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Biology Today And Tomorrow: Without Physiology,9780495109181
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Biology Today And Tomorrow: Without Physiology

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780495109181

ISBN10:
0495109185
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/24/2006
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
List Price: $167.66

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Summary

Cecie Starr is the most successful author in non-majors biology because of her clear and engaging writing, trend-setting art, and unparalleled media. BIOLOGY TODAY AND TOMORROW, BASICS Edition (no physiology coverage) her most concise text, provides a precise, issues-oriented approach and "solves" some of the toughest course challenges: engaging students, linking concepts from chapter to chapter, easily monitoring students' progress and simplifying lecture prep. Show students how biology matters: opening each chapter with engaging essays on hot issues and related online voting, the text highlights the connections between biology and real-life. Online exercises promote critical thinking about issues students will face as consumers, parents and citizens. Link concepts from chapter to chapter: since students have a difficult time linking concepts, the authors created a new "linking" tool. A list at the start of each chapter reminds students of related topics that were explained earlier. Within chapters, a key icon identifies cross-references to relevant sections in earlier chapters. As students work through the text, they see how topics build upon one another. Monitor students' progress with ease: BiologyNow offers diagnostic quizzes with automatically graded results that flow directly into your instructor grade book (iLrn, WebCT or BlackBoard). And, to assess students' progress instantly with in-class quizzes and polls, you can use JoinIn on TurningPoint content and software. Enjoy easier lecture prep: The new PowerLecture tool integrates all electronic chapter assets - art, photos, animations, videos, links to InfoTrac articles, web links, bulleted text slides, and everything else you need into each chapter's lecture slides. This "buffet" of media resources-arranged by chapter section-is at your fingertips.

Table of Contents

Invitation to Biology
What Am I Doing Here?
1(1)
Life's Levels Of Organization
2(2)
From Small to Smaller
2(1)
From Smaller to Vast
2(2)
Overview Of Life's Unity
4(2)
DNA, The Basis of Inheritance
4(1)
Energy, The Basis of Metabolism
4(1)
Energy and Life's Organization
4(1)
Life's Responsiveness to Change
5(1)
If So Much Unity, Why So Many Species?
6(2)
An Evolutionary View Of Diversity
8(1)
The Nature Of Biological Inquiry
9(1)
Observations, Hypotheses, and Tests
9(1)
About the Word ``Theory''
9(1)
The Power Of Experimental Tests
10(2)
An Assumption of Cause and Effect
10(1)
Example of an Experimental Design
10(1)
Example of a Field Experiment
10(1)
Bias in Reporting Results
11(1)
The Scope and Limits Of Science
12(4)
Unit One Cells
Molecules of Life
Science or the Supernatural?
15(1)
Atoms and Their Interactions
16(2)
Atoms and Isotopes
16(1)
Electrons and Energy Levels
16(2)
Bonds In Biological Molecules
18(2)
Ion Formation and Ionic Bonding
18(1)
Covalent Bonding
18(1)
Hydrogen Bonding
19(1)
Water's Life-Giving Properties
20(2)
Polarity of the Water Molecule
20(1)
Water's Temperature-Stabilizing Effects
20(1)
Water's Solvent Properties
21(1)
Water's Cohesion
21(1)
Acids and Bases
22(1)
The pH Scale
22(1)
Salts and Water
22(1)
Buffers Against Shifts in pH
23(1)
Molecules of Life---from Structure To Function
23(3)
What is an Organic Compound?
23(1)
It All Starts With Carbon's Bonding Behavior
23(1)
Functional Groups
24(1)
How Do Cells Build Organic Compounds?
25(1)
The Truly Abundant Carbohydrates
26(2)
The Simple Sugars
26(1)
Short-Chain Carbohydrates
26(1)
Complex Carbohydrates
26(2)
Greasy, Fatty---Must Be Lipids
28(2)
Fats and Fatty Acids
28(1)
Phospholipids
29(1)
Cholesterol and Other Sterols
29(1)
Waxes
29(1)
Proteins---Diversity in Structure and Function
30(2)
What is an Amino Acid?
30(1)
Levels of Protein Structure
30(2)
Why Is Protein Structure So Important?
32(2)
Just One Wrong Amino Acid ...
