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Basic Criminal Procedures

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780131731929

ISBN10:
0131731920
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/14/2006
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $89.00

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Summary

Explains the procedural aspects of the criminal justice system systematically, making the concepts easy to apply to any staters"s specific procedural laws. This edition continues its detailed coverage of the Exclusionary Rule and the Miranda procedures, includes compelling human-interest stories and offers more balanced coverage of consensual encounter, detention and arrest.Examines procedures systematically, beginning from the point of an individualrs"s first contact with police, through the law enforcement process, the courts, the correctional system, and back into the community on probation or parole. Defines terms and helps readers develop fluency in the legalese that is used by professionals in the field. It is ideal for those new to criminal procedures because its writing is clear, its appellate excerpts and citations are understandable, and it introduces unfamiliar concepts and terms before they are discussed within the chapter.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Acknowledgments xxiii
Criminal Procedures in Perspective
1(12)
Key Terms and Concepts
1(1)
Introduction
1(2)
A Brief History of Selected Procedures
3(8)
Role of the Sheriff
3(1)
Early Methods of Trial
3(1)
The Norman Conquest
4(1)
The State Becomes the Victim
5(1)
A Court Structure and Procedures Emerge
6(1)
Common Law
7(1)
The Doctrine of Precedent
7(1)
Defense Counsel
8(1)
The Magna Carta
8(1)
A Court Structure Is Completed
9(1)
The Bill of Rights---1791
10(1)
Summary
11(1)
Issues for Discussion
12(1)
Internet References
12(1)
Case Decisions
12(1)
Fundamental Concepts of Law
13(17)
Key Terms and Concepts
13(1)
Introduction
13(1)
Types of Crimes
14(3)
Crime
14(1)
Elements of a Crime
14(1)
Degrees of Crime
15(1)
Enhancements
16(1)
Mala En Se Versus Mala Prohibita Crimes
17(1)
Types of Laws
17(5)
Substantive Law
17(1)
Procedural Law
17(1)
Statutory Law
18(1)
Case Law
18(1)
Procedural Versus Substantive Law
18(1)
The Social Contract
19(2)
The USA Patriot Act of 2001
21(1)
Parties to a Crime
22(1)
Degrees of Proof
23(2)
Reasonable Suspicion
24(1)
Probable Cause
24(1)
Preponderance of Evidence
24(1)
Clear and Convincing Evidence
25(1)
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
25(1)
Ex Post Facto and Retroactive Laws
25(1)
Jurisdiction and Venue
25(1)
Corpus Delicti
26(1)
Independent State Grounds
26(1)
Summary
26(2)
Issues for Discussions
28(1)
References
28(1)
Internet References
28(2)
The Exclusionary Rule
30(21)
Key Terms and Concepts
30(1)
Introduction
30(1)
The Exclusionary Rule
31(1)
Cases Leading to the Exclusionary Rule
32(6)
Weeks v. United States, 1914
32(1)
Wolf v. Colorado, 1949
33(1)
Mapp v. Ohio, 1961
34(4)
Exceptions to the Rule
38(10)
The Inevitable Discovery Exception
39(4)
The Public Safety Exception
43(2)
The Good Faith Exception
45(3)
Summary
48(1)
Issues for Discussion
49(1)
References
49(1)
Internet References
49(1)
Case Decisions
50(1)
Police-Citizen Contacts: Consensual Encounters and Detentions
51(17)
Key Terms and Concepts
51(1)
Introduction
51(1)
Police-Citizen Transactions
52(6)
Consensual Encounter
52(1)
Consent Search
53(1)
Detention
53(3)
Detention Factors
56(2)
Consensual Encounter Versus Detention
58(1)
Consent Searches Revisited
59(1)
Investigative Car Stops
60(1)
Pretext Carstop Detentions
60(1)
Warrant Checks During Traffic Stops
60(1)
Probable Cause Searches During Traffic Stops
60(1)
Sobriety, Border, and Informational Checkpoints
61(3)
Racial Profiling
64(1)
Summary
65(1)
