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Blueprints and Plans for Hvac,9781401818173
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Blueprints and Plans for Hvac

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9781401818173

ISBN10:
140181817X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/14/2003
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $191.95
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Summary

Learn how to read and use blueprints like a pro! Air conditioning drawings and hands-on exercises are the main focus of this new book, designed to help readers master the basics of blueprint reading and apply their new skills to work in the HVAC trade. Ideal for both technical students and entry-level HVAC field technicians alike, Blueprints and Plans for HVAC, 2E begins by reviewing basic mathematic procedures and safety considerations. Chapters that follow provide opportunities to gain first-hand experience in key areas, such as: using the architect's and engineer's scale, creating and using working and construction drawings, freehand sketching and drafting with instruments, and more! The final section of this all-inclusive book goes beyond basic concepts, enabling users to gain valuable skills in reading and interpreting architectural, ductwork, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing plans.

Author Biography

Joseph P. Moravek earned his Masters Degree in Education, and is currently an HVAC instructor at Lee College in Baytown, Texas

Table of Contents

Preface xi
New to this Edition xii
Acknowledgments xiii
PART I---BLUEPRINT READING
Review of Basic Mathematical Procedures
3(10)
Objectives
3(1)
Introduction
3(1)
Adding, Subtracting, Multiplying, and Dividing Whole Numbers
4(1)
Fractions
5(1)
Determining the Perimeter of a Square or Rectangle
6(1)
Determining the Area of a Square or Rectangle
6(1)
Determining the Area of a Triangle
6(1)
Determining the Area of a Circle
7(1)
Determining the Circumference of a Circle
7(1)
Determining Volume
7(1)
Equations
7(1)
Additional Problems
8(1)
Applied Math
8(5)
Answers to Self-test Questions
10(3)
Safety
13(4)
Objectives
13(1)
Introduction
13(1)
Safety Rules for the Blueprint Room and Drafting Room
13(1)
Safety Rules for Technicians on the Job Site
14(1)
Safety---Federal Law
15(2)
Summary
16(1)
Review Questions
16(1)
Linear Measurement
17(6)
Objectives
17(1)
Introduction
17(1)
The English System and the Metric System
18(1)
Reduced Scales
18(1)
The One-inch Graduation
18(1)
The One-foot Graduation
19(1)
The One-yard Graduation
19(1)
Linear Measurement Instruments
20(1)
Decimals and Fractions
20(3)
Summary
21(1)
Review Questions
21(2)
Angular Measurement
23(8)
Objectives
23(1)
Introduction
23(1)
Angular Measurements in a Circle
24(1)
Four Kinds of Angles
25(1)
Angles of a Triangle
26(1)
Using the Protractor
27(1)
Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds
27(4)
Summary
28(1)
Review Questions
28(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Measuring Angles
29(2)
Learning to Use the Architect's Scale
31(6)
Objectives
31(1)
Introduction
31(1)
The Architect's Scale Rule
31(1)
Understanding the Architect's Scale Rule
32(1)
Practicing with the One-inch Scale
33(1)
Using the One-half Inch Scale
33(1)
Using Other Scales
34(1)
The Most Commonly Used Scales on the Architect's Scale Rule
34(3)
Summary
35(1)
Review Questions
36(1)
Additional Student Exercise: Using the Architect's Scale
36(1)
Learning to Use the Engineer's Scale
37(6)
Objectives
37(1)
Introduction
37(1)
The Engineer's Scale Rule
37(1)
What Makes the Engineer's Scale Unique
38(1)
Using the Engineer's Scale Rule
38(1)
Commonly Used Scales on the Engineer's Scale Rule