32(1)
Proteins Undone---Denaturation
32(2)
Nucleotides And The Nucleic Acids
34(5)
How Cells Are Put Together
Animalcules and Cells Fill'd With Juices
38(1)
What Is ``A Cell''?
39(1)
Most Cells Are Really Small
40(2)
Types of Microscopes
40(1)
Why Aren't All Cells Big?
41(1)
The Structure Of Cell Membranes
42(2)
A Closer Look At Prokaryotic Cells
44(1)
Closer Look At Eukaryotic Cells
45(5)
The Nucleus
46(1)
The Endomembrane System
46(2)
Mitochondria
48(1)
Chloroplasts
48(1)
Summary of Major Organelles
48(2)
Where Did Organelles Come From?
50(2)
Origin of the Nucleus and ER
50(1)
Theory of Endosymbiosis
50(1)
Evidence of Endosymbiosis
51(1)
The Dynamic Cytoskeleton
52(2)
Moving Along With Motor Proteins
52(1)
Cilia, Flagella, and False Feet
53(1)
Cell Surface Specializations
54(5)
Eukaryotic Cell Walls
54(1)
Matrixes Between Animal Cells
55(1)
Cell Junctions
55(3)
How Cells Work
Beer, Enzymes, and Your Liver
58(1)
Inputs and Outputs Of Energy
59(2)
The One-Way Flow of Energy
59(1)
ATP---The Cell's Energy Currency
59(1)
Up and Down the Energy Hills
60(1)
Inputs and Outputs Of Substances
61(1)
What Are Metabolic Pathways?
61(1)
The Nature of Metabolic Reactions
61(1)
How Enzymes Make Substances React
62(3)
Lowering the Energy Hill
62(1)
Help From Cofactors
63(1)
How Is Enzyme Activity Controlled?
64(1)
Effects of Temperature, pH, and Salinity
64(1)
Diffusion And Metabolism
65(1)
What Is a Concentration Gradient?
65(1)
What Determines Diffusion Rates?
66(1)
Working With And Against Diffusion
66(2)
Passive Transport
66(1)
Active Transport
67(1)
Which Way Will Water Move?
68(2)
Osmosis
68(1)
Effects of Tonicity
68(1)
Effects of Fluid Pressure
68(2)
Cell Burps And Gulps
70(4)
Where It Starts---Photosynthesis
Sunlight and Survival
73(1)
The Rainbow Catchers
74(2)
Light and Pigments
74(1)
Two Stages of Reactions
75(1)
Light-Dependent Reactions
76(2)
Light-Independent Reactions
78(2)
The Sugar Factory
78(1)
Different Plants, Different Pathways
79(1)
Pastures Of The Seas
80(3)
How Cells Release Chemical Energy
When Mitochondria Spin Their Wheels
82(1)
Overview Of Energy-Releasing Pathways
83(1)
Glycolysis---Glucose Breakdown Starts
84(2)
Second And Third Stages Of Aerobic Respiration
86(2)
Acetyl-CoA Formation and the Krebs Cycle
86(1)
Electron Transfer Phosphorylation
87(1)
Anaerobic Energy-Releasing Pathways
88(1)
Alcoholic Fermentation
89(1)
Lactate Fermentation
89(1)
Alternative Energy Sources In The Body
89(2)
The Fate of Glucose at Mealtime and in Between Meals
89(2)
Energy From Fats
91(1)
Energy From Proteins
91(1)
Connections With Photosynthesis
91(4)
Unit Two Genetics
How Cells Reproduce
Henrietta's Immortal Cells
94(1)
Overview Of Cell Division Mechanisms
95(1)
Mitosis and Meiosis
95(1)
Key Points About Chromosome Structure
95(1)
Introducing The Cell Cycle
96(1)
Mitosis Maintains The Chromosome Number
97(3)
Prophase: Mitosis Begins
98(1)
Transition to Metaphase
98(1)
From Anaphase Through Telophase
98(2)
Division Of The Cytoplasm
100(1)
Meiosis And Sexual Reproduction
101(3)
Asexual Versus Sexual Reproduction
101(1)
Two Divisions, Not One
102(2)
How Meiosis Puts Variation In Traits
104(2)
Crossing Over in Prophase I
104(1)
Metaphase I Alignments
105(1)
From Gametes To Offspring
106(2)
Gamete Formation in Plants
106(1)
Gamete Formation in Animals
106(1)
More Shufflings at Fertilization
106(2)
The Cell Cycle And Cancer
108(5)
The Cell Cycle Revisited
108(1)
Characteristics of Cancer
109(3)
Observing Patterns in Inherited Traits
Menacing Mucus
112(1)
