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Automotive Service : Inspection, Maintenance, and Repair,9780827373549
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Automotive Service : Inspection, Maintenance, and Repair

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780827373549

ISBN10:
0827373546
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
6/24/1998
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning

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Summary

Automotive Service: Inspection, Maintenance & Repair covers the fundamentals of operation and repair for all major systems of the modern automobile. This comprehensive text introduces the fundamentals of systems and progresses onto diagnosis and service with thousands of lavish, full-color illustrations, Shop Tips, Safety Notes, and review questions to aid in comprehension. Traditional and new topics have been integrated in a concise, easy-to-read format: OBD II, ABS, engine performance, safety, and shop tools. Structured around the eight ASE automotive test areas, this book helps users prepare for ASE certification.

Table of Contents

Preface xvi
Acknowledgments xvll
Dedication xvll
Features of the Text xvlll
SECTION 1 THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY
Introduction to the Automobile
2(13)
Introduction
2(1)
Body and Chassis
2(1)
Engine Parts and Operation
3(1)
Engine Support Systems
4(6)
The Powertrain
10(1)
Accessory Systems
10(1)
History and Development of the Automobile
11(4)
Automotive Careers and Technician Certification
15(9)
Introduction
15(1)
Automotive Career Opportunities
15(2)
Technician Certification and Licensing
17(2)
Technician Skill Levels and Pay
19(1)
Other Areas of Specialization
19(1)
Other Automotive Careers
20(1)
On the Job as an Automotive Technician
21(1)
Summary
22(2)
SECTION 2 SHOP PROCEDURES, SAFETY, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT
Shop Management, Service Records, and Parts
24(7)
Introduction
24(1)
Customer Relations
24(1)
Service Records
25(1)
Caring for the Car
26(1)
Linen Service
26(1)
Wholesale and Retail Distribution of Auto Parts
27(4)
Locating Service Information and Specifications
31(9)
Introduction
31(1)
Service Information
31(1)
Manufacturers' Service Manuals
32(3)
Generic Service Manuals
35(1)
Lubrication Service Manual
36(1)
Owner's Manual
36(1)
Owners' Workshop Manuals
36(1)
Microfiche
36(1)
CD-ROM Compact Disk Service Information
37(1)
Parts and Labor Estimating (Flat-Rate) Manuals
37(1)
Technical Service Bulletins
37(1)
Hot Line Services
38(1)
Trade Magazines
38(2)
Measuring Tools and Systems
40(13)
Introduction
40(1)
Metric System
40(1)
Measuring Tools
41(1)
Precision Measuring Tools
41(12)
Hardware, Fasteners, Drills, and Thread Repair
53(14)
Introduction
53(1)
Characteristics of Fasteners
53(3)
Fastener Failures
56(1)
drill Bits
56(3)
Taps and Threads
59(2)
Dies
61(1)
Repairing Broken Fasteners
62(5)
Shop Tools
67(18)
Introduction
67(1)
Tools of The Trade
67(1)
Hand Tools
67(11)
Pullers
78(3)
Air Tools
81(2)
Special Service Tools
83(2)
General Shop Equipment
85(12)
Shop Equipment
85(1)
Hydraulic Equipment
85(4)
Shop Electric Machinery
89(4)
Other Electric Equipment
93(1)
Other Shop Equipment
93(4)
Cleaning Equipment and Methods
97(14)
Introduction
97(1)
General Shop Housekeeping Practices
97(1)
Cleaning Methods
98(1)
Cleaning the Outside of the Engine
99(3)
Environmental Concerns with Engine Cleaning
102(1)
Cleaning Internal Parts
102(1)
Chemical Cleaning
102(7)
Thermal Cleaning
109(1)
Vibratory Parts Cleaners
109(1)
Other Cleaning Methods
109(2)
Lifting Equipment and Air Compressors
111(11)
Introduction
111(1)
Lift Types
111(1)
Framecontact Lifts
111(2)
Wheel-contact Lifts
113(1)
Wheel-free Jacks
114(1)
In-ground Lifts
114(2)
Surface Mount Lifts
116(1)
Lift Safety
116(2)
Air Compressors
118(4)
Shop Safety
122(19)
Introduction
122(1)
General Personal Safety
122(2)
Fire Safety
124(1)
Fire Extinguishers
124(2)
Flammable Materials
126(1)
Fuel Fires
126(1)
Electrical Fires
127(1)
Shop Habits
128(1)
Hazardous Materials
128(1)
Hot Tank Safety Precautions
129(1)
Cleaning Solvent Safety Precautions
129(1)
Skin Care Safety Precautions
129(1)
Carburetor Cleaner Safety
130(1)
Breathing Safety
130(1)
Electrical Safety Precautions
131(1)
Cooling Fan Safety
132(1)
Coolant Burns
132(1)
General Hand Tool Safety
132(1)
Vise Safety
133(1)
Puller Safety
133(1)
Machinery Safety
133(1)
Electric Drill Safety
133(1)
Grinder Safety
133(1)
Wire Wheel Safety
134(1)
Compressed Air Safety
134(1)
Impact Wrench Safety
134(1)
Air Chisel Safety
134(1)
Die Grinder/Air Drill Safety
135(1)
Press Safety
135(1)
General Lifting Safety
135(1)
Hydraulic Floor Jack [Service Jack] Safety
135(1)
Shop Crane [Engine Hoist] Safety
136(1)
Transmission Jack Safety
136(1)
Battery Safety
136(1)
Refrigerant Sasfety
137(1)
General Safety Around Automobiles
138(3)
SECTION 3 VEHICLE INSPECTION [LUBRICATION/SAFETY CHECK]
Engine Lubrication
141(11)
Introduction
141(1)
Engine Oil
141(3)
Oil Service Ratings
144(1)
Oil Additives
144(2)
Synthetic Oils
146(1)
Changing Engine Oil
146(2)
Oil Filter
148(2)
Changing the Oil Filter
150(2)
Underhood and Body Inspection [Car on Ground]
152(15)
Introduction
152(1)
Brake System Inspection
152(3)
On-Ground Steering and Suspension Checks
155(1)
Fuel System Inspection
156(1)
Cooling System Inspection
156(2)