39(4)
Summary
40(1)
Review Questions
41(1)
Additional Student Exercise: Using the Engineer's Scale
41(2)
Symbols and Abbreviations
43(6)
Objectives
43(1)
Introduction
43(1)
Standardized Abbreviations and Symbols
43(1)
Variations in Abbreviations
44(1)
Variations in Symbol
44(1)
Legend and Symbol Schedules
45(1)
Abbreviations and Symbols Used Together
45(1)
Examples of Abbreviations and Symbols
46(3)
Summary
46(1)
Review Questions
47(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Freehand Drawing of Symbols
48(1)
How Working Drawings are Created
49(8)
Objectives
49(1)
Introduction
49(1)
What are Working Drawings?
49(1)
How are Working Drawings Manually Created?
50(1)
How are Working Drawings Created with a Computer?
51(3)
Drawing Paper or Film Used for Working Drawings
54(1)
Sepia Drawings
54(1)
Who Makes Working Drawings?
54(3)
Summary
55(1)
Review Questions
55(2)
Categories of Working Drawings
57(8)
Objectives
57(1)
Introduction
57(1)
Major Categories of Working Drawings
57(1)
Site Work Section
58(1)
General Construction Section
58(1)
Structural Section
59(1)
Plumbing Section
60(1)
The Mechanical Plan Section
61(1)
Electrical Section
61(4)
Summary
62(1)
Review Questions
62(3)
Sections, Elevations, and Details
65(10)
Objectives
65(1)
Introduction
65(1)
Sections
65(2)
Elevations
67(1)
Details
68(7)
Summary
70(1)
Review Questions
70(1)
Additional Student Exercise: Extra Chapter 10 Review
71(4)
Creating Construction Drawings
75(8)
Objectives
75(1)
Introduction
75(1)
How Construction Drawings Got the Name ``Blueprint''
75(2)
The Diazo Process for Making Construction Drawings
77(2)
The Electrostatic Printing Process
79(1)
Other Methods of Printing Construction Drawings
80(1)
Microfilm and Computer Disk Storage of Drawings
81(2)
Summary
81(1)
Review Questions
81(2)
Who Uses Construction Drawings
83(4)
Objectives
83(1)
Introduction
83(1)
Plan Review and Approval by the Owner
83(1)
Review and Approval by Building Construction Agencies
84(1)
Contractors for Bidding (pricing)
84(1)
Equipment Suppliers
84(1)
Construction Plans for Construction Contractors
84(1)
As-built Drawings and Record Drawings Made From Construction Drawings
85(2)
Summary
85(1)
Review Questions
85(2)
Specifications
87(6)
Objectives
87(1)
Introduction
87(1)
Division 1---General Requirements
88(1)
Division 2---Site Work
88(1)
Division 3---Concrete
88(1)
Division 4---Masonry
88(1)
Division 5---Metals
88(1)
Division 6---Wood and Plastics
89(1)
Division 7---Thermal and Moisture Protection
89(1)
Division 8---Doors and Windows
89(1)
Division 9---Finishes
89(1)
Division 10---Specialties
89(1)
Division 11---Equipment
89(1)
Division 12---Furnishings
89(1)
Division 13---Special Construction
90(1)
Division 14---Conveying Systems
90(1)
Division 15---Mechanical
90(1)
Division 16---Plumbing
90(1)
Division 17---Electrical
90(3)
Responsibility and Liability
90(1)
Summary
91(1)
Review Questions
91(1)
Additional Student Exercise: Matching Specifications
92(1)
Title Blocks
93(8)
Objectives
93(1)
Introduction
93(2)
The Name of the Job
95(1)
The Architect's And/or Engineer's Name
95(1)
Sheet Title
95(1)
Numbering the Sheets in a Set of Drawings
95(1)
Revisions
96(1)
Dates on Working Drawings (Construction Drawings)
96(1)
Names or Initials Found in the Title Block
96(1)
The Scale Used for the Drawing
96(1)
The Architect's and Engineer's Seal
96(1)
The Liability Note
97(4)
Summary
98(1)
Review Questions
98(3)
PART II---FREEHAND SKETCHING AND DRAFTING
Types and Weights of Lines
101(8)
Objectives
101(1)
Introduction
101(1)
Schedule of Lines Used in Drafting and Freehand Sketching
101(1)
Lines Drawn with Pencils
102(1)
Object Lines
102(2)
Hidden Lines
104(1)
