9780198508854

Beyond the Learning Curve The Construction of Mind

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780198508854

  • ISBN10:

    0198508859

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-12-22
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

For years now, learning has been at the heart of research within cognitive psychology. How do we acquire new knowledge and new skills? Are the principles underlying skill acquisition unique to learning, or similar to those underlying other behaviours? Is the mental system essentially modular, or is the mental system a simple product of experience, a product that, inevitably, reflects the shape of the external world with all of its specialisms and similarities?This new book takes the view that learning is a major influence on the nature of the processes and representations that fill our minds. Throughout, the authors review and consider the areas of skill acquisition and lexical representation to illustrate the effects that practice can have on cognitive processes. They also draw parallels between theories in physical and biological domains to propose not only a new theory of mental function but also demonstrate that the mind is essentially subjectto the same natural laws as the physical world. In so doing Speelman and Kirsner present a new perspective on psychology - one that identifies universal principles underlying all behaviours and one which contrasts markedly from our current focus on highly specific behaviours. Accessibly written,Beyond the Learning Curve is a thought provoking and challenging new text for students and researchers in the cognitive sciences.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1(26)
1.1 Learning curves
3(2)
1.2 The problem
5(1)
1.3 What is skill?
6(3)
1.4 What is skill acquisition?
9(6)
1.5 Transfer
15(6)
1.6 Overview of the book
21(1)
1.7 The solution
22(2)
1.8 Chapter outline
24(3)
2 Skill acquisition: History, questions, and theories 27(40)
2.1 What is skill acquisition?
27(1)
2.2 Great questions and issues
28(11)
2.3 Theories
39(25)
2.4 Conclusions
64(3)
3 Challenges 67(42)
3.1 Generality and specificity
67(5)
3.2 Task effects
72(2)
3.3 Training effects
74(3)
3.4 Transfer of training and its effect on learning curies
77(17)
3.5 Task learning curves as summary functions
94(5)
3.6 Context effects
99(4)
3.7 Individual differences
103(3)
3.8 Conclusions
106(3)
4 A new framework 109(32)
4.1 Principles
110(11)
4.2 The Component Theory of Skill Acquisition
121(13)
4.3 Implications
134(7)
5 The lexicon 141(70)
5.1 Repetition priming: Data and paradigms
142(3)
5.2 Theory
145(4)
5.3 Challenges
149(8)
5.4 The lexicon and skill acquisition are seen as unrelated
157(2)
5.5 Can skill acquisition explain lexical data?
159(23)
5.6 Revisiting old theories
182(3)
5.7 The lexicon reflects the environment
185(18)
5.8 Distributions and mechanisms
203(8)
6 A new view 211(50)
6.1 Halloy's theory of complex systems
212(3)
6.2 The Component Theory of Skill Acquisition: the mind as a complex system
215(12)
6.3 Biology, evolution, and explanatory criteria
227(5)
6.4 Implications
232(14)
6.5 Recommendations
246(12)
6.6 Conclusions
258(3)
References 261(22)
Index 283

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