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Biological Explorations : A Human Approach,9780131453142
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Biological Explorations : A Human Approach

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780131453142

ISBN10:
0131453149
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Benjamin Cummings
List Price: $90.00
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Summary

For non-majors introductory courses in human biology and biology with a human emphasis. Compatible with any textbook, this manual provides 33 stimulating laboratory exercises for either human biology or introductory biology courses for non-majors in which the human organism is emphasized. The level of rigor, user- friendly language, and abundant illustrations make this manual ideal for students who have had little, if any, prior science laboratory experience.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Color Insert Credits vii
PART 1 CELL BIOLOGY
1(110)
Orientation
3(12)
The Microscope
15(14)
The Cell
29(16)
Chemistry of Cells
45(14)
Enzymes
59(6)
Diffusion and Osmosis
65(12)
Photosynthesis
77(12)
Cellular Respiration
89(10)
Cell Division
99(12)
PART 2 INHERITANCE
111(40)
Heredity
113(14)
Molecular and Chromosomal Genetics
127(14)
DNA Fingerprinting
141(10)
PART 3 HUMAN BIOLOGY
151(162)
Organization of the Human Body
153(16)
Dissection of the Fetal Pig
169(20)
Circulation of Blood
189(14)
Blood
203(10)
Gas Exchange
213(10)
Digestion
223(10)
Neural Control
233(16)
Sensory Perception
249(16)
Support and Movement
265(14)
Excretion
279(10)
Reproduction
289(10)
Fertilization and Development
299(14)
PART 4 ORGANISMIC DIVERSITY
313(84)
Prokaryotes, Protists, and Fungi
315(20)
Plants
335(14)
Structure of Flowering Plants
349(12)
Simple Animals
361(14)
Mollusks, Annelids, and Arthropods
375(12)
Echinoderms and Chordates
387(10)
PART 5 EVOLUTION AND ECOLOGY
397(30)
Human Evolution
399(10)
Ecological Relationships
409(10)
Population Growth
419(8)
Appendix A Common Prefixes, Suffixes, and Root Words 427(2)
Appendix B Common Metric Units and Temperature Conversions 429(2)
Appendix C Oil Immersion Techniques 431(2)
Appendix D Classification of Organisms 433

Excerpts

Biological Explorations: A Human Approachis a laboratory manual specifically designed for the laboratory component of courses in: (1) general biology where the human organism is emphasized, and (2) human biology. It is compatible with any modern textbook that emphasizes the human organism. The exercises are appropriate for three-hour laboratory sessions, but they are also adaptable for a two-hour laboratory format. This laboratory manual is designed not only to enhance learning by students but to simplify the work of instructors. Its design assumes little if any prior experience by students in a biology laboratory. MAJOR FEATURES Thethirty-three exercisesprovide a wide range of options for the instructor, and the range of activities within an exercise further increases the available options. Each exercise is basicallyself-directing,which allows students to work independently without direct assistance by the instructor. Each exercise, and its major subunits, areself-containedso that the instructor may arrange the sequence of exercises, or the activities within an exercise, to suit his or her preferences. Each exercise begins with a list ofobjectivesthat outlines the minimal learning responsibilities of the student. The objectives also inform the student of the emphasis and scope of the activities to be accomplished and the minimal learning responsibilities. Following the objectives, each exercise starts with a brief discussion ofbackground informationthat is necessary to (a) understand the subject of the exercise, and (b) prepare the student for the activities that follow. The inclusion of the background information minimizes the need for introductory explanations by the instructor and assures that all lab sections receive the same introductory information. Before beginning the laboratory activities, students are directed to demonstrate their understanding of the background information by labeling illustrations and completing the portion of the Laboratory Report that covers this material. Over 200illustrationsare provided to enhance students' understanding. Students are asked to color-code significant structures in many illustrations as a means to aid learning. Eight plates of color photos are included in the organismic diversity section to assist students with the structure of difficult-to-observe organisms. Newkey termsare in bold print for easy recognition by students, and they are defined when first used. Requiredmaterialsare listed for each activity in an exercise. The list is divided into materials needed by each student or student group and materials that are to be available in the laboratory. This list helps the student to obtain the needed materials and guides the laboratory technician in setting up the laboratory. The exercises utilize standard equipment and materials that are available in most biology departments. Activities to be performed by students are identified by anassignmentheading that clearly distinguishes activities to be performed from the background information. The assignment sections are numbered sequentially within each exercise and on the Laboratory Report to facilitate identification and discussion. Clearlaboratory proceduresguide students through each activity, so that minimal assistance is needed from the instructor. ALaboratory Reportis provided for each exercise to guide and reinforce students' learning. The laboratory reports not only provide a place for students to record observations, collected data, and conclusions, but also provide a convenient means for the instructor to assess student understanding. The separate laboratory reports may be removed from the manual without removing key information contained in the exercises and needed by students for study.


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