9780130839763

The Basics of Bioethics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780130839763

  • ISBN10:

    0130839760

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 11/1/1999
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Summary

For short undergraduate courses or course segments in Bioethics and Ethics in departments of Philosophy and Religion; Social Problems courses in Sociology departments; and courses in Medical Ethics or Biomedical Ethics in Medical schools and Schools of Nursing. This brief summary of the issues of biomedical ethics provides a balanced, systematic, unbiased framework designed to help students understand and analyze a wide range of topics that are currently controversial in medicineor that are likely to arise in the future. Broad in scope, it considers ethical systems from various religious and secular traditions, including those of non-western cultures such as Asian religious and secular traditions. Topics include the history of codes of ethics; the definition of death, abortion, animal rights and welfare; problems in deciding what will benefit patients; confidentiality, truth-telling, informed consent; the care of the terminally ill; genetics, birth technologies; and problems of social ethics, including resource allocation, organ transplant, and human subjects research.

Author Biography

Robert M. Veatch, Ph.D., is Professor of Medical Ethics and former director at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, where he is also professor of philosophy and adjunct professor in the medical school.

Table of Contents

List of Cases
vii
List of Figures
viii
Preface ix
The Hippocratic Oath and Its Challengers: A Brief history
1(16)
The Hippocratic Tradition
2(6)
The Hippocratic Oath
2(3)
Modern Codes in the Hippocratic Tradition
5(3)
The Collapse of the Hippocratic Tradition
8(5)
Codes and Oaths that Break with the Hippocratic Tradition
9(1)
Sources from Outside Professional Medicine
10(3)
Summary
13(1)
Key Concepts
13(2)
Bibliography
15(2)
Defining Death, Abortion, and Animal Welfare: The Basis of Moral Standing
17(101)
Persons, Humans, and Individuals: The Language of Moral Standing
19(99)
The Concept of Moral Standing
19(1)
Moral and Nonmoral Uses of the Term Person
20(3)
Moral and Nonmoral Uses of the Word Human
23(95)
The Social Ethics of Medicine: Allocation of Resources, Transplantation, and Human Subjects Research
118(32)
The Need for a Social Ethic for Medicine
118(7)
The Limits of the Ethics of Individual Relations
118(1)
The Social Ethical Principles for Medical Ethics
119(4)
Ways of Reconciling Competing Claims
123(2)
Allocation of Health Care Resources
125(13)
The Demand for Health Care Services
125(1)
The Inevitability of Rationing
126(2)
Ethical Responses to the Pressures for Cost Containment
128(8)
The Role of the Clinician in Allocation Decisions
136(2)
Organ Transplantation
138(4)
Is Performing Transplants ``Playing God''?
139(1)
Procurement of Organs
139(1)
Organ Allocation
139(3)
Research Involving Human Subjects
142(5)
Distinguishing Research and Innovative Therapy
142(1)
Social Ethics for Research Involving Human Subjects
143(3)
Resolving Conflicts among Principles in Research on Human Subject
146(1)
Key Concepts
147(1)
Bibliography
147(3)
Human Control of Life: Genetics, Birth Technologies, and Modifying Human Nature
150(20)
The Human as Created and as Creator
151(1)
Medical Manipulation as Playing God
151(1)
Having Dominion over the Earth
152(1)
Genetics and the Control of Human Reproduction
152(15)
Genetics
152(9)
New Reproductive Technologies
161(6)
Key Concepts
167(1)
Bibliography
168(2)
Appendix 170(3)
Hippocratic Oath
170(1)
Principles of Medical Ethics (1980) of the American Medical Association
171(2)
Index 173

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