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Long one of the most popular composition readers on the market, The Bedford Reader provides compelling readings by excellent writers. It takes a practical and flexible approach to the rhetorical methods, focusing on their uses in varied writing situations. The popular "Writers on Writing" feature illustrates the many ways writers create meaning from what they read and experience, and the Kennedys' instruction helps students connect critical reading to academic writing. The twelfth edition provides even more helpful guidance for students on critical reading and writing, a new appendix with advice on APA documentation, and an updated selection of compelling readings. The print text is now integrated with e-Pages for The Bedford Reader, designed to take advantage of what the Web can do, with provocative new essays and multimodal selections.
X. J. Kennedy is an acclaimed poet, children’s author, college teacher, and textbook author. He has taught freshman composition at the University of Michigan; the University of North Carolina, Greensboro; and Tufts University. Since 1966, more than 2 million students have treasured his introductory literature texts and The Bedford Reader, coedited with Dorothy M. Kennedy and Jane E. Aaron, now in its ninth edition.
Dorothy M. Kennedy is a writer and editor whose articles and reviews have ppeared in both professional and academic journals. She has taught composition at the University of Michigan and Ohio University and, with X. J. Kennedy, is the recipient of the NCTE Teacher's Choice Award for Knock at a Star: A Child's Introduction to Poetry.
Jane E. Aaron is a professional writer and editor as well as an experienced teacher. She is the author of the best selling Little, Brown Handbook and coeditor of the best-selling Bedford Reader, Eighth Edition (Bedford/St. Martin's, 2003). She has served as consultant, editor, or writer on more than a dozen other textbooks for the first-year composition course.
Ellen Kuhl Repetto (M.A., University of Massachusetts Boston) is a freelance editor and writer who has contributed to more than twenty composition readers, handbooks, and rhetorics. She is the author of The Bedford/St. Martin's Textbook Reader (2003), Readings for Discoveries: A Collection of Short Essays (2006), and Hope over Hardship: A History of the Boston Home, 1881 - 2006 (2007).
Table of Contents
*New to this editionPreface*How to Use This BookPART ONEReading, Writing, and Research 1 Critical Reading reading closely Previewing • Writing while reading Nancy Mairs Disability (annotated essay) developing an understanding Summarizing • Thinking critically*Checklist for critical reading analyzing an essay Meaning • Writing strategy • Language *Questions for analyzing an essaythinking critically about visual images *Questions for analyzing a visual image The big picture • Analysis • Inference • Synthesis • Evaluation*Visual Image: Man Fishing by a Power Plant, photograph by Robin Nelson2 The Writing Process assessing the writing situation Subject • Audience and purpose • Genrediscovering ideas Journal writing • Freewriting • Using the methods of developmentfocusing on a thesis *Finding a focus • Crafting a thesis statementdrafting *The body • The introduction and conclusionrevising Purpose and genre • Thesis • Unity • Development • CoherenceQuestions for revision editing Effective language • Clear and engaging sentences • Standard grammarQuestions for editing an essay-in-progress Discovering ideas and drafting • Revising • Editing • Final draftRosie Anaya Mental Illness on Television (annotated student essay) 3 Academic Writing responding to a text Forming a response • Synthesizing your own and another’s viewsworking with evidence *Avoiding plagiarism • Summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting • Integrating source materialwriting from research *Using the library • Evaluating sources • Synthesizing multiple sources *Questions for evaluating sourcessource citation using MLA style MLA parenthetical citations • MLA list of works citeda sample research paper in MLA style Rosie Anaya The Best Kept Secret on Campus (annotated student essay) Rosie Anaya on Writing PART TWOThe Methods4 Narration: Telling a Story*Visual Image: Missed Connection, drawing by Adrian Tominethe methodthe process Purpose and shape • The thesis • The narrator in the story • What to emphasize • OrganizationFocus on verbsChecklist for revising a narrativenarration in academic writing A geology