9780134586441

Backpack Literature An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, MLA Update Edition

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780134586441

  • ISBN10:

    0134586441

  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/25/2016
  • Publisher: Pearson

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $59!
    Your order must be $59 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
  • We Buy This Book Back!
    In-Store Credit: $33.60
    Check/Direct Deposit: $32.00
List Price: $87.00 Save up to $52.20
  • Rent Book $34.80
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

For introductory courses in Literature.

This version of Backpack Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing has been updated the reflect the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook (April 2016).*

 

Cultivate a Love of Literature…

The smallest and most economical member of the Kennedy/Gioia family, Backpack Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing , 5/e is a brief paperback version of the discipline's most popular literature anthology.  


Backpack Literature introduces college students to the appreciation and experience of literature in its major forms and develops the student’s ability to think critically and communicate effectively through writing.  The book is built on the assumption that great literature can enrich and enlarge the lives it touches. Both editors, literary writers themselves, believe that textbooks should be not only informative and accurate but also lively, accessible, and engaging.


* The 8th edition introduces sweeping changes to the philosophy and details of MLA works cited entries. Responding to the “increasing mobility of texts,” MLA now encourages writers to focus on the process of crafting the citation, beginning with the same questions for any source. These changes, then, align with current best practices in the teaching of writing which privilege inquiry and critical thinking over rote recall and rule-following.

 



Author Biography

X. J. Kennedy, after graduating from Seton Hall and Columbia, became a journalist second class in the Navy.
His poems, some published in The New Yorker, were first collected in Nude Descending a Staircase (1961). Since then he has published seven more collections, including a volume of new and selected poems in 2007, several widely adopted literature and writing textbooks, and seventeen books for children, including two novels. He has taught at Michigan, North Carolina (Greensboro), California (Irvine), Wellesley, Tufts, and Leeds. Cited in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations and reprinted in some 200 anthologies, his verse has brought him a Guggenheim fellowship, a Lamont Award, a Los Angeles Times Book Prize, an award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, an Aiken-Taylor prize, and the Award for Poetry for Children from the National Council of Teachers of English. He now lives in Lexington, Massachusetts, where he and his wife Dorothy have collaborated on five books and five children.


Dana Gioia is a poet, critic, and teacher. Born in Los Angeles of Italian and Mexican ancestry, he attended Stanford and Harvard before taking a detour into business. After years of writing and reading late in the evenings after work, he quit a vice presidency to write and teach. He has published four collections of poetry, Daily Horoscope (1986), The Gods of Winter (1991), Interrogations at Noon (2001), which won the American Book Award, and Pity the Beautiful (2012); and three critical volumes, including Can Poetry Matter? (1992), an influential study of poetry's place in contemporary America.

Gioia has taught at Johns Hopkins, Sarah Lawrence, Wesleyan (Connecticut), Mercer, and Colorado College. From 2003 to 2009 he served as the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts. At the NEA he created the largest literary programs in federal history, including Shakespeare in American Communities and Poetry Out Loud, the national high school poetry recitation contest. He also led the campaign to restore active literary reading by creating The Big Read, which helped reverse a quarter century of decline in U.S. reading. He is currently the Judge Widney Professor of Poetry and Public Culture at the University of Southern California.

Table of Contents

FICTION   

Talking with Amy Tan


1      READING A STORY  

THE ART OF FICTION  

TYPES OF SHORT FICTION  

 

Sufi Legend, Death Has an Appointment in Samarra  

A student tries to flee from Death in this brief, sardonic fable.  

Aesop, The North Wind and the Sun  

The North Wind and the Sun argue who is stronger and decide to try their powers on an unsuspecting traveler.

Bidpai, The Tortoise and the Geese  

A fable that gives another dimension to Andrew Lang’s quip, “He missed an invaluable opportunity to hold his tongue.”

 

Chuang Tzu , Independence  

The Prince of Ch’u asks the philosopher Chuang Tzu to become his advisor and gets a surprising reply in this classic Chinese fable.   

Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm , Godfather Death  

Neither God nor the Devil came to the christening. In this stark folktale, a young man receives magical powers with a string attached.   

