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  • Edition: 5th
  • Copyright: 1/1/1992
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
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Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Introduction and Data Collectionp. 1
Why a Manager Needs to Know about Statisticsp. 2
The Growth and Development of Modern Statisticsp. 4
What Readers of This Textbook Need to Know about Microsoft Excel and PHStat or Minitabp. 5
Why Data are Neededp. 6
Sources of Datap. 7
Types of Datap. 10
Design of Survey Researchp. 15
Types of Sampling Methodsp. 17
Evaluating Survey Worthinessp. 23
Presenting Data in Tables and Chartsp. 45
Organizing Numerical Datap. 46
Tables and Charts for Numerical Datap. 50
Graphing Bivariate Numerical Datap. 58
Tables and Charts for Categorical Datap. 61
Tabulating and Graphing Bivariate Categorical Datap. 68
Graphical Excellencep. 71
Numerical Descriptive Measuresp. 95
Exploring Numerical Data and Their Propertiesp. 96
Measures of Central Tendency, Variation, and Shapep. 97
Exploratory Data Analysisp. 116
Obtaining Descriptive Summary Measures from a Populationp. 121
The Coefficient of Correlationp. 126
Pitfalls in Numerical Descriptive Measures and Ethical Issuesp. 130
Obtaining Descriptive Summary Measures from a Frequency Distribution (CD-ROM Topic)p. 131
Basic Probabilityp. 145
Basic Probability Conceptsp. 147
Conditional Probabilityp. 156
Bayes' Theoremp. 164
Ethical Issues and Probabilityp. 167
Some Important Discrete Probability Distributionsp. 173
The Probability Distribution for a Discrete Random Variablep. 174
Covariance and Its Application in Financep. 177
Binomial Distributionp. 182
Poisson Distributionp. 190
Hypergeometric Distributionp. 193
The Normal Distribution and Other Continuous Distributionsp. 205
The Normal Distributionp. 206
Evaluating the Normality Assumptionp. 223
The Exponential Distributionp. 231
Sampling Distributionsp. 241
Sampling Distribution of the Meanp. 242
Sampling Distribution of the Proportionp. 254
Sampling from Finite Populations (CD-ROM Topic)p. 257
Confidence Interval Estimationp. 263
Confidence Interval Estimation of the Mean ([sigma] Known)p. 265
Confidence Interval Estimation of the Mean ([sigma] Unknown)p. 269
Confidence Interval Estimation for the Proportionp. 276
Determining Sample Sizep. 279
Applications of Confidence Interval Estimation in Auditingp. 286
Confidence Interval Estimation and Ethical Issuesp. 294
Estimation and Sample Size Determination for Finite Populations (CD-ROM Topic)p. 294
Fundamentals of Hypothesis Testing: One-Sample Testsp. 307
Hypothesis-Testing Methologyp. 308
Z Test of Hypothesis for the Mean ([sigma] Known)p. 313
One-Tail Testsp. 320
tTest of Hypothesis for the Mean ([sigma] Unknown)p. 323
Z Test of Hypothesis for the Proportionp. 329
X[superscript 2] Test of Hypothesis for the Variance or Standard Deviationp. 332
The Power of a Test (CD-ROM Topic)p. 336
Potential Hypothesis-Testing Pitfalls and Ethical Issuesp. 336
Two-Sample Tests with Numerical Datap. 347
Comparing Two Independent Samples: t Tests for Differences in Two Meansp. 348
F Test for Difference in Two Variancesp. 357
Comparing Two Related Samples: t Test for the Mean Differencep. 364
Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test for Differences in Two Mediansp. 372
Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test for the Median Difference (CD-ROM Topic)p. 378
Analysis of Variancep. 391
The Completely Randomized Design: One-Way Analysis of Variancep. 392
The Randomized Block Designp. 407
The Factorial Design: Two-Way Analysis of Variancep. 417
Kruskal-Wallis Rank Test for Differences in c Mediansp. 429
Friedman Rank Test for Differences in c Medians (CD-ROM Topic)p. 434
Tests for Two or More Samples with Categorical Datap. 449
Z Test for the Difference Between Two Proportionsp. 450
x[superscript 2] Test for the Difference Between Two Proportionsp. 456
x[superscript 2] Test for Differences in More Than Two Proportionsp. 463
x[superscript 2] Test of Independencep. 471
Simple Linear Regressionp. 487
Types of Regression Modelsp. 488
Determining the Simple Linear Regression Equationp. 490
Measures of Variationp. 498
Assumptionsp. 503
Residual Analysisp. 504
Measuring Autocorrelation: The Durbin-Watson Statisticp. 509
Inferences about the Slope and Correlation Coefficientp. 514
Estimation of Mean Values and Prediction of Individual Valuesp. 521
Pitfalls in Regression and Ethical Issuesp. 525
Computations in Simple Linear Regressionp. 529
Introduction to Multiple Regressionp. 549
Developing the Multiple Regression Modelp. 550
Residual Analysis for the Multiple Regression Modelp. 559
Influence Analysisp. 561
Testing for the Significance of the Multiple Regression Modelp. 564
Inferences Concerning the Population Regression Coefficientsp. 566
Testing Portions of the Multiple Regression Modelp. 570
Logistic Regressionp. 577
Multiple Regression Model Buildingp. 589
The Quadratic Regression Modelp. 590
Dummy-Variable Modelsp. 599
Using Transformations in Regression Modelsp. 608
Collinearityp. 611
Model Buildingp. 613
Pitfalls in Multiple Regression and Ethical Issuesp. 624
Time-Series Analysisp. 635
The Importance of Business Forecastingp. 636
Component Factors of the Classical Multiplicative Time-Series Modelp. 637
Smoothing the Annual Time Seriesp. 639
Least-Squares Trend Fitting and Forecastingp. 646
The Holt-Winters Method for Trend Fitting and Forecastingp. 659
Autoregressive Modeling for Trend Fitting and Forecastingp. 663
Choosing an Appropriate Forecasting Modelp. 672
Time-Series Forecasting of Monthly or Quarterly Datap. 677
Pitfalls Concerning Time-Series Analysisp. 685
Index Numbers (CD-ROM Topic)p. 685
Decision Makingp. 695
The Payoff Table and Decision Treesp. 696
Criteria for Decision Makingp. 700
Decision Making with Sample Informationp. 708
Utilityp. 713
Statistical Applications in Quality and Productivity Managementp. 721
Quality and Productivity: A Historical Perspectivep. 723
Deming's 14 Points: A Theory of Managementp. 723
The Theory of Control Chartsp. 726
Control Chart for the Proportion of Nonconforming Items--The p Chartp. 728
The Red Bead Experiment: Understanding Process Variabilityp. 734
Control Chart for An Area of Opportunity--The c Chartp. 737
Control Charts for the Range and the Mean (X)p. 741
Process Capabilityp. 748
Appendicesp. 781
Review of Arithmetic, Alegbra, and Logarithmsp. 781
Summation Notationp. 785
Statistical Symbols and Greek Alphabetp. 791
CD-ROM Contentsp. 793
Tablesp. 807
More About PHStat2p. 839
Indexp. 843
CD-ROM Topics
Obtaining Descriptive Summary Measuresp. 1
Sampling from Finite Populationsp. 1
Estimation and Sample Size Determination for Finite Populationsp. 1
The Power of a Testp. 1
Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test for the Median Differencep. 1
Freidman Rank Test for Differences in C Mediansp. 1
Index Numbersp. 1
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