Issues for Discussion
65(1)
References
66(1)
Internet References
66(1)
Case Decisions
66(2)
The Laws and Procedures of Arrest
68(18)
Key Terms and Concepts
68(1)
Introduction
68(1)
The Arrest
69(15)
Peace Officer's Authority to Arrest
69(1)
Reasonable/Probable Cause
70(1)
Exceptions to the Requirement of PC in Misdemeanor Arrests
70(1)
Probable Cause Versus Reasonable Suspicion
71(2)
Arrests by Warrant
73(2)
Private Person Arrest
75(1)
In-Field Showup or Drive-by
75(1)
Requesting Help When Arresting
76(1)
Acceptance by Police of Private Person Arrest
76(1)
Informing the Person Arrested
76(1)
Effecting an Arrest with Force
77(1)
Abuse of Authority by a Peace Officer
77(1)
Entry for an Arrest: Knock-and-Notice Requirements
78(3)
Fresh Pursuit
81(1)
Resisting Arrest
81(1)
Interfering with an Officer
81(1)
Exceptions to Peace Officer Powers of Arrest
82(1)
Delivery of a Person after Arrest
83(1)
Release Procedures without a Charge after Arrest
83(1)
Summary
84(1)
Issues for Discussion
84(1)
Reference
84(1)
Internet References
85(1)
Case Decisions
85(1)
Miranda: Its Meaning and Application
86(19)
Key Terms and Concepts
86(1)
Introduction
86(1)
Forerunners to Miranda
87(3)
Prompt Arraignment Cases
87(1)
The On-the-Spot Counsel Case
88(2)
The Miranda Case
90(12)
Miranda v. Arizona, 1966
90(2)
The Meaning of Miranda
92(1)
The Miranda Warning
93(3)
The Beheler Admonition
96(1)
More on Miranda
97(1)
When Miranda Is Not Required
98(1)
The Reaffirmation of Miranda
98(2)
Miranda in Juvenile Cases
100(1)
Miranda in Federal Juvenile Cases
101(1)
Summary
102(1)
Issues for Discussion
102(1)
References
102(1)
Internet References
103(1)
Case Decisions
103(2)
Booking and Jail Custody Procedures
105(13)
Key Terms and Concepts
105(1)
Introduction
106(1)
The Jail Population
106(1)
Custody
107(1)
Booking
107(2)
Validating the Legality of the Arrest
108(1)
Medical Prescreening of Arrested Persons
109(1)
Prisoners' Rights to Phone Calls
109(1)
Soliciting for Attorneys or Bail Bond People
110(1)
Required Visits for Inmates
110(1)
Cite-and-Release Program Procedures
110(1)
Classification
111(2)
Separation by Class and Gender
111(1)
Separation by Gang Affiliation
112(1)
Separation for Inmate Safety
112(1)
Detention Searches
113(1)
Patdown and Metal Detector Searches
113(1)
Strip and Body Cavity Searches
113(1)
Treatment of Prisoners by Peace Officers
114(1)
Weapons Control in Jails
115(1)
Summary
115(1)
Issues for Discussion
116(1)
References
116(1)
Internet References
117(1)
The Adversary System: Roles of the Prosecution and Defense
118(16)
Key Terms and Concepts
118(1)
Introduction
118(1)
The Prosecution of Criminal Cases
119(3)
The Prosecuting Attorney
119(1)
Enhancements
120(1)
Factors to Consider in Charging
120(2)
Traditional Versus Vertical Prosecution
122(1)
Counsel for the Defense
122(5)
Role of a Defense Attorney
122(1)
The Right to Counsel Cases
123(4)
Types of Defense Representation
127(2)
Private Counsel
127(1)
Public Defender
127(1)
Contract Counsel System
128(1)
Self-Representation
128(1)
The Conflict Attorney
128(1)
Pretrial Motions
129(2)
Motion for Discovery
129(1)
Present Sanity Motion
129(1)
Motion to Consolidate
130(1)
Motion for Severance
130(1)
The Kelly-Frye Motion
130(1)
The Pitchess Motion
130(1)
Change of Venue Motion
130(1)
Motion to Quash Inflammatory Evidence
131(1)
Motion to Compel Exemplars
131(1)
Summary
131(1)
Issues for Discussion
132(1)
References
132(1)
Case Decisions
133(1)
The Court Structure and Pretrial Procedures
134(22)
Key Terms and Concepts
134(1)
Introduction
135(1)
The Federal Courts
135(3)
The U.S. Supreme Court
135(1)
The U.S. Courts of Appeals
136(1)
The Federal Trial Courts
136(2)
The Structure of the State Courts
138(5)
The State Supreme Court
138(1)
The Courts of Appeals
138(2)
The Felony Trial Courts
140(2)