PLOT  

THE SHORT STORY  

John Updike , A & P  

In walk three girls in nothing but bathing suits, and Sammy finds himself no longer an aproned checkout clerk but an armored knight.   

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT PLOT  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Plot  

TOPICS FOR WRITING on plot  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


2      POINT OF VIEW  

IDENTIFYING POINT OF VIEW  

TYPES OF NARRATORS  

how much does a narrator know?  

STREAM OF CONSCIOUSNESS  

William Faulkner , A Rose for Emily  

Proud, imperious Emily Grierson defied the town from the fortress of her mansion. Who could have guessed the secret that lay within?   

Edgar Allan Poe , The Tell-Tale Heart

The smoldering eye at last etinguished, a murderer finds that, despite all his attempts at a cover-up, his victim will be heard.

Eudora Welty , Why I Live at the P.O.  

Since no one appreciates Sister, she decides to live at the Post Office. After meeting her family, you won’t blame her.

Jamaica Kincaid , Girl  

“Try to walk like a lady, and not like the slut you are so bent on becoming.” An old-fashioned mother tells her daughter how to live.  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT POINT OF VIEW  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Point of View  

topics for writing ON POINT OF VIEW  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


3      CHARACTER  

CHARACTERization

motvation

 

Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall  

For sity years Ellen Weatherall has fought back the memory of that terrible day, but now once more the priest waits in the house.   

Tobias Wolff , Bullet in the Brain 0

 Anders is in line when armed robbers enter the bank, and he can’t help but get involved.

Alice Walker Everyday Use  

When successful Dee visits from the city, she has changed her name to reflect her African roots. Her mother and sister notice other things have changed, too.  

Raymond Carver , Cathedral  

He had never epected to find himself trying to describe a cathedral to a blind man. He hadn’t even wanted to meet this odd, old friend of his wife.   

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT CHARACTER  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Character  

topics for writing ON CHARACTER  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


4      SETTING  

ELEMENTS OF SETTING  

HISTORICAL FICTION  

REGIONALISM  

NATURALISM  

Kate Chopin , The Storm  

Even with her husband away, Calita feels happily, securely married. Why then should she not shelter an old admirer from the rain?   

Jack London, To Build a Fire  

Seventy-five degrees below zero. Alone ecept for one mistrustful wolf dog, a man finds himself battling a relentless force.   

Jorge Luis Borges, The Gospel According to Mark  

A young man from Buenos Aires is trapped by a flood on an isolated ranch. To pass the time, he reads the Gospel to a family with unforeseen results.  

Amy Tan, A Pair of Tickets  

A young woman flies with her father to China to meet two half sisters she never knew eisted.   

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT SETTING  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Setting  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SETTING  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

5      TONE AND STYLE  

TONE  

STYLE  

DICTION  

Ernest Hemingway , A Clean, Well-Lighted Place  

All by himself each night, the old man lingers in the bright café. What does he need more than brandy?   

William Faulkner , Barn Burning  

This time when Ab Snopes wields his blazing torch, his son Sarty faces a dilemma: whether to obey or defy the vengeful old man.   

IRONY  

Guy de Maupassant , The Necklace 

A woman enjoys one night of luury–and then spends years of her life paying for it.

Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour  

“There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. What was it? She did not know; it was too subtle and elusive to name.”  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT TONE AND STYLE  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Tone and Style  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON TONE AND STYLE  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  


6      THEME  

PLOT VERSUS THEME  

summarizing the THEME  

FINDING THE THEME  

Chinua Achebe , Dead Men’s Path  

The new headmaster of the village school was determined to fight superstition, but the villagers did not agree.  

Sandra Cisneros , The House on Mango Street 

Does where we live tell what we are? A little girl dreams of a new house, but things don’t always turn out the way we want them to.

Luke, The Parable of the Prodigal Son  

A father has two sons. One demands his inheritance now and leaves to spend it with ruinous results.   

Kurt Vonnegut Jr ., Harrison Bergeron  

Are you handsome? Off with your eyebrows! Are you brainy? Let a transmitter sound thought-shattering beeps inside your ear.   

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT THEME  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Theme  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON THEME  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

7      SYMBOL  

ALLEGORY  

SYMBOLS  

RECOGNIZING SYMBOLS  

John Steinbeck , The Chrysanthemums  

Fenced-in Elisa feels emotionally starved–then her life promises to blossom with the arrival of the scissors-grinding man.  