Extension and Dimension Lines
104(1)
Construction Lines
104(1)
Projection Lines
104(1)
Center Lines
104(1)
Cutting Plane Lines
104(2)
Break Lines
106(1)
Border Lines
107(1)
Schedule of Lines Used in Offices
107(2)
Summary
107(1)
Review Questions
107(2)
Orthographic Projection
109(14)
Objectives
109(1)
Introduction
109(1)
The Viewing Plane
109(1)
Combining Viewing Planes
110(1)
Types of Lines Used in Orthographic Projection
111(1)
Using Orthographic Projection to Construct the Three Basic Views
112(1)
Selecting the Proper Views
113(1)
Working Drawings and Orthographic Projection
114(9)
Summary
118(1)
Review Questions
118(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Completing Orthographic Projection Views
119(4)
Oblique Drawings
123(8)
Objectives
123(1)
Introduction
123(1)
How Oblique Drawings are Created
123(2)
Using the Architect's Scale for Oblique Drawings
125(1)
Lines Drawn on Oblique Drawings
126(2)
Variations in Oblique Drawings
128(3)
Summary
128(1)
Review Questions
128(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Constructing Oblique Drawings
128(3)
Isometric Drawings
131(16)
Objectives
131(1)
Introduction
131(1)
How Isometric Drawings are Drawn
132(3)
A Variation of Isometric Drawings
135(2)
Isometric Piping Diagram
137(3)
Where Isometric Drawings are Used
140(7)
Summary
140(1)
Review Questions
141(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Freehand Sketching Isometric Views
141(6)
Lettering and Notations
147(10)
Objectives
147(1)
Introduction
147(1)
Uppercase Lettering
147(1)
Lowercase Lettering
148(1)
Lettering Numerals
149(2)
Size and Spacing of Letters and Numerals
151(1)
Wording Notations for Blueprints
152(5)
Summary
153(1)
Review Questions
154(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Practice Forming Letters
154(3)
Organizing a Drawing Sheet
157(4)
Objectives
157(1)
Introduction
157(1)
Creating a Basic Schedule of Plans
157(1)
A System for Organizing a Job
158(1)
Organizing Individual Drawing Sheets
158(3)
Summary
159(1)
Review Questions
159(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Constructing Project Plan Booklets
159(2)
Shading and Crosshatching
161(8)
Objectives
161(1)
Introduction
161(1)
Crosshatching
161(1)
Poche
162(1)
Combination of Crosshatching and Poche
163(1)
Shading Drawings
164(1)
Procedures for Shading Oblique and Isometric Drawings
164(5)
Summary
165(1)
Review Questions
166(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Shading and Crosshatching
166(3)
Drawing Construction Elevations
169(4)
Objectives
169(1)
Introduction
169(1)
Exterior Elevations
169(1)
Interior Elevations
170(1)
Mechanical Elevations
171(1)
Electrical Elevations
171(1)
Plumbing Elevations
171(2)
Summary
172(1)
Review Questions
172(1)
Drawing Construction Details
173(6)
Objectives
173(1)
Introduction
173(1)
What Details Should Be Drawn
174(1)
Site Details
174(1)
Structural Details
174(1)
Architectural Details
174(1)
Mechanical Details
175(1)
Plumbing Details
175(1)
Electrical Details
176(1)
Locating Details on the Sheet
176(1)
Drawing Details
176(3)
Summary
176(1)
Review Questions
177(2)
Freehand Sketching
179(8)
Objectives
179(1)
Introduction
179(1)
Types of Drawings Created by Freehand Sketching
179(1)
Freehand Sketches are Not Drawn to Scale
180(1)
Lines Used for Freehand Sketching
180(1)
Lettering for Freehand Sketching
180(1)
Locating Notes on Freehand Sketches
181(1)
Locating Drawings on a Page
181(1)
Dimension and Extension Lines
181(1)
Shading and Crosshatching Freehand Drawings
181(6)
Summary
184(1)
Review Questions
184(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Freehand Sketching
185(2)
Drafting with Instruments
187(16)
Objectives
187(1)
Introduction
187(1)
