9780199687091

Breaking Rules The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime

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  • ISBN13:

    9780199687091

  • ISBN10:

    0199687099

  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2013-07-24
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Why do certain people commit acts of crime? Why does crime happen in certain places? Presenting an ambitious new study designed to test a pioneering new theory of the causes of crime, Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime demonstrates that these questions can only go so far in explaining why crime happens - and, therefore, in preventing it.

Based on the work of the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+), Breaking Rules presents an analysis of the urban structure of Peterborough and its relation to young people's social life. Contemporary sciences state that behaviour is the outcome of an interaction between people and the environments to which they are exposed, and it is precisely that interaction and its relation to young people's crime involvement that PADS+ explores. Driven by a ground-breaking theory of crime, Situational Action Theory, which aims to explain why people break rules, it implements innovative methods of measuring social environments and people's exposure to them, involving a cohort of 700 young people growing up in the UK city of Peterborough. It focuses on the important adolescent time window, ages 12 to 17, during which young people's crime involvement is at its peak, using unique space-time budget data to explore young people's time use, movement patterns, and the spatio-temporal characteristics of their crime involvement.

Presenting the first study of this kind, both in breadth and detail, with significant implications for policy and prevention, Breaking Rules should not only be of great interest to academic readers, but also to policy-makers and practitioners, interested in issues of urban environments, crime within urban environments, and the role of social environments in crime causation.

Author Biography


Per-Olof H. Wikstrom, Professor of Ecological and Developmental Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, and Professorial Fellow of Girton College,Dietrich Oberwittler, Senior Researcher / Research Group Leader, Max Planck Institute,Kyle Treiber, Research Associate (PADS+),Beth Hardie, Research Manager (PADS+)

Professor Per-Olof H. Wikstrom is Professor of Ecological and Developmental Criminology at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, and Professorial Fellow of Girton College. He is the director of the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+).

Dr Dietrich Oberwittler has been working with Principal Investigator Per-Olof Wikstrom since 2004 when he worked for the SCoPiC Network as a Marie Curie fellow until 2006. His particular expertise revolve around spatial analysis and the neighbourhood dimension of crime.

Dr Kyle Treiber is a Research Associate and occasional lecturer who works particularly with the neurocognitive and biopsychological dimensions of the Peterborough Adolescent of Young Adult Development Study (PADS+).

Beth Hardie is the Research Manager for the Peterborough Adolescent of Young Adult Development Study (PADS+).

Table of Contents


PART 1 - Analysing crime as situational action: Theory, methods, key constructs, and basic findings
1. Situational Action Theory (SAT)
2. The Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+)
3. Young people's crime, crime propensity, and criminogenic exposure: Key constructs and basic findings
PART 2 - The social dynamics of young people's urban crime
4. Peterborough, its urban structure, and crime
5. Young offenders and their crimes in the urban environment
6. Young people, their activities, and criminogenic exposure
PART 3 - The situational dynamics of young people's crime
7. The crime convergence: Kinds of people in kinds of settings
8. Choosing crime as an alternative: Crime propensity, the perception-choice process, and crime
PART 4 - It's all about interactions
9. Key findings and implications
Appendices
Technical appendix
Space-time budget coding appendix

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