9780133800333

A Brief Guide to Writing from Readings

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780133800333

  • ISBN10:

    0133800334

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/8/2015
  • Publisher: Pearson
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NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product. MyWritingLab™ does not come packed with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab, search for ISBN-10: 0134118715 / ISBN-13: 9780134118710. This includes ISBN-10: 0133800334 / ISBN-13: 9780133800333, ISBN-10: 0133944131 / ISBN-13: 9780133944136, and ISBN-10: 013394414X / ISBN-13: 9780133944143.


MyWritingLab should only be purchased when required by an instructor.


For college courses in Writing Across the Curriculum (Composition) and Research Writing (Composition)


Mastering the art of critical essay writing

A Brief Guide to Writing from Readings is a clear, process-oriented guide to academic writing. The guide covers the subtleties of rhetorical analysis and argumentation strategies as well as the technical aspects of writing with sources. Students will learn first to examine texts critically and then to clearly, accurately and creatively respond in essay form. In-text tools including summary charts and revision checklists help students tackle source-based essays step by step. Instructors will rely on the guide as a one-stop reference tool; students can apply their learning to any discipline, whether for class work or independent study.

 

In the Seventh Edition, in response to student and faculty feedback, Wilhoit includes a new chapter on analyzing readings and composing analytical essays; more coverage of literary analysis and a new short story; eight academic readings; and expanded coverage of how to cite electronic sources in APA and MLA style.


Also available with MyWritingLab™
This text is also available with MyWritingLab — an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program that provides engaging experiences for teaching and learning. Flexible and easily customizable, MyWritingLab helps improve students’ writing through context-based learning. Whether through self-study or instructor-led learning, MyWritingLab supports and complements course work.
 

 


Table of Contents

1 . Critical Reading

Definition and Purpose     

Asking Questions about What You Read     

o      Questions to Ask Before You Begin a Close Reading of a Text     

o      Questions to Ask While You Read and Reread Material     

Marking Texts     

o      Highlighting Texts     

o      Annotating Texts     

Sample Annotated Reading: “Hard Choices,” by Patrick Moore     

Note Taking     

o      Before Jotting Down Any Notes, Always Write Down the Source Text’s Full Bibliographic Information     

o      In Your Notes, Carefully Distinguish between Material You Quote and Material You Paraphrase     

o      Carefully List Page Numbers     

o      Pay Attention to the Punctuation in the Source Text     

o      In Your Notes, Clearly Differentiate between the Author’s Ideas and Your Own     

o      Be Consistent with Your Note-Taking System     

Additional Reading: “Getting Serious about Eradicating Binge Drinking,” by Henry Wechsler     

Summary Chart: Critical Reading: Asking Questions     

Summary Chart: Critical Reading: Marking Texts     

Summary Chart: Critical Reading: Note Taking     


2.  Quotation   

Definition and Purpose     

Guidelines on When to Quote Material     

o      Quote Passages When the Author Has Written Something in a Distinctive or Especially Insightful or Interesting Way     

o      Quote Material That Lends Support to a Position You Are Trying to Make in Your Paper     

o      Quote Authorities Who Disagree with a Position You Are Advocating or Who Offer Alternative Explanations or Contradictory Data     

Guidelines on When Not to Quote Material     

o      Do Not Quote Passages Merely to Fill Space     

o      Do Not Quote Passages as a Substitute for Thinking     

o      Do Not Quote Passages Because You Do Not Understand the Author’s Ideas Well Enough to Paraphrase Them     

