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The Bedford Companion to Shakespeare An Introduction with Documents

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780312248802

ISBN10:
0312248806
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/20/2001
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's
List Price: $38.35

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Summary

- This ideal introduction covers the major topics essential to the study of Shakespeare including Shakespeare's life and work, his language, the theater in Shakespeare's time, early modern social structures (family, class, and gender), the historical and political contexts of the plays, and everyday life in early modern England. A new chapter on Shakespeare in performance introduces students to the great variety of productions of Shakespeare's works over the centuries and includes a selection of evocative performance photographs that help bring the history of performance to life.- Unique sets of primary documents in each chapter give students firsthand knowledge of early modern culture, including maps and illustrations, excerpts from conduct books, sermons, playhouse records, facsimiles from quartos and the First Folio, passages from Shakespeare's sources, dress laws, and popular ballads. The second edition features more documents by women and other marginalized voices from the early modern period and a new set of documents on Shakespeare in performance.- Useful editorial apparatus includes a through bibliography that provides students with a convenient resource for locating additional materials and serves as an introduction to the most significant Shakespeare criticism. An annotated appendix of the most useful Shakespeare Web sites helps students find additional documents and illustrations and aids their research. The Bedford Shakespeare Series Web Si

Author Biography

RUSS McDONALD (Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania) is the editor of four plays in the revised Pelican series of Shakespeare's plays and the author of Shakespeare Reread (1994), Shakespeare and Jonson/Jonson and Shakespeare (1988), and numerous articles on early modern theater, comedy, and opera. A celebrated teacher, McDonald has taught at Mississippi State University, the University of Hawaii, and the University of Rochester. He has been actively involved with the NEH-sponsored Teaching Shakespeare Institute at the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, D.C., and he has also served as resident scholar, head scholar, and institute director of Teaching Shakespeare's Language.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
To The Reader xiii
Introduction 1(1)
Shakespeare in Our Time
1(2)
The Uses of a Companion
3(1)
The Illustrations and Documents
4(3)
Three Troublesome Topics: Terminology, Modernization, and Money
7(1)
A Final Word
8(4)
Shakespeare, ``Shakespeare,'' and the Problem of Authorship
II
Early Life
12(3)
London: The First Decade
15(4)
London: Maturity
19(3)
Retirement
22(2)
The Anti-Stratfordians
24(2)
What Is an Author?
26(3)
Illustrations and Documents
The House Known as Shakespeare's Birthplace
29(1)
Record of Shakespeare's Baptism
29(2)
Map of Stratford-upon-Avon
31(1)
Francis Meres, From Palladis Tamia: Wit's Treasury
32(1)
The Royal License for Shakespeare's Company
33(1)
A Plague Bill
33(1)
John Ward, Vicar of Stratford, From His Diary
34(1)
Detail from the ``Agas'' Map of London (With Shakespeare's Lodging Indicated)
34(2)
``To What End Are All These Words?'': Shakespeare's Dramatic Language
36(43)
Early Modern English
38(4)
Rhetoric
42(2)
Wordplay
44(3)
The Forms of Dramatic Language
47(8)
Language as Theme
55(4)
Illustrations and Documents
Desiderius Erasmus, From the Foreword to the Third Edition of the Latin New Testament
59(1)
From The Art of Rhetoric (Of Composition)
60(2)
Thomas Wilson
From Musophilus
62(1)
Samuel Daniel
From ``Of the Vanity of Words''
63(1)
Michel de Montaigne
From The Schoolmaster
64(2)
Roger Ascham
From The Art of Reason, Rightly Termed Witcraft
66(2)
Ralph Lever
From The Art of English Poesy
68(5)
George Puttenham
From The Book of the Courtier
73(4)
Baldassare Castiglione
Chart of the Relative Proportions of Poetry and Prose in Shakespeare's Plays
77(2)
Theater a la Mode: Shakespeare and the Kinds of Drama
79(30)
Comedy
81(4)
Tragedy
85(5)
History
90(4)
Romance
94(3)
Mixed Modes
97(2)
Illustrations and Documents
From The Defense of Poesy
99(1)
Sir Philip Sidney
From The Tragedy of Mariam, Fair Queen of Jewry
100(1)