Charlotte Perkins Gilman , The Yellow Wallpaper  

A doctor prescribes a “rest cure” for his wife after the birth of their child. The new mother tries to settle in to life in the isolated and mysterious country house they have rented for the summer. The cure proves worse than the disease in this Gothic classic.

 

Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas  

Omelas is the perfect city. All of its inhabitants are happy. But everyone’s prosperity depends on a hidden evil.   

Shirley Jackson, The Lottery  

Splintered and faded, the sinister black bo had worked its annual terror for longer than anyone in town could remember.  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT SYMBOLS  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Symbols  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SYMBOLS  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

8   STORIES FOR FURTHER READING

                                                                                         

Sherman Aleie, This Is What It Means to Say Phoeni, Arizona  

The only one who can help Victor when his father dies is a childhood friend he’s been avoiding for years.   

Margaret Atwood, Happy Endings  

John and Mary meet. What happens net? This witty eperimental story offers five different outcomes.   

Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown 0

Urged on through deepening woods, a young Puritan sees–or dreams he sees–good villagers hasten toward a diabolic rite.

        O. Henry, The Gift of the Magi  

A young husband and wife find ingenious ways to buy each other Christmas presents, in the classic story that defines the word “irony.”  

Zora Neale Hurston , Sweat  

Delia’s hard work paid for her small house. Now her drunken husband Sykes has promised it to another woman.   

Ha Jin , Saboteur 0

When the police unfairly arrest Mr. Chiu, he hopes for justice. After witnessing their brutality, he quietly plans revenge.

James Joyce, Araby  

If only he can find her a token, she might love him in return. As night falls, a Dublin boy hurries to make his dream come true.   

Franz Kafka, Before the Law

A man from the country comes in search of the Law. He never guesses what will prevent him from finding it, in this modern parable .

Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill

Sundays had long brought joy to solitary Miss Brill, until one fateful day when she happened to share a bench with two lovers in the park.

Joyce Carol Oates , Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? 

Alone in the house, Connie finds herself helpless before the advances of Arnold Friend, a spellbinding imitation teenager.

Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried  

What each soldier carried into the combat zone was largely determined by necessity, but each man’s necessities differed.  

Flannery O’Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find  

Wanted: The Misfit, a cold-blooded killer. An ordinary family vacation leads to horror–and one moment of redeeming grace.   

 

        Juan Rulfo , Tell Them Not to Kill Me!                 

A violent episode from decades past catches up with an old man. Will he be saved from the firing squad?

Virginia Woolf , A Haunted House  

Whatever hour you woke, a door was shutting. From room to room the ghostly couple walked, hand in hand.   

 

Poetry

Talking with Kay Ryan 


9      READING A POEM  

POETRY OR VERSE  

HOW TO READ A POEM  

Paraphrase  

William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree  

Lyric Poetry  

Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays  

Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers  

Narrative Poetry  

Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spence  

Robert Frost, “Out, Out–”  

DRAMATIC POETRY  

Robert Browning, My Last Duchess  

DIDACTIC POETRY  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT PARAPHRASING  

William Stafford, Ask Me  

William Stafford, A Paraphrase of “Ask Me”  

CHECKLIST: Writing a Paraphrase  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON PARAPHRASING  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


10  LISTENING TO A VOICE  

TONE  

Theodore Roethke, My Papa’s Waltz  

Stephen Crane, The Wayfarer

Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book  

Walt Whitman, To a Locomotive in Winter  

Emily Dickinson, I like to see it lap the Miles  

Weldon Kees, For My Daughter  

THE SPEAKER IN THE POEM  

Natasha Trethewey, White Lies  

Edwin Arlington Robinson, Luke Havergal  

Anonymous, Dog Haiku  

Langston Hughes, Theme for English B 

Charlotte Mew, The Farmer’s Bride

William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow  

IRONY  

Robert Creeley, Oh No  

W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen  

Sharon Olds, Rite of Passage  

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Second Fig  

Thomas Hardy, The Workbo  

FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY  

Amy Uyematsu , Deliberate

Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta  

Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT TONE  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Tone  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON TONE  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


