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Becoming a Teacher

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780205316861

ISBN10:
0205316867
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $93.60
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Summary

Substantially revised, this book highlights 21st century teaching practices and issues to help readers discover what it takes to become professional teachers. Becoming a Teacher expands its emphasis on "mentoring" and contemporary trends and topics, giving greater coverage to technology and social issues. Case studies and discussions of teacher leadership encourage interactions with the concepts presented. The fifth edition of Becoming a Teacher provides the tools and information necessary to answer the questions "What does it take to become a professional teacher?" and "Do I want to teach?" For pre-service and in-service teachers.

Table of Contents

Preface xiv
Part One The Teaching Profession 1(77)
Dear Mentor
1(1)
Teaching: Your Chosen Profession
2(36)
Focus Questions
3(2)
Why Do You Want to Teach?
5(11)
Desire to Work with Children and Young People
5(1)
Love of Teaching
6(1)
Love of Subject
7(1)
Love of the Teaching Life
7(1)
Love of the Teaching-Learning Process
7(1)
Influence of Teachers
7(1)
Where Do You Stand? Should psychological assessments be used to identify students who should not become teachers?
8(1)
Desire to Serve
9(1)
Professional Reflection: Assessing your reasons for choosing to teach
10(1)
Practical Benefits of Teaching
11(1)
Salaries and Benefits
11(2)
Job Security and Status
13(1)
Job Opportunities for Teachers from Diverse Backgrounds
13(3)
What Are the Challenges of Teaching?
16(5)
Classroom Management and Increasing School Violence
16(2)
Social Problems That Impact Students
18(1)
Need for Family and Community Support
18(1)
Long Working Hours and Job Stress
19(1)
Gaining Professional Empowerment
19(1)
Technology Highlights: Will I Be Prepared to Teach in a Digital Age?
20(1)
What Is Teaching Really Like?
21(7)
Reality 1: The Unpredictability of Outcomes
21(1)
Students' Responses
21(2)
Results in the Future
23(1)
Reality 2: The Difficulty of Assessing Students' Learning
23(1)
Reality 3: The Need for Teacher-Student Partnership
24(1)
Reality 4: The Impact of Teachers' Attitudes
25(1)
Reality 5: The Drama and Immediacy of Teaching
25(1)
Reality 6: The Uniqueness of the Teaching Experience
26(2)
What Does Society Expect of Teachers?
28(2)
The Public Trust
28(1)
Teacher Competency and Effectiveness
29(1)
Teacher Accountability
29(1)
How Do Good Teachers View Their Work?
30(8)
A Way of Being
30(1)
A Creative Endeavor
30(1)
A Live Performance
31(1)
A Form of Empowerment
31(1)
Keepers of the Dream: Caroline Bitterwolf
32(1)
An Opportunity to Serve
33(1)
As Keepers of the Dream
33(1)
Summary
33(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
35(1)
Applications and Activities
35(1)
Teacher's Journal
35(1)
Teacher's Database
36(1)
Observations and Interviews
36(1)
Professional Portfolio
37(1)
Learning to Teach
38(40)
Focus Questions
39(2)
What Essential Knowledge Do You Need to Teach?
41(5)
Self-Knowledge
41(1)
Knowledge of Students
42(1)
Professional Reflection: Inventorying your knowledge of children and youth
42(1)
Knowledge of Subject
43(1)
Knowledge of Methods for Applying Educational Theory and Research
43(1)
Where Do You Stand? Which type of knowledge do teachers need more---subject-matter knowledge or professional knowledge?
44(2)
What Are Five Ways of Viewing the Teacher Knowledge Base?
46(5)
A Personal Development View
47(1)
Research-Based Competencies
47(1)
State Standards
48(1)
A Job-Analysis Approach
48(1)
Technology Highlights: What Technology-Related Knowledge and Skills Do Teachers Need?
49(1)
Professional Views
50(1)
How Do Reforms in Teacher Education Affect You?
51(2)
Increased Academic Preparation
51(1)
Expanded Role for Schools
52(1)
National Certification
52(1)
State Standards Boards
53(1)
What Can You Learn from Observing in Classrooms?
53(4)
Technology and Classroom Observations
53(1)
Case to Consider: Ruth's Dilemma
54(1)
Focused Observations
55(1)
Observation Instruments
56(1)
How Can You Gain Practical Experience for Becoming a Teacher?
