Preface | p. ix |
Introduction to Physics | p. 1 |
Physics Is . . .? | p. 1 |
Measurement and the Metric System | p. 2 |
Scientific Notation | p. 3 |
Accuracy, Precision, and Significant Digits | p. 4 |
Order of Magnitude | p. 7 |
Graphing Data | p. 7 |
Direct and Inverse Proportions | p. 9 |
Mathematical Relationships within Right Triangles | p. 11 |
Questions | p. 12 |
Motion in One Dimension | p. 14 |
Motion Defined | p. 14 |
Graphing an Object's Motion | p. 14 |
Displacement | p. 15 |
Velocity | p. 16 |
Acceleration | p. 18 |
The Equations of Uniformly Accelerated Motion | p. 19 |
Freely Falling Objects | p. 21 |
Motion Graphs Revisited | p. 22 |
Questions | p. 27 |
Forces and Newton's Laws | p. 45 |
Introduction | p. 46 |
What Is a Force? | p. 46 |
Measuring Forces Using Hooke's Law | p. 46 |
Newton's First Law of Motion | p. 47 |
Newton's Second Law of Motion | p. 49 |
Weight | p. 50 |
Normal Forces | p. 50 |
Frictional Forces | p. 51 |
The Coefficient of Friction | p. 53 |
Newton's Third Law of Motion-Action and Reaction | p. 55 |
Questions | p. 56 |
Vector Quantities and Their Applications | p. 68 |
Introduction | p. 69 |
Displacement, and Representation of Vector Quantities | p. 69 |
Vector Addition | p. 70 |
Vector Subtraction | p. 74 |
Resolution of Vectors | p. 75 |
Using Resolution to Add Vectors | p. 77 |
Static Equilibrium | p. 78 |
Inclined Planes | p. 81 |
Motion in a Plane (Two-Dimensional Motion) | p. 84 |
Questions | p. 88 |
Circular Motion and Gravitation | p. 117 |
Introduction | p. 118 |
Circular Motion | p. 118 |
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation | p. 121 |
Satellite Motion | p. 123 |
Weight and Gravitational Force | p. 123 |
The Gravitational Field | p. 124 |
Questions | p. 125 |
Momentum and Its Conservation | p. 144 |
Momentum | p. 144 |
Newton's Second Law and Momentum | p. 145 |
Conservation of Momentum | p. 146 |
Conservation of Momentum and Newton's Third Law | p. 148 |
Questions | p. 148 |
Work and Energy | p. 159 |
Work | p. 160 |
Power | p. 163 |
Energy | p. 163 |
Internal Energy and Work | p. 172 |
Questions | p. 172 |
Static Electricity | p. 200 |
What Is Electricity? | p. 201 |
Electric Charges | p. 202 |
Conductors and Insulators | p. 203 |
Charging Objects | p. 204 |
The Electroscope | p. 205 |
Coulomb's Law | p. 206 |
The Electric Field | p. 207 |
Electric Field Lines (Lines of Force) | p. 208 |
Electric Field Strength | p. 211 |
Potential Difference | p. 212 |
Electric Potential | p. 214 |
The Millikan Oil Drop Experiment | p. 216 |
Questions | p. 216 |
Electric Current and Circuits | p. 238 |
Introduction | p. 239 |
Electric Current | p. 239 |
Current and Potential Difference | p. 240 |
Resistance | p. 241 |
Electric Circuits and Ohm's Law | p. 243 |
Power and Energy in Electric Circuits | p. 246 |
Series Circuits | p. 248 |
Parallel Circuits | p. 251 |
Questions | p. 255 |
Magnetism; Electromagentism and Its Applications | p. 283 |
Introduction | p. 284 |
General Properties of Magnets | p. 284 |
Magnetic Fields | p. 285 |
Electromagnetism | p. 286 |
Electromagnetic Induction | p. 291 |
Questions | p. 292 |
Waves and Sound | p. 302 |
Definition of Wave Motion | p. 303 |
Types of Waves | p. 304 |
Characteristics of Periodic Waves | p. 305 |
Speed of a Wave | p. 306 |
Reflection | p. 307 |
Refraction | p. 311 |
Interference | p. 313 |
Standing Waves | p. 314 |
Resonance | p. 314 |
Diffraction | p. 315 |
Doppler Effect | p. 315 |
Questions | p. 317 |
Light and Geometric Optics | p. 346 |
Introduction | p. 347 |
Polarization of Light | p. 347 |
Speed of Light | p. 349 |
Visible Light | p. 349 |
Reflection | p. 349 |
Refraction | p. 352 |
Diffraction and Interference of Light | p. 361 |
Questions | p. 363 |
Modern Physics | p. 390 |
Introduction | p. 391 |
Black-Body Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis | p. 391 |
The Photoelectric Effect | p. 392 |
The Compton Effect | p. 395 |
Models of the Atom | p. 396 |
Energy and Mass | p. 402 |
Questions | p. 403 |
Nuclear Energy | p. 419 |
Introduction | p. 420 |
Nucleons | p. 420 |
Nuclear Symbols | p. 421 |
Isotopes | p. 422 |
Nuclear Masses | p. 422 |
Average Binding Energy per Nucleon | p. 424 |
Nuclear Forces | p. 425 |
Nuclear Reactions | p. 429 |
Induced Nuclear Reactions | p. 429 |
Fundamental Particles and Interactions | p. 430 |
Questions | p. 433 |
Glossary | p. 446 |
Answers to Questions for Review | p. 454 |
New York State Reference Tables For Physical Setting: Physics | p. 547 |
Summary of Equations for New York State Physical Setting: Physics Regents Examination | p. 554 |
Answering Short Constructed Response and Free-Response Questions | p. 558 |
The New York State Physical Setting: Physics Regents Examination | p. 562 |
Physical Setting/Physics Regents Examination June 2009 | p. 571 |
Index | p. 601 |
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