation Functions

4.3 Levels of Automation

Chapter5 INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEMS

5.1 Process Industries versus Discrete Manufacturing Industries

5.2 Continuous versus Discrete Control

5.3 Computer Process Control

Chapter6 HARDWARE COMPONENTS FOR AUTOMATION AND

PROCESS CONTROL

6.1 Sensors

6.2 Actuators

6.3 Analog–Digital Conversions

6.4 Input/Output Devices for Discrete Data

Chapter7 COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL

7.1 Fundamentals of NC Technology

7.2 Computers and Numerical Control

7.3 Applications of NC

7.4 Analysis of Positioning Systems

7.5 NC Part Programming

Appendix 7A: Coding for Manual Part Programming

Chapter8 INDUSTRIAL ROBOTICS

8.1 Robot Anatomy and Related Attributes

8.2 Robot Control Systems

8.3 End Effectors

8.4 Applications of Industrial Robots

8.5 Robot Programming

8.6 Robot Accuracy and Repeatability

Chapter9 DISCRETE CONTROL AND PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC

CONTROLLERS

9.1 Discrete Process Control

9.2 Ladder Logic Diagrams

9.3 Programmable Logic Controllers

9.4 Personal Computers and Programmable Automation Controllers

PART III MATERIAL HANDLING AND IDENTIFICATION

Chapter 10 MATERIAL TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

10.1Overview of Material Handling

10.2Material Transport Equipment

10.3Analysis of Material Transport Systems

Chapter 11 STORAGE SYSTEMS

11.1 Introduction to Storage Systems

11.2Conventional Storage Methods and Equipment

11.3Automated Storage Systems

11.4Analysis of Storage Systems

Chapter12 AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION AND DATA CAPTURE

12.1Overview of Automatic Identification Methods

12.2Bar Code Technology

12.3Radio Frequency Identification

12.4Other AIDC Technologies

PART IV MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

Chapter 13 OVERVIEW OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

13.1Components of a Manufacturing System

13.2Types of Manufacturing Systems

Chapter 14 SINGLE-STATION MANUFACTURING CELLS

14.1Single-Station Manned Cells

14.2Single-Station Automated Cells

14.3Applications of Single-Station Cells

14.4Analysis of Single-Station Cells

Chapter 15 MANUAL ASSEMBLY LINES

15.1Fundamentals of Manual Assembly Lines

15.2Analysis of Single-Model Assembly Lines

15.3Line Balancing Algorithms

15.4Workstation Details

15.5Other Considerations in Assembly Line Design

15.6Alternative Assembly Systems

Appendix 15A Batch-Model and Mixed-Model Lines

Chapter 16 AUTOMATED PRODUCTION LINES

16.1Fundamentals of Automated Production Lines

16.2Applications of Automated Production Lines

16.3Analysis of Transfer Lines

Appendix 16A Transfer Lines with Internal Storage

Chapter 17 AUTOMATED ASSEMBLY SYSTEMS

17.1Fundamentals of Automated Assembly Systems

17.2Analysis of Automated Assembly Systems

Chapter 18 GROUP TECHNOLOGY AND CELLULAR MANUFACTURING

18.1Part Families and Machine Groups

18.2Cellular Manufacturing

18.3Applications of Group Technology

18.4Analysis of Cellular Manufacturing

Appendix 18A Opitz Parts Classification and Coding System

Chapter 19 FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING CELLS AND SYSTEMS

19.1What is a Flexible Manufacturing System?

19.2FMC/FMS Components

19.3FMS Application Considerations

19.4Analysis of Flexible Manufacturing Systems

19.5Alternative Approaches to Flexible Manufacturing

PART V QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEMS

Chapter 20 QUALITY PROGRAMS FOR MANUFACTURING

20.1Quality in Design and Manufacturing

20.2Traditional and Modern Quality Control

20.3Process Variability and Process Capability

20.4Statistical Process Control

20.5Six Sigma

20.6Taguchi Methods in Quality Engineering

20.7ISO 9000

Appendix 20A The Six Sigma DMAIC Procedure

Chapter 21 INSPECTION PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES

21.1Inspection Fundamentals

21.2Sampling versus 100% Inspection

21.3Automated Inspection

21.4When and Where to Inspect

21.5Analysis of Inspection Systems

Chapter 22 INSPECTION TECHNOLOGIES

22.1Inspection Metrology

22.2Conventional Measuring and Gaging Techniques

22.3Coordinate Measuring Machines

22.4Surface Measurement

22.5Machine Vision

22.6Other Optical Inspection Methods

22.7Noncontact Nonoptical Inspection Techniques

Appendix 22A Geometric Feature Construction

PART VI MANUFACTURING SUPPORT SYSTEMS

Chapter 23 PRODUCT DESIGN AND CAD/CAM IN THE PRODUCTION

SYSTEM

23.1Product Design and CAD

23.2CAM, CAD/CAM, and CIM

23.3Quality Function Deployment

Chapter 24 PROCESS PLANNING AND CONCURRENT ENGINEERING

24.1Process Planning

24.2Computer-Aided Process Planning

24.3Concurrent Engineering and Design for Manufacturing

24.4Advanced Manufacturing Planning

Chapter 25 PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL SYSTEMS

25.1 Aggregate Production Planning and the Master Production

Schedule

25.2Material Requirements Planning

25.3Capacity Planning

25.4Shop Floor Control

25.5Inventory Control

25.6Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II)

25.7 Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

Chapter 26 JUST-IN-TIME AND LEAN PRODUCTION

26.1Lean Production and Waste in Manufacturing

26.2Just-in-Time Production Systems

26.3Autonomation

26.4Worker Involvement

Appendix Answers to Selected Problems

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