57(5)
Classroom Experiences
57(1)
Microteaching
57(1)
Simulations
57(1)
Video Cases
58(1)
Practica
58(1)
Classroom Aides
58(1)
Student Teaching
58(1)
Student Teacher Journal Writing
58(1)
Reflective Teaching Logs
59(1)
Gaining Experiences in Multicultural Settings
60(1)
Induction and Internship Programs
60(1)
School-Based Teacher Education
61(1)
Substitute Teaching
61(1)
How Can You Develop Your Teaching Portfolio?
62(2)
Portfolio Contents
63(1)
Using a Portfolio
64(1)
How Can You Benefit from Mentoring Relationships?
64(1)
What Opportunities for Continuing Professional Development Will You Have?
65(13)
Self-Assessment for Professional Growth
66(1)
Teacher Workshops
67(1)
Teacher Centers
67(1)
Professional Development Schools
67(1)
Supervision and Mentoring of Students Teachers
68(1)
Graduate Study
68(1)
Study on the Internet
68(1)
Summary
68(3)
Key Terms and Concepts
71(1)
Applications and Activities
71(1)
Teacher's Journal
71(1)
Teacher's Database
72(1)
Observations and Interviews
72(1)
Professional Portfolio
73(1)
Appendix 2.1: Florida Performance Measurement System
74(1)
Appendix 2.2: Models of Professional Standards: Kentucky's New Teacher Standards
75(1)
Appendix 2.3: Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium Standards
76(1)
Appendix 2.4: Sample NBPTS Portfolio Exercise
77(1)
Part Two Influences on the Professional Lives of Teachers 78(168)
Dear Mentor
78(2)
Ideas and Events That Have Shaped Education in the United States
80(42)
Focus Questions
81(2)
What Determines Your Educational Philosophy?
83(3)
Beliefs about Teaching and Learning
83(1)
Technology Highlights: How can the World Wide Web enhance your study of and interest in the philosophy and history of education?
84(1)
Beliefs about Students
84(1)
Beliefs about Knowledge
85(1)
Beliefs about What Is Worth Knowing
86(1)
What Are the Branches of Philosophy?
86(3)
Metaphysics
86(1)
Epistemology
87(1)
Axiology
87(1)
Ethics
88(1)
Aesthetics
88(1)
Logic
89(1)
What Are Five Modern Philosophical Orientations to Teaching?
89(4)
Perennialism
89(1)
Perennialist Educational Philosophers
90(1)
Essentialism
90(1)
Progressivism
91(1)
Progressive Strategies
91(1)
Existentialism
91(1)
Social Reconstructionism
92(1)
Social Reconstructionism and Progressivism
92(1)
What Psychological Orientations Have Influenced Teaching Philosophies?
93(2)
Humanistic Psychology
93(1)
Behaviorism
93(1)
Founders of Behavioristic Psychology
94(1)
Constructivism
94(1)
How Can You Develop Your Educational Philosophy?
95(1)
What Were Teaching and Schools Like in the American Colonies (1620--1750)?
96(3)
Colonial Schools
96(2)
The Origins of Mandated Education
98(1)
Education for African Americans and Native Americans
98(1)
What Were the Goals of Education during the Revolutionary Period (1750--1820)?
99(2)
Benjamin Franklin's Academy
99(1)
Sarah Pierce's Female Academy
100(1)
Thomas Jefferson's Philosophy
100(1)
Noah Webster's Speller
101(1)
How Was the Struggle Won for State-Supported Common Schools (1820--1865)?
101(4)
Where Do You Stand? Should School attendance beyond the elementary level become voluntary?
102(1)
Horace Mann's Contributions
103(1)
Improving Schools
104(1)
The Normal School
104(1)
Reverend W. H. McGuffey's Readers
105(1)
Justin Morill's Land-Grant Schools
105(1)
How Did Compulsory Education Change Schools and the Teaching Profession (1865--1920)?
105(3)
Higher Education for African Americans
106(1)
The Kindergarten
106(1)
The Professionalization of Teaching
107(1)
Professional Reflection: Reflecting on Changes in the Image of Teachers
107(1)
What Were the Aims of Education during the Progressive Era (1920--1945)?