Tracking Traits With Hybrid Crosses
113(4)
Terms Used in Modern Genetics
113(1)
Mendel's Experimental Approach
113(1)
Mendel's Theory of Segregation
114(2)
Mendel's Theory of Independent Assortment
116(1)
Not-so-Straightforward Phenotypes
117(3)
ABO Blood Types---A Case of Codominance
117(1)
Incomplete Dominance
118(1)
When Products of Two or More Gene Pairs Interact
118(1)
Single Genes With a Wide Reach
119(1)
Complex Variations In Traits
120(3)
Regarding the Unexpected Phenotype
120(1)
Continuous Variation in Populations
120(1)
Environmental Effects on Phenotype
121(2)
The Chromosomal Basis Of Inheritance
123(2)
A Rest Stop on Our Conceptual Road
123(1)
Karyotyping
123(1)
Autosomes and Sex Chromosomes
123(2)
Impact Of Crossing Over On Inheritance
125(1)
Human Genetic Analysis
126(1)
Examples Of Human Inheritance Patterns
127(3)
Autosomal Dominant Inheritance
127(1)
Autosomal Recessive Inheritance
128(1)
X-Linked Recessive Inheritance
128(2)
Structural Changes In Chromosomes
130(7)
Major Categories of Structural Change
130(1)
Does Chromosome Structure Evolve?
130(7)
Change In The Number Of Chromosomes
137
An Autosomal Change and Down Syndrome
131(1)
Changes in the Sex Chromosome Number
132(1)
Some Prospects In Human Genetics
133(5)
Bioethical Questions
133(1)
Choices Available
133(4)
DNA Structure and Function
Here, Kitty, Kitty, Kitty, Kitty, Kitty
137(1)
The Hunt For Fame, Fortune, And DNA
138(2)
Early and Puzzling Clues
138(1)
Confirmation of DNA Function
138(1)
Enter Watson and Crick
139(1)
DNA Structure And Function
140(2)
DNA's Building Blocks
140(1)
Fame and Glory
140(2)
Patterns of Base Pairing
142(1)
DNA Replication And Repair
142(1)
How Is a DNA Molecule Duplicated?
142(1)
Monitoring and Fixing DNA
142(1)
Using DNA To Clone Mammals
143(4)
Gene Expression and Control
Ricin and Your Ribosomes
146(1)
Making And Controlling The Cell's Proteins
147(1)
How Is RNA Transcribed From DNA?
147(3)
Three Classes of RNA
147(1)
The Nature of Transcription
147(1)
Finishing Up RNA Transcripts
148(2)
Deciphering mRNA
150(2)
From mRNA To Protein
152(2)
Mutated Genes And Their Protein Products
154(2)
Common Mutations
154(1)
How Do Mutations Arise?
154(1)
The Proof Is in the Protein
155(1)
Controls Over Gene Expression
156(7)
Common Controls
156(1)
Bacterial Control of the Lactose Operon
156(1)
Eukaryotic Gene Controls
157(5)
Studying and Manipulating Genomes
Golden Rice or Frankenfood?
162(1)
A Molecular Toolkit
163(2)
The Scissors: Restriction Enzymes
163(1)
Cloning Vectors
163(1)
cDNA Cloning
164(1)
Haystacks To Needles
165(2)
Isolating Genes
165(1)
PCR
165(2)
DNA Sequencing
167(1)
First Just Fingerprints, Now DNA Fingerprints
168(1)
Tinkering With The Molecules Of Life
169(2)
Emergence of Molecular Biology
169(1)
The Human Genome Project
169(1)
Genomics
170(1)
Practical Genetics
171(2)
Designer Plants
171(1)
Genetically Engineered Bacteria
172(1)
Barnyard Biotech
172(1)
Weighing The Benefits And Risks
173(4)
Knockout Cells and Organ Factories
174(1)
Regarding ``Frankenfood''
174(2)
Unit Three Evolution and Diversity
Processes of Evolution
Rise of the Super Rats
176(1)
Early Beliefs, Confounding Discoveries
177(4)
Questions From Biogeography
177(1)
Questions From Comparative Morphology
177(1)
Questions About Fossils
178(1)
Squeezing New Evidence Into Old Beliefs
178(1)
Voyage of the Beagle
178(1)
Old Bones and Armadillos
179(1)
A Key Insight---Variation in Traits
179(2)
The Nature Of Adaptation
181(1)
Salt-Tolerant Tomatoes
181(1)
Adaptation to What?
