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Becoming a Teacher, Seventh Edition,takes a straightforward look at what it means to be a professional teacher in today's rapidly changing, high-stakes environment of education. Building upon a strong mentoring message that has long been the tradition of Becoming a Teacher, the Seventh Edition helps students make difficult decisions about their teaching future by fostering an awareness of the realities of teaching in America today. This no-nonsense approach provides students with the tools and information necessary to answer the questions, What does it take to succeed as a teacher today? and Do I want to teach? Along the way, the authors provide practical perspectives for meeting the challenges of teaching. Organized into four parts, the book addresses both practical and foundational topics to give readers a well-rounded view of the teaching profession.
Table of Contents
I. THE TEACHING PROFESSION. 1. Teaching: Your Chosen Profession. Why Do You Want to Teach? Desire to Work with Children and Young People A Passion for Teaching Influence of Teachers Desire to Serve Practical Benefits of Teaching What Challenges Will I Confront as a Teacher? Classroom Management and Increasing School Violence Social Problems That Impact Students Inadequate Family and Community Support Long Working Hours and Job Stress Gaining Professional Empowerment What Is It Like to be a Teacher? Reality 1: Unpredictable Outcomes Reality 2: Assessing Students Learning Reality 3: Limited Influence on Students Behavior Reality 4: The Importance of Teachers Attitudes Reality 5: The Unpredictability and Immediacy of Teaching Reality 6: The Uniqueness of Teaching What Will Society Expect of Me as a Teacher? The Public Trust Teacher Competency and Effectiveness Teacher Accountability How Do Accomplished Teachers View Their Work? A Way of Being A Creative Endeavor A Live Performance A Form of Empowerment An Opportunity to Serve Keepers of the Dream 2. Learning to Teach. What Knowledge Do You Need to Teach? Self-Knowledge Knowledge of Students Knowledge of Subject Knowledge of How to Use Educational Theory and Research Reflection and Problem Solving What Are Five Views of the Teacher Knowledge Base? A Personal Development View Research-Based Competencies State Standards A Job-Analysis Approach Professional Views How Do Reforms in Teacher Education Affect You? Increased Academic Preparation Expanded Role for Schools State Standards Boards What Can You Learn from Observing in Classrooms? Technology and Classroom Observations Focused Observations Observation Instruments How Can You Gain Practical Experience for Becoming a Teacher? Classroom Experiences Student Teaching Gaining Experiences in Multicultural Settings Induction and Internship Programs Substitute Teaching How Can You Develop Your Teaching Portfolio? Portfolio Contents Using a Portfolio How Can You Benefit from Mentoring Relationships? What Opportunities for Continuing Professional Development Will You Have? Self-Assessment for Professional Growth Teacher Workshops Teacher Centers Professional Development Schools Supervision and Mentoring of Student Teachers Graduate Study Study on the Internet II. FOUNDATIONS OF TEACHING. 3. Ideas and Events That Have Shaped Education in the United States. What Determines Your Educational Philosophy? Beliefs About Teaching and Learning Beliefs About Students Beliefs About Knowledge Beliefs About What Is Worth Knowing What Are the Branches of Philosophy? Metaphysics Epistemology Axiology What Are Five Modern Philosophical Orientations to Teaching? Perennialism Essentialism Progressivism Existentialism Social Reconstructionism What Psychological Orientations Have Influenced Teaching Philosophies? Humanistic Philosophy Behaviorism Constructivism How Can You Develop Your Educational Philosophy? What Were Teaching and Schools Like in the American Colonies (1620-1750)? Colonial Schools The Origins of Mandated Education Education for African Americans and Native Americans What Were the Goals of Education during the Revolutionary Period (1750-1820)? Benjamin Franklins Academy Sarah Pierces Female Academy Thomas Jeffersons Philosophy Noah Websters Speller How Wa