Belt Inspection
158(1)
Electrical System Inspection
158(1)
Body Checks
159(1)
Visibility Checks
160(2)
Other Safety Checks and Service
162(5)
Undercar Inspection and Service
167(13)
Introduction
167(1)
Tire Visual Inspection
167(1)
Undercar Brake Checks
168(1)
Exhaust System Inspection
169(1)
Chassis Lubrication
169(2)
Suspension and Steering Checks
171(2)
Drive Line Checks
173(7)
SECTION 4 ENGINE OPERATION AND SERVICE
Introduction to the Engine
180(12)
Introduction
180(1)
Basic Engine Operation
180(1)
Four-Stroke Engine Operation
181(1)
Engine Upper End
182(1)
Valve Train
182(1)
Cylinder Head
183(2)
Engine Front
185(1)
Cylinder Block Assembly [Lower End]
186(1)
Short Block and Long Block
187(3)
Summary
190(2)
Engine Classifications
192(9)
Introduction
192(1)
Engine Classifications
192(1)
Cylinder Arrangement
192(1)
Firing Order
193(1)
Engine Cooling
194(1)
Valve Location
194(1)
Camshaft Location
195(3)
Other Cylinder Head Variations
198
Combustion Chamber Designs
197(1)
Spark and Compression Ignition
198(1)
Alternate Engines
198(2)
Summary
200(1)
Engine Size and Measurements
201(10)
Introduction
201(1)
Engine Size Measurements
201(1)
Compression Ratio
202(1)
Physical Principles of Work
203(1)
Torque
204(1)
Horsepower
204(1)
Dynamometer
205(3)
Engine Efficiency
208(1)
Mean Effective Pressure
209(2)
Engine Upper End
211(19)
Introduction
211(1)
Cylinder Head Construction
211(1)
Valve Guides
211(1)
Valve Guide Seals
212(2)
Valves
214(3)
Retainers and Keepers
217(1)
Valve Springs
217(1)
Rocker Arms
218(1)
Camshaft
219(1)
Number of Cams and Lobes
219(1)
Fuel Pump Eccentric
220(1)
Distributor and Oil Pump Drives
220(1)
Camshaft Performance
220(1)
Valve Timing
221(2)
Valve Lifters
223(1)
Hydraulic Lifters
223(2)
Roller Cam and Lifters
225(1)
Regrinding Cams
226(1)
Cam Drives
226(4)
Engine Lower End and Lubrication System Theory
230(20)
Introduction
230(1)
Cylinder Block Construction
230(1)
Core Plugs
230(1)
Cylinder Bore
230(1)
Cylinder Sleeves
230(1)
Main Bearing Caps
231(1)
Lifter Bores
232(1)
Crankshaft Design
232(1)
Crankshaft End Thrust
233(1)
Direction of Crankshaft Rotation
233(1)
Vibration Damper
233(1)
Crankshaft Hardness
234(1)
Bearings
234(1)
Connecting Rods
235(1)
Pistons
236(1)
Piston Head
237(1)
Piston Ring Grooves
237(1)
Cast and Forged Pistons
237(1)
Piston Skirt
238(2)
Piston Pin Offset
240(1)
Wrist Pins
240(1)
Piston Rings
241(1)
Compression Rings
241(1)
Compression Ring Design
241(1)
Compression Ring Materials and Coatings
242(1)
Oil Control Rings
243(1)
Engine Balancing
244(1)
The Lubrication System
244(1)
Oil Pumps
244(1)
Pressure Relief Valve
245(1)
Oil Pump Screen Bypass Valve
245(1)
Oil Pressure
245(2)
High-Volume Oil Pumps
247(1)
Windage Tray and Braffles
247(3)
SECTION 5 COOLING AND FUEL SYSTEM THEORY AND SERVICE
Cooling System Theory
250(11)
Introduction
250(1)
Liquid and Air Cooling
250(1)
Liquid Cooling System Parts
250(1)
Cooling System Circulation
250(2)
Coolant
252(1)
Radiator Cap
253(1)
Coolant Recovery System
254(1)
Radiator
254(1)
Regulating Engine Temperature
255(2)
Temperature Warning Light or Gauge
257(1)
Fans
257(1)
Fan Clutch
258(1)
Radiator Shroud
259(1)
Heater Core
259(2)
Cooling System Service
261(17)
Introduction
261(1)
Diagnosing Cooling System Problems
261(2)
Radiator Cap
263(1)
Coolant Service
264(3)
Thermostat
267(2)
Locating Leaks
269(1)
External Leaks
269(1)
Internal Leaks
270(3)
Recovery Tank Service
273(1)
Cooling System Repairs
273(1)
Coolant Pump Service
274(1)
Fans
275(1)
Fan Inspection
275(1)
Fan Clutch Inspection
275(1)
Electric Cooling Fan Service
276(1)
Heater Core Service
276(2)
Automotive Belts
278(9)
Introduction
278(1)
Belt Material
278(1)
V-Belt
278(1)
V-Ribbed Belts
278(1)
Serpentine Belt Drive
278(1)
Timing Belts
279(2)
Drive Belt Service
281(1)
Belt Inspection and Adjustment
281(1)
Replacing Belts
282(2)
Belt Tension
284(1)
Timing Belt Service
285(2)
Automotive Hoses
287(10)
Introduction
287(1)
Hose Theory
287(1)
Hose Size
288(1)
Unreinforced Hose
288(1)
Radiator Hose
288(1)
Hose Types
288(3)
Hose Clamps
291(1)
Hose Inspection
291(2)
Replacing Hoses
293(4)
Automotive Plumbing: Tubing and Pipe
297(11)
Introduction
297(1)
Tubing
297(2)
Flared Connections
299(1)
Compression Fittings
300(1)
Pipe Fittings
301(1)
Shutoff Valves
302(1)
Tubing Service
302(3)
Installing Tubing
305(1)
Transmission Oil Cooler Line Repairs
305(1)
Nylon Fuel Injection Tubing
305(1)
Pipe Service
306(2)
Fuels, Octane, Abnormal Combustion
308(16)
Introduction
308(1)
Crude Oil
308(2)
Gasoline
310(2)
Air/Fuel Mixture
312(1)
Gasoline Engine Run-on
313(1)
Spark Knocks, Carbon Noise, Abnormal Combustion
313(1)
Abnormal Combustion
314(2)
Excessive Carbon Buildup
316(1)
Regular versus Premium Fuels
316(1)
Octane Standards
317(1)
Gasoline Additives
317(1)
Oxygenated Fuels
318(1)
Reformulated Gasolines
318(1)
Diesel Engines and Diesel Fuel
319(2)
Alternative Fuels
321(3)
Fuel System Fundamentals
324(16)
Introduction
324(1)
Fuel System
324(1)
Fuel Tanks
325(1)
Fuel Lines, Hoses, and Fittings
325(1)
Mechanical Fuel Pump
325(1)
Electric Fuel Pump
325(1)
Fuel Filters
326(1)
Carburetors and Fuel Injection
327(1)
Carburetors
327(5)
Fuel Injection
332(1)
Electronic Fuel System Operation
333(1)
Air Flow Measurement
333(2)
Idle Speed Control
335(1)
Fuel Pump Relay
335(1)
Computer Controlled Fuel Systems
335(1)
Feedback Fuel Systems
335(5)
Fuel System Service