181(1)
Individuals Don't Evolve, Populations DO
182(2)
Variation in Populations
182(1)
The ``Gene Pool''
182(1)
Stability and Change in Allele Frequencies
183(1)
Mutations Revisited
183(1)
When Is A Population Not Evolving?
184(1)
Natural Selection Revisited
185(3)
Directional Selection
185(1)
Selection Against or in Favor of Extreme Phenotypes
186(2)
Maintaining Variation In A Population
188(2)
Sexual Selection
188(1)
Sickle-Cell Anemia---Lesser of Two Evils?
189(1)
Genetic Drift---The Chance Changes
190(1)
Chance Events and Population Size
190(1)
Bottlenecks and the Founder Effect
191(1)
Genetic Drift and Inbred Populations
191(1)
Gene Flow---Keeping Populations Alike
191(4)
Evolutionary Patterns, Rates, and Trends
Measuring Time
194(1)
Fossils---Evidence Of Ancient Life
195(1)
How Do Fossils Form?
195(1)
Fossils in Sedimentary Rock Layers
196(1)
Interpreting the Fossil Record
196(1)
Dating Pieces Of The Puzzle
196(3)
Radiometric Dating
196(1)
Placing Fossils in Geologic Time
197(2)
Evidence From Biogeography
199(2)
An Outrageous Hypothesis
199(1)
A Big Connection
200(1)
More Evidence From Comparative Morphology
201(2)
Morphological Divergence
201(1)
Morphological Convergence
202(1)
Evidence From Patterns Of Development
203(1)
Evidence From DNA, RNA, And Proteins
204(1)
Protein Comparisons
204(1)
Nucleic Acid Comparisons
204(1)
Molecular Clocks
205(1)
Reproductive Isolation, Maybe New Species
205(3)
Reproductive Isolating Mechanisms
206(2)
Interpreting The Evidence: Models For Speciation
208(3)
Geographic Isolation
208(1)
The Inviting Archipelagos
208(2)
Sympatric Speciation
210(1)
Parapatric Speciation
211(1)
Patterns Of Speciation And Extinctions
211(2)
Branching and Unbranched Evolution
211(1)
Evolutionary Trees and Rates of Change
211(1)
Adaptive Radiations
212(1)
Extinctions---End of the Line
212(1)
Organizing Information About Species
213(6)
Naming, Identifying, and Classifying Species
213(1)
What's in a Name? A Cladistic View
214(4)
Early Life
Looking for Life in All the Odd Places
218(1)
Origin Of The First Living Cells
219(5)
Conditions On the Early Earth
219(1)
Origin of Agents of Metabolism
220(1)
Origin of Self-Replicating Systems
220(1)
Origin of Cell Membranes
221(1)
The First Cells and Beyond
222(2)
What Are Existing Prokaryotes Like?
