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# Basic College Mathematics

**by**Martin-Gay, Elayn

4th

### 9780131868366

0131868365

Paperback

1/1/2006

Prentice Hall

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## Summary

You can succeed in math with the clearly explained concepts, problem-solving strategies, and study skills help found in Basic College Mathematics, Third Edition by Elayn Martin-Gay. Good study skills are essential to your success in mathematics. This text features Study Skill Builders to help make sure you are getting the most from the time you spend doing homework and studying.

## Table of Contents

Tools to Help Students Succeed | p. ix |

Additional Resources to Help You Succeed | p. xi |

Preface | p. xiii |

Applications Index | p. xxii |

The Whole Numbers | p. 1 |

Tips for Success in Mathematics | p. 2 |

Place Value and Names for Numbers | p. 7 |

Adding Whole Numbers and Perimeter | p. 16 |

Subtracting Whole Numbers | p. 28 |

Rounding and Estimating | p. 39 |

Multiplying Whole Numbers and Area | p. 47 |

Dividing Whole Numbers | p. 60 |

Integrated Review-Operations on Whole Numbers | p. 74 |

An Introduction to Problem Solving | p. 76 |

Exponents, Square Roots, and Order of Operations | p. 87 |

Chapter 1 Group Activity: Modeling Subtraction of Whole Numbers | p. 97 |

Chapter 1 Vocabulary Check | p. 98 |

Chapter 1 Highlights | p. 98 |

Chapter 1 Review | p. 102 |

Chapter 1 Test | p. 109 |

Multiplying and Dividing Fractions | p. 111 |

Introduction to Fractions and Mixed Numbers | p. 112 |

Factors and Prime Factorization | p. 126 |

Simplest Form of a Fraction | p. 134 |

Integrated Review-Summary on Fractions, Mixed Numbers, and Factors | p. 144 |

Multiplying Fractions | p. 146 |

Dividing Fractions | p. 157 |

Chapter 2 Group Activity: Blood and Blood Donation | p. 165 |

Chapter 2 Vocabulary Check | p. 166 |

Chapter 2 Highlights | p. 166 |

Chapter 2 Review | p. 169 |

Chapter 2 Test | p. 173 |

Chapter 2 Cumulative Review | p. 175 |

Adding and Subtracting Fractions | p. 178 |

Adding and Subtracting Like Fractions | p. 179 |

Least Common Multiple | p. 187 |

Adding and Subtracting Unlike Fractions | p. 194 |

Integrated Review-Operations on Fractions and Mixed Numbers | p. 204 |

Adding and Subtracting Mixed Numbers | p. 206 |

Order, Exponents, and the Order of Operations | p. 217 |

Fractions and Problem Solving | p. 225 |

Chapter 3 Group Activity | p. 235 |

Chapter 3 Vocabulary Check | p. 236 |

Chapter 3 Highlights | p. 236 |

Chapter 3 Review | p. 239 |

Chapter 3 Test | p. 244 |

Chapter 3 Cumulative Review | p. 246 |

Decimals | p. 249 |

Introduction to Decimals | p. 250 |

Order and Rounding | p. 258 |

Adding and Substracting Decimals | p. 266 |

Multiplying Decimals and Circumference of a Circle | p. 277 |

Integrated Review-Operations on Decimals | p. 286 |

Dividing Decimals and Order of Operations | p. 288 |

Fractions and Decimals | p. 299 |

Chapter 4 Group Activity: Maintaining a Checking Account | p. 307 |

Chapter 4 Vocabulary Check | p. 308 |

Chapter 4 Highlights | p. 308 |

Chapter 4 Review | p. 311 |

Chapter 4 Test | p. 315 |

Chapter 4 Cumulative Review | p. 317 |

Ratio and Proportion | p. 320 |

Ratios | p. 321 |

Rates | p. 328 |

Integrated Review-Ratio and Rate | p. 335 |

Proportions | p. 337 |

Proportions and Problem Solving | p. 346 |

Chapter 5 Group Activity: Consumer Price Index | p. 356 |

Chapter 5 Vocabulary Check | p. 357 |

Chapter 5 Highlights | p. 357 |

Chapter 5 Review | p. 359 |

Chapter 5 Test | p. 364 |

Chapter 5 Cumulative Review | p. 366 |

Percent | p. 369 |