340(18)
Introduction
340(1)
Fuel Supply System Service
340(2)
Fuel Filter Service
342(1)
Throttle Linkage
343(1)
Carburetor Problems and Service
343(1)
Causes of Rich and Lean Conditions
344(1)
Exhaust Gas Analysis
344(1)
Carburetor Rebuilding
345(1)
Engine Starting Procedures
345(1)
Fuel Injection Diagnosis and Service
345(1)
EFI Comptuer Self-Diagnostics
346(1)
Air/Fuel Mixture Problems
346(1)
Testing a Pressure Regulator
347(1)
Injector Problems
347(3)
Throttle Plate Service
350(1)
EFI Adjustments
350(1)
Sensor Service
351(1)
Throttle Position Sensor
351(1)
Oxygen Sensor Service
351(2)
Coolant Temperature Sensor
353(1)
Inlet Air Temperature Sensor
353(1)
MAP Sensor Diagnosis
353(1)
Mass Air Flow [MAF] Sensor Diagnosis
354(1)
Testing Other Sensors
355(1)
Computer Service
355(1)
Mechanical Injection
355(1)
Carbon Deposit Service
356(2)
Intake and Exhaust Systems/ Turbochargers and Superchargers
358(17)
Introduction
358(1)
Intake System Fundamentals
358(1)
Manifolds
359(1)
Intake Manifolds
359(3)
Exhaust System Fundamentals
362(1)
Exhaust Manifolds
362(1)
Exhaust Pipes
363(2)
Turbocharger Fundamentals
365(2)
Supercharger Fundamentals
367(1)
Exhaust System Service
368(2)
Heat Riser Service
370(1)
Turbocharger Service
370(2)
Supercharger Service
372(3)
SECTION 6 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM THEORY AND SERVICE
Basic Electrical System Theory and Repairs
375(16)
Introduction
375(1)
Electron Flow
375(2)
Basic Automotive Electrical System
377(1)
Electrical Terms
378(3)
Circuitry and Ohm's Law
381(1)
Magnetic Fields
382(2)
Capacitors
384(1)
Automotive Electronics
384(1)
Basic Electrical Tests
385(6)
Battery Fundamentals
391(10)
Introduction
391(1)
Battery Parts and Operation
392(4)
Battery Capacity Ratings
396(1)
Battery Types
396(2)
Battery Plate Size
398(1)
Battery Selection
398(1)
Battery Service Life
399(1)
Battery Cables
399(1)
Battery Hold-Downs
399(1)
Reasons for Battery Failure
400(1)
Battery Service
401(17)
Introduction
401(1)
Battery Inspection
401(1)
Battery Service
402(1)
Replacing a Battery
403(5)
Battery Testing: Measuring a Battery's State of Charge
408(2)
Battery Charging
410(3)
Storing A Vehicle
413(1)
Battery Capacity Test
413(1)
Battery Drain Test
414(1)
Battery Jump Starting
415(3)
Starting System Fundamentals
418(7)
Introduction
418(1)
Starter Motor
418(1)
Starter Motor Fundamentals
419(2)
Starter Drives
421(1)
Starter Electrical Circuit
421(3)
Gear Reduction Starters
424(1)
Starting System Service
425(9)
Introduction
425(1)
Starting System Service
425(1)
Starting System Tests
425(1)
Cranking Voltage and Amperage Test
426(1)
Cranking Speed
427(1)
Circuit Resistance Test
428(1)
No-Crank Tests Using a Test Light
429(1)
Solenoid Problems
429(1)
Starter Repair
430(1)
Starter Disassembly
430(1)
Starter Drive Service
430(2)
Starter Reassembly
432(1)
Pinion Clearance Tests
432(2)
Charging System Fundamentals
434(9)
Introduction
434(1)
Charging System
434(1)
Direct Current [DC] Generators
435(1)
Alternators
435(4)
Alternator Bearings
439(1)
Voltage Regulator
439(1)
Charging System Indicators
440(3)
Charging System Service
443(7)
Introduction
443(1)
Charging System Service
443(1)
Testing the Charging System
443(2)
Charging System Output Test
445(1)
Regulator Voltage Setting Check
445(1)
Alternator Full-Field Test
445(1)
Charging System Voltage Drops
446(1)
Alternator Service and Repair
447(1)
Alternator Dissassembly
447(1)
Alternator Reassembly
448(1)
Diode Noises
448(2)
Lighting and Wiring Fundamentals
450(10)
Introduction
450(1)
Wire and Cable
450(1)
Circuit Protection Devices
450(2)
Lighting
452(1)
Headlamps
452(2)
Tail Lights
454(1)
Identification of Light Bulbs
454(1)
Turn Signals
455(1)
Signal Flasher Operation
455(1)
Hazard Flashers
455(1)
Wipers and Horn
456(4)
Lighting and Wiring Service
460(14)
Analyzing Electrical Problems
460(1)
Wiring Service
460(1)
Crimp Terminals
460(1)
Selecting Replacement Wire
461(1)
Adding Electrical Accessories
462(2)
Soldering
464(1)
Broken or Damaged Ground Straps
465(1)
Circuit Testing and Service
466(1)
Finding Grounds
466(1)
Fuse Testing and Service
466(1)
Fuse Link Service
467(1)
Headlamp Service
467(1)
Headlight Aiming
468(1)
Tail and Park Light Bulb Service
469(1)
Stoplight Switch Service
470(1)
Back-Up Lights
470(1)
Turn Signal Switch
470(1)
Signal Flasher
471(1)
Locating a Signal Flasher
471(1)
Dash Light Bulbs
471(1)
Horn Service
471(3)
SECTION 7 ENGINE PERFORMANCE DIAGNOSIS: THEORY AND SERVICE
Ignition System Fundamentals
474(18)
Introduction
474(1)
Basic Ignition System
474(1)
Primary Circuit
474(3)
Secondary Circuit
477(1)
Distributor
477(1)
Secondary Ignition Parts
477(1)
Spark Plugs
477(3)
Mechanical and Electronic Ignitions
480(1)
Resistor Bypass
481(1)
Electronic Ignition
482(1)
Electronic Ignition Variations
482(3)
Resistor Circuit
485(1)
Advance Mechanisms
486(2)
Detonation Sensor
488(1)
Distributorless Ignition
488(4)
Ignition System Service
492(19)
Ignition System Service and Repairs
492(1)
Spark Plug Service
492(1)
Spark Plug Diagnosis
493(2)
Installing Spark Plugs
495(1)
Repairing Damaged Spark Plug Threads
496(1)
Spark Plug Cable Service
496(1)
Distributor Service
497(1)
Ignition Timing
498(1)
Distributor Advance Service
499(1)
Contact Point Distributor Service
500(1)
Electronic Ignition Distributor Service
501(2)
Other Distributor Service
503(1)
Distributor Installation
503(1)