Integrating Quotations into Your Writing     

o      Two Basic Types of Quotations     

Reading: “Generation Text,” by Mark Bauerlein     

o      The Block Quotation     

o      The Integrated Quotation     

Altering Quoted Material and Avoiding Misquotations     

Leaving Words Out of a Quotation     

Adding Words to a Quotation     

Noting Emphasis Added to a Quotation     

Summary Chart: Guidelines on Quotations     

Summary Chart: Integrating Quotations into Your Writing     

Quotation Revision Checklist     


3.  Paraphrase 

Definition and Purpose     

Qualities of a Good Paraphrase     

o      Thorough     

o      Accurate     

o      Fair     

o      Objective     

How to Paraphrase Material     

o      Changing Words     

o      Changing Sentence Structure     

o      Combining Sentences     

o      “Unpacking” Sentences     

o      Combining Strategies: Paraphrasing Longer Passages in Source Texts     

o      Blending Your Writing with Paraphrased Material     

Documentation     

Summary Chart: How to Paraphrase Material     

Paraphrase Revision Checklist     


4. Summary  

Definition and Purpose     

Types of Summaries     

Qualities of a Good Summary     

o      Comprehensive     

o      Brief     

o      Accurate     

o      Neutral     

o      Independent     

How to Summarize a Text     

o      Read, Reread, and Annotate the Source Text     

o      Summarize Each Section of the Source Text     

o      Check the Section Summaries against the Source Text     

How to Write an Abstract      

How to Write an Informative Summary Essay     

How to Write an Explanatory Summary Essay     

Documentation     

Reading: “From Animal House to Big Brother: Student Privacy and Campus Safety in an Age of Accountability,” by Ron Chesbrough      

o      Sample Abstract      

o      Sample Informative Summary Essay      

o      Sample Explanatory Summary Essay      

Summary Chart: How to Summarize Texts      

Summary Revision Checklist      


5.  Analysis

Definition and Purpose      

Reading: “The Story of an Hour,” by Kate Chopin      

How to Analyze a Text      

o                   Read the Source Text Carefully      

o      Identify or Choose Which Analytical Criteria to Employ      

o      Apply the Analytical Criteria to the Text      

o                                          Interpret the Text      

o      Explain and Support Your Interpretation      

Qualities of a Good Analysis Essay      

o      Comprehensive      

o      Clear      

o      Consistent      

o      Tied to the Source Text      

o      Informative      

How to Write an Analysis Essay      

o      Opening Section      

o      Body      

o      Concluding Section      

Revising Your Essay      

o      Accuracy      

o      Development      

o      Clarity      

o      Balance      

Documentation      

Sample Analysis Essay      

Summary Chart: How to Analyze Texts      

Summary Chart: How to Write an Analysis Essay      

Analysis Essay Checklist      


6. Response Essays    

Definition and Purpose      

Qualities of a Good Response Essay      

o      Honest      

o      Informed      

o      Clear      

o      Well Supported      

Writing the Response Essay      

o      Carefully Read the Material      

o      Compose Your Rough Draft      

o      Write Your Conclusion      

o      Revise Your Rough Draft      

Sample Response Essay      

A Response to “From Animal House to Big Brother: Student Privacy and Campus Safety in an Age of Accountability”       

Summary Chart: How to Write a Response Essay      

Response Essay Revision Checklist      


7.  Critique      

Definition and Purpose      

The Film Review as Critique      

Writing a Critique      

o      Step 1 -- Carefully Read and Annotate the Source Text      

o      Step 2 -- Analyze and Evaluate the Reading      

o      Step 3 -- Write Your Thesis and Decide Which Aspects of the Reading Will Be the Focus of Your Essay      

o      Step 4 -- Write Your Rough Draft      

o      Step 5 -- Rewrite Your Critique      

Reading: “The Doctrine of Academic Freedom,” by Sandra Y. L. Korn      

Reading: “Academic Freedom vs. Academic Justice,” by Michael LaBossiere      

Sample Critique      

“An Unconvincing Argument Concerning Academic Freedom”       

Summary Chart: How to Write a Critique      

Critique Revision Checklist      


8.  Rhetorical Analysis of Written Texts      

Definition and Purpose      

The Rhetorical Situation      

o      Elements of the Rhetorical Situation      

Rhetorical Strategies      

o      Content      

o      Structure      

o      Style      

Analyzing a Text’s Rhetorical Strategies -- An Example      

o      Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address      

o      A Rhetorical Analysis of Lincoln’s Speech      

Writing a Rhetorical Analysis Essay      

o      Step 1 -- Carefully Read the Assignment      

o      Step 2 -- Establish the Source Text’s Rhetorical Situation      

o      Step 3 -- Determine the Author’s Goal      

o      Step 4 -- Identify and Evaluate the Text’s Rhetorical Strategies      

o      Step 5 -- Determine Your Thesis      

o      Step 6 -- Write Your Rough Draft      

o      Step 7 -- Revise Your Essay      

Sample Rhetorical Analysis Essay      

o      Rhetorical Analysis of Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address      

