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A Brief History of Modern Psychology,9781405132060

A Brief History of Modern Psychology

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9781405132060

ISBN10:
140513206X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Wiley-Blackwell
List Price: $38.67

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Summary

In A Brief History of Modern Psychology, Ludy Benjamin, leading historian in the field, discusses the history of both the science and the practice of psychology since the establishment of the first experimental psychology laboratory in 1879. Captures the excitement of this pervasive field that features prevalently in modern mass media Presents facts and interesting tidbits about individual psychologists' lives and ideas, as well as illuminating tie-in's to the social contexts in which they lived Features widely known figures such as William James, Carl Jung, Wilhelm Wundt, G. Stanley Hall, James Catell, John B. Watson, and B.F. Skinner as well as lesser known luminaries such as E.B. Titchener, Mary Calkins, Leta Hollingworth, Kenneth and Mamie Clark, and Helen Thompson Wolley Provides the historical and disciplinary context that will help readers to better understand the richness and complexity of contemporary psychology Includes discussions of important events, societies, and landmarks in the history of psychology such as the growth of psychological laboratories in the US, the Thayer Conference (the landmark summit which defined school psychology), Kurt Lewin's social action research, and Lewis M. Terman and the Stanford Revision of the Binet-Simon Scale (now the well known, "Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale")

Author Biography


Ludy T. Benjamin, Jr. is Professor of Psychology and Educational Psychology at Texas A&M University and is holder of the Glasscock Professorship and a Presidential Professorship in Teaching Excellence. His numerous publications include From Séance to Science: A History of the Profession of Psychology in America (with David Baker, 2004) and A History of Psychology in Letters (second edition 2006, Blackwell).

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xi
Preface xv
1 Pre-Scientific Psychology
1(18)
A Public Psychology
4(9)
Phrenology
4(3)
Physiognomy
7(2)
Mesmerism
9(1)
Spiritualism
10(1)
Mental Healing
11(2)
The Road to Mental Philosophy
13(5)
British Empiricism
14(1)
Scottish Realism
15(1)
American Mental Philosophers
16(2)
Struggles for the New Science
18(1)
2 Physiology, Psychophysics, and the Science of Mind
19(17)
Brain and Nervous System
20(7)
Cortical Localization
21(3)
Specificity in the Nerves
24(1)
The Speed of Nerve Conduction
25(2)
Sensory Physiology
27(3)
Color Vision
28(1)
Pitch Perception
29(1)
Psychophysics
30(6)
Ernst Weber's Research
31(2)
Fechner's Psychophysics
33(3)
3 Germany and the Birth of a New Science
36(19)
Wundt's Leipzig Laboratory
37(8)
Wundt's Psychology
38(3)
Wundt's Research Methods
41(2)
Wundt's Völkerpsychologie
43(1)
Wundt's Students
44(1)
Hermann Ebbinghaus and the Study of Memory
45(3)
Franz Brentano's Act Psychology
48(1)
Carl Stumpf and the Psychology of Tone
49(1)
Georg Elias Müller and Memory
50(2)
Oswald Külpe and Thinking
52(3)
4 Origins of Scientific Psychology in America
55(19)
William James as Psychologist
57(6)
James's Principles
58(3)
James's Student: Mary Whiton Calkins
61(1)
Philosophy and Psychical Phenomena
62(1)
G. Stanley Hall and the Professionalization of Psychology
63(5)
The Child Study Movement
64(1)
Adolescence and Hall's Genetic Psychology
65(2)
Psychoanalysis, Religion, Aging
67(1)
James McKeen Cattell: Psychology's Ambassador
68(4)
Cattell's Mental Tests
69(1)
Cattell as Editor of Science
70(2)
Getting the Word Out about a New Science
72(2)
5 The Early Schools of Psychology
74(19)
Titchener's Psychology
77(7)
Structuralism
78(1)
Introspection
79(1)
Studies of Sensation: Psychology's Periodic table
80(1)
Titchener's First Doctoral Student: Margaret Floy Washburn
81(3)
The Experimentalists
83(1)
The Manuals
83(1)
Functionalism
84(7)
British Influences
85(1)
Angell's Functional Psychology
86(2)
Woodworth's Dynamic Psychology
88(2)
The Psychological Work of the Functionalists
90(1)
The Legacies of Structuralism and Functionalism
91(2)
6 The Birth of the New Applied Psychology in America
93(20)
The Beginnings of Clinical Psychology
94(5)
Lightner Witmer's Psychological Clinic
95(4)
A Psychology of Business
99(7)
The Psychology of Advertising
99(4)
Walter D. Scott
100(2)
Harry L. Hollingworth
102(1)
Münsterberg and Industrial Efficiency
103(2)
Lillian Gilbreth's Engineering Psychology
105(1)
Business Psychology outside the Academy
106(1)
Vocational Guidance
106(1)
Intelligence Testing
107(2)
Münsterberg and the Psychology of Law
109(2)
The New Profession of Psychology
111(2)
7 Psychoanalysis
113(20)
Freud's Early Training
115(1)
Josef Breuer and the Case of Anna O.
116(2)
Psychoanalysis as a Theory of the Normal Mind
118(1)
Psychoanalysis as a Theory of the Neuroses
119(1)
Psychoanalysis as Method
120(2)
Psychoanalysis in America
122(5)
The Neo-Freudians
127(5)
Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology
127(1)
Carl Jung's Analytical Psychology
128(2)
Karen Homey
130(2)
The Continued Popularity of Psychoanalysis
132(1)
8 Behaviorism
133(21)
John Watson and the Founding of Behaviorism
134(10)
The Beginnings of Comparative Psychology
136(3)
Watson's Behaviorism
139(1)
Conditioned Emotions
140(1)
Watson at Johns Hopkins University
141(2)
Watson as Founder
143(1)
The Growth of Behaviorism
143(1)
Neobehaviorism
144(9)
Tolman's Cognitive Behaviorism
144(3)
Hull's Hypothetico-Deductive Behaviorism
147(2)
Skinner's Radical Behaviorism
149(4)
Behaviorism: A Final Note
153(1)
9 The New Profession of Psychology
154(21)
A Profession Defined
155(1)
Experiences in World War I
156(3)
Early Organizational Efforts
159(3)
The Role of Psychological Assessment
162(1)
Clinical Psychology
163(2)
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
165(3)
School Psychology
168(2)
Counseling Psychology
170(3)
The Modern Profession
173(2)
10 A Psychology of Social Action and Social Change 175(21)
The Psychology of Sex Differences
177(6)
Helen Bradford Thompson (Woolley)
178(2)
Leta Stetter Hollingworth
180(3)
Kurt Lewin's Action Research
183(4)
The Psychology of Race
187(8)
Race Differences in Intelligence
188(3)
Psychology and School Desegregation
191(4)
A Final Note
195(1)
11 Cognitive Psychology 196(20)
Gestalt Psychology
198(6)
Bartlett and the Constructive Mind
204(2)
The Rise of Modern Cognitive Psychology
206(9)
Karl Lashley and the Hixon Symposium
207(1)
Computer Metaphors
208(2)
Pioneers of the 1950's: Bruner, Brown, Chomsky, Miller
210(4)
Naming the Field
214(1)
Was There a Cognitive Revolution?
215(1)
Epilogue 216(4)
References 220(17)
Index 237


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