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Brief Holt Handbook : MLA Update,9780155067370

Brief Holt Handbook : MLA Update

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780155067370

ISBN10:
0155067370
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/28/2000
Publisher(s):
Heinle
List Price: $41.00
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Summary

The Brief Hold Handbook, 3/e serves as a concise writing reference for composition courses and beyond. Distinct from the competition, this easy-to-use reference covers critical thinking and reading and also addresses the use of computers and the Internet in every stage of writing and research.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction: Philosophy 1(1)
Socrates
1(9)
What Is Philosophy?
10(5)
A Modern Approach to Philosophy
15(5)
A Brief Introduction to Logic
20(23)
Deductive Arguments
21(5)
Inductive Arguments
26(3)
Argument by Analogy
29(1)
Argument by Counter-Example
30(2)
Reductio ad Absurdum
32(1)
The Worst Kind of Fallacies
32(5)
Glossary
37(4)
Bibliography and Further Reading
41(2)
PART ONE THE WORLD AND BEYOND 43(276)
Reality
45(78)
``The Way The World Really Is''
46(1)
The First Philosophers: The ``Turning Point of Civilization''
47(2)
The Early Greek Philosophers
49(9)
The Ionian Naturalists
49(2)
Monism, Materialism, and Immaterial ``Stuff''
51(1)
Heraclitus
51(1)
Democritus, Atoms, and Pluralism
52(1)
Animism
53(1)
Pythagoras
53(1)
The Appearance/Reality Distinction
54(1)
Parmenides
54(2)
The Sophists
56(1)
Metaphysics
56(2)
Ultimate Reality in the East: India, Persia and China
58(9)
Reality as Spirit: The Upanishads
58(3)
Reality, Good, and Evil: Zarathustra
61(1)
Confucius
62(1)
Lao Tsu, or the Poets of Tao Te Ching
63(1)
Buddha
64(3)
Two Kinds of Metaphysics: Plato and Aristotle
67(21)
Plato
68(12)
Aristotle
80(8)
Modern Metaphysics: Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz
88(35)
Rene Descartes
90(5)
Benedictus de Spinoza
95(10)
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
105(11)
Summary and Conclusion
116(1)
Glossary
117(4)
Bibliography and Further Reading
121(2)
Religion
123(61)
What is Religion?
123(7)
The Western Religions
130(17)
The Traditional Conception of God
130(2)
Can We Know That God Exists?
132(15)
Religion, Morality, and Evil
147(14)
Religion and ``Practical Reason''
147(5)
The Problem of Evil
152(6)
Hinduism, Buddhism, Karma, and Compassion
158(3)
Reason and Faith
161(4)
Faith and Irrationality
165(10)
God as Experience
166(2)
The Leap of Faith
168(5)
God as Ultimate Concern
173(2)
The Attack on Religion: Marx, Nietzsche, and Freud
175(9)
Summary and Conclusion
181(1)
Glossary
181(2)
Bibliography and Further Reading
183(1)
Knowledge
184(64)
The Rationalist's Confidence: Descartes
190(11)
Innate Ideas Concerning Human Understanding: John Locke
201(5)
The Empiricist Theory of Knowledge
206(8)
Common Sense Undone: Bishop Berkeley
214(8)
The Congenial Skeptic: David Hume
222(15)
An Ancient Skeptic: Nagarjuna
237(1)
Double Vision: A Non-Western Feminist Perspective
238(10)
Summary and Conclusion
243(1)
Glossary
244(2)
Bibliography and Further Reading
246(2)
Truth
248(71)
Two Kinds of Truth
251(8)
Analytic Truths
252(4)
Truths about the World
256(3)
Theories of Truth
259(12)
The Coherence Theory
259(2)
The Pragmatic Theory