11  WORDS  

LITERAL MEANING: WHAT A POEM SAYS FIRST  

William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to Say  

DICTION  

John Masefield, Cargoes

John Donne, Batter my heart, three-personed God, for You  

THE VALUE OF A DICTIONARY  

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Aftermath  

Kay Ryan, That Will to Divest 

J. V. Cunningham, Friend, on this scaffold Thomas More lies dead  

Samuel Menashe, Bread  

Carl Sandburg, Grass  

WORD CHOICE AND WORD ORDER  

Robert Herrick, Upon Julia’s Clothes  

Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid  

Wendy Cope, Lonely Hearts  

FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY  

E. E. Cummings, anyone lived in a pretty how town  

Anonymous, Carnation Milk  

Gina Valdés, English con Salsa  

William Wordsworth , My Heart Leaps Up When I Behold  0

William Wordsworth , Mutability

Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT DICTION  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Diction  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON WORD CHOICE  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


12  SAYING AND SUGGESTING  

DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION  

William Blake, London  

Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O’Clock  

Robert Frost, Fire and Ice 

Diane Thiel, The Minefield  

Rhina Espaillat, Bilingual/Bilingüe  

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Tears, Idle Tears  

Richard Wilbur, Love Calls Us to the Things of This World  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION  

CHECKLIST: Writing About What a Poem Says and Suggests  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


13 IMAGERY  

Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro  

Taniguchi Buson, The piercing chill I feel  

IMAGERY  

T. S. Eliot, The winter evening settles down  

Theodore Roethke, Root Cellar  

Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish  

Emily Dickinson, A Route of Evanescence  

Jean Toomer, Reapers  

Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty  

ABOUT HAIKU  

Arakida Moritake, The falling flower  

Matsuo Basho, Heat-lightning streak  

Matsuo Basho, In the old stone pool  

Taniguchi Buson, On the one-ton temple bell  

Taniguchi Buson, Moonrise on mudflats  

Kobayashi Issa, only one guy  

Kobayashi Issa, Cricket  

HAIKU FROM JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMPS  

Suiko Matsushita, Rain shower from mountain  

Suiko Matsushita, Cosmos in bloom  

Hakuro Wada, Even the croaking of frogs  

Neiji Ozawa, The war–this year  

CONTEMPORARY HAIKU  

Nick Virgilio , The Old Neighborhood

Lee Gurga , Visitor’s Room

Jennifer Brutschy, Born Again  

Adelle Foley, Learning to Shave  

FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY  

John Keats, Bright star! would I were steadfast as thou art  

Tami Haaland, Lipstick  

William Carlos Williams, El Hombre  

Li Po, Drinking Alone by Moonlight  

Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning  

Robert Bly, Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT IMAGERY  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Imagery  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON IMAGERY  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


14  FIGURES OF SPEECH  

WHY SPEAK FIGURATIVELY?  

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle  

William Shakespeare, Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?  

Howard Moss, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?  

METAPHOR AND SIMILE  

Emily Dickinson, My Life had stood — a Loaded Gun  

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Flower in the Crannied Wall  

William Blake, To see a world in a grain of sand  

Sylvia Plath, Metaphors  

N. Scott Momaday, Simile  

Craig Raine, A Martian Sends a Postcard Home  

OTHER FIGURES OF SPEECH  

James Stephens, The Wind  

Margaret Atwood, You fit into me  

Timothy Steele, Epitaph

Dana Gioia, Money  

Carl Sandburg, Fog  

FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY  

Robert Frost, The Secret Sits  

Kay Ryan, Turtle  

Emily Brontë, Love and Friendship  

John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT METAPHORS  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Metaphors  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON FIGURES OF SPEECH  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


15  SOUND  

SOUND AS MEANING  

William Butler Yeats, Who Goes with Fergus?  