224(4)
General Characteristics
224(1)
Growth and Reproduction
225(1)
Prokaryotic Classification
225(1)
Examples of Archaean Diversity
226(1)
Examples of Bacterial Diversity
226(2)
Bacterial Behavior
228(1)
The Curiously Classified Protists
228(6)
Flagellated Protozoans and Euglenoids
228(1)
Radiolarians and Foraminiferans
229(1)
The Ciliates
230(1)
Dinoflagellates
230(1)
Apicomplexans and Malaria
230(1)
Diatoms, Brown Algae, and Relatives
231(1)
Red Algae
232(1)
Green Algae
232(2)
Amoebozoans
234(1)
The Fabulous Fungi
234(5)
Characteristics of Fungi
234(1)
Fungal Diversity
234(1)
The Club Fungi
235(1)
Spores and More Spores
236(1)
Fungal Symbionts
237(1)
The Unloved Few
238(1)
Viruses, Viroids, And Prions
239(2)
Characteristics of Viruses
239(1)
Viral Multiplication Cycles
240(1)
Viroids and Prions
240(1)
Evolution And Infectious Diseases
241(4)
Plant Evolution
Beginnings, and Endings
244(1)
Pioneers In A New World
245(2)
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
245(1)
From Haploid to Diploid Dominance
245(1)
Seeds and Pollen Grains
246(1)
The Bryophytes---No Vascular Tissues
247(1)
Seedless Vascular Plants
248(3)
Club Mosses
249(1)
Horsetails
249(1)
Ferns
250(1)
The Rise Of Seed-Bearing Plants
251(1)
Gymnosperms---Plants With ``Naked'' Seeds
252(2)
Angiosperms---The Flowering Plants
254(2)
Deforestation In The Tropics
256(4)
Animal Evolution
Interpreting and Misinterpreting the Past
259(1)
Overview Of The Animal Kingdom
260(2)
Animal Origins
260(1)
A Look at Body Plans
260(2)
Getting Along Well Without Organs
262(1)
Sponges
262(1)
Cnidarians
262(1)
Flatworms---Introducing Organ Systems
263(1)
Annelids---Segments Galore
264(2)
The Evolutionarily Pliable Mollusks
266(1)
Hiding Out, Or Not
266(1)
On the Cephalopod Need for Speed
266(1)
Amazingly Abundant Roundworms
267(1)
Arthropods---The Most Successful Animals
268(4)
Keys to Success
268(1)
Spiders and Their Relatives
269(1)
Crustaceans
269(1)
A Look at Insect Diversity
270(2)
The Puzzling Echinoderms
272(1)
Evolutionary Trends Among Vertebrates
273(2)
Early Craniates
273(1)
The Key Innovations
274(1)
Major Groups Of Jawed Fishes
275(1)
Early Amphibious Tetrapods
276(2)
The Rise Of Amniotes
278(3)
The ``Reptiles''
278(1)
Birds
279(1)
Mammals
280(1)
From Early Primates To Humans
281(9)
Origins and Early Divergences
282(1)
The First Hominids
283(1)
Emergence of Early Humans
284(1)
Emergence of Modern Humans
284(2)
Where Did Modern Humans Originate?
286(3)
Plants and Animals: Common Challenges
Too Hot To Handle
289(1)
Levels Of Structural Organization
290(2)
From Cells to Multicelled Organisms
290(1)
Growth Versus Development
290(1)
Structural Organization Has a History
290(1)
The Body's Internal Environment
291(1)
How Do Parts Contribute to the Whole?
291(1)
Recurring Challenges To Survival
292(1)
Requirements for Gas Exchange
292(1)
Requirements for Internal Transport
292(1)
Maintaining a Solute-Water Balance
293(1)
Requirements for Integration and Control
293(1)
On Variations in Resources and Threats
293(1)
Homeostasis In Animals
293(2)
Negative Feedback
294(1)
Positive Feedback
295(1)
Does Homeostasis Occur In Plants?
295(2)
Resisting Pathogens
295(1)
Sand, Wind, and the Yellow Bush Lupine
296(1)
About Rhythmic Leaf Folding
296(1)
How Cells Receive And Respond To Signals
297(4)
Unit Four Ecology
Population Ecology
The Human Touch
300(1)
Characteristics Of Populations
301(2)
Overview of the Demographics
301(1)
Elusive Heads To Count
302(1)
Population Size And Exponential Growth
303(1)
From Zero to Exponential Growth
303(1)
What Is the Biotic Potential?
304(1)
Limits On The Growth Of Populations
304(3)
What Are the Limiting Factors?
304(1)
Carrying Capacity and Logistic Growth
305(1)
Density-Dependent Controls
306(1)
Density-Independent Factors
306(1)
Life History Patterns
307(3)
Life Tables
307(1)
Patterns of Survival and Reproduction
307(1)
Evolution of Life History Traits
308(2)
Human Population Growth
310(6)
Why Have Human Populations Soared?
310(1)
Fertility Rates and Family Planning
311(1)
Economics and Population Growth
312(1)
Environmental Impacts of Populations
313(2)
Community Structure and Biodiversity
Fire Ants in the Pants
315(1)
Which Factors Shape Community Structure?