108(2)
John Dewey's Laboratory School
109(1)
Maria Montessori's Method
109(1)
Education of Immigrants and Minorities
110(1)
How Did Education Change during the Modern Postwar Era (1945--2000)?
110(12)
The 1950s: Defense Education and School Desegregation
110(2)
Keepers of the Dream: Marian Wright Edelman
112(1)
The 1960s: The War on Poverty and the Great Society
112(1)
The 1970s: Accountability and Equal Opportunity
112(3)
The 1980s: A Great Debate
115(1)
The 1990s and into the Twenty-First Century: Teacher Leadership
115(1)
Summary
116(3)
Key Terms and Concepts
119(1)
Applications and Activities
120(1)
Teacher's Journal
120(1)
Teacher's Database
120(1)
Observations and Interviews
120(1)
Professional Portfolio
121(1)
Social Realities Confronting Today's Schools
122(42)
Focus Questions
123(2)
What Are the Aims of Education Today?
125(5)
Education for National Goals
125(1)
Education for Prosocial Values
126(1)
Education for Socialization
126(1)
Education for Achievement
127(1)
Education for Personal Growth
128(1)
Education for Social Change
128(1)
Education for Equal Educational Opportunity
128(2)
How Can Schools Be Described?
130(1)
Metaphors for Schools
130(1)
Schools and Social Class
130(1)
What Are Schools Like as Social Institutions?
131(6)
The School as a Reflection of Society
131(2)
Rural, Suburban, and Urban Schools
133(1)
Schools and Community Environments
133(1)
Technology Highlights: Do Students in Urban Schools Have Equal Access to Up-to-Date Technologies?
134(1)
The Culture of the School
134(1)
The Physical Environment
135(1)
Formal Practices of Schools
135(1)
School Traditions
136(1)
The Culture of the Classroom
136(1)
What Characteristics Distinguish Successful Schools?
137(2)
Measures of Success
137(1)
Research on School Effectiveness
137(2)
What Social Problems Affect Schools and Place Students at Risk?
139(14)
Identifying Students at Risk
139(2)
Children and Poverty
141(1)
Case to Consider: Pharoah's Perspective
142(2)
Family Stress
144(2)
Substance Abuse
146(1)
Violence and Crime
146(3)
Professional Reflection: Identifying factors behind youth violence
149(1)
Teen Pregnancy
149(1)
Where Do You Stand? Should metal detectors be installed in schools?
150(2)
Students with HIV/AIDS
152(1)
Suicide among Children and Youths
152(1)
What Are Schools Doing to Address Societal Problems?
153(11)
Intervention Programs
153(1)
Peer Counseling
153(1)
Full-Service Schools
154(1)
School-Based Interprofessional Case Management
155(1)
Compensatory Education
155(1)
Alternative Schools and Curricula
156(1)
Summary
157(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
158(1)
Applications and Activities
159(1)
Teacher's Journal
159(1)
Teacher's Database
159(1)
Observations and Interviews
160(1)
Professional Portfolio
160(1)
Appendix 4.1: School Safety Checklist
161(1)
Appendix 4.2: Selected Resources for Meeting Needs of Students Placed at Risk
162(2)
Struggles for Control of Schools in the United States
164(36)
Focus Questions
165(2)
Who Is Involved in the Struggles for Control of Schools in the United States?
167(2)
What Is the Role of the Local Community in School Governance?
169(7)
Local School District
169(1)
School Board
170(1)
Superintendent of Schools
170(1)
The Role of Parents
171(1)
Keepers of the Dream: Marcia McVey
172(1)
School Restructuring
173(1)
School-Based Management
174(1)
Chicago School Reform
174(2)
What Powers and Influence Do States Have in Governing Schools?
176(3)
The Roles of State Government in Education
176(1)
The Legislature
176(1)
The Courts
177(1)
The Governor
177(1)
State Board of Education
178(1)
State Department of Education
178(1)
Chief State School Officer
179(1)
What Assistance Do Regional Education Agencies Provide?
179(4)
How Does the Federal Government Influence Education?
180(1)
Technology Highlights: How should federal revenues be distributed to the states for the purchase of educational technology?
181(1)
The Impact of Presidential Policies
182(1)
U.S. Department of Education
183(1)
Professional Reflection: Examining the tension between federal and state roles in education
183(1)
How Are Schools Financed in the United States?
183(5)
Local Funding
186(1)
State Funding
186(1)
Federal Funding
186(2)
What Are Some Trends in Funding for Equity and Excellence?
