9780136006558

Basic Ethics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780136006558

  • ISBN10:

    0136006558

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-03-12
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

A core text for undergraduate courses in Ethical Theory or a supplement for Applied Ethics courses. This text examines major moral theories from the worldview perspective, teaching students the major tenets of the principal moral theories, and the controversies that surround them, as well as offering suggestions on choosing and applying an ethical theory.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
The Basic Questionsp. 1
Living in a World of Valuesp. 2
Who We Are and What We Valuep. 2
What Is Ethics?p. 3
The Individual: Metaethics, Normative Ethics, and Applied Ethicsp. 6
The Society: Social and Political Ethicsp. 9
Key Termsp. 15
A Thought Experiment: Individual and Social Ethicsp. 15
Notesp. 16
Personal Worldview and Community Worldviewp. 18
The Normative Nature of Worldviewp. 18
Personal Worldviewp. 22
Community Worldviewp. 25
Key Termsp. 27
An Exercise on Worldviewp. 28
Notesp. 28
Relativismp. 30
Cultural Relativismp. 30
Moral Relativismp. 32
What's at Stake?p. 34
Key Termsp. 36
A Thought Experiment: Finding Out What You Believep. 36
Notesp. 37
Egoismp. 38
Introductionp. 38
Psychological Egoismp. 39
Ethical Egoismp. 41
Egoism and Altruismp. 45
Key Termsp. 46
A Thought Experiment: Finding Out What You Believep. 46
Notesp. 47
Are People Good or Bad?p. 48
Introductionp. 48
Humans are Badp. 48
Humans are Goodp. 50
What Difference Does It Make?p. 53
Key Termsp. 55
A Thought Experiment: Finding Out What You Believep. 55
Notesp. 56
Morality and Religionp. 57
Introductionp. 57
The Origin of the Problemp. 57
Absolute Goodp. 59
Divine Command Theoryp. 61
An Ethics with and without Religionp. 64
Key Termsp. 67
A Thought Experiment: Finding Out What You Believep. 67
Notesp. 68
Feminist Ethicsp. 70
Introductionp. 70
Gender: Are Men and Women Different?p. 70
Care and Justicep. 72
Race: What Is Race and Why Is It an Issue?p. 77
Opportunity and Desertp. 79
Key Termsp. 82
A Thought Experiment: Finding Out What You Believep. 82
Notesp. 82
The Basic Answersp. 85
It's All about Your Intuition: Ethical Intuitionismp. 86
Snapshotp. 86
The Problem this Theory Addressesp. 87
The Argument for the Theoryp. 87
Arguments Against the Theoryp. 96
Key Termsp. 100
A Challenging Case Studyp. 100
Notesp. 101
It's All in Your Attitude: Ethical Noncognitivismp. 103
Snapshotp. 103
The Problem this Theory Addressesp. 104
The Argument for the Theoryp. 104
The Argument Against the Theoryp. 110
Key Termsp. 114
A Challenging Case Studyp. 114
Notesp. 114
It's About Freely Made Agreements: Ethical Contractarianismp. 117
Snapshotp. 117
The Problem this Theory Addressesp. 118
The Argument for the Theoryp. 118
The Argument Against the Theoryp. 127
Key Termsp. 131
A Challenging Case Studyp. 131
Notesp. 131
It's All About Your Character: Virtue Ethicsp. 133
Snapshotp. 133
The Problem this Theory Addressesp. 134
The Argument for the Theoryp. 135
The Argument Against the Theoryp. 144
Key Termsp. 149
A Challenging Case Studyp. 150
Notesp. 150
It's About the Team: Utilitarianismp. 153
Snapshotp. 153
The Problem this Theory Addressesp. 154
The Argument for the Theoryp. 154
The Argument Against the Theoryp. 162
Key Termsp. 167
A Challenging Case Studyp. 167
Notesp. 167
It's About Doing Your Duty: Deontologyp. 171
Snapshotp. 171
The Problem this Theory Addressesp. 172
The Argument for the Theoryp. 173
Arguments Against the Theoryp. 184
Key Termsp. 187
A Challenging Case Studyp. 188
Notesp. 188
Putting it all Togetherp. 191
Formulating Your Own Answersp. 192
Snapshotp. 192
The Problemp. 192
The Topography of Theory Evaluationp. 193
How to Choose an Ethical Theoryp. 198
Key Termsp. 199
A Comprehensive Integrative Exercisep. 199
Notesp. 200
Glossaryp. 203
Indexp. 209
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