Elizabeth Cary
From Poetics
101(4)
Aristotle
Title Page of Richard III (First Quarto)
105(2)
From His Notes of a Conversation with Queen Elizabeth I about Richard II
107(1)
William Lambarde
From His Preface to The Faithful Shepherdess
107(1)
John Fletcher
From A Short View of Tragedy
108(1)
Thomas Rymer
Performances, Playhouses, and Players
109(36)
Going to a Play, Circa 1595
109(5)
The Playhouses
114(6)
The Companies
120(3)
The Theater and the Authorities
123(5)
Illustrations and Documents
Map Showing the Playhouses in Shakespeare's Time
128(1)
Sketch Accompanying Lines from Titus Andronicus
128(1)
Henry Peacham
Inventory of Theatrical Costumes (From Henslowe's Papers)
129(3)
Remains of the Rose Playhouse
132(1)
Two Plans of the Rose Playhouse
133(1)
Illustration of the Second Globe
134(1)
C. Walter Hodges
Copy of De Witt's Sketch of the Swan Playhouse
135(2)
Detail from Long View of London
137(1)
Wenceslas Hollar
Log of Plays from His Diary
137(3)
Philip Henslowe
Testimony about a Performance of Richard II
140(1)
Record of King James's Payment to the King's Men
140(1)
From An Apology for Actors
141(2)
Thomas Heywood
Letter to His Wife
143(2)
Edward Alleyn
``I Loved My Books'': Shakespeare's Reading
145(49)
Shakespeare and the Classics
147(2)
Major Influences
149(5)
Indirect Sources
154(4)
Shakespeare's Favorites
158(5)
Illustrations and Documents
From The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancaster and York
163(1)
Edward Hall
From the Geneva Bible
164(5)
From Gli Hecatommithi (The Principal Source for Othello)
169(2)
Giovanni Battista Giraldi Cinthio
From The Book of Common Prayer (The Order for the Burial of the Dead)
171(3)
From Acts and Monuments
174(4)
John Foxe
A Moralized Ballad
178(2)
From A True Reportory of the Wreck and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates (A Source for The Tempest)
180(2)
Sir William Strachey
From Tamburlaine the Great
182(1)
Christopher Marlowe
Two Sonnets from Astrophil and Stella
183(1)
Sir Philip Sidney
Two Sonnets from Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
184(1)
Lady Mary Wroth
From The Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland (Second Edition)
185(1)
Raphael Holinshed
From Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans (Translated by Sir Thomas North)
186(1)
Plutarch
Countess of Pembroke, From Her Translation of The Tragedy of Antonie Robert Garnier
187(3)
Mary Sidney Herbert
From Metamorphoses (Translated by Arthur Golding)
190(4)
Ovid
``What Is Your Text?''
194(25)
What Is a Shakespearean Text?
195(3)
From Pen to Press: The Printing of Renaissance Plays
198(3)
Illustration of the Folding and Printing Process
200(1)
Shakespeare's Plays in Print
201(5)
Some Examples of Textual Instability
206(4)
Shakespeare's Texts and the General Reader
210(1)
Illustrations and Documents
Title Page of Titus Andronicus (First Quarto)
211(1)
Title Page and Catalogue of the First Folio
212(2)
Illustration of a Seventeenth-Century Print Shop (Frontispiece to Edmund Rive's Twelve Rules Introducing to the Art of Latin)
214(1)
Facsimile of the Last Page of King Lear (First Quarto)
215(1)
Facsimile of ``To be or not to be'' from Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (First Quarto)
216(1)
Facsimile of ``To be or not to be'' from Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (1623 Folio)
217(1)
A Comparison of the Work of Compositors A and B on the 1623 Folio
218(1)
Town and Country: Life in Shakespeare's England
219(34)
London
221(3)
The Suburbs
224(1)
The Countryside
225(3)
Rural Life
228(3)
The Daily Routine
231(1)
Clothing
231(2)
Getting and Spending
233(4)
Illustrations and Documents
From The Description of England (The Conditions of English Inns and Overnight Travel)
237(1)
William Harrison
From Survey of London (The Location of Tradesmen in London)
238(1)
John Stow
From ``The Manner of Her Will, and What She Left to London''
239(2)
Isabella Whitney
From Travels in England (The Thames River)
241(1)
Thomas Platter
From Journey through England and Scotland (A Visit to the Bearbaiting Arena)
241(1)
Lupold von Wedel
From Christ's Tears over Jerusalem (The Brothels of Suburban London)
242(1)
Thomas Nashe
From The English Husbandman (Rural Domestic Architecture and Interior Design)
243(2)
Gervase Markham
From A Target for Tillage
245(1)
John Moore
From The Book of Husbandry (What Works a Wife Should Do)
246(2)
Sir Anthony Fitzherbert
From The Description of England (Dining Customs)
248(1)
William Harrison
From Positions...for the Training Up of Children (Chapter 27, ``Of the Ball'')