316(1)
The Niche
316(1)
Categories of Species Interactions
316(1)
Mutually Beneficial Interactions
317(1)
Competitive Interactions
318(2)
Competitive Exclusion
318(1)
Coexisting Competitors
319(1)
Predator-prey Interactions
320(3)
Models for Predator-Prey Interactions
320(1)
The Canadian Lynx and Snowshoe Hare
320(1)
An Evolutionary Arms Race
321(2)
Parasites And Parasitoids
323(2)
Biological Control Agents
324(1)
Changes In Community Structure Over Time
325(2)
Ecological Succession
325(1)
Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis
325(1)
Species Interactions in Succession
326(1)
Forces Contributing To Community Instability
327(3)
The Role of Keystone Species
327(1)
How Species Introductions Tip the Balance
328(2)
Patterns Of Species Diversity
330(1)
Mainland and Marine Patterns
330(1)
Island Patterns
330(1)
Conservation Biology
331(8)
About the Newly Endangered Species
332(1)
The Major Threats
332(1)
Emergence of Conservation Biology
333(5)
Ecosystems
Bye-Bye Bayou
338(1)
The Nature Of Ecosystems
339(3)
Overview of the Participants
339(1)
Trophic Interactions
340(1)
Food Webs
340(2)
Biological Magnification In Food Webs
342(1)
Studying Energy Flow Through Ecosystems
343(1)
Ecological Pyramids
343(1)
Primary Productivity
343(1)
Global Cycling Of Water And Nutrients
344(2)
Hydrologic Cycle
344(1)
The Water Crisis
345(1)
Carbon Cycle
346(2)
Greenhouse Gases, Global Warming
348(2)
Greenhouse Effect
348(1)
Global Warming and Climate Change
348(2)
Nitrogen Cycle
350(2)
Human Impact on the Nitrogen Cycle
351(1)
Phosphorus Cycle
352(4)
The Biosphere
Surfers, Seals, and the Sea
355(1)
Air Circulation And Climates
356(4)
Global Air Circulation Patterns
356(1)
A Fence of Wind and Ozone Thinning
357(1)
No Wind, Lots of Pollutants, and Smog
358(1)
Winds and Acid Rain
358(1)
Harnessing Solar and Wind Energy
359(1)
The Ocean, Landforms, And Climates
360(2)
Ocean Currents and Their Effects
360(1)
Rain Shadows and Monsoons
361(1)
Realms Of Biodiversity
362(7)
Deserts, Natural and Man-Made
364(1)
Dry Shrublands, Dry Woodlands, and Grasslands
364(2)
Broadleaf Forests
366(1)
Coniferous Forests
366(2)
Arctic and Alpine Tundra
368(1)
The Water Provinces
369(5)
Lake Ecosystems
369(1)
Estuaries and Mangrove Wetlands
370(1)
Rocky and Sandy Coastlines
371(1)
Coral Reefs
371(1)
The Open Ocean
372(1)
Hydrothermal Vents
372(1)
Upwelling Along Coasts
373(1)
Applying Knowledge Of The Biosphere
374(5)
Behavioral Ecology
My Pheromones Made Me Do It
378(1)
So Where Does Behavior Start?
379(5)
Genes and Behavior
379(1)
Hormones and Behavior
379(1)
Regarding Instinct and Learning
380(2)
The Adaptive Value of Behavior
382(2)
Communication Signals
384(2)
The Nature of Communication Signals
384(1)
Examples of Communication Displays
384(1)
Illegitimate Signalers and Receivers
385(1)
Mates, Offspring, And Reproductive Success
386(2)
Sexual Selection and Mating Behavior
386(1)
Parental Care
387(1)
Costs And Benefits Of Social Groups
388(2)
Cooperative Predator Avoidance
388(1)
The Selfish Herd
388(1)
Cooperative Hunting
388(1)
Dominance Hierarchies
389(1)
Regarding the Costs
389(1)
Why Sacrifice Yourself?
390(2)
Social Insects
390(1)
Social Mole-Rats
390(1)
Indirect Selection Theory
391(1)
A Look At Primate Social Behavior
392(1)
Human Social Behavior
393(1)
Human Pheromones
393(1)
Hormones and Bonding Behavior
393(1)
Evolutionary Questions
393
Epilogue Biological Principles and the Human Imperative
Appendix I Answers to Self-Quizzes
Appendix II Answers to Genetics Problems
Appendix III Annotations to A Journal Article
Appendix IV A Plain English Map of the Human Chromosomes


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