Introduction to Percent | p. 370 |

Percents and Fractions | p. 378 |

Solving Percent Problems Using Equations | p. 387 |

Solving Percent Problems Using Proportions | p. 395 |

Integrated Review-Percent and Percent Problems | p. 403 |

Applications of Percent | p. 405 |

Percent and Problem Solving: Sales Tax, Commission, and Discount | p. 415 |

Percent and Problem Solving: Interest | p. 423 |

Chapter 6 Group Activity: How Much Can You Afford for a House? | p. 429 |

Chapter 6 Vocabulary Check | p. 430 |

Chapter 6 Highlights | p. 430 |

Chapter 6 Review | p. 433 |

Chapter 6 Test | p. 437 |

Chapter 6 Cumulative Review | p. 439 |

Measurement | p. 441 |

Length: U.S. and Metric Systems of Measurement | p. 442 |

Weight and Mass: U.S. and Metric Systems of Measurement | p. 455 |

Capacity: U.S. and Metric Systems of Measurement | p. 467 |

Integrated Review-Length, Weight, and Capacity | p. 477 |

Conversions Between the U.S. and Metric Systems | p. 479 |

Temperature: U.S. and Metric Systems of Measurement | p. 486 |

Energy: U.S. and Metric Systems of Measurement | p. 492 |

Chapter 7 Group Activity: Speeds | p. 497 |

Chapter 7 Vocabulary Check | p. 498 |

Chapter 7 Highlights | p. 498 |

Chapter 7 Review | p. 501 |

Chapter 7 Test | p. 506 |

Chapter 7 Cumulative Review | p. 508 |

Geometry | p. 510 |

Lines and Angles | p. 511 |

Plane Figures and Solids | p. 521 |

Perimeter | p. 530 |

Area | p. 540 |

Volume | p. 549 |

Integrated Review-Geometry Concepts | p. 557 |

Square Roots and the Pythagorean Theorem | p. 558 |

Congruent and Similar Triangles | p. 566 |

Chapter 8 Group Activity: The Cost of Road Signs | p. 574 |

Chapter 8 Vocabulary Check | p. 575 |

Chapter 8 Highlights | p. 575 |

Chapter 8 Review | p. 580 |

Chapter 8 Test | p. 587 |

Chapter 8 Cumulative Review | p. 589 |

Statistics and Probability | p. 591 |

Reading Pictographs, Bar Graphs, Histograms, and Line Graphs | p. 592 |

Reading Circle Graphs | p. 604 |

Integrated Review-Reading Graphs | p. 611 |

Mean, Median, and Mode | p. 613 |

Counting and Introduction to Probability | p. 619 |

p. 625 | |

Chapter 9 Vocabulary Check | p. 626 |

Chapter 9 Highlights | p. 626 |

Chapter 9 Review | p. 629 |

Chapter 9 Test | p. 634 |

Chapter 9 Cumulative Review | p. 638 |

Signed Numbers | p. 641 |

Signed Numbers | p. 642 |

Adding Signed Numbers | p. 651 |

Subtracting Signed Numbers | p. 659 |

Integrated Review-Signed Numbers | p. 666 |

Multiplying and Dividing Signed Numbers | p. 668 |

Order of Operations | p. 677 |

Chapter 10 Group Activity: Magic Squares | p. 682 |

Chapter 10 Vocabulary Check | p. 683 |

Chapter 10 Highlights | p. 683 |

Chapter 10 Review | p. 686 |

Chapter 10 Test | p. 689 |

Chapter 10 Cumulative Review | p. 691 |

Introduction to Algebra | p. 694 |

Introduction to Variables | p. 695 |

Solving Equations: The Addition Property | p. 706 |

Solving Equations: The Multiplication Property | p. 713 |

Integrated Review-Expressions and Equations | p. 719 |

Solving Equations Using Addition and Multiplication Properties | p. 720 |

Equations and Problem Solving | p. 728 |

Chapter 11 Group Activity: Modeling Equation Solving with Addition and Subtraction | p. 738 |

Chapter 11 Vocabulary Check | p. 739 |

Chapter 11 Highlights | p. 739 |

Chapter 11 Review | p. 742 |

Chapter 11 Test | p. 747 |

Chapter 11 Cumulative Review | p. 749 |

Tables | p. 752 |

The Bigger Picture | p. 762 |

Unit Analysis | p. 764 |

Answers to Selected Exercises | p. 1 |

Solutions to Selected Exercises | p. 23 |

Index | p. 1 |

Photo Credits | p. 7 |

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