9780321271341

Bookmarks A Guide to Research and Writing

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780321271341

  • ISBN10:

    0321271343

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-04-06
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

Preparing students for the ever-changing demands of conducting research in today's world, Bookmarks: A Guide to Research and Writing establishes a new benchmark for college research guides, serving as a bridge between old and new traditions for researchers who expect to work regularly in both print and electronic environments. Written in a lively, conversational tone, Bookmarks: A Guide to Writing and Research, offers concrete strategies and models to help students select a topic, refine it, and develop it into a full-fledged research hypothesis; find and position sources; use sources in appropriate and responsible ways to further their projects; and document and complete their final projects for print or electronic publication. In addition to offering such practical advice, the text also asks students to consider important rhetorical issues, such as how to most effectively address an audience and how to craft a considered, balanced argument. Bookmarks encourages students to use new technologies to find reliable information and to use the technologies to locate sources that are most appropriate for their topics and purposes.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
To the Writer xx
PART I BEGINNING RESEARCH
2(42)
Starting Your Research Project
4(10)
Think of yourself as a researcher and writer
5(1)
Size up your assignment carefully
5(2)
Focus On . . . Collaboration
8
Establish the hard points of your project
7(2)
Define the stages of your project
9(1)
Assess your strengths and weaknesses
10(1)
Create a schedule for your project
11(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
12(1)
Managing Your Project
12(2)
Finding a Topic
14(9)
Find a topic in your world
15(1)
Connect your topic to a wider community
16(1)
Browse the library in your topic area
17(3)
Focus On . . . Finding a Topic
18(2)
Browse the Internet
20(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
22(1)
Managing Your Project
22(1)
Establishing a Purpose
23(8)
Focus On . . . Audience
24(1)
Consider the topic as a question of fact
24(1)
Consider the topic as a question of definition
25(1)
Consider the topic as a question of value
26(1)
Consider the topic as a question of cause and effect
27(1)
Consider the topic as a question of consequence
28(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
30(1)
Managing Your Project
30(1)
Planning Your Research Strategy
31(13)
Pose questions
32(1)
Focus your topic choice carefully
33(1)
Identify the information your project requires
33(4)
Focus On . . . Ethics
37(1)
Determine where to locate the information your project requires
37(1)
Review library catalogs, databases, and Web directories
37(1)
Talk to other people
38(1)
Prepare a research proposal or prospectus
39(5)
Sample Research Proposal
40(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
43(1)
Managing Your Project
43(1)
PART II GATHERING IDEAS AND INFORMATION
44(54)
Using Library Resources
46(18)
Learn about your library
47(1)
Use library catalogs efficiently
47(1)
Locate the reference room
48(1)
Locate suitable bibliographies
49(2)
Locate suitable periodical databases or indexes
51(4)
Focus On . . . Electronic Databases
56
Consult biographical resources
55(1)
Consult guides to reference works
56(2)
Locate statistics
58(1)
Check news sources
59(2)
Check special collections
61(1)
Consult government documents
61(1)
Check book and film reviews
62(2)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
62(1)
Managing Your Project
62(2)
Locating Online Resources
64(15)
Find the most useful search engines
64(1)
Understand how a simple keyword search works
65(2)
Refine your search with Boolean operators
67(1)
Truncate terms to extend your search
68(1)
Refine your search with exact phrases
69(2)
Use more than one search engine or database
71(2)
Evaluate your electronic search
73(1)
Keep a record of your search
74(1)
Join in electronic conversations
74(2)
Focus On . . . Listserv Etiquette
77
Write or email professional organizations
76(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
78(1)
Managing Your Project
78(1)
Conducting Field Research
79(9)
Conduct interviews
80(1)
Focus On . . . Ethics in Field Research
80(1)
Conduct surveys
81(3)
Make systematic observations
84(4)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
86(1)
Managing Your Project
86(2)
Keeping Track of Information
88(10)
Organize and safeguard your materials
88(1)
Prepare a working bibliography
89(3)
Focus On . . . Citing Databases Correctly
91(1)
Prepare an annotated bibliography
92(3)
Sample Annotated Bibliography
93(2)
Make copies of important sources
95(1)
Back up your work frequently
95(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
96(1)
Managing Your Project
96(2)
PART III WORKING WITH SOURCES
98(54)
Understanding Academic Responsibility and Avoiding Plagiarism
100(8)
Understand the ethics of research
100(1)
Avoid intentional and unintentional plagiarism
101(2)
Focus On . . . Avoiding Plagiarism
103(1)
Understand the special nature of collaborative projects
103(1)
Understand intellectual property rights
104(1)
Understand the special nature of online resources
104(1)
Using graphics or audio or video files
105(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
107(1)
Managing Your Project
107(1)
Evaluating Sources
108(10)
Consider the relevance of your sources
108(2)
Consider the purpose and bias of a source
110(1)
Consider the authority and reputation of a source
110(2)
Focus On . . . Evaluating Web Sites
114
Consider the credentials of experts, authors, and sponsoring agencies
112(2)
Consider the timeliness and stability of a source
114(1)
Consider how well a source presents key information
115(1)
Consider commercial intrusions into a source
115(1)
Consult librarians and instructors
116(1)