textbook • A business case studyEmily Thibodeau Company History (annotated student writing)differenceMaya Angelou Champion of the World Maya Angelou on WritingAmy Tan Fish Cheeks *Aaron Smith Rat Pack (student essay) Aaron Smith on WritingAnnie Dillard The Chase Annie Dillard on Writing*Junot Díaz The Dreamer Junot Díaz on WritingShirley Jackson The Lottery Shirley Jackson on Writing[e-Page] National Geographic In the Shadow of Wounded Knee: Pine Ridge Community Storytelling Project (oral histories) 5 Description: Writing with Your SensesVisual Image: Doug and Mizan’s House, East River, photograph by Margaret Morton the methodthe process Purpose and audience • Dominant impression and thesis • Organization • DetailsFocus on specific and concrete languageChecklist for revising a descriptiondescription in academic writing *An art history textbook • A field observation in child developmentNick Fiorelli from Teaching Methodologies at Child’s Play Preschool (annotated student writing)fathersBrad Manning Arm Wrestling with My Father (student essay) Brad Manning on WritingSarah Vowell Shooting Dad Sarah Vowell on WritingElizabeth Gilbert The Best Pizza in the World *Sven Birkerts Ladder Joyce Carol Oates Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks, 1942 Visual Image: Nighthawks, painting by Edward Hopper Joyce Carol Oates on Writing[e-Page] Joan Didion The Santa Ana (audio essay) 6 Example: Pointing to InstancesVisual Image: Low-Energy Drinks, cartoon by Glen Le Lievrethe methodthe process The generalization and the thesis • The examplesFocus on sentence varietyChecklist for revising an example essayexamples in academic writing An economics textbook • A job-application letterKharron Reid Letter to E-line Systems (annotated student writing)*obsessions*Kellie Young The Undercurrent (student essay)*Michael Chabon XO9 Michael Chabon on WritingAnna Quindlen Homeless Anna Quindlen on Writing*Juliet Lapidos That’s So Mysto: What Makes Slang Stick? Brent Staples Black Men and Public Space Brent Staples on Writing[e-Page] Luis Alberto Urrea Life on the Mississippi (audio essay) 7 Comparison and Contrast: Setting Things Side by SideVisual Image: American Gothic, painting by Grant Wood; Rural Rehabilitation Client,photograph by Ben Shahnthe method Uses of comparison and contrast • Purposesthe process Subjects for comparison • Basis for comparison and thesis • Organization • Balance and flexibility *Focus on parallelismChecklist for revising a comparison and contrast comparison and contrast in academic writing *A communication textbook • A review of popular musicCharlotte Pak from Beyoncé Knowles: Soloist (annotated student writing)personalitiesSuzanne Britt Neat People vs. Sloppy People Suzanne Britt on WritingDave Barry Batting Clean-Up and Striking Out Dave Barry on Writing*Andrea Roman "We’re Not . . ." (student essay) Andrea Roman on WritingBruce Catton Grant and Lee: A Study in ContrastsDavid Sedaris Remembering My Childhood on the Continent of Africa David Sedaris on WritingFatema Mernissi Size 6: The Western Woman’s Harem[e-Page] Alan Watts Life and Music (flash animation) 8 Process ANalysis: Explaining Step by StepVisual Image: Workers Making Dolls, photograph by Wally McNameethe methodthe processFocus on consistencyChecklist for revising a process analysis process analysis in academic writing A psychology textbook • A chemistry lab reportVictor Khoury from DNA Extraction (annotated student writing)*foodFiroozeh Dumas Sweet, Sour, and Resentful Firoozeh Dumas on Writing*June Melby How to Make a Sno-Cone *Dan Koeppel Taking a FallLinnea Saukko How to Poison the Earth (student essay) Linnea Saukko on WritingJessica Mitford Behind the Formaldehyde Curtain Jessica Mitford on Writing[e-Page] Dove Evolution of a Model (video) 9 Division or Analysis: Slicing into PartsVisual Image: Deconstructing Lunch, cartoon by Roz Chastthe method Kinds of division or analysis • Analysis and critical thinking the process Subject and purpose • Principle of analysis and thesis • EvidenceFocus on paragraph coherenceChecklist for revising a division or analysis essay division or analysis in academic writing *A political science textbook • An annotated bibliography for literatureLauren Soto from Edgar Allan Poe’s Revenge (annotated student writing)*monstersGuillermo del Toro and Chuck Hogan Vampires Never Die Guillermo del Toro and Chuck Hogan on Writing*James Parker Our Zombies, Ourselves James Parker on Writing*Robert Lipsyte Jock Culture Francine Prose What Words Can Tell Francine