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The Basics of Speech Communication,9780205335282

The Basics of Speech Communication

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205335282

ISBN10:
0205335284
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/26/2002
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $59.80

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This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 4/26/2002.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

This brief book presents basic communication concepts, terms, theories, and exercises in a readily accessible manner.The Basics of Speech Communication is designed to introduce readers to the basics of the field in a clear, concise, and engaging way. This book focuses readers in on the "nuts and bolts" without excessive detail, in order to ensure that the fundamentals are mastered and allowing instructors ample time to integrate additional materials and/or hear classroom presentations. With an emphasis on skills and competencies, this book delivers the necessary material without being overwhelming or cost-prohibitive.For those interested or involved in speech communication.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Why Study Communication?
1(19)
Why Study Communication?
2(1)
Definition of Communication
3(1)
Models of Communication
4(2)
Essential Components of Communication
6(5)
Source
7(1)
Message
7(1)
Channel
7(1)
Receiver
8(1)
Feedback
8(1)
Environment
8(1)
Context
9(1)
Interference
9(2)
Communication in Context
11(2)
Intrapersonal Communication
11(1)
Interpersonal Communication
11(1)
Group Communication
12(1)
Public Communication
12(1)
Mass Communication
13(1)
Principles of Communication
13(4)
Communication Is Constant
13(1)
Communication Is Transactional
14(1)
Communication Is a Process
15(1)
Communication Is Irreversible
16(1)
Communication Is Learned
16(1)
Summary
17(1)
For More Information
18(1)
Review Questions
18(1)
Works Cited
19(1)
Perception and Listening
20(26)
Why Don't We All See Things the Same Way?
23(1)
Perception and Awareness
24(4)
Perceptual Differences
28(3)
Self Concept
31(6)
Eyes, Ears, Heart
37(1)
Importance of Listening
37(1)
Kinds of Listening
38(1)
Stages of Listening
39(1)
Barriers to Listening
40(3)
Lack of Interest
42(1)
Dislike the Speaker, Disregard the Message
42(1)
Can't See the Forest Through the Trees
42(1)
Faking Attention
42(1)
Improving Listening Skills
43(1)
Summary
44(1)
For More Information
44(1)
Review Questions
45(1)
Works Cited
45(1)
Verbal Communication
46(23)
What Is Language?
47(1)
Principles of Verbal Communication
48(7)
Language Has Rules
48(2)
Our Reality Is Shaped by Our Language
50(2)
Language Is Arbitrary and Symbolic
52(1)
Language Is Abstract
53(1)
Language Organizes and Classifies Reality
54(1)
Language as an Obstacle to Communication
55(7)
Speech Is Not Like Written Language
55(1)
Slang
56(1)
Jargon
57(1)
Sexist and Racist Language
57(2)
Small Talk
59(1)
Cliche
59(2)
Profanity
61(1)
Euphemisms
62(1)
Doublespeak
62(1)
Barriers to Communication
62(2)
Bypassing
62(1)
Indiscrimination
63(1)
Polarization
63(1)
Improving Verbal Communication
64(2)
Actively Listen to the Speaker
64(1)
Check Your Understanding
64(1)
Define Your Terms
65(1)
Use Concrete Words
65(1)
Know the Difference Between Objectivity and Subjectivity
65(1)
Summary
66(1)
For More Information
66(1)
Review Questions
67(1)
Works Cited
67(2)
Nonverbal Communication
69(19)
What Is Nonverbal Communication?
70(1)
Principles of Nonverbal Communication
70(5)
Nonverbal Communication Is Fluid
70(1)
Nonverbal Communication Is Fast
71(1)
Nonverbal Communication Can Add to or Replace Verbal Communication
71(2)
Nonverbal Communication Is Universal
73(1)
Nonverbal Communication Is Confusing and Contextual
74(1)
Nonverbal Communication Can Be Intentional or Unintentional
75(1)
Types of Nonverbal Communication
75(10)
Space
75(3)
Time
78(2)
Physical Characteristics
80(1)
Body Movements
80(1)
Touch
81(1)
Paralanguage
81(2)
Artifacts
83(1)
Environment
83(2)
Improving Your Understanding
85(1)
Watch Reactions
85(1)
Enroll an Observer
85(1)
Focus on a Specific Type of Nonverbal Communication
85(1)
Summary
85(1)
For More Information
86(1)
Review Questions
86(1)
Works Cited
86(2)
Intercultural Communication
88(25)
Definition of Intercultural Communication
90(1)
History of the Study of Intercultural Communication
91(4)
The Burgeoning Period in the Study of Intercultural Communication
91(2)
The Study of Intercultural Communication in the 1960s
93(1)
The Study of Intercultural Communication in the 1970s
93(1)
The Study of Intercultural Communication in the 1980s
94(1)
The Study of Intercultural Communication in the 1990s
94(1)
The Study of Intercultural Communication: 2001 and Beyond
94(1)
Characteristics of Intercultural Communication
95(7)
Cultures Share a Common Experience of History and Tradition that We Learn
96(1)
Rites of Initiation, For Example, Serve this Purpose of Socialization into the Community
96(2)
We Share Cultures
98(2)
Cultures Share Common Values and Principles