188(12)
Tax Reform and Redistricting
188(1)
Vertical Equity
189(1)
School Choice
189(1)
Where Do You Stand? School vouchers: Pro or con?
190(2)
Voucher Systems
192(1)
Corporate-Education Partnerships
193(1)
Summary
193(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
195(1)
Applications and Activities
196(1)
Teacher's Journal
196(1)
Teacher's Database
196(1)
Observations and Interviews
197(1)
Professional Portfolio
197(1)
Appendix 5.1: Guidelines for Teachers to Think and Act Politically
198(1)
Appendix 5.2: Typical Organizational Structur for a Medium-size School District
199(1)
Ethical and Legal Issues in Education in the United States
200(46)
Focus Questions
201(2)
Why Do You Need a Professional Code of Ethics?
203(3)
Ethical Teaching Attitudes and Practices
203(1)
Case to Consider: Lisa's Ethical Challenge
204(2)
Ethical Dilemmas in Classroom and School
206(1)
What Are Your Legal Rights as a Teacher?
206(7)
Certification
207(1)
Teacher's Rights to Nondiscrimination
207(1)
Teaching Contracts
208(1)
Due Process in Tenure and Dismissal
209(2)
Academic Freedom
211(1)
Famous Cases
211(1)
State's Rights
212(1)
Professional Reflection: Evaluating statements about academic freedom
213(1)
Do Student Teachers Have the Same Rights?
213(2)
What Are Your Legal Responsibilities as a Teacher?
215(8)
Avoiding Tort Liability
215(1)
Negligence
216(1)
Educational Malpractice
217(3)
Reporting Child Abuse
220(1)
Observing Copyright Laws
220(1)
Photocopies
220(1)
Technology Highlights: What ethical and legal issus will you face regarding the use of computer software?
221(1)
Videotapes
221(1)
Computer Software
221(1)
Electronic Mail and the Internet
222(1)
Publishing on the Internet
222(1)
What Are the Legal Rights of Students and Parents?
223(9)
Freedom of Expression
223(1)
Censorship
223(1)
Dress Codes
224(1)
Due Process in Suspension and Expulsion
225(1)
Where Do You Stand? Should school require students to wear uniforms?
226(2)
Reasonable Search and Seizure
228(2)
Privacy
230(1)
Students' Rights to Nondiscrimination
231(1)
What Are Some Issues in the Legal Rights of School Districts?
232(14)
Corporal Punishment
232(1)
Sexual Harassment
233(2)
Religious Expression
235(2)
Home Schooling
237(1)
Summary
238(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
240(1)
Applications and Activities
240(1)
Teacher's Journal
240(1)
Teacher's Database
241(1)
Observations and Interviews
241(1)
Professional Portfolio
242(1)
Appendix 6.1: NEA Code of Ethics for Teachers
243(1)
Appendix 6.2: NEA Bill of Rights for Student Teachers
244(2)
Part Three The Art of Teaching 246(208)
Dear Mentor
246(2)
Teaching Diverse Learners
248(40)
Focus Questions
249(2)
How Is Diversity Embedded in the Culture of the United States?
251(9)
The Meaning of Culture
252(1)
Dimensions of Culture
253
Cultural Identity
252(1)
Language and Culture
252(4)
The Concept of Multiculturalism
256(1)
Ethinicity and Race
256(1)
The Concept of Minorities
257(1)
Minority Groups and Academic Achievement
257(1)
Language Minorities
258(1)
Stereotyping and Racism
259(1)
Professional Reflection: Reflecting on your cultural identity
259(1)
What Does Equal Educational Opportunity Mean?
260(8)
Education and African Americans
260(1)
The Desegregation Era
261(1)
Resegregation of Schools in the United States
261(1)
The Learning Needs of African-American Students
262(1)
Afrocentric Schools
263(1)
Education and Latino and Hispanic Americans
263(1)
Socioeconomic Factors
263(1)
The Learning Needs of Spanish-Speaking Students
264(1)
Education and Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders
264(1)
Historical, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Factors
265(1)
Teachers' Concerns about Asian American Students
265(1)
Education and Native Americans and Alaskan Natives
266(1)
Historical, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Factors
267(1)
Research on Native American Ways of Knowing
267(1)
What Is Meant by Bilingual Education?