Conduct interviews
116(1)
Consult listservs and Usenet groups
116(2)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
117(1)
Managing Your Project
117(1)
Reading and Annotating Sources
118(5)
Highlight key information
119(1)
Use marginal comments to start a dialogue with your sources
119(4)
Sample Annotated Article
120(1)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
121(1)
Managing Your Project
122(1)
Reviewing and Positioning Sources
123(7)
Review data and resources critically
123(1)
Position your research materials
124(6)
Focus On . . . Balanced Arguments
125(2)
Sample Article with Positioning Information and Sample Quotations
127(2)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
129(1)
Managing Your Project
129(1)
Summarizing and Paraphrasing Sources
130(8)
Choose whether to summarize or paraphrase a source
130(1)
Focus On . . . Summaries and Paraphrases
131(1)
Summarize sources effectively
131(2)
Paraphrase sources effectively
133(2)
Acknowledge all borrowings
135(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
136(1)
Managing Your Project
137(1)
Quoting Sources
138(14)
Select direct quotations strategically
138(2)
Introduce all direct and indirect borrowings
140(3)
Focus On . . . Quoting from Interviews
142(1)
Integrate graphical elements correctly
143(1)
Handle quotation marks correctly
144(2)
Tailor your quotations to fit your sentences
146(1)
Use ellipses to indicate omissions
146(2)
Use square brackets to add necessary information to a quotation
148(1)
Use [sic] to acknowledge errors in sources
148(1)
Present quotations correctly
149(1)
Document the source of all quotations
150(2)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
151(1)
Managing Your Project
151(1)
PART IV DEVELOPING THE PROJECT
152(50)
Reflecting On . . . What You Have
154(5)
Consider whether you need to do more research
154(2)
Focus On . . . Logic
155(1)
Consider whether you have a fair balance of sources and opinions
156(1)
Consider whether you need to revise your purpose
156(1)
Consider whether you need to narrow your focus
157(2)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
157(1)
Managing Your Project
158(1)
Refining Your Claim
159(7)
Be sure you have a point to make
159(1)
Grab your reader's attention
160(1)
Limit your claim
161(5)
Focus On . . . Refining Your Topic Using Indexes and Tables of Contents
162(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
165(1)
Managing Your Project
165(1)
Organizing and Outlining
166(12)
Create a blueprint for your project
167(1)
Consider general patterns of organization
168(6)
Focus On . . . Low-Tech Cutting and Pasting
174(1)
Accommodate dissenting voices
174(1)
Follow professional templates
175(1)
Create a formal outline
176(2)
Sample Formal Outline
176(1)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
177(1)
Managing Your Project
177(1)
Drafting Your Project
178(13)
Prepare a version of your project early
178(1)
Draft your project for an audience
178(1)
Present your material thoroughly
179(2)
Write a strong introduction and conclusion
181(4)
Sample Introduction and Conclusion for a Research Project
182(3)
Make connections and use transitions
185(1)
Write stylishly
186(5)
Focus On . . . Writing Centers
187(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
190(1)
Managing Your Project
190(1)
Revising Your Project and Reviewing Documentation
191(11)
Review your project's content and focus
191(2)
Evaluate the organization of your project
193(1)
Provide a source for every direct quotation
194(1)
Provide a source for all paraphrased material
194(2)
Focus On . . . Citing Sources Responsibly
195(1)
Document all ideas not from common knowledge
196(1)
Document information from field research
196(1)
Document all material that might be questioned
197(1)
Furnish source information for all graphics, audio files, and other borrowings
197(1)
Furnish dates and other useful information
198(1)
Use links to document electronic sources
198(1)
Include all the parts your project requires
199(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
199(1)
Managing Your Project
200(2)
PART V PRESENTING YOUR RESEARCH
202(56)
Designing Documents
204(17)
Consider the formats your project might take
204(1)
Understand the principles of document design
205(3)
Apply design principles
208(9)
Focus On . . . Creating Graphics and Visuals
215(2)
Organize Web projects logically
217(1)
Submit your project professionally
217(4)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
220(1)
Managing Your Project
220(1)
Preparing Oral and Visual Presentations
221(10)
Designing oral and visual presentations
221(3)
Drafting oral and visual presentations
224(3)
Delivering oral and visual presentations
227(1)
Focus On . . . Mastering Oral Communication
228(1)
Considering special situations
228(3)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
230(1)
Managing Your Project
230(1)
Presenting Research in Many Genres
231(27)
Presenting your research in different genres
231(1)
Reports
232(8)
Sample Technical Report
235(5)
Newsletters and brochures
240(3)
Sample Newsletter
242(2)
Sample Brochure
244
Web sites
243(15)
Sample Web Site
245(11)
Web Sites Worth Knowing
256(1)
Managing Your Project
257(1)
PART VI DOCUMENTATION
258(145)
COS Documentation
260(36)
How do you use COS documentation?
260(4)
COS form directory---Humanities (MLA)
264(14)
Sample COS pages---Humanities (MLA)
278(3)
COS form directory---Sciences (APA)
281(12)
Sample COS pages---Sciences (APA)
293(3)
MLA Documentation
296(39)
How do you use MLA documentation?
296(5)
MLA form directory
301(21)
Sample MLA paper
322(13)
APA Documentation
335(38)
How do you use APA documentation?
335(7)
APA form directory
342(12)
Sample APA paper
354(19)
CMS Documentation
373(22)
CMS notes
373(3)
CMS bibliographies
376(3)
CMS form directory
379(8)
Sample CMS paper
387(8)
CSE Documentation
395(8)
Provide in-text citations
396(1)
List sources used
397(6)
Credits 403(4)
Index 407(21)
Glossary of Computer Terms 428

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