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Featuring vibrant full color throughout, A Brief Introduction to the New Testament, Fourth Edition, is a concise version of Bart D. Ehrman's best-selling The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings, Sixth Edition. Retaining the approach of the longer textbook while condensing and simplifying much of its material, this volume looks at the New Testament from a consistently historical and comparative perspective and emphasizes the rich diversity of the earliest Christian literature. Distinctive to this study is its emphasis on the historical, literary, and religious milieux of the Greco-Roman world, including early Judaism.
The text incorporates a wealth of pedagogical resources including an extensive text box program, study questions, maps, timelines, and more than eighty photos (including three photo essays). A comprehensive glossary contains more than 200 key terms; these terms appear in boldface type the first time they are used in each chapter and are also listed at the end of each chapter in which they appear.
Ideal for undergraduate and seminary classes in the New Testament, Biblical Studies, and Christian Origins, A Brief Introduction to the New Testament, Fourth Edition, is an engaging and accessible introduction that encourages students to consider the historical issues surrounding these writings.
A FREE 6-month subscription to Oxford Biblical Studies Online (www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com)--a $180 value--is available with the purchase of every new copy of this text.
Bart D. Ehrman is the James A. Gray Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has written or edited more than twenty-nine books, including five New York Times best sellers. His publications include The New Testament, Sixth Edition (OUP, 2015), After the New Testament, Second Edition (OUP, 2014), The Bible (OUP, 2013), Forgery and Counterforgery (OUP, 2013), and The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, Second Edition (OUP, 2011).
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition Maps, Time Lines, and Diagrams Boxes Preface Acknowledgments Notes on Suggestions for Further Reading Credits Master Time Line * 1. INTRODUCTION: WHY STUDY THE NEW TESTAMENT? The New Testament: Some Basic Information Other Early Christian Writings The Development of the Christian Canon Implications for Our Study The New Testament: One Other Set of Problems At a Glance: The New Testament Canon Excursus: Some Additional Reflections: The Historian and the Believer * Questions for Review and Reflection Photo Essay: Ancient Manuscripts of the New Testament 2. THE GRECO-ROMAN WORLD OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY The Problem of Beginnings One Remarkable Life The Environment of the New Testament: Religions in the Greco-Roman World At a Glance: The World of Early Christianity * Questions for Review and Reflection 3. THE JEWISH WORLD OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY Monotheism: The Belief in the One True God The Covenant: Israel's Pact with Its God The Law: Israel's Covenantal Obligations Temple and Synagogue: Israel's Places of Worship Forms of Early Judaism Political Crises in Palestine and Their Ramifications The Formation of Jewish Groups The Jewish Context for the Traditions about Jesus At a Glance: The World of Early Judaism * Questions for Review and Reflection 4. THE TRADITIONS OF JESUS IN THEIR GRECO-ROMAN CONTEXT Oral Traditions Behind the Gospel The Gospels as Biographies of Jesus At a