The Lower Trial Courts
142(1)
The Court Consolidation Model
142(1)
The Accusatory Pleadings
143(9)
The Complaint Process
143(1)
Arraignment
144(1)
The Defendant's Response to the Charges
144(1)
Bail and OR Investigations
145(2)
The Preliminary Hearing
147(1)
The Information
148(1)
The Grand Jury Process
149(1)
The Preplea Referral
150(1)
Plea Bargaining
151(1)
Alternatives to Prosecution
152(2)
Diversion
152(2)
Deferred Judgment Cases
154(1)
Summary
154(1)
Issues for Discussion
155(1)
References
155(1)
Internet References
155(1)
Case Decision
155(1)
Trial Procedures
156(18)
Key Terms and Concepts
156(1)
Introduction
156(1)
Trial Preparation
157(6)
A Speedy and Public Trial
157(1)
Challenging the Judge
158(1)
The Selection of Jurors
158(1)
The Venire List
159(1)
The Jury Size
159(1)
Qualifying the Jurors: The Voir Dire Process
160(1)
Challenging the Prospective Juror
161(1)
The Gag Order
161(1)
Scientific Jury Selection
162(1)
A Court Trial
163(1)
Let the Trial Begin
164(7)
The Attachment of Jeopardy
165(1)
The Prosecutor's Case-in-Chief
165(6)
Summary
171(1)
Issues for Discussion
172(1)
References
172(1)
Internet References
172(1)
Case Decisions
172(2)
Defense Strategies and Trial Outcomes
174(9)
Key Terms and Concepts
174(1)
Introduction
174(1)
Defense Strategies
175(3)
A Motion for a Direct Verdict
175(1)
Not Guilty by the Evidence
175(1)
Guilty but to Some Lesser Charge
176(1)
Not Guilty Because of Legal Justification
176(1)
Testimony by the Defendant
177(1)
Conclusions of the Trial
178(3)
The Rebuttal
178(1)
The Closing Arguments
178(1)
Instructions to the Jury
178(1)
Jury Deliberation
179(1)
Polling the Jury
180(1)
Unanimous Versus Nonunanimous Verdicts
180(1)
Another Motion for a Direct Verdict
181(1)
Summary
181(1)
Issues for Discussion
181(1)
References
182(1)
Internet References
182(1)
Case Decisions
182(1)
Sentencing Procedures and Alternatives
183(17)
Key Terms and Concepts
183(1)
Introduction
183(1)
The Sentencing Process
184(1)
The Goals of Sentencing
184(1)
Sentencing Laws
185(2)
The Mandatory Sentence Law
185(1)
The Indeterminate Sentence Law
185(1)
The Determinate Sentence Law
186(1)
The Pre-Sentencing Process
187(2)
The Presentence Report
187(1)
The Sentencing Hearing
188(1)
Sentencing Options
188(1)
The Grant of Probation
189(7)
The Terms of Probation
189(1)
Types of Probation
190(1)
Conditions of Probation
191(1)
Probation Searches
191(2)
Police Searches of Probationers
193(1)
Modification of Probation Orders
194(1)
Violations of Probation
194(1)
Record Expungement
195(1)
Federal Sentencing Procedures
196(1)
The Federal Sentencing Commission
196(1)
Federal Sentencing Guidelines
196(1)
Results of the Guidelines
197(1)
Summary
197(1)
Issues for Discussion
198(1)
References
198(1)
Internet References
198(1)
Case Decisions
199(1)
Post-Sentencing Procedures
200(21)
Key Terms and Concepts
200(1)
Introduction
200(1)
Misdemeanor Cases
201(1)
The Misdemeanor Sentence
201(1)
County Parole
201(1)
Felony Cases
202(1)
Reviewing Felony Prison Sentences
202(1)
The Boards of Parole
202(1)
Parole Procedures
203(2)
Discretionary Release
204(1)
Mandatory Release
204(1)
Parole Conditions
205(1)
Sexually Violent Predator Laws
205(2)
Police Searches of Parolees
207(2)
Parole Revocation Procedures
209(1)
Sex Offender Registration
209(3)
The Death Penalty
212(2)
A Brief History of the Death Penalty
212(2)
Writs and the Appellate Process
214(2)
Writ of Certiorari
215(1)
Writ of Habeas Corpus
215(1)
Writ of Mandamus
215(1)
Writ of Prohibition
215(1)
Executive Clemency
216(1)
Pardon
216(1)
Reprieve
216(1)
Commutation
217(1)
Amnesty
217(1)
Indemnification
217(1)
Summary
218(1)
Issues for Discussion
218(1)
References
218(1)
Internet References
219(1)
Case Decisions
219(2)
Subject Index 221(4)
Case Index 225


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