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Biological Sciences : Notable Research and Discoveries,9780816074396

Biological Sciences : Notable Research and Discoveries

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780816074396

ISBN10:
0816074399
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2010
Publisher(s):
Facts on File
List Price: $39.50
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Summary

The expansion of knowledge with the help of technology, such as with a microscope, is a common theme in biology, as it is in other sciences. Biology is the study of living organisms or processes involved in life. The word "biology" derives from a Greek word; "bios," meaning life or mode of life, and "logos," meaning word or knowledge. The biological sciences include physiology, genetics, ecology, botany, molecular biology, and the study of specific biological systems, such as the nervous system.

Author Biography

Kyle Kirkland, PH.D., received a doctorate in neuroscience in 1998 from the University of Pennsylvania, where he studied the visual system and the statistical and computational properties of neural networks. His interdisciplinary background and interests have led him to publish articles on all aspects of science, including the history of science and its present and future impact on society. Kirkland is also the author of Facts On File's Physics in Our World set, acclaimed as a "top pick" by the Midwest Book Review.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. viii
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
Introductionp. xiii
Brain Imaging: Searching for Sites of Perception and Consciousnessp. 1
Introductionp. 2
Peering Inside the Skullp. 6
Brain Imaging and Metabolismp. 12
Localization of Functionp. 14
Phrenology-"Reading" the Bumps of the Skullp. 15
Perceiving the Worldp. 20
Imaging the Mind: Neural Correlates of Consciousnessp. 23
Salk Institute for Biological Studiesp. 24
Neural Oscillationsp. 29
Conclusionp. 30
Chronologyp. 32
Further Resourcesp. 35
The Human Genome in Health and Diseasep. 39
Introductionp. 40
Genes and DNAp. 41
DNA Forensicsp. 48
Human Genome Projectp. 50
National Institutes of Health (NIH)p. 52
Pharmacogenomics-Personalized Medicationsp. 57
Genes and Diseasesp. 61
Understanding the Human Genomep. 64
Noncoding "Junk" DNAp. 67
Conclusionp. 69
Chronologyp. 70
Further Resourcesp. 73
Protein Structure and Functionp. 77
Introductionp. 78
Proteins-Cellular Machinesp. 79
Amino Acidsp. 80
Protein Structure and Conformationp. 84
X-ray Crystallographyp. 87
Out of Shape: Protein Misfoldingp. 94
Predicting and Modeling the Folding Processp. 98
Protein Designp. 101
Conclusionp. 103
Chronologyp. 104
Further Resourcesp. 106
Biodiversity-The Complexity of Lifep. 109
Introductionp. 111
Coexistence-Living and Interacting Togetherp. 115
Community Stability and Productivityp. 118
Food Chain Analysisp. 123
Food Chains and Isotopesp. 124
Virtual Ecologyp. 127
Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab (PEaCE)p. 129
The Environment and Biodiversityp. 130
Conclusionp. 133
Chronologyp. 134
Further Resourcesp. 136
The Biology and Evolution of Virusesp. 140
Introductionp. 142
Antibodiesp. 146
Classification of Virusesp. 148
Influenza-Birds, Pigs, and Humansp. 152
Viral Evolutionp. 154
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)p. 158
AIDS Epidemicp. 160
Evolution and Epidemicsp. 163
The 1918 Influenza Virusp. 165
Conclusionp. 167
Chronologyp. 168
Further Resourcesp. 171
Regeneration-Healing by Regrowingp. 174
Introductionp. 175
Stem Cellsp. 177
Planariansp. 180
Growing Again-Regenerationp. 181
Limitations of Tissue Regeneration in Humansp. 185
Experimental Approaches to Spark Regenerationp. 188
The Scripps Research Institutep. 190
Cardiac Tissue Regenerationp. 191
Neural and Spinal Cord Regenerationp. 193
Conclusionp. 197
Chronologyp. 198
Further Resourcesp. 199
Final Thoughtsp. 203
Glossaryp. 207
Further Resourcesp. 212
Indexp. 215
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

Excerpts

The expansion of knowledge with the help of technology, such as with a microscope, is a common theme in biology, as it is in other sciences. Biology is the study of living organisms or processes involved in life. The word "biology" derives from a Greek word; "bios,"meaning life or mode of life, and "logos," meaning word or knowledge. The biological sciences include physiology, genetics, ecology, botany, molecular biology, and the study of specific biological systems, such as the nervous system.Biological Sciencesfocuses on the scientists who explore the frontiers of this complex topic and their unexpected results. This new book examines the journals and reports in this field, offering students insight into the methods and applications of biology.Chapters include:
  • Brain Imaging: Searching for Sites of Perception and Consciousness
  • The Human Genome in Health and Disease
  • Protein Structure and Function
  • Biodiversity-The Complexity of Life
  • The Biology and Evolution of Viruses
  • Regeneration-Healing by Regrowing.


Excerpted from Biological Sciences: Notable Research and Discoveries by Kyle Kirkland
All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.


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