248(2)
Richard Mulcaster
From The Description of England (Fashion)
250(2)
William Harrison
From A Delightful Daily Exercise for Ladies and Gentlewomen
252(1)
John Murrell
Men and Women: Gender, Family, Society
253(50)
The Situation of Women
253(6)
Patriarchy
259(4)
Primogeniture
263(2)
Marriage and Money
265(4)
Family Life
269(4)
The Social Structure
273(4)
Conclusion: The Body Politic
277(1)
Illustrations and Documents
From Historia Animalium
278(1)
Aristotle
From Natural and Artificial Directions for Health
279(1)
William Vaughan
Letter on Poetry
279(2)
Lady Anne Southwell
From Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum
281(2)
Aemilia Lanyer
From Patriarcha, or The Natural Power of Kings
283(2)
Sir Robert Filmer
From An Homily of the State of Matrimony
285(5)
From of Domestical Duties: Eight Treatises
290(2)
William Gouge
From De Republica Anglorum: The Manner of Government of Policy of the Realm of England (Of Children)
292(1)
Sir Thomas Smith
From An Heptameron of Civil Discourses (Household Laws to Keep the Married in Love, Peace, and Amity)
292(1)
George Whetstone
From The Countess of Lincoln's Nursery
293(2)
Elizabeth Clinton
On My First Son
295(1)
Ben Jonson
Excerpts from Conduct Books
295(1)
From The Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England (Of Buggery or Sodomy)
296(2)
Sir Edward Coke
From The Tears of an Affectionate Shepherd Sick for Love, or The Complaint of Daphnis for the Love of Ganymede
298(1)
Richard Barnfield
List of Royal Proclamations
299(2)
Queen Elizabeth I
Royal Proclamation against Vagabonds and Unlawful Assemblies
301(1)
Queen Elizabeth I
Edict Arranging for the Expulsion from England of Negroes and Blackamoors
302(1)
Queen Elizabeth I
Politics and Religion: Early Modern Ideologies
303(50)
An Absolute Monarchy?
304(2)
Councillors
306(2)
The Monarchs
308(7)
The ``Ermine Portrait'' of Elizabeth I
309(1)
Portrait of James I, by Paul van Somer
310(5)
The Church
315(3)
The Ideology of Order
318(4)
Shakespeare's Theater and the Problem of Authority
322(2)
The Stage and Its Opponents
324(2)
Illustrations and Documents
From De Republica Anglorum: The Manner of Government or Policy of the Realm of England (Of Parliament and the Monarchy)
326(2)
Sir Thomas Smith
The Tilbury Speech
328(1)
Queen Elizabeth I
From A Speech to the Lords and Commons of the Parliament at Whitehall
328(3)
King James I
Secret Letter to Sir Robert Cecil
331(1)
King James I
Letter to George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham
332(1)
King James I
Letter Describing the Revels at King James's Court
333(1)
Sir John Harington
From The Prince
334(2)
Niccolo Machiavelli
From Basilikon Doron
336(3)
King James I
From His Diary (On a Dream about an Encounter with Queen Elizabeth)
339(1)
Simon Forman
From An Admonition to the Parliament
340(3)
John Field
Thomas Wilcox
From the Catholics' Supplication and An Answer to the Catholics' Supplication
343(2)
From An Homily Against Disobedience and Willful Rebellion
345(4)
From Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity
349(2)
Richard Hooker
From The Anatomy of Abuses
351(2)
Philip Stubbes
From Bracegirdle to Branagh: Shakespeare in Performance from 1660 to the Present
353(53)
Innovations, Technical and Theatrical
354(3)
Actors and Their Roles
357(6)
American Shakespeare
363(3)
Twentieth-Century Stages, Modern and Postmodern
366(10)
Shakespeare Screened
376(7)
Illustrations and Documents
David Garrick as King Lear (After a Painting by Benjamin Wilson)
383(1)
From The History of King Lear
383(3)
Nahum Tate
Three Lady Macbeths (Sarah Siddons, Ellen Terry, Judi Dench)
386(2)
Ira Aldridge as Othello
388(1)
Playbill Advertising a Gala Performance of Julius Caesar (Featuring the Three Booth Brothers)
389(1)
Norman Wilkinson's Set Design for Twelfth Night
390(1)
Robert Edmond Jones's Set Design for John Barrymore's Hamlet (New York and London)
391(1)
John Barrymore's Script for Hamlet (Directed by Arthur Hopkins)
392(1)
Review of A Midsummer Night's Dream (From The Examiner, January 21, 1816)
393(2)
William Hazlitt
Two Productions of A Midsummer Night's Dream (Charles Kean, London; Peter Brook, Stratford-upon-Avon)
395(3)
Review of Peter Brook's A Midsummer Night's Dream (From Shakespeare Quarterly)
398(2)
Robert Speaight
Laurence Olivier as Henry V
400(1)
From He That Plays the King
401(4)
Kenneth Tynan
Titus (Directed by Julie Taymor)
405(1)
Bibliography 406(16)
Appendix: Shakespeare Resources on the Web 422(8)
Index 430


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