Static Timing
503(1)
Computerized Ignition System Service
504(1)
Engine Analyzer
504(1)
Oscilloscope
504(2)
Types of Scope Patterns
506(1)
Oscilloscope Tests
507(1)
Scope Diagnosis of Engine Problems
508(1)
Scope Diagnosis of Ignition Problems
508(1)
Stress Test
508(1)
Other Scope Tests
508(1)
Other Diagnosis Instruments
509(2)
Emission Control System Fundamentals
511(18)
Introduction
511(1)
Air Pollution
511(1)
Automotive Emissions
511(2)
Pollution Control
513(1)
Automobile Emission Control Systems
513(1)
Crankcase Ventilation
513(1)
Air Injection System
514(1)
Aspirator Valve or Pulse Air System
515(2)
Exhaust Gas Recirculation
517(1)
EGR System Operation
517(1)
Thermal Vacuum Switch
518(1)
Computer Controlled EGR Systems
518(1)
Catalytic Converter
519(1)
Types of Catalytic Converters
520(1)
Air Switching Valve
521(1)
Evaporative Controls
522(1)
Sealing the System
523(1)
Other Parts of the Fuel Tank System
524(1)
Heated Air Inlet
525(1)
On Board Diagnostics
525(1)
Engine Emission Modifications
526(3)
Emission Control System Service
529(15)
Introduction
529(1)
Inspecting Emission Control Systems
529(1)
Crankcase Ventilation System Service
529(1)
Testing the PCV System
530(1)
Evaporative Control System Service
531(1)
Evaporative System Maintenance
532(1)
Diagnosis of Evaporative System Problems
532(1)
Heated Air Inlet System Service
532(1)
Early Fuel Evaporation Service
533(1)
EGR System Service
533(1)
Diagnosing EGR Problems
533(1)
Air Injection System Service
534(1)
Catalytic Converter Service
535(1)
Converter Testing
535(1)
Converter Replacement
535(1)
Computer Controlled Emission Service
535(1)
Analyzing Exhaust Emissions
535(2)
Emission Analyzer
537(1)
Hydrocarbons
537(1)
Carbon Dioxide
538(1)
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
539(1)
Oxygen (O2)
539(1)
Oxides of Nitrogen
540(1)
Catalytic Converter Test With Analyzer
541(1)
CO2 Converter Test
542(2)
Diagnosing Engine Performance Problems
544(10)
Introduction
544(1)
Visual Checks
544(1)
Ignition System Checks
544(1)
Engine Performance Testing
545(1)
Compression Loss
546(1)
Vacuum Testing
546(1)
Vacuum Tests For Valves Problems
547(1)
Other Vacuum Tests
547(1)
Compression Problems
547(1)
Diagnosing Engine Compression Problems
547(2)
Compression Test Procedure
549(1)
Cylinder Leakage Test
550(1)
Carbon Related Problems
551(3)
Diagnosing Engine Mechanical Problems
554(15)
Introduction
554(1)
Diagnosing Problems Before a Repair
554(1)
Oil Consumption
554(1)
Causes of Oil Consumption
555(2)
Oil Leak Testing
557(2)
Engine Performance and Compression Loss
559(1)
Engine Noises
559(1)
Engine Knocks
560(3)
Oil Pressure Problems
563(1)
Cooling System Problems
564(1)
Internal Engine Leakage
564(1)
Seized Engine
565(1)
Electronic Failures/Engine Damage
566(1)
Engine Performance and Fuel Mixture Problems
566(3)
SECTION 8 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINE SERVICE AND REPAIR
Engine Removal and Disassembly
569(16)
Introduction
569(1)
Engine Removal
569(8)
Engine Disassembly
577(1)
Engines With Pushrods
578(1)
Overhead Cam Engines
578(2)
Cylinder Block Disassembly
580(5)
Engine Sealing, Gaskets, Fastener Torque
585(18)
Introduction
585(1)
Torque and Friction
585(1)
Torque Wrenches
585(2)
Torque-to-Yield
587(1)
Torque by Degrees
587(1)
Fastener Clamping Load
588(1)
Gaskets
588(1)
Overtorquing
588(3)
Embossed Steel Head Gasket
591(1)
Non-Retorque Head Gaskets
592(1)
Surface Texture
593(1)
Cleaning the Head
593(1)
Other Engine Gaskets
593(2)
Gasket Sealers
595(2)
RTV Sealant
597(1)
Seals
597(1)
Front Seals
597(1)
Rear Main Seals
598(3)
Transmission Front Pump Seal
601(2)
Engine Diagnosis and Service: Cylinder Head and Vavle Train
603(18)
Introduction
603(1)
Head Disassembly
603(3)
Carbon Removal
606(1)
Cylinder Head Inspection
607(1)
Resurfacing by Grinding, Cutting, or Sanding
607(1)
Straightening Cylinder Heads
608(1)
Crack Inspection
608(1)
Crack Repair
609(1)
Checking Valve Springs
610(1)
Checking Valve Stems
610(1)
Valve Guide Service
610(1)
Guide Repair
611(1)
Grinding Valves
611(1)
Grinding Valve Seats
612(1)
Checking Installed Height of the Valve Stem
613(1)
Solvent Testing the Valve and Seat
614(1)
Reassembling the Head
614(1)
Valve Guide Seal Installation
614(1)
Install the Valve and Spring Assembly
615(1)
Rocker Arm Service
615(1)
Inspect Pushrods
615(1)
Inspect OHC Camshaft
615(1)
Reassembling OHC Heads
615(2)
Camshaft Service
617(1)
Lifter Service
617(1)
Cam and Lifter Break-ln
617(1)
Timing Gear, Chain, and Belt Service
617(1)
Timing Belt Service
618(1)
Timing Belt Replacement
618(1)
Timing Chain Service
619(1)
Valve Cover Service
619(2)
Engine Diagnosis and Service: Block, Crankshaft, Bearings and Lubrication System
621(18)
Introduction
621(1)
Cleaning the Block
621(1)
Oil and Water Plug Removal
621(1)
Oil and Water Plug Installation
622(1)
Inspect and Clean Lifter Bores
623(1)
Checking Main Bearing Bore Alighment
623(2)
Check the Deck Surface for Flatness
625(1)
Clean Bolt Holes
625(1)
Inspecting Cylinder Bores
625(1)
Measuring the Bore
626(1)
Deglazing the Cylinder Bore
627(1)
Clean the Block of Grit
628(1)
Boring for Oversized Pistons
628(1)
Block Distortion
628(1)
Honing after Boring
629(1)
Sleeves
630(1)
Cam Bearing Installation
630(2)
Front Cam Bearing Installation
632(1)
Checking Crankshaft Condition
632(1)
Crankshaft and Bearing Wear
633(1)
Crankshaft Journal Tolerance
634(1)
