9780195117813

Beginning Philosophy

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195117813

  • ISBN10:

    0195117816

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1998-09-03
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $79.94 Save up to $39.97
  • Rent Book $39.97
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The Used and Rental copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Beginning Philosophy provides an introduction to the fundamentalphilosophical problems in a straight-forward, reader-friendly style. It coverslogic and reasoning, theory of knowledge, the nature of the external world, themind/body problem, ethics, free will, the existence of God, and the problem ofevil. It contains both extensive quotes from historical figures, such asAquinas, Hume and Descartes, and references to some philosophical-minded,non-philosophers, such as Dostoevski and Carl Sagan.The book is designed to be as easy to read as possible while maintaining itsacademic rigor. Where difficult words cannot be avoided, they are definted inparentheses when they first appear in each chapter. Philosophical concepts areunderlined the first time they appear in each chapter. In addition, there is anextensive glossary of philosophical terms at the end of the book as well as aglossary of philosophers. At the same time, this book represents serious,systematic thinking across a wide range of subjects in analytical philosophy.The interconnection of philosophical problems and the relation of philosophy andscience are emphasized throughout.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Chapter 1 Introduction
1(13)
What Is Philosophy?
1(3)
How Is Philosophy Possible?
4(1)
A Survey of the Topics Covered in the Text
5(5)
Why Do Philosophy?
10(1)
Guide Questions
11(1)
Review Questions for Examinations
11(1)
Discussion Questions
12(1)
For Further Reading
12(2)
Chapter 2 Some Methodological Tools
14(26)
Definition and Meaning
14(3)
Logic
17(9)
Inference to the Best Explanation
26(2)
Cognitive Errors
28(4)
Methodological Tools at Work
32(3)
Logical Definitions Chart
35(1)
Guide Questions
36(1)
Review Questions for Examinations
36(1)
Discussion Questions
37(1)
For Further Reading
38(2)
Chapter 3 Theory of Knowledge
40(34)
Introduction
40(6)
Epistemology and Epistemic Agency
46(4)
The General Problem of Skepticism
50(4)
Specific Skeptical Problems
54(8)
Inference to the Best Explanation
62(4)
A Challenge to the Theory of Knowledge
66(3)
Misconceptions about the Theory of Knowledge
69(1)
Guide Questions
70(1)
Review Questions for Examinations
71(1)
Discussion Questions
72(1)
For Further Reading
73(1)
Chapter 4 The Nature of the External World
74(27)
Introduction
74(9)
Direct Realism
83(1)
Scientific Realism
84(7)
Phenomenalism
91(6)
A Final Remark on the Debate Between the Realists and the Phenomenalists
97(1)
Guide Questions
97(1)
Review Questions for Examinations
98(1)
Discussion Questions
99(1)
For Further Reading
100(1)
Chapter 5 The Mind/Body Problem
101(36)
Introduction
101(4)
Dualistic Theories
105(14)
Materialism
119(9)
Artificial Intelligence as a Challenge for Materialism
128(3)
Conclusion
131(1)
Misconceptions about the Mind/Body Problem
132(1)
Guide Questions
132(2)
Review Questions for Examinations
134(1)
Discussion Questions
135(1)
For Further Reading
136(1)
Chapter 6 Normative Ethics
137(35)
Introduction
137(6)
Some Problematic Theories of Moral Obligation
143(10)
Two Main Approaches to Moral Obligation: Consequentialism and Deontology
153(13)
Mixed Theories and What They Show about Normative Ethics
166(1)
Guide Questions
167(1)
Review Questions for Examinations
168(2)
Discussion Questions
170(1)
For Further Reading
171(1)
Chapter 7 Metaethics
172(27)
Introduction
172(7)
Objectivist Theories of Moral Judgments
179(7)
Subjectivism
186(7)
A Final Assessment of the Dispute Between the Objectivists and Subjectivists
193(1)
Guide Questions
194(2)
Review Questions for Examinations
196(1)
Discussion Questions
197(1)
For Further Reading
197(2)
Chapter 8 The Free Will Problem
199(34)
Introduction
199(2)
Six Theories
201(8)
Summary of the Six Theories
209(1)
The Four Questions Considered
210(14)
The Case for Subjectivism
224(3)
Misconceptions about the Free Will Problem
227(1)
Guide Questions
227(2)
Review Questions for Examinations
229(1)
Discussion Questions
230(2)
For Further Reading
232(1)
Chapter 9 The Existence of God
233(41)
Introduction
233(5)
Faith-Based Arguments for the Existence of God
238(6)
A Posteriori Arguments for the Existence of God
244(19)
An A Priori Argument for the Existence of God: The Ontological Argument
263(3)
The Case for Atheism
266(3)
Guide Questions
269(1)
Review Questions for Examinations
270(1)
Discussion Questions
271(1)
For Further Reading
272(2)
Chapter 10 The Problem of Evil
274(23)
Introduction
274(5)
The Best of All Possible Worlds
279(3)
Evil as a Necessary Part of Any World
282(3)
The Virtue (Soul-Making) Defense
285(3)
The Free Will Defense
288(3)
Animal Suffering
291(1)
A Problem of Goodness?
292(1)
Guide Questions
293(2)
Review Questions for Examinations
295(1)
Discussion Questions
295(1)
For Further Reading
296(1)
Chapter 11 A Total Picture
297(6)
Philosophy as Worldview Construction
297(1)
A Worldview
298(1)
The Meaning of Life
299(2)
Discussion Questions
301(1)
For Further Reading
302(1)
Philosophical Quotes 303(7)
Glossary of Philosophical Terms 310(17)
Glossary of Names 327(4)
Works Cited 331(8)
Index 339

Rewards Program

Write a Review