Commonly Used Manual Drafting Instruments
187(1)
Drawing Lines on Working Drawings
188(1)
Time-saving Drafting Procedures
189(2)
Drawing Heating and Air-conditioning Components
191(2)
Equipment Room Plan
193(10)
Summary
195(1)
Review Questions
195(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Drafting with Instruments
196(7)
PART III: READING AND INTERPRETING ARCHITECTURAL PLANS
Reading Architectural Plans
203(8)
Objectives
203(1)
Introduction
203(1)
Site Plan and Location Plan
203(1)
Foundation Plan
204(1)
Architectural Floor Plan
204(1)
Wall Sections
204(1)
Roof Framing Plan
204(1)
Transverse and Longitudinal Sections
204(1)
Wall Sections and Details
204(1)
Enlarged Floor Plans and Interior Elevations
205(1)
Schedules, Sections, and Elevations
205(6)
Summary
205(1)
Review Questions
205(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Reading Architectural Plans
206(5)
Ductwork Plans
211(14)
Objectives
211(1)
Introduction
211(2)
What Kind of Ductwork is Shown on the Plans
213(1)
Shop-fabricated Sheet Metal Ductwork
213(1)
Using the Duct Factor Chart
213(1)
Measuring the Linear Feet of Ductwork Required
214(1)
Measuring Linear Feet for Duct Fittings
214(2)
Ductwork Take-off Form
216(1)
Determining the Total Weight of Metal Required for Ductwork
217(2)
Cost for Materials for Shop-fabricated Ductwork
219(1)
Labor Costs for Shop-fabricated Ductwork
219(1)
Ductwork Insulation
219(1)
Method for Taking Off Ductwork Insulation
219(1)
Reading the Insulation Chart
219(2)
Insulation Take-off Form
221(1)
Cost for Insulation Materials
221(1)
Costs for Labor for Installing Insulation
221(4)
Summary
221(2)
Review Questions
223(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Take-off Practice
224(1)
Reading Mechanical Plans
225(6)
Objectives
225(1)
Introduction
225(1)
Reading the Mechanical Plans
226(1)
Looking for Specific Systems
226(1)
Following the Ductwork
226(1)
The Supply and Return Air Outlets
226(1)
Written Notes and Instructions
226(1)
Other Information Shown on the Mechanical Plan
227(1)
Mechanical Specifications
227(4)
Summary
227(1)
Review Questions
227(1)
Additional Student Exercises: Reading Mechanical Plans
228(3)
Reading Electrical Plans
231(4)
Objectives
231(1)
Introduction
231(1)
Reading the Electrical Plans
231(1)
The Electrical Wiring
232(1)
Additional Information Shown on Electrical Plan
232(1)
Electrical Specifications
232(1)
Understanding the Plans
232(3)
Summary
232(1)
Review Questions
233(1)
Additional Student Exercise: Reading Electrical Plans
233(2)
Reading Plumbing Plans
235(4)
Objectives
235(1)
Introduction
235(1)
Looking for Specific Systems
235(1)
Reading the Plumbing Plans
236(3)
Summary
236(1)
Review Questions
237(1)
Additional Student Exercise: Reading Plumbing Plans
237(2)
Introduction to Load Calculations
239(44)
Objectives
239(1)
Introduction
239(1)
Heat Transfer Basics
240(3)
What You Will Need to Do a Load Calculation
243(1)
Design Conditions
243(1)
Building Orientation
244(1)
Floor Area
244(1)
Foundation Type
244(2)
Floor Insulation
246(1)
Ceiling Area
246(1)
Ceiling Insulation
246(3)
Net Wall Area
249(1)
Wall Insulation
249(1)
Window Area
250(1)
Window Construction
250(1)
Shading Factor
251(1)
Door Area
251(2)
Door Construction
253(1)
Duct Design
254(1)
Number of Occupants
254(1)
Infiltration Rate
254(1)
Ventilation Rate
255(2)
Miscellaneous Loads
257(2)
Zoning
259(4)
Summary
260(1)
Review Questions
260(1)
Additional Student Exercises
261(2)
Appendices
Appendix A: Geometric Figures and Formulas
263(2)
Appendix B: Conversion Tables
265(4)
Appendix C: Abbreviations
269(4)
Appendix D: Symbols
273(10)
Glossary 283(8)
Index 291


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