Regrinding the Crankshaft
634(1)
Measuring Bearing Clearance with Plastigage
634(1)
Lubrication System Service
635(1)
Checking Oil Pumps for Wear
636(1)
Oil Pump Screen Service
636(1)
Oil Pump Failure
636(1)
Installing the Oil Pump
637(2)
Engine Diagnosis and Service: Piston, Piston Rings, Connecting Rod, Engine Balancing
639(13)
Introduction
639(1)
Piston Service
639(4)
Piston Ring Service
643(1)
Installation of Pistons and Rings
644(1)
Installing Rings on Pistons
644(1)
Oil Ring Installation
644(2)
Connecting Rod Service
646(2)
Engine Balancing Service
648(2)
Advanced Balancing Information
650(2)
Ordering Parts, Short and Long Blocks, Engine Assembly
652(16)
Introduction
652(1)
Ordering Parts
652(1)
Engine Kits
652(1)
Determining Part Sizes
652(3)
Short Blocks
655(1)
Long Blocks
655(1)
Selecting the Corect Replacement Engine
655(1)
Warranty
655(1)
Reasembly
655(1)
Begin Reassembly
656(1)
Install the Cam
656(1)
Prepare the Crankshaft for Installation
657(1)
Install the Crank
658(5)
Install the Cylinder Heads
663(1)
Install OHC Heads
663(1)
Install the Cam Drive (Pushrod Engines)
663(1)
Install Valve Train Parts
664(1)
Install the Oil Pump
664(1)
Install the Timing Cover
664(1)
Install the Damper
665(1)
Install the Oil Pan
665(1)
Install the Intake Manifold
665(1)
Install the Thermostat and Water Outlet Housing
666(1)
Install the Fuel Pump
666(1)
Completion of Assembly
666(1)
Install Exhaust Manifold(s)
666(2)
Engine Installation, Break-In, and In-Chassis Repairs
668(15)
Introduction
668(1)
Engine Installation
668(1)
Install Engine Mounts
668(1)
Install the Engine
668(1)
Install the Carburetor
669(1)
Priming the Lubrication System
670(1)
Pressure Priming
670(1)
Install Valve Covers
671(1)
Install the Distributor
671(1)
Engine Starting and Initial Break-In of the Camshaft
672(1)
Valve Clearance Adjustment
673(1)
Road Test and Break-In
673(1)
Final Inspection
674(1)
Returning the Car to the Customer
674(1)
Engine Repair---Engine in the Vehicle
674(1)
Valve Job or Head Gasket Repairs
674(1)
Valve Job or Complete Engine Overhaul
675(1)
Head Gasket Problems
676(1)
In-Chassis Lower End Repairs
676(1)
Removing the Oil Pan
676(1)
Remove the Piston and Rod Assebly
677(1)
Remove the Timing Cover
678(1)
Freewheeling and Interference Engines
678(1)
Replace the Timing Components
679(1)
Crankshaft Seal Replacement
679(1)
Flywheel Ring Gear Service
680(3)
SECTION 9 MISCELLANEOUS CHASSIS THEORY AND SERVICE
Brakes Fundamentals
683(23)
Introduction
683(1)
Brake Linings
683(1)
Brake Hydraulics
684(1)
Brake Fluid
685(1)
Brake Hoses
686(1)
Master Cylinder Operation
687(1)
Low Pedal Master Cylinder Action
688(1)
Tandem Master Cylinder
688(3)
Drum Brakes
691(2)
Disc Brakes
693(4)
Power Brakes
697(1)
Parking Brake
698(1)
Stoplight Switches
699(1)
Anti-Lock Brakes
699(1)
Types of ABS
700(2)
ABS Components
702(1)
ABS Operation
703(3)
Brake Service
706(27)
Brake Inspection
706(1)
Check Brake Pedal Feel
706(1)
Master Cylinder Inspection
706(2)
Brake Diagnosis
708(1)
Under Car Checks
708(2)
Brake Fluid Service
710(1)
Bleeding Brakes
710(2)
Adjusting Brakes
712(1)
Brake Lining Inspection
713(1)
Master Cylinder Service
714(1)
Master Cylinder Removal
714(1)
Master Cylinder Disassembly
715(1)
Residual Check Valve Service
715(1)
Bench Bleeding the Master Cylinder
716(1)
Brake Job
716(1)
Selecting Linings
717(1)
Drum Brake Lining Removal
718(1)
Rebuilding Hydraulic Cylinders
718(1)
Reassembling a Wheel Cylinder
719(1)
Removing Wheel Cylinders
720(1)
Replacing Drum Brake Shoes
720(1)
Checking Return Spring Condition
721(1)
Installing Self-Adjusters
721(1)
Adjusting Drum Brake Clearance
721(1)
Drum and Rotor Service
722(1)
Drum Service
722(1)
Rotor Service
723(2)
Disc Brake Service
725(1)
Rear Disc Parking Brake Caution
726(1)
Disc Brake Caliper Rebuilding
726(1)
Assemble the Caliper
727(1)
Disc Brake Noise
728(1)
Install the Caliper
728(1)
Break-in New Linings
729(1)
Service the Parking Brake Cable
729(1)
Power Brake Booster Service
730(1)
Anti-Lock Brake System [ABS] Service
731(2)
Bearings, Seals, and Greases
733(20)
Introduction
733(1)
Plain Bearings
733(1)
Frictionless Bearings
733(1)
Direction of Bearing Load
734(1)
Ball Bearings
734(1)
Roller Bearings
735(2)
Wheel Bearings
737(1)
Greases
738(3)
Wheel Bearing Seals
741(1)
Seal Materials
742(1)
Seal Tolerance
743(1)
Wheel Bearing Diagnosis and Service
743(1)
Wheel Bearing Adjustment
744(1)
Selecting and Installing a Cotter Pin
744(1)
Repacking Wheel Bearings
745(1)
Bearing Inspection and Diagnosis
746(3)
Repacking Disc Brake Wheel Bearings
749(1)
Diagnosing Wheel Bearing Noise
749(1)
Replacing Bearing Races
749(1)
Servicing Front Wheel Drive Bearings
750(3)
Tire and Wheel Theory
753(12)
Introduction
753(1)
Tire Construction
753(1)
Tubeless Tires
753(1)
Traction
754(1)
Tire Tread
754(1)
Tire Tread Material
754(1)
Tire Cord
755(1)
Tire Ply Design
755(1)
Switching to Radials
756(1)
Tire Sidewall Markings
756(3)
All-Season Tires
759(1)
Tire Quality Grading
759(1)
Changing Tire Size
759(2)
Wheels
761(1)
Custom Wheels
761(1)
Lug Studs
762(1)
Lug Nuts
762(1)
Tire Valve Stems
763(1)
Retreads
763(2)
Tire and Wheel Service
765(22)
Introduction
765(1)
Tire Inflation
765(1)
Checking Air Pressure
765(1)
Tire Wear
766(1)
Sidewall Checks
766(1)
Tire Rotation
766(1)
Removing and Tightening Lug Nuts
767(2)
Reparing Wheel Studs
769(1)
Removing and Mounting Tires on Rims