261(7)
The Semantic Theory
268(3)
Kant's Revolution
271(8)
The Battle in Europe after Kant: Relativism and Absolutism
279(16)
Hegel
279(10)
Schopenhauer
289(2)
Nietzsche
291(4)
Phenomenology
295(3)
Hermeneutics, Pragmatism, and Feminism: Relativism Reconsidered
298(21)
Summary and Conclusion
313(1)
Glossary
314(4)
Bibliography and Further Reading
318(1)
PART TWO KNOW THY SELF 319(166)
Self
321(56)
Consciousness and the Self From Descartes to Kant
323(17)
Existentialism: Self Identity and the Responsibility of Choice
340(8)
The Individual and the Community
348(16)
Voices of Protest
354(6)
Beyond ``Individualism''
360(4)
One Self? Any Self? Questioning the Concept of Personal ``Essence''
364(13)
Summary and Conclusion
374(1)
Glossary
375(1)
Bibliography and Further Reading
376(1)
Mind and Body
377(44)
What Is Consciousness?
377(6)
The Problem of Dualism
383(6)
The Rejection of Dualism
389(21)
Radical Behaviorism
389(1)
Logical Behaviorism
390(7)
The Identity Theory
397(6)
Eliminative Materialism
403(4)
Functionalism: The Mind and the Computer
407(2)
Connectionism
409(1)
The Problem of Consciousness
410(11)
Changing Our Minds: Holism and Consciousness
414(4)
Summary and Conclusion
418(1)
Glossary
419(1)
Bibliography and Further Reading
420(1)
Freedom
421(64)
Fatalism and Karma
422(5)
Predestination
427(8)
Determinism
435(17)
Hard Determinism
436(3)
Determinism versus Indeterminism
439(3)
The Role of Consciousness
442(2)
Soft Determinism
444(8)
Compulsion and Ignorance
452(15)
Conditioning
460(7)
Freedom in Practice
467(8)
Radical Freedom: Existentialism
475(10)
Summary and Conclusion
482(1)
Glossary
482(2)
Bibliography and Further Reading
484(1)
PART THREE THE GOOD AND THE BEAUTIFUL 485(208)
Ethics
487(92)
Morality
489(2)
Is Morality Relative?
491(7)
Egoism and Altruism
498(6)
Morality as Virtue: Aristotle
504(14)
Morality and Sentiment: Hume and Rousseau
518(8)
Morality and Practical Reason: Kant
526(15)
Utilitarianism
541(12)
The Creation of Morality: Nietzsche and Existentialism
553(12)
Ethics and Gender
565(14)
Summary and Conclusion
574(1)
Glossary
574(3)
Bibliography and Further Reading
577(2)
Justice
579(70)
The Problem of Justice
581(36)
Two Ancient Theories of Justice: Plato and Aristotle
582(6)
Two Modern Theories of Justice: Hume and Mill on Utility and Rights
588(6)
The Social Contract
594(13)
Two Contemporary Theories of Justice: Rawls and Nozick
607(8)
Justice or Care: A Feminist View
615(2)
Individual Rights and Freedom
617(7)
Fighting for Rights and Justice
624(17)
On the Origins of Good and Evil
641(8)
Summary and Conclusion
646(1)
Glossary
646(2)
Bibliography and Further Reading
648(1)
Beauty
649(44)
Plato and the Transcendence of Beauty
650(9)
Aristotle and the Self-Sufficiency of Art
659(4)
The Dispute about Tastes
663(4)
Kant: Disputes about Taste Resolved
667(3)
After Kant: Art, Society, and Self-Awareness
670(7)
G. W. F. Hegel
671(3)
Arthur Schopenhauer
674(1)
Friedrich Nietzsche
675(2)
Art and Reality in the Twentieth Century
677(4)
The Other Half of the Picture-Feminist Aesthetics
681(4)
Art and Culture: Japan and Africa
685(8)
Summary and Conclusion
691(1)
Glossary
691(1)
Bibliography and Further Reading
692(1)
Brief Biographies 693(12)
Literary Credits 705(10)
Index 715


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