268(4)
Research and Debate on Bilingual Programs
269(1)
Where Do You Stand? Is multiculural education unifying or divisive?
270(2)
Advice for Monolingual Teachers
272(1)
What Is Multicultural Education?
272(5)
Dimensions of Multicultural Education
273(1)
Keepers of the Dream: Peter White: Opportunity Creator
274(1)
Multicultural Curricula
275(1)
Multicultural Instructional Materials and Strategies
276(1)
How Is Gender a Dimension of Multicultural Education?
277(11)
Technology Highlights: Does gender equity exist in the use of educational technology?
278(1)
Gender Differences
278(1)
Gender and Education
279(2)
Gender-Fair Classrooms and Curricula
281(1)
Sexual Orientation
281(1)
Summary
282(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
284(1)
Applications and Activities
284(1)
Teacher's Journal
284(1)
Teacher's Database
284(1)
Observations and Interviews
285(1)
Professional Portfolio
285(1)
Appendix 7.1 Can You Recognize Racism?
286(2)
Addressing Learners' Individual Needs
288(44)
Focus Questions
289(1)
How Do Students' Needs Change as They Develop?
290(11)
Piaget's Model of Cognitive Development
291(1)
Erikson's Model of Psychosocial Development
291(2)
Kohlberg's Model of Moral Development
293(3)
Where Do You Stand? Is character education an effective way to improve society?
296(2)
Maslow's Model of a Hierarchy of Needs
298(1)
Developmental Stresses and Tasks of Childhood
298(2)
Developmental Stresses and Tasks of Adolescence
300(1)
How Do Students Vary in Intelligence?
301(5)
Intelligence Testing
302(1)
Multiple Intelligences
303(2)
Learning Styles
305(1)
Professional Reflection: Identifying your learning style preferences
305(1)
How Do Students Vary in Ability and Disability?
306(6)
Exceptional Learners
306(1)
Students with Disabilities
307(2)
Students Who Are Gifted and Talented
309(3)
What Are Special Education, Mainstreaming, and Inclusion?
312(5)
Special Education Laws
312(2)
Meeting the Mainstreaming Challenge
314(1)
The Debate Over Inclusion
315(1)
Equal Opportunity for Exceptional Learners
316(1)
How Can You Teach All Learners in Your Inclusive Classroom?
317(15)
Collaborative Consultation with Other Professionals
317(1)
Case to Consider: Help! Tell me about this kid!
318(2)
Working with Parents
320(1)
Assistive Technology for Special Learners
320(1)
Technology Highlights: How can word prediction software enhance the writing abilities of students with disabilities?
321(1)
Summary
322(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
324(1)
Applications and Activities
325(1)
Teacher's Journal
325(1)
Teacher's Database
325(1)
Observations and Interviews
326(1)
Professional Portfolio
326(2)
Appendix 8.1 A Sample Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
328(3)
Appendix 8.2 Examples of Instructional Strategies for Teaching All Learners
331(1)
Creating a Community of Learners
332(36)
Focus Questions
333(2)
What Determines the Culture of the Classroom?
335(3)
Classroom Climate
335(2)
Classroom Dynamics
337(1)
Teacher Communication
337(1)
Student Interaction
337(1)
How Can You Create a Positive Learning Environment?
338(8)
The Caring Classroom
338(1)
The Classroom as a Physical Environment
339(2)
Classroom Organization
341(1)
Grouping Students by Ability
341(1)
Grouping Students for Cooperative Lerning
341(1)
Keepers of the Dream: Nel Noddings: Leader in the Challenge to Care
342(1)
Delivering Instruction
343(1)
Professional Reflection: How do low- and high-authentic pedagogy differ?
344(1)
Structuring the Use of Time
345(1)
What Are the Keys to Successful Classroom Management?
346(5)
The Democratic Classroom
346(1)
Preventive Planning
347(1)
Establishing Rules and Procedures
347(1)
Organizing and Planning for Instruction
348(1)
Effective Responses to Student Behavior
348(1)
Severity of Misbehavior
348(1)
Constructive Assertiveness
349(1)
Teacher Problem Solving
350(1)
Developing Your Own Approach to Classroom Management
351(1)
What Teaching Methods Do Effective Teachers Use?
