9780764142079

Barron's Let's Review Physics: The Physical Setting

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780764142079

  • ISBN10:

    0764142070

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 9/1/2009
  • Publisher: Barrons Educational Series Inc
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Summary

This detailed manual reviews all topics covered in the New York State high school curriculum for physics and prepares students to pass the Regents Physics Exam. Topics covered include a general introduction, motion in one dimension, forces and Newton’s laws, vector quantities and their applications, circular motion and gravitation, momentum and its conservation, work and energy, the properties of matter, static electricity, electric current and circuits, magnetism and electromagnetism, waves and sound, light and geometric optics, solid-state physics, modern physics from Planck’s hypothesis to Einstein’s special theory of relativity, and nuclear energy. One recently-given actual Regents Physics Exam is also presented with an answer key.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introduction to Physicsp. 1
Physics Is . . .?p. 1
Measurement and the Metric Systemp. 2
Scientific Notationp. 3
Accuracy, Precision, and Significant Digitsp. 4
Order of Magnitudep. 7
Graphing Datap. 7
Direct and Inverse Proportionsp. 9
Mathematical Relationships within Right Trianglesp. 11
Questionsp. 12
Motion in One Dimensionp. 14
Motion Definedp. 14
Graphing an Object's Motionp. 14
Displacementp. 15
Velocityp. 16
Accelerationp. 18
The Equations of Uniformly Accelerated Motionp. 19
Freely Falling Objectsp. 21
Motion Graphs Revisitedp. 22
Questionsp. 27
Forces and Newton's Lawsp. 45
Introductionp. 46
What Is a Force?p. 46
Measuring Forces Using Hooke's Lawp. 46
Newton's First Law of Motionp. 47
Newton's Second Law of Motionp. 49
Weightp. 50
Normal Forcesp. 50
Frictional Forcesp. 51
The Coefficient of Frictionp. 53
Newton's Third Law of Motion-Action and Reactionp. 55
Questionsp. 56
Vector Quantities and Their Applicationsp. 68
Introductionp. 69
Displacement, and Representation of Vector Quantitiesp. 69
Vector Additionp. 70
Vector Subtractionp. 74
Resolution of Vectorsp. 75
Using Resolution to Add Vectorsp. 77
Static Equilibriump. 78
Inclined Planesp. 81
Motion in a Plane (Two-Dimensional Motion)p. 84
Questionsp. 88
Circular Motion and Gravitationp. 117
Introductionp. 118
Circular Motionp. 118
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitationp. 121
Satellite Motionp. 123
Weight and Gravitational Forcep. 123
The Gravitational Fieldp. 124
Questionsp. 125
Momentum and Its Conservationp. 144
Momentump. 144
Newton's Second Law and Momentump. 145
Conservation of Momentump. 146
Conservation of Momentum and Newton's Third Lawp. 148
Questionsp. 148
Work and Energyp. 159
Workp. 160
Powerp. 163
Energyp. 163
Internal Energy and Workp. 172
Questionsp. 172
Static Electricityp. 200
What Is Electricity?p. 201
Electric Chargesp. 202
Conductors and Insulatorsp. 203
Charging Objectsp. 204
The Electroscopep. 205
Coulomb's Lawp. 206
The Electric Fieldp. 207
Electric Field Lines (Lines of Force)p. 208
Electric Field Strengthp. 211
Potential Differencep. 212
Electric Potentialp. 214
The Millikan Oil Drop Experimentp. 216
Questionsp. 216
Electric Current and Circuitsp. 238
Introductionp. 239
Electric Currentp. 239
Current and Potential Differencep. 240
Resistancep. 241
Electric Circuits and Ohm's Lawp. 243
Power and Energy in Electric Circuitsp. 246
Series Circuitsp. 248
Parallel Circuitsp. 251
Questionsp. 255
Magnetism; Electromagentism and Its Applicationsp. 283
Introductionp. 284
General Properties of Magnetsp. 284
Magnetic Fieldsp. 285
Electromagnetismp. 286
Electromagnetic Inductionp. 291
Questionsp. 292
Waves and Soundp. 302
Definition of Wave Motionp. 303
Types of Wavesp. 304
Characteristics of Periodic Wavesp. 305
Speed of a Wavep. 306
Reflectionp. 307
Refractionp. 311
Interferencep. 313
Standing Wavesp. 314
Resonancep. 314
Diffractionp. 315
Doppler Effectp. 315
Questionsp. 317
Light and Geometric Opticsp. 346
Introductionp. 347
Polarization of Lightp. 347
Speed of Lightp. 349
Visible Lightp. 349
Reflectionp. 349
Refractionp. 352
Diffraction and Interference of Lightp. 361
Questionsp. 363
Modern Physicsp. 390
Introductionp. 391
Black-Body Radiation and Planck's Hypothesisp. 391
The Photoelectric Effectp. 392
The Compton Effectp. 395
Models of the Atomp. 396
Energy and Massp. 402
Questionsp. 403
Nuclear Energyp. 419
Introductionp. 420
Nucleonsp. 420
Nuclear Symbolsp. 421
Isotopesp. 422
Nuclear Massesp. 422
Average Binding Energy per Nucleonp. 424
Nuclear Forcesp. 425
Nuclear Reactionsp. 429
Induced Nuclear Reactionsp. 429
Fundamental Particles and Interactionsp. 430
Questionsp. 433
Glossaryp. 446
Answers to Questions for Reviewp. 454
New York State Reference Tables For Physical Setting: Physicsp. 547
Summary of Equations for New York State Physical Setting: Physics Regents Examinationp. 554
Answering Short Constructed Response and Free-Response Questionsp. 558
The New York State Physical Setting: Physics Regents Examinationp. 562
Physical Setting/Physics Regents Examination June 2009p. 571
Indexp. 601
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