Edgar Allan Poe, from Ulalume

William Wordsworth, A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal  

ALLITERATION AND ASSONANCE  

Frances Cornford , The Watch

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The splendor falls on castle walls  

RIME  

Hilaire Belloc, The Hippopotamus  

William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan  

Gerard Manley Hopkins, God’s Grandeur  

Robert Frost, Desert Places  

How to read a POEM ALOUD  

Michael Stillman, In Memoriam John Coltrane  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT A POEM’S SOUND  

CHECKLIST: Writing About a Poem’s Sound  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SOUND  

TERMS FOR REVIEW 


16  RHYTHM  

STRESSES AND PAUSES  

STRESS AND Meaning  

line endings  

Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool  

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, Break, Break  

Dorothy Parker, Résumé  

METER  

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Counting-out Rhyme  

A. E. Housman, When I was one-and-twenty  

Walt Whitman, Beat! Beat! Drums!  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT RHYTHM  

CHECKLIST: Scanning a Poem  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON RHYTHM  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  


17  CLOSED FORM  

the value of form  

FORMAL PATTERNS  

Ernest Dowson, “Days of Wine and Roses”

John Donne, Song (“Go and catch a falling star”)  

ballads  

Anonymous, Bonny Barbara Allan  

Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham  

THE SONNET  

William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true minds  

Edna St. Vincent Millay, What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why  

R. S. Gwynn, Shakespearean Sonnet  

Sherman Aleie , The Facebook Sonnet

THE EPIGRAM  

Sir John Harrington, Of Treason  

Langston Hughes, Two Somewhat Different Epigrams  

OTHER FORMS  

Dylan Thomas, Do not go gentle into that good night  

Paul Laurence Dunbar , We Wear the Mask  0

Elizabeth Bishop, Sestina  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT A SONNET  

CHECKLIST: Writing About a Sonnet  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON closed form

TERMS FOR REVIEW  


18  OPEN FORM  

Denise Levertov, Ancient Stairway  

FREE VERSE  

E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill ’s  

William Carlos Williams, The Dance  

Stephen Crane, The Heart  

Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford  

Wallace Stevens, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird  

PROSE POETRY  

Charles Simic, The Magic Study of Happiness  

FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY  

E. E. Cummings, in Just-  

Carole Satyamurti, I Shall Paint My Nails Red  

Langston Hughes , I, Too     

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT FREE VERSE  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Line Breaks  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON OPEN FORM  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  


19  SYMBOL  

THE MEANINGS OF A SYMBOL  

T. S. Eliot , The Boston Evening Transcript   

Emily Dickinson, The Lightning is a yellow Fork  

IDENTIFYING SYMBOLS  

Thomas Hardy , Neutral Tones  

Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It  

ALLEGORY  

Matthew , The Parable of the Good Seed  

George Herbert, Redemption  

Antonio Machado , Proverbios y Cantares (I)  

      Translated by Dana Gioia , Traveler  

Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken  

Christina Rossetti, Up-Hill  

FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER STUDY  

Mary Oliver, Wild Geese  

Lorine Niedecker, Popcorn-can cover  

Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT SYMBOLS  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Symbols  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SYMBOLISM  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  


20  MYTH AND NARRATIVE  

The subjects and uses OF MYTH  

origins OF MYTH  

Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay  

William Wordsworth, The world is too much with us  

H.D., Helen  

ARCHETYPE  

Louise Bogan, Medusa  

A. E. Stallings, First Love: A Quiz  

PERSONAL MYTH  

William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming  

Diane Thiel, Memento Mori in Middle School

Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus  

MYTH AND POPULAR CULTURE  

Anne Seton, Cinderella  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT MYTH  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Myth  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON MYTH  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

21  WHAT IS POETRY?  

some definitions of poetry  

Dante, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Thomas Hardy, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, Mina Loy, T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, José Garcia Villa, Christopher Fry, Elizabeth Bishop, Joy Harjo, Octavio Paz, Denise Levertov, Lucille Clifton, Charles Simic, —


22  POEMS FOR FURTHER READING  

Aaron Abeyta, thirteen ways of looking at a tortilla 

Kim Addonizio, First Poem for You 

Sherman Aleie, The Powwow at the End of the World 

Anonymous (Navajo chant), Last Words of the Prophet  

Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach  

W. H. Auden, Musée des Beau Arts  

Elizabeth Bishop, One Art  

William Blake, The Tyger  

Gwendolyn Brooks, the mother  

Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways  

Robert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister  

Charles Bukowski, Dostoevsky  

Judith Ortiz Cofer, Quinceanera

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan  

Billy Collins, Care and Feeding  

Emily Dickinson, Wild Nights — Wild Nights! 