351(5)
Methods Based on Learning New Behaviors
353(1)
Methods Based on Child Development
353(2)
Methods Based on the Thinking Process
355(1)
Methods Based on Peer-Mediated Instruction
356(1)
What Are Some Characteristics of Effective Teaching?
356(12)
Establishing Goals
357(1)
Linking Assessment with Instruction
358(1)
Examples of Effective Teachers
359(1)
Laurie Robben, Fourth Grade Teacher, Greenwhich, Connecticut
359(1)
Where Do You Stand? Should the use of standardized testing be increased?
360(2)
Technology Highlights: How do effective teachers use technology to enhance their instruction?
362(1)
Terri Jenkins, Eighth Grade Middle School Language Arts Teacher, Hephzibah, Georgia
362(1)
James P. Anderson, Barbara Floisand, David Martinez, and Dalmar P. Robinson, Alternative High School Teachers, Salt Lake City, Utah
363(1)
Summary
363(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
365(1)
Applications and Activities
365(1)
Teacher's Journal
365(1)
Teacher's Database
366(1)
Observations and Interviews
366(1)
Professional Portfolio
367(1)
Developing and Implementing the Curriculum
368(44)
Focus Questions
369(1)
What Is Taught in Schools?
370(5)
Kinds of Curriculum
371(1)
Explicit Curriculum
371(1)
Hidden Curriculum
371(1)
Null Curriculum
372(1)
Professional Reflection: Identifying kinds of curriculum
372(1)
Extracurricular/Cocurricular Programs
372(2)
Curriculum Content
374(1)
How Is the School Curriculum Developed?
375(4)
The Focus of Curriculum Planning
375(1)
Student-Centered versus Subject-Centered Curricula
376(1)
The Integrated Curriculum
376(1)
Who Plans the Curriculum?
377(1)
What Influences Curricular Decisions?
378(1)
Social Issues and Changing Values
378(1)
Textbook Publishing
379(1)
What Reform Efforts Have Affected the Curriculum?
379(12)
Case to Consider: Ms. Hyman's ESL Writing Lesson
380(3)
Church, Nation, and School
383(1)
Children and School
384(1)
The Committee of Ten
384(1)
The Committee of Fifteen
385(1)
The Reorganization of Secondary Education
385(1)
Standards and the Schools
385(1)
The Push for Mass Education
385(1)
The Progressive Curriculum
386(1)
The Eight-Year Study
386(1)
The Push for Excellence
387(1)
The Inquiry-Based Curriculum
387(1)
The Relevancy-Based Curriculum
387(1)
Where Do You Stand? Is raising national educational standards an effective way to improve education?
388(2)
The Core Curriculum
390(1)
Performance-Based Education
390(1)
What Are Some Current Subject-Area Trends?
391(21)
Reading and Writing
391(2)
Mathematics
393(2)
Science and Technology
395(1)
Technology Highlights: How can educational software change the roles of teachers and students?
396(1)
Social Studies
397(3)
Foreign Languages
400(1)
The Arts
401(1)
Physical Education
402(1)
Vocational-Technical Education
403(1)
Summary
404(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
405(1)
Applications and Activities
406(1)
Teacher's Journal
406(1)
Teacher's Database
406(1)
Observations and Interviews
406(1)
Professional Portfolio
407(1)
Appendix 10.1 Selected Subject-Area References for Curriculum Planning
408(4)
Teaching with Technology
412(42)
Focus Questions
413(2)
How Are Educational Technologies Influencing Schools?
415(3)
Technology and the Challenge to Schools
415(1)
Professional Reflection: How technically proficient are you?
416(2)
What Technologies Are Available for Teaching?
418(9)
The Television Revolution
418(1)
Channel One
419(1)
The Computer Revolution
420(1)
Computers and Instruction
420(2)
The ``Magic'' of Media
422(1)
Hypermedia
422(1)
Computer Simulations
423(1)
Home-School Communication Systems
423(1)
Keepers of the Dream: Kristi Rennebohm Franz: Technology and Multicultural Educator
424(1)
The Internet
424(1)
Newsgroups
424(2)
Technology Highlights: Can the Internet enhance school-home communication and parental involvement?
426(1)
Chat Rooms
426(1)
Videoconferencing
427(1)
How Do Teachers Use Computers and the Interent?