100(1)
Communities Share a Common Purpose and a Sense of Mission
101(1)
Cultures Have Common Symbols, Boundaries, Status, Language, and Rituals
101(1)
Our Cultures Are Always Changing
102(1)
Our Cultures Are Complex
102(1)
Co-cultures
102(1)
Barriers to Intercultural Communication
103(6)
Language
103(2)
The Nature of Perception
105(3)
Ethnocentrism
108(1)
Improving Intercultural Communication
109(1)
Summary
110(1)
For More Information
110(1)
Review Questions
110(1)
Works Cited
111(2)
Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Communication
113(24)
What Is Intrapersonal Communication?
115(2)
What Is Interpersonal Communication?
117(2)
Why Should We Engage in Interpersonal Communication?
119(1)
Maslow's Hierarchy
119(2)
Schutz's Interpersonal Needs
121(1)
Johari Window
122(1)
Self-disclosure
123(2)
Social Penetration Theory
125(3)
How Do Relationships Develop?
128(1)
Coming Together
128(1)
Growing Apart
129(1)
How Do We Manage Interpersonal Conflict?
130(2)
Improving Interpersonal Communication
132(2)
Positivity
133(1)
Openness
133(1)
Assurances
133(1)
Networks
133(1)
Sharing Tasks
134(1)
Summary
134(1)
For More Information
134(1)
Review Questions
135(1)
Works Cited
135(2)
Group Communication
137(24)
Types of Groups
138(1)
How Groups Meet Our Basic Needs
139(1)
How Many Members Does It Take to Make a Group?
140(1)
Groups Play by Their Own Rules
141(1)
Problem Solving in Groups
141(4)
Define the Problem
142(1)
Analyze the Problem
142(1)
Establish Criteria
143(1)
Consider Possible Solutions to the Problem
143(1)
Decide on a Solution
144(1)
Implement the Solution
145(1)
Follow up on the Solution
145(1)
How Do Groups Develop?
145(2)
Lifecycles of Groups
147(2)
Why Do People Stay in a Group?
149(1)
Group Members Have Roles to Play
149(2)
Types of Roles
150(1)
Factors that Influence Roles
150(1)
When Groups Come Together Via Computers
151(2)
Group Members as Leaders
153(5)
How Does One Become a Leader?
154(1)
Autocratic Leader
155(1)
Democratic Leader
156(1)
No Initiative or Laissez-Faire Leader
156(1)
Leader as Technician
156(1)
Leader as Conductor
157(1)
Leader as Coach
157(1)
Summary
158(1)
For More Information
158(1)
Review Questions
159(1)
Works Cited
159(2)
Communication at Work
161(19)
What Do You Know Already?
164(1)
What Do You Need to Know?
165(1)
Making Contact
165(1)
You've Got the Invitation to Interview!
165(6)
Effective Communication in Interpersonal Interaction
171(3)
Effective Communication in Teams and Groups
174(1)
Effective Communication in Meetings
175(1)
Effective Communication in Virtual Meetings
176(1)
Summary
177(1)
For More Information
177(1)
Review Questions
178(1)
Works Cited
179(1)
Mass Communication
180(21)
What Is Mass Communication?
181(1)
Types of Mass Communication
182(11)
The Development of Newspapers
182(4)
Magazines
186(1)
Books
186(1)
Radio
187(1)
Music
188(1)
Photography
188(1)
Billboards
189(1)
Movies
190(1)
Television
190(1)
Videogames
191(1)
Internet
192(1)
Functions of Mass Communication
193(1)
Effects of Mass Communication
193(2)
Critical Analysis of Mass Communication
195(3)
What Is the Goal?
195(1)
Is the Problem as Important as It Is Portrayed?
196(1)
Is There Enough Evidence Presented to Justify the Claim or Main Point?
196(1)
What Has Not Been Said?
196(1)
Have Sources Been Provided?
196(1)
How Credible Are the Sources?
197(1)
Are the Arguments Logical?
197(1)
Has the Message Tried to Manipulate Me by Appealing to Emotions or Needs I May Have?
197(1)
Summary
198(1)
For More Information
198(1)
Review Questions
198(1)
Works Cited
199(2)
Speech Preparation
201(25)
How to Choose a Topic
203(1)
Factors in Choosing a Topic
203(2)
Write General-Purpose and Thesis Statements
205(1)
Finding Resources
206(1)
Planning Your Investigation for Information
206(1)
Searching for Information Via Electronic Sources
207(2)
Getting to Work
209(1)
Getting to Know Your Audience
210(5)
Demographic Traits
210(1)
Situational Traits
211(1)
Organization
212(3)
The Eleven Types of Speech Structures
215(3)
The Five Parts of Any Speech
218(5)
Attention Statement
218(2)
Introduction
220(1)
Body
221(1)
Conclusion
222(1)
Residual Message
222(1)
Consider Visual Aids as You Plan Your Speech
223(1)
What the Audience Expects
223(1)
Summary
224(1)
For More Information
224(1)
Review Questions
224(1)
Works Cited
225(1)
Speech Presentation
226(21)
What Makes for a ``Good'' Delivery?
227(4)
The Delivery Should Create Common Ground
227(2)
The Delivery Should Not Distract From the Message
229(1)
The Delivery Should Help the Audience Listen, Understand, Remember, and Act
229(1)
The Delivery, and the Speech Itself, Should Be Flexible
230(1)
Speaking Effectively
231(2)
Speech Anxiety
233(2)
Voice
235(1)
Body
236(2)
Presentational Methods
238(1)
Practice and Preparation
239(1)
Types of Visual Aids
240(1)
Methods and Materials
241(1)
Preparing Visual Aids
242(1)
Using Visual Aids
242(1)
Incorporating Ethics into Your Communication
243(1)
Summary
244(1)
For More Information
245(1)
Review Questions
245(1)
Works Cited
245(2)
Index 247


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