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This is the Reprint edition with a publication date of 11/25/2012.
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This is the story of the Black and Tans and Auxiliaries, the most notorious police forces in the history of the British Isles. During the Irish War of Independence (1920-1), the British government recruited thousands of ex-soldiers to serve as constables in the Royal Irish Constabulary, the Black and Tans, while also raising a paramilitary raiding force of ex-officers - the Auxiliary Division. From the summer of 1920 to the summer of 1921, these forces became the focus of bitter controversy. As the struggle for Irish independence intensified, the police responded to ambushes and assassinations by the guerrillas with reprisals and extrajudicial killings. Prisoners and suspects were abused and shot, the homes and shops of their families and supporters were burned, and the British government was accused of imposing a reign of terror on Ireland. Based on extensive archival research, this is the first serious study of the Black and Tans and Auxiliaries and the part they played in the Irish War of Independence. Dr Leeson examines the organization and recruitment of the British police, the social origins of police recruits, and the conditions in which they lived and worked, along with their conduct and misconduct once they joined the force, and their experiences and states of mind. For the first time, it tells the story of the Irish conflict from the police perspective, while casting new light on the British government's responsibility for reprisals, the problems of using police to combat insurgents, and the causes of atrocities in revolutionary wars.
D. M. Leeson received his PhD in History from McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada in 2003.
Table of Contents
|List of Abbreviations||p. xv|
|Note to the Reader||p. xvii|
|The Two-Headed Ass: Coalition Policy and Coalition Policing in Ireland||p. 4|
|The Irish ulcer, 1886-1919||p. 5|
|Insurgency: January 1919 to July 1920||p. 8|
|The Restoration of Order in Ireland Act, 9 August 1920||p. 12|
|Peelers: The Royal Irish Constabulary||p. 16|
|The Black and Tans||p. 24|
|Major General Tudor and the Auxiliary Division||p. 30|
|'The dark hours are dreaded': The War of Independence in West Galway||p. 39|
|Beaten to the ropes: winter and spring, 1919-20||p. 40|
|Shoot to kill: summer and autumn, 1920||p. 43|
|'You are going to suffer now': winter 1920-1||p. 56|
|Disturbed and restless: spring 1921||p. 59|
|Drastic measures: summer 1921||p. 64|
|Constabulary in Khaki: The Black and Tans||p. 68|
|'Ex-servicemen of good character and physique'||p. 69|
|'Jail-birds and down-and-outs'||p. 82|
|'A career of adventure and bloodshed'||p. 88|
|Dr Tudor's Beast Folk: The Auxiliary Division||p. 96|
|ŠThese ex-officers will be called Temporary Cadets'||p. 97|
|Who were the Auxiliaries, really?||p. 103|
|Temporary gentlemen||p. 112|
|Armed bands||p. 118|
|A corps de luxe||p. 125|
|One-Sided War: Police and Auxiliaries in Combat||p. 130|
|'A volley of shots rang out'||p. 130|
|Assassinations and ambushes||p. 134|
|Barracks and encounter battles||p. 141|
|Defeat and surrender||p. 147|
|'Come out, Sinn Fein!': Analysing Police Reprisals||p. 157|
|Counting the cost||p. 158|
|'Hellish laughter .and shouts of revenge'||p. 166|
|'Come out to be shot'||p. 176|
|By persons unknown||p. 182|
|The Devil's Work: Explaining Police Reprisals||p. 191|
|'A fratricidal vendetta'||p. 192|
|. No man's land||p. 203|
|'Courage wears a uniform'||p. 210|
|Let the murderers begin||p. 214|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|