Summary Chart: How to Write a Rhetorical Analysis Essay      

Rhetorical Analysis of Written Texts Revision Checklist      


9: Rhetorical Analysis of Visual Texts      

Definition and Purpose      

Reading Visual Texts Critically      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text Itself      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text’s Creator or Source      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text’s Purpose      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text’s Audience      

o      Questions Concerning Your Response to the Visual Text      

Reading a Visual Text -- An Example      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text’s Creator or Source      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text’s Purpose      

o      Questions Concerning the Visual Text’s Audience      

o      Questions Concerning Your Response to the Visual Text      

Writing a Rhetorical Analysis of a Visual Text      

o      Step 1 -- Carefully Read the Assignment      

o      Step 2 -- Analyze and Describe the Text      

o      Step 3 -- Establish the Text’s Rhetorical Situation      

o      Step 4 -- Determine How the Text Attempts to Achieve Its Rhetorical Goals      

o      Step 5 -- Determine Your Thesis      

o      Step 6 -- Write a Rough Draft      

o      Step 7 -- Revise Your Essay      

Sample Rhetorical Analysis of a Visual Text      

An Effective Advertisment for Literacy Support      

Summary Chart: How to Write a Rhetorical Analysis of a Visual Text      

Rhetorical Analysis of a Visual Text Revision Checklist      


10. Informative Synthesis   

 Definition and Purpose      

Types of Synthesis Essays      

Reading: “Humanity 2.? Enhancement, Evolution and the Possible Futures of Humanity,” by Sarah Chan      

Reading: “On Designer Babies: Genetic Enhancement of Human Embryos Is Not a Practice for Civil Societies,” by Sheldon Krimsky      

Reading: “A Moderate Approach to Enhancement,” by Michael Selgelid       

Informative Synthesis      

o      Definition      

o      Writing an Informative Synthesis      

Sample Informative Synthesis      

The Ethical Debate over Human Enhancement and Designer Babies      

Summary Chart: How to Write an Informative Synthesis      

Informative Synthesis Revision Checklist      


11.  Argumentative Synthesis   

Definition and Purpose      

The Elements of Argument      

o      Claims      

o      Grounds      

o      Warrants      

Argument and Persuasion      

o      Appeals Based on Reason      

o      Appeals Based on Emotion      

o      Appeals Based on Character and Credibility      

Writing an Argumentative Synthesis      

o      Step 1 -- Analyze the Assignment      

o      Step 2 -- Annotate and Critique the Readings      

o      Step 3 -- Formulate a Thesis      

o      Step 4 -- Choose an Organizational Plan      

o      Step 5 -- Write Your Rough Draft      

o      Step 6 -- Revise Your Draft      

o      Step 7 -- Check Quotations and Documentation      

Sample Argumentative Synthesis      

Make Human Enhancement Available to All      

Additional Reading: “A New Definition of Leadership,” by Josh Misner      

Additional Reading: “Understanding Your Leadership Balance,” by Lee Ellis      

Additional Reading: “A Question of Leadership,” by Gene Klann and Talula Cartwright

Summary Chart: How to Write an Argumentative Synthesis      

Argumentative Synthesis Revision Checklist      


12. Plagiarism   

Definition      

Forms of Plagiarism      

o      Purchasing a Paper      

o      Turning in a Paper Someone Else Has Written for You      

o      Turning in Another Student’s Work without That Student’s Knowledge      

o      Improper Collaboration      

o      Copying a Paper from a Source Text without Proper Acknowledgment      

o      Cutting and Pasting Material from Sources      

o      Lifting Images from the Web or Other Sources      

o      Copying Statistics      

o      Copying Material from a Source Text, Supplying Proper Documentation, but Leaving Out Quotation Marks      

o      Paraphrasing Material from a Reading without Proper Documentation      

o      Self-Plagiarism      

Why Students Plagiarize Work      

How to Avoid Plagiarism      

o      Do Your Own Work      

o      Take Good Notes      

o      Paraphrase Properly      

o      Supply Proper Documentation      

o      Online Plagiarism Check      

o      Clarify Collaboration Guidelines      

Summary Chart: Plagiarism      

Plagiarism Checklist      


13.  Documentation     

Definition and Purpose      

Types of Documentation      

Primary Academic Style Manuals      

APA Guidelines      

o      In-Text Documentation      

o      Footnotes and Endnotes      

MLA Guidelines      

o      In-Text Documentation      

o      Footnotes and Endnotes      


14.  Reference Lists and Works Cited Entries      

Definition and Purpose      

APA Format      

o      Sample Reference List Entries      

o      Sample APA-Style Reference List      

MLA Format      

o      Sample Works Cited Entries      

o      Sample MLA-Style Works Cited List     


Credits     

Index 

Rewards Program

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