Prose on WritingLaila Ayad The Capricious Camera (documented student essay)Visual Image: Mounted Nazi Troops on the Lookout for Likely Polish Children, photograph[e-Page] Jamaica Kincaid Girl (audio short story) 10 Classification: Sorting into Kinds*Visual Image: How the Poor, the Middle Class, and the Rich Spend Their Money, tableby NPRthe method Subjects and reasons for classification • Kinds of classificationthe process Purposes and theses • CategoriesFocus on paragraph developmentChecklist for revising a classification classification in academic writing An anthropology textbook • A computer science résuméKharron Reid Résumé (annotated student writing)*failures to communicateDeborah Tannen But What Do You Mean? Deborah Tannen on WritingWilliam Lutz The World of Doublespeak William Lutz on WritingRussell Baker The Plot against People Russell Baker on Writing*Ashley Herzog College Classes for Conservatives to Avoid (student essay) *Jeff Wise Deadly Mind Traps[e-Page] US Census Bureau, 2010 Census: United States Profile (map) 11 Cause and Effect: Asking WhyVisual Image: Im txtng while drvg, cartoon by Mike Luckovitchthe methodthe process Subject and purpose • Thesis • Causal relations • Discovery of causes • Educated guessesFocus on clarity and concisenessChecklist for revising a cause-and-effect essay cause and effect in academic writing A history textbook • A letter to the sports editorKate Krueger Letter to the Weekly (annotated student writing)globalizationChitra Divakaruni Live Free and Starve Chitra Divakaruni on WritingMarie Javdani Plato o Plomo: Silver or Lead (documented student essay) Marie Javdani on Writing*Dan Ariely Why We Lie*Christopher Beam Blood LossChris Anderson The Rise and Fall of the Hit Chris Anderson on Writing[e-Page] Randall Munroe, Everybody Jump (illustrated blog) 12 Definition: Tracing BoundariesVisual Image: There’s Strong, advertisement for the US Armythe methodthe process Discovery of meanings • Methods of development • Thesis • EvidenceFocus on paragraph and essay unityChecklist for revising a definition definition in academic writing A biology textbook • A government essay examMartin Ward Civil Liberties (annotated student writing)hurtful wordsGloria Naylor The Meanings of a Word Glorida Naylor on Writing► Christine Leong Being a Chink (student essay) Christine Leong on Writing*Meghan Daum Narcissist — Give It a Rest Meghan Daum on WritingThomas Sowell "Needs"*Augusten Burroughs How to Identify Love by Knowing What It’s Not[e-Page] Schroeder Veidt Dr. Carmella’s Guide to Understanding the Introverted (cartoon)13 Argument and Persuasion: Stating Opinions and ProposalsVisual Image: Corporate America Flag, image from Adbusters Media Foundationthe method Audience and common ground • Elements of argument • Reasoningthe process Finding a subject • OrganizingFocus on toneChecklist for revising argument and persuasion argument and persuasion in academic writing A public relations textbook • An environmental proposalAmelia Jones from Environmental Initiative for Corden University (annotated student writing)Linda Chavez Supporting Family Values Linda Chavez on Writingsame-sex marriageKatha Pollitt What’s Wrong with Gay Marriage?Charles Colson Gay "Marriage": Societal Suicide*internet tracking *Nicholas Carr Tracking Is an Assault on Liberty Nicholas Carr on Writing*Jim Harper Web Users Get as Much as They Give*Lori Andrews Facebook Is Using You Lori Andrews on Writing*environment *Bill McKibben Waste Not, Want Not*Derrick Jensen Forget Shorter Showers Derrick Jensen on Writing*Margaret Lundberg Eating Green (documented student essay) Margaret Lundberg on Writing[e-Page] work-life balance[e-Page] Ann-Marie Slaughter Why Women Still Can’t Have It All (magazine feature)[e-Page] Reader’s Digest The Essay that Rocked the Internet (quotations)[e-Page] Andrew Cohen "Having It All"? How about "Doing the Best I Can"? (blog post)PART THREEMixing the Methods *Sherman Alexie Superman and Me Sherman Alexie on WritingJudy Brady I Want a Wife Judy Brady on Writing*Judith Ortiz Cofer The Cruel CountryMartin Luther King, Jr. I Have a DreamMaxine Hong Kingston No Name Woman Maxine Hong Kingston on WritingGeorge Orwell Shooting an Elephant George Orwell on WritingJonathan Swift A Modest ProposalE. B. White Once More to the Lake E. B. White on Writing*AppendixAPA documentationsource citation using APA style APA parenthetical citations • APA references sample pages in APA style Rosie Anaya from The Best Kept Secret on Campus (annotated student writing)