427(3)
Preparing Lessons
427(1)
Communicating with Other Educators
428(1)
Posting Information and Student Work on the Web
428(1)
Facilitating Students' Learning Via Computers and Cyberspace
429(1)
What Are the Effects of Computer Technology on Learning?
430(2)
Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow Project (ACOT)
430(1)
Integrating Technology
431(1)
Findings from Other Research Studies
431(1)
Should Technology Be at the Forefront of Efforts to Improve Schools in the United States?
432(3)
The Opposition: Computers Will Not Improve Education
434(1)
The Advocates: Computers Will Improve Education
435(1)
What Barriers Limit the Integration of Technology into Schools?
435(19)
Where Do You Stand? Is the use of technology in schools overemphasized?
436(2)
Pillar 1: Access to Technology for All Students
438(1)
Funding for Computers and Technical Support
439(1)
Commercial Computer Labs
440(1)
Unequal Access to Technology
440(2)
Pillar 2: Internet Access for All Schools
442(1)
Pillar 3: Quality Educational Software
443(1)
Pillar 4: Teacher Training in Technology
444(3)
Summary
447(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
449(1)
Applications and Activities
449(1)
Teacher's Journal
449(1)
Teacher's Database
450(1)
Observations and Interviews
450(1)
Professional Portfolio
450(1)
Appendix 11.1 Criteria for Evaluating Software Programs
451(2)
Appendix 11.2 Criteria for Evaluating World Wide Web Sites
453(1)
Part Four Your Teaching Future 454(125)
Dear Mentor
454(2)
Teachers as Educational Leaders
456(42)
Focus Questions
457(2)
To What Extent Is Teaching a Full Profession?
459(5)
Institutional Monopoly of Services
459(1)
Teacher Autonomy
460(1)
Years of Education and Training
461(1)
Provision of Essential Service
462(1)
Degree of Self-Governance
462(1)
Professional Associations
463(1)
Professional Knowledge and Skills
463(1)
Level of Public Trust
463(1)
Prestige, Benefits, and Pay
463(1)
What Is Professionalism in Teaching?
464(5)
Professional Behavior
464(1)
Reflection-in-Action
464(1)
Becoming a Mentor
465(1)
Lifelong Learning
465(1)
Case to Consider: Martha's Leadership
466(2)
Learning to Become a Leader
468(1)
Involvement in the Profession
468(1)
To What Professional Organizations Do Teachers Belong?
469(5)
The National Education Association
469(1)
The American Federation of Teachers
470(1)
A Merger between the NEA and AFT?
471(1)
Other Professional Organizations
471(1)
Where Do You Stand? Do teachers' unions have a positive effect on education?
472(2)
What New Leadership Roles for Teachers Are Emerging?
474(5)
Teacher Involvement in Teacher Education, Certification, and Staff Development
474(1)
Teacher-Leaders
475(1)
Technology Highlights: How are teachers playing a leadership role in the development and dissemination of multimedia software?
476(1)
Dimensions of Teacher Leadership beyond the Classroom
477(2)
Professional Reflection: Working with principals
479(1)
How Do Teachers Contribute to Educational Research?
479(4)
Sources of Educational Research
480(1)
Government Resources for Research Application
480(1)
Conducting Classroom Action Research
481(2)
How Are Teachers Providing Leadership for School Restructuring and Curriculum Reform?
483(15)
Leadership and Collaboration for School Reform
483(2)
Collaborative School Reform Networks
485(1)
Coalition of Essential Schools
485(1)
National Network for Educational Renewal
486(1)
Accelerated Schools
486(1)
State-Based Educational Partnerships
486(1)
Summary
486(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
488(1)
Applications and Activities
488(1)
Teacher's Journal
488(1)
Teacher's Database
489(1)
Observations and Interviews
489(1)
Professional Portfolio
489(1)
Appendix 12.1 Sampler of Professional Organizations for Teachers
490(5)
Appendix 12.2 Selected Education Journals
495(2)
Appendix 12.3 Coalition of Essential Schools: Ten Common Principles
497(1)
Your First Teaching Position
498(46)
Focus Questions
499(2)
How Will You Become Certified or Licensed to Teach?
501(5)
State Certification Requirements
501(3)
Alternative Certification
504(1)
The Praxis Series
505(1)
Where Will You Teach?
506(3)
A Favorable Job Market
506(1)
Demand by Specialty Area and Geographic Region
507(1)
Other Career Opportunities for Teachers
508(1)
How Will You Find Your First Teaching Job?
