9780807856536

The Blood of Government

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780807856536

  • ISBN10:

    0807856533

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-04-17
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Pr

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Summary

In 1899 the United States, having announced its arrival as a world power during the Spanish-Cuban-American War, inaugurated a brutal war of imperial conquest against the Philippine Republic. Over the next five decades, U.S. imperialists justified their colonial empire by crafting novel racial ideologies adapted to new realities of collaboration and anticolonial resistance. In this pathbreaking, transnational study, Paul Kramer reveals how racial politics served U.S. empire, and how empire-building in turn transformed ideas of race and nation in both the United States and the Philippines. Kramer argues that Philippine-American colonial history was characterized by struggles over sovereignty and recognition. In the wake of a racial-exterminist war, U.S. colonialists, in dialogue with Filipino elites, divided the Philippine population into "civilized" Christians and "savage" animists and Muslims. The former were subjected to a calibrated colonialism that gradually extended them self-government as they demonstrated their "capacities." The latter were governed first by Americans, then by Christian Filipinos who had proven themselves worthy of shouldering the "white man's burden." Ultimately, however, this racial vision of imperial nation-building collided with U.S. nativist efforts to insulate the United States from its colonies, even at the cost of Philippine independence. Kramer provides an innovative account of the global transformations of race and the centrality of empire to twentieth-century U.S. and Philippine histories.

Author Biography

Paul A. Kramer is associate professor of history at The Johns Hopkins University

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi
Introduction Sliding Scales
Race, Empire, and Transnational History
1(34)
Blood Compacts
Spanish Colonialism and the Invention of the Filipino
35(52)
From Hide to Heart
The Philippine-American War as Race War
87(72)
Dual Mandates
Collaboration and the Racial State
159(70)
Tensions of Exposition
Mixed Messages at the St. Louis World's Fair
229(56)
Representative Men
The Politics of Nation-Building
285(62)
Empire and Exclusion
Ending the Philippine Invasion of the United States
347(86)
Conclusion The Difference Empire Made 433(4)
Notes 437(44)
Bibliography 481(30)
Index 511

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