Emily Dickinson, I felt a Funeral, in my Brain 

Emily Dickinson, Because I could not stop for Death 

John Donne, Death be not proud  

John Donne, The Flea  

T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock  

Robert Frost, Mending Wall 

Robert Frost, Birches 

Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening 

Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California  

Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain  

Seamus Heaney, Digging  

George Herbert, Easter Wings 

Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time  

Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall  

Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover  

A. E. Housman, Loveliest of trees, the cherry now  

A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young  

Langston Hughes, The Negro Speaks of Rivers 

Langston Hughes, Harlem [Dream Deferred] 

Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner  

Robinson Jeffers, Fire on the Hills

Ha Jin, Missed Time  

Ben Jonson, On My First Son  

Donald Justice, On the Death of Friends in Childhood  

John Keats, Ode to a Nightingale  

Philip Larkin, Home is so Sad  

D. H. Lawrence, Piano  

Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Learning to love America  

Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress  

Claude McKay, The Harlem Dancer

Edna St. Vincent Millay, Recuerdo  

John Milton, When I consider how my light is spent  

Pablo Neruda, We are Many 

Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth 

Sylvia Plath, Daddy  

Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee  

Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant’s Wife: A Letter  

Henry Reed, Naming of Parts  

Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy  

Christina Rossetti, Song  

William Shakespeare, When, in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes  

William Shakespeare, My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun  

Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias 

Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream  

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses 

Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill  

Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn’d Astonomer

Walt Whitman, O Captain! My Captain!  

William Carlos Williams, Spring and All  

William Carlos Williams, Queen-Anne’s-Lace  

William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge  

James Wright, Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio 

Mary Sidney Wroth, In this strange labyrinth  

William Butler Yeats, He wishes for the Cloths of heaven

William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium  

William Butler Yeats, When You Are Old  

 

DRAMA

Talking with David Ives  

 

23 . READING A PLAY

THEATRICAL CONVENTIONS  

Elements of a Play  

Susan Glaspell, Trifles  

Was Minnie Wright to blame for the death of her husband? While the menfolk try to unravel a mystery, two women in the kitchen turn up revealing clues.  

Analyzing Trifles  

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT A PLAY  

CHECKLIST: Writing About a Play  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON trifles  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

24 . MODES OF DRAMA: TRAGEDY AND COMEDY

TRAGEDY  

Christopher Marlowe, Scene from Doctor Faustus (Act 2, Scene 1)  

In this scene from the classic drama, a brilliant scholar sells his soul to the devil. How smart is that?  

COMEDY  

Oscar Wilde, Scene from The Importance of Being Earnest (Act 1, Scene 1–Lady Bracknell Interviews Her Daughter’s Suitor) 

Lady Bracknell is no softie when interviewing a potential future son-in-law.

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT COMEDY  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Comedy  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT TRAGEDY  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT COMEDY  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

25 . THE THEATER OF SOPHOCLES

THE THEATER OF SOPHOCLES  

THE CIVIC ROLE OF GREEK DRAMA  

ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF TRAGEDY  

SOPHOCLES  

THE ORIGINS OF OEDIPUS THE KING  

Sophocles, Oedipus the King (Translated by David Grene)  

The dark story of Oedipus is considered by many to be the greatest eample of classical Greek tragedy.

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT GREEK TRAGEDY  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Greek Drama  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON SOPHOCLES  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

26. THE THEATER OF SHAKESPEARE

THE THEATER OF SHAKESPEARE  

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE  

A NOTE ON OTHELLO  

PICTURING OTHELLO  

William Shakespeare, Othello, the Moor of Venice  

Here is a story of jealousy, that “green-eyed monster which doth mock / The meat it feeds on”–of a passionate, suspicious man and his blameless wife, of a serpent masked as a friend.  

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

UNDERSTANDING SHAKESPEARE  

CHECKLIST: Writing About Shakespeare  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON shakespeare  

 

27 . THE MODERN THEATER

REALISM  

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House (Translated by R. Farquharson Sharp, revised by Viktoria Michelsen)  

The founder of modern drama portrays a troubled marriage. Helmer, the bank manager, regards his wife Nora as a “little featherbrain”–not knowing the truth may shatter his smug world.  