769(2)
Inspecting the Tire and Wheel
771(1)
Valve Stem Replacement
771(1)
Rubber Lube
772(1)
Install the Tire
772(3)
Tire Runout
775(1)
Tire Repair
775(1)
Repairing a Tire
776(1)
Preparing the Tire for Repair
777(1)
Patching the Tire
778(1)
Tire and Wheel Balance
779(1)
Types of Wheel Balance
779(1)
On-The-Car Balancers
780(1)
Couple Imbalance
781(1)
Dynamic Balance
781(1)
Computer Balancers
782(1)
Centering the Wheel on the Balancer
782(2)
Match Mounting
784(1)
Mounting the Wheel on the Car
784(3)
SECTION 10 SUSPENSION, STEERING, ALIGNMENT
Suspension Fundamentals
787(13)
Introduction
787(1)
Suspension
787(1)
Frame and Suspension Designs
788(1)
Independent and Solid Axle Suspensions
788(1)
Springs
788(1)
Suspension Construction
789(1)
Suspension Types
790(1)
Shock Absorbers
790(2)
Hydraulic Shock Absorber Operation
792(1)
Shock Ratio
793(1)
Aeration of Fluid
793(1)
Gas Shocks
793(1)
Air Shocks/Leveling Devices
794(1)
MacPherson Strut Shocks
795(1)
Other Front End Parts
795(1)
Stabilizer Bar
795(2)
Suspension Leveling Systems
797(1)
Automatic Suspension Leveling
797(1)
Active Suspension
798(2)
Suspension System Service
800(11)
Introduction
800(1)
Diagnosing Suspension System Problems
800(1)
Shock Absorber Service
800(1)
Testing a Shock
801(1)
MacPherson Strut Service
802(1)
Add Oil to Strut Body
803(1)
Bushing Service
803(1)
Control Arm Bushings
803(1)
Stabilizer Bar Service
804(1)
Spindle Service
804(1)
Ball Joint Service
804(1)
Measuring Ball Joint Wear
805(1)
Separating Ball Joint Tapers
806(1)
Replacing the Ball Joint
806(1)
Coil Spring Service
807(1)
Adjusting Spring Height
807(1)
SLA Coil Spring Replacement
808(1)
Wheel Alignment
809(2)
Steering Fundamentals
811(15)
Steering Systems
811(1)
Steering Gears
811(1)
Recirculating Ball Steering Gear
811(1)
Rack and Pinion Steering
812(1)
Steering Linkage
812(1)
Parallelogram Steering Linkage
813(1)
Ball Sockets
814(1)
Tie Rods
814(1)
Steering Arm
814(1)
Rack and Pinion Steering Linkage
814(1)
Steering Column
814(1)
Steering Shaft
815(1)
Power Steering
816(1)
Power Steering Pump
816(1)
Types of Power Steering
817(3)
Variable Effort Power Steering
820(1)
Four Wheel Steering
820(2)
Types of Four Wheel Steering
822(1)
Hydraulic Four Wheel Steering
822(1)
Electronically Controlled Four Wheel Steering
822(4)
Steering Service
826(13)
Introduction
826(1)
Fluid Level Checks
826(1)
Type of Fluid
826(1)
Diagnosing Steering Problems
826(1)
Noise Diagnosis
826(1)
Steering Part Inspection
826(1)
Hard Steering
827(1)
Tire Wear
827(1)
Steering Linkage Inspection
827(1)
Steering Gear Looseness
827(1)
Parallelogram Inspection
827(1)
Rack and Pinion Steering Linkage Inspection
828(1)
Steering Linkage Repairs
828(1)
Idler Arm Replacement
829(1)
Pitman Arm Replacement
829(1)
Tie Rod End Replacement
829(1)
Rack and Pinion Tie Rods
830(1)
Steering Wheel, Column, and Air Bag Service
831(1)
Air Bags
831(1)
Steering Wheel Service
832(1)
Steering Column Service
832(1)
Steering Gear Service
833(1)
Manual Rack Service
833(1)
Rack and Pinion Looseness
833(1)
Power Steering System Service
833(1)
Power Steering Hoses
834(1)
Power Steering Gear Service
834(1)
Replacing Rack and Pinion Units
835(2)
Flushing the Hydraulic System
837(1)
Bleeding the System
837(1)
Variable Power Steering Service
837(2)
Wheel Alignment Fundamentals
839(8)
Introduction
839(1)
Alignment Angles
839(1)
Toe
839(1)
Camber
840(1)
Caster
840(2)
Steering Axis Inclination
842(1)
Scrub Radius
843(1)
Turning Radius
844(1)
Tracking
844(1)
Set-back
845(1)
Special Handling Characteristics
845(2)
Wheel Alignment Service
847(14)
Introduction
847(1)
Pre-Alignment Inspection
847(1)
Tire Wear Inspection
847(1)
Ride Height Check
848(1)
Toe Change
849(1)
Torque Steer
849(1)
Suspension Looseness
849(1)
Test Drive
850(1)
Ball Joints
850(1)
Wheel Alignment Procedures
851(1)
Measuring Alignment
851(1)
Measuring Camber
852(1)
Caster Measurement
852(1)
Measuring Turning Radius
852(1)
Adjusting Camber and Caster
853(1)
Road Crown and Pull
853(1)
Plan Ahead
853(1)
Measuring Steering Axis Inclination
854(1)
Measuring Included Angle
855(1)
Measuring Toe
855(1)
Adjusting Toe
855(2)
Centering the Steering Wheel
857(1)
Toe Change Check
857(1)
Four Wheel Alignment
857(1)
General Wheel Alignment Rules
858(3)
SECTION 11 DRIVE TRAIN
Clutch Fundamentals
861(10)
Introduction
861(1)
Clutch Parts and Operation
861(1)
Clutch Disc
861(1)
Pressure Plate
862(1)
Types of Clutch Covers
863(1)
Coil Spring Clutch
863(1)
Release Levers
863(1)
Diaphragm Clutch
864(1)
Pilot Bearing or Bushing
865(1)
Release Bearing
865(1)
Self-Centering Release Bearing
866(1)
Other Release Bearings
866(1)
Clutch Fork
866(1)
Clutch Release Methods
866(1)
Mechanical Linkage
867(1)
Clutch Cable
867(1)
Hydraulic Clutch Operation
867(1)
Clutch Free Play
868(3)
Clutch Diagnosis and Service
871(14)
Introduction
871(1)
Diagnosis of Clutch Problems
871(1)
Clutch Noises
871(1)
Transmission Noise
872(1)
Pedal Problems
872(1)
Slipping Clutch
872(1)
Dragging Clutch
872(1)
Oily Clutch Facings
873(1)
Damaged Friction Surfaces
873(1)
Chattering or Grabbing Clutch
873(1)
Clutch Service
874(1)
Servicing Hydraulic Components
874(2)
Clutch Replacement
876(1)
Remove the Transmission or Transaxle
876(1)
Clutch Removal
876(1)
Flywheel Removal
877(1)
Flywheel Starter Ring Gear Replacement
877(1)
Flywheel Installation
878(1)
Inspect New Parts
878(1)
Pilot Bushing Service