509(7)
Finding Out about Teaching Vacancies
509(2)
Preparing Your Resume
511(1)
Writing Letters of Inquiry and Applications
511(2)
Participating in a Job Interview
513(2)
Accepting an Offer
515(1)
Professional Reflection: What elements are essential for your job satisfaction?
515(1)
Technology Highlights: How can you create an electronic professional portfolio?
516(1)
What Can You Expect as a Beginning Teacher?
516(2)
The First Day
516(2)
Advice from Experienced Teachers
518(1)
How Can You Become a Part of Your Learning Community?
518(6)
Relationships with Students
518(1)
Relationships with Colleagues and Staff
519(1)
Relationships with Administrators
520(1)
Relationships with Parents
520(2)
Where Do You Stand? Should teachers be required to make home visits?
522(2)
Community Relations
524(1)
How Can You Participate in Teacher Collaboration?
524(3)
Peer Coaching
525(1)
Staff Development
525(1)
Team Teaching
526(1)
Co-Teaching
526(1)
How Will Your Performance as a Teacher Be Evaluated?
527(17)
Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation
527(1)
Keepers of the Dream: Mary Lynn Peacher: The Teacher with Heart
528(1)
Clinical Supervision
528(2)
Summary
530(1)
Key Terms and Concepts
531(1)
Applications and Activities
532(1)
Teacher's Journal
532(1)
Teacher's Database
532(1)
Observations and Interviews
532(1)
Professional Portfolio
533(1)
Appendix 13.1 Directory of State Teacher Certification Offices in the United States
534(3)
Appendix 13.2 Parties to the Interstate Certification Agreement Contract
537(1)
Appendix 13.3 Job Search Timetable Checklist
538(1)
Appendix 13.4 Resume Advice for Educators
539(2)
Appendix 13.5 Critical Information to Know about School Districts
541(2)
Appendix 13.6 Negotiating a School's Culture: A Political Roadmap for the First-Year Teacher
543(1)
Education Issues for the Twenty-First Century
544(35)
Focus Questions
545(2)
What Knowledge and Skills Will Prepare Students for a Global Information Age?
547(3)
Literacy in Language, Mathematics, and Science
547(1)
New Technological Skills
548(1)
Problem Solving, Critical Thinking, and Creativity
548(1)
Social Awareness, Communication Skills, and Team Building
549(1)
Global Awareness and Conservation Skills
549(1)
Health and Wellness Education
549(1)
Moral and Ethical Orientation
549(1)
Aesthetics Awareness
550(1)
Lifelong, Self-Directed Learning
550(1)
How Can Schools and Teachers Provide an Outstanding Education for All Learners?
550(4)
Equity for All Students
551(1)
Case to Consider: An exemplary school
552(2)
Active, Authentic Learning
554(1)
How Can Community-Based Partnerships Address Social Problems That Hinder Students' Learning?
554(5)
The Community as a Resource for Schools
555(1)
Civic Organizations
555(1)
Volunteer Mentor Programs
555(1)
Corporate-Education Partnerships
555(2)
Schools as Resources for Communities
557(1)
Beyond the School Day
557(1)
Social Services
558(1)
How Will the Privatization Movement Affect Equity and Excellence in Education?
559(5)
Charter Schools
560(1)
For-Profit Schools
561(1)
Where Do You Stand? Is privatization an effective way to improve education in the United States?
562(2)
Technology Highlights: How does the United States compare to other countries regarding the importance of information technology in the curriculum?
564(1)
What Can Teachers and Schools Learn from International Education?
564(7)
Comparative Education
565
International Comparisons of Achievement
556(12)
A National Curriculum?
568(1)
Lessons from Other Countries
569(1)
Support for Teachers and Teaching
569(2)
Parental Involvement
571(1)
Pressure to Excel
571(1)
What Is Our Vision for the Future of Education?
571(8)
Tomorrow's Teacher
573(1)
Professional Reflection: What does the future hold for education in your state?
574(1)
Summary
575(2)
Key Terms and Concepts
577(1)
Applications and Activities
577(1)
Teacher's Journal
577(1)
Teacher's Database
578(1)
Observations and Interviews
578(1)
Professional Portfolio
578(1)
References 579(14)
Glossary 593(8)
Name Index 601(4)
Subject Index 605


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