 

Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie  

Painfully shy and retiring, shunning love, Laura dwells in a world as fragile as her collection of tiny figurines–until one memorable night a gentleman comes to call.  

Tennessee Williams on Writing, How to Stage The Glass Menagerie  

EPERIMENTAL DRAMA  

 

Milcha Sanchez-Scott, The Cuban Swimmer  

Nineteen-year-old Margarita Suárez wants to win a Southern California distance swimming race. Is her family behind her? Quite literally!  

 

WRITING EFFECTIVELY  

THINKING ABOUT DRAMATIC REALISM  

CHECKLIST: Writing About a Realist Play  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ON REALISM  

TERMS FOR REVIEW  

 

28 . PLAYS FOR FURTHER READING

David Henry Hwang, The Sound of a Voice  

A strange man arrives at a solitary woman’s home in the remote countryside. As they fall in love, they discover disturbing secrets about one another’s past.  

David Henry Hwang on Writing, Multicultural Theater  

 

Jane Martin, Pomp and Circumstance  

The King interviews a musician for the position of court composer

 

Brighde Mullins, Click  

A long-distance phone call leads to darkly comic misunderstandings between this man and woman.

 

August Wilson, Fences  

A proud man’s love for his family is choked by his rigidity and self-righteousness, in this powerful drama by one of the great American playwrights of our time.  

 

WRITING  

 

29 . WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE

READ ACTIVELY  

Robert Frost , Nothing Gold Can Stay  

PLAN YOUR ESSAY  

PREWRITING: GENERATE IDEAS AND ISSUES  

Sample Student Prewriting Eercises  —  

DEVELOP YOUR ARGUMENT  

STRENGTHEN YOUR ARGUMENT: RHETORICAL APPEALS  

Logical Argumentation and Evidence   

Emotional Argumentation 

Credibility: Tone, Balance, and Organization   

CHECKLIST: Developing an Argument  

DRAFT YOUR ARGUMENT  

Sample Student Paper , Rough Draft  

REVISE YOUR ARGUMENT  

CHECKLIST: Revising Your Argument  

FINAL ADVICE ON REWRITING  

SAMPLE STUDENT ARGUMENT PAPER   

Sample Student Paper , Argument

 

WHAT’S YOUR PURPOSE? COMMON APPROACHES TO WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE  

Eplication  

Sample Student Paper , Eplication  

Analysis  

Sample Student Paper, Analysis  

Comparison and Contrast   

Sample Student Paper , Comparison and Contrast  

Response Paper   

Sample Student Response Paper   

the form of your finished paper  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT FICTION  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT POETRY  

TOPICS FOR WRITING ABOUT DRAMA  

 

30 . WRITING A RESEARCH PAPER

BROWSE THE RESEARCH  

CHOOSE A TOPIC  

BEGIN YOUR RESEARCH  

Reliable Web Sources  

Print Resources  

Online Databases  

CHECKLIST: Finding Reliable Sources  

Visual Images  

CHECKLIST: Using Visual Images  

EVALUATE YOUR SOURCES  

Trustworthy Resources Build Your Paper’s Credibility  

CHECKLIST: Evaluating Your Sources  

ORGANIZE YOUR RESEARCH

CREATE AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY  

REFINE YOUR THESIS  

ORGANIZE YOUR PAPER  

WRITE AND REVISE

MAINTAIN ACADEMIC INTEGRITY  

What Is Plagiarism?  

Papers for Sale Are Papers that “Fail”  

A Warning Against Internet Plagiarism  

ACKNOWLEDGE ALL SOURCES  

Using Quotations  

Citing Ideas  

DOCUMENT SOURCES USING MLA STYLE  

List of Sources  

Parenthetical References  

Works-Cited List  

Citing Print Sources in MLA Style  

Citing Web Sources in MLA Style  

Sample List of Works Cited  

Reference Guide for mla Citations  

 

Literary Credits  

Photo Credits  

Index of Major Themes  

Index of Authors and Titles  

Index of Literary Terms  

Rewards Program

Write a Review