878(1)
Clutch Disc Service
878(1)
Clutch Cover/Pressure Plate Service
879(1)
Clutch Installation
879(2)
Release Bearing Service
881(1)
Clutch Housing Installation
882(3)
Manual Transmission Fundamentals
885(17)
Introduction
885(1)
Purpose of a Transmission
886(1)
Using Gears to Increase Torque
886(1)
Gear Ratio
886(1)
Transmission Gear Ranges
887(1)
Overdrive
887(1)
Close and Wide Ratio
887(1)
Final Drive Ratio
887(1)
Gear Types and Operation
888(1)
Spur Gears
888(1)
Helical Gears
889(1)
Idler Gears
889(1)
Transmission Parts
890(1)
Transmission Lubrication
891(1)
Transmission Bearings
891(1)
Transmission Gears and Shafts
891(1)
Synchronizer Assembly
892(2)
Gear Shift Mechanisms
894(1)
Shift Pattern
895(1)
Transmission Power Flow
895(1)
Four-speed Transmission Power Flow
896(2)
Five-speed Transmission
898(2)
Speedometer Drive
900(1)
Switches
900(2)
Manual Transmission Diagnosis and Repair
902(11)
Introduction
902(1)
Transmission Diagnosis
902(1)
Lubricant Checks
903(1)
Transmission Removal
903(1)
Transmission Disassembly
904(1)
Disassemble the Mainshaft Assembly
905(1)
Synchronizer Service
906(1)
Synchronizer Inspection
906(1)
Inspect Blocker Rings
907(1)
Inspect Input Shaft and Mainshaft
907(1)
Replace Worn Bearings
908(1)
Reassemble the Transmission
908(1)
Reassemble the Synchronizers
908(1)
Reassemble the Mainshaft
908(1)
End Play
909(1)
Needle Bearing Installation
909(1)
Install New Gaskets
910(1)
Install the Transmission
911(1)
Transmission Linkage Adjustment
911(1)
Add Lubricant
911(1)
Test Drive
911(2)
Automatic Transmission Fundamentals
913(24)
Introduction
913(1)
Automatic Transmission Parts
913(1)
Power Transmission
914(1)
Flexplate
914(1)
Torque Converter
914(1)
Torque Multiplication
915(1)
Torque Converter Operation
915(1)
Torque Converter Stator
915(1)
Stator Operation
916(1)
Stator Clutch Operation
917(1)
Stall Speed
917(1)
Lock-up Converters
918(1)
Automatic Transmission Components
918(2)
Planetary Gears
920(1)
Simple Planetary Gear set
920(1)
Simple Planetary Operation
920(2)
Compound Planetary Operation
922(1)
Driving and Holding Devices
923(1)
Clutches
923(1)
Clutch Operation
923(1)
One-way Clutches
924(1)
Bands
925(1)
Band Operation
926(1)
Accumulator
926(1)
Hydraulic System
926(1)
Fluid Pump
926(1)
Types of Pumps
927(1)
Pump Operation
927(1)
Transmission Valves
928(1)
Pressure Regulator
929(1)
Hydraulic Valve Body
929(1)
Transmission Automatic Shift Selection
930(1)
Governor
931(1)
Vacuum Modulator
931(1)
Kickdown Valve
932(1)
Automatic Transmission Fluid [ATF]
932(1)
Automatic Transmission Cooling
932(1)
Auxiliary Cooler/Heat Exchanger
933(1)
Park Pawl
933(1)
Electronic Automatic Transmissions
933(2)
Continuously Variable Transmission
935(2)
Automatic Transmission Diagnosis and Service
937(17)
Introduction
937(1)
Automatic Transmission Maintenance
937(1)
Transmission Fluid Service
937(1)
Fluid Level
938(1)
Check Fluid Condition
938(1)
Changing Transmission Fluid
938(1)
Transmission Filter Service
939(1)
Remove and Replace the Filter
939(1)
Refill the Transmission
940(1)
Diagnosis and Repair of Leaks
940(1)
Leaks From the Converter Housing
941(1)
Transmission Cooler Line Leak
941(1)
Speedometer Drive Gear Leak
941(1)
Shift Lever Seal Replacement
942(1)
Pump Seal Replacement
942(1)
Front Seal Replacement
942(1)
Pump Bushing Replacement
943(1)
Reinstalling the Transmission
943(1)
Rear Oil Seal and Bushing Replacement
944(1)
Automatic Transmission Problem Diagnosis
944(1)
Slippage
945(1)
Morning Sickness
945(1)
Transmission Drainback
945(1)
Shift Feel
945(1)
Improper Shift Points
945(1)
Vacuum Modulator Diagnosis and Adjustment
945(1)
Noises
946(1)
Flexplate
946(1)
Transmission Tests
947(1)
Valve Body Removal
948(1)
Transmission Adjustments
949(1)
Linkage Adjustment
949(1)
Neutral Safety Switch
949(1)
Throttle Valve Adjustment
949(1)
Band Clearance Adjustment
949(1)
Transmission Rebuilding
950(1)
Seak Kit Overhaul
950(1)
Valve Body Service
950(1)
Clutch Pack Service
950(1)
Bushing Service
951(1)
Transmission Reassembly
952(2)
Driveline Operation
954(21)
Introduction
954(1)
Driveshaft
954(1)
Slip Yoke
954(1)
Universal Joints
955(1)
Two-Piece Driveshaft
956(1)
Driveshaft Angle
957(1)
Constant Velocity Joints
958(1)
Differential
958(1)
Differential Construction
959(1)
Differential Housing
960(1)
Differential Operation
961(1)
Differential Gears
962(1)
Gear Sets
962(1)
Axle Ratio
963(1)
Limited Slip Differential
963(1)
Types of Limited Slip Differentials
963(3)
Drive Axles and Bearings
966(1)
Semi-Floating Axle Bearing Types
966(1)
C-Lock Axle
966(1)
Independent Rear Suspension
966(1)
Gear Oils
966(2)
Four Wheel Drive
968(1)
Four Wheel Drive Axle Assembly
968(1)
Transfer Case
968(3)
Locking Hubs
971(1)
All Wheel Drive
971(4)
Driveline Diagnosis and Service
975(21)
Introduction
975(1)
Driveshaft Diagnosis
975(1)
Driveshaft Service
976(1)
Universal Joint Diagnosis and Service
976(1)
Universal Joint Disassembly
976(2)
Universal Joint Reassembly
978(1)
Driveshaft Installation
979(1)
Two-Piece Driveshaft Service
980(1)
Differential and Axle Diagnosis and Service
980(1)
Problem Diagnosis
980(1)
Axle Bearing Diagnosis
980(1)
Axle Bearing Service
981(1)
C-Lock Axle Removal and Replacement
982(1)
Axle Bearing Replacement
983(1)
Axle Bearing Installation
984(1)
Reinstall the Axle
984(1)
Full Floating Axle Service
984(1)
Differential Pinion Seal Replacement
985(2)
Differential Repair
987(1)
Removing a Third Member
987(1)
Disassembling a Salisbury Axle
987(2)
Clean and Inspect Parts
989(1)
Differential Reassembly
989(1)
Adjusting a Differential
989(1)
Pinion Gear Depth
989(1)
Ring Gear Backlash
990(1)
Side Bearing Preload
991(1)
Contact Pattern
992(1)
Pinion Bearing Preload
993(1)
Ring and Pinion Noise
994(2)
Front Wheel Drive (Transaxle and CV Joint) Fundamentals
996(11)
Introduction
996(1)
Front Wheel Drive
997(1)
Manual Transaxle
998(1)
Shift Linkage
999(1)
Transaxle Differential
999(1)
Transaxle Power Flow
1000(2)
Automatic Transaxle
1002(1)
Front Drive Axles
1002(1)
Axle Shaft Parts
1002(2)
CV Joint Construction
1004(1)
Axle Shafts
1005(1)
CV Joint Boots
1006(1)
Front Wheel Drive (Transaxle and CV Joint) Service
1007(11)
Introduction
1007(1)
Transaxle and Front Wheel Drive Service and Repair
1007(1)
Leaking CV Joint Boot
1007(1)
Boot Kits
1007(1)
CV Joint Boot Clamps
1007(1)
Axle Inspection and Diagnosis
1008(1)
CV Joint Diagnosis
1008(1)
Axel Shaft Removal
1008(3)
CV Joint Replacement
1011(1)
Fixed Joint Disassembly and Inspection
1012(1)
Servicing an Inner Tripod Joint
1013(1)
Double Offset Plunge Joints
1014(1)
Cross Groove Joint Service
1014(1)
Rebuilt Half Shafts
1014(1)
Installing the Axle
1015(1)
Transaxle Repair
1015(1)
Transaxle Removal
1015(1)
Transaxle Service
1015(1)
Install the Transaxle
1016(2)
Driveline Vibration Service
1018(10)
Vibration Analysis
1018(1)
Types of Vibrations
1019(1)
Vibration Test Instruments
1019(1)
Vibration and Frequency
1020(2)
Driveshaft Runout
1022(1)
Other Causes of Vibration
1022(1)
Driveshaft Balance
1022(2)
Driveshaft Angle
1024(4)
SECTION 12 COMOFORT SYSTEMS AND VEHICLE ELECTRONICS
Heating and Air Conditioning Fundamentals
1028(20)
Introduction
1028(1)
Sources of Heat
1028(1)
Ventilation
1028(1)
Heating
1029(1)
Air Conditioning
1030(1)
Air Conditioning Principles
1030(1)
Heat Transfer
1031(1)
Humidity
1031(1)
States of Matter
1031(1)
Latent Heat
1031(2)
Air Conditioning System Operation
1033(1)
Absorbing Heat
1033(1)
Reducing Humidity
1033(1)
Compressing the Refrigerant
1034(1)
Transferring Refrigerant Heat to Outside Air
1034(1)
Air Conditioning System Parts
1035(1)
Flow Control Devices
1035(3)
Air Conditioning Compressors
1038(2)
Compressor Lubrication
1040(1)
Muffler
1040(1)
Accumulator or Receiver Dryer
1041(2)
Evaporator Icing Control
1043(1)
System Switches
1043(1)
Heating and Air Conditioning Controls
1044(1)
Refrigerants and the Environment
1044(1)
Temperature and Pressure
1045(1)
Pressure
1046(2)
Heating and Air Conditioning Service
1048(18)
Heater Service
1048(1)
Air Conditioning Service
1048(1)
Air Conditioning System Testing
1049(1)
Testing Air Conditioning Efficiency
1050(1)
Air Discharge Temperatures
1050(1)
Clutch Cycling Times
1050(1)
Pressure Testing
1050(3)
Static Pressure Reading
1053(1)
Operating Performance Test
1054(1)
System Operating Pressures
1054(1)
Leak Detection
1054(1)
Location of Leaks
1055(1)
Common Air Conditioning Component Problems
1056(1)
Refrigerant Oil
1057(1)
Evaporator Problems
1058(1)
Expansion Valve or Orifice Tube Problems
1058(1)
Compressor Problems
1058(3)
Evacuating and Recharging
1061(1)
Vacuuming a System
1061(1)
Evacuate the System
1062(1)
Modern Air Conditioning Equipment
1062(1)
Recharging the System
1063(1)
Recycling and Retrofit
1063(1)
Computer Control Problems
1064(2)
Automotive Computers and Electronics Fundamentals
1066(17)
Introduction
1066(1)
Semiconductors
1066(1)
Diodes
1067(1)
Transistors
1068(2)
LEDs
1070(1)
Automotive Computer Systems
1070(1)
Parts of a Computer System
1071(1)
Onboard Computer
1071(1)
Information Processing
1072(1)
Computer Memory
1073(1)
Communication Rate
1074(1)
Sensors and Actuators
1074(1)
Types of Sensors
1074(1)
Thermistors
1075(1)
Voltage Dividers
1075(1)
Piezoelectric and Piezoresistive Sensors
1075(1)
Heated Resistive Sensors
1076(1)
Variable DC Frequency Sensors
1076(1)
Voltage Generators
1076(1)
Switches
1076(1)
Types of Actuators
1077(1)
Solenoid Actuators
1077(1)
Relay Actuators
1077(1)
Motor Actuators
1077(1)
Switch Actuators/Modules
1078(1)
Adaptive Strategy
1079(1)
On Board Diagnostics
1080(1)
Computer Fault Codes
1080(1)
Computer Self-Diagnostics
1080(1)
Multiplexing
1081(2)
Electronic and Computer System Service
1083(22)
Introduction
1083(1)
Inspection Sequence
1083(1)
Perform Diagnostic Tests
1084(1)
Onboard Diagnostics
1084(1)
Reading Trouble Codes
1085(1)
Scan Tools
1086(1)
Breakout Box
1087(1)
Retrieving Codes
1087(1)
Working With Codes
1088(1)
Erasing Trouble Codes
1088(1)
Scan Tool Snapshot
1089(1)
Confirm Closed Loop
1089(1)
Check For Closed Loop
1090(1)
Scan Tool Diagnosis of 02 Feedback
1091(1)
Digital Storage Oscilloscope
1092(1)
Sensor and Actuator Testing
1093(1)
Diagnosing Sensor Problems
1093(1)
Sensor Tests
1093(1)
Oxygen Sensor
1094(1)
Load Sensors
1095(1)
MAP Sensor
1095(1)
BARO Sensors
1096(1)
Vacuum Sensors
1096(1)
Throttle Position Sensor
1096(1)
Coolant Temperature Sensor
1097(1)
Air Temperature Sensors
1098(1)
Air Flow Sensor Service
1099(1)
Knock Sensor Service
1100(1)
Actuator Service
1100(1)
Repair the Problem
1100(1)
Computer Wiring Service
1100(2)
Computer Service
1102(1)
Static Electricity
1102(1)
Electrical Damage to a Circuit
1103(2)
Appendix 1105(12)
ASE Task List 1117(28)
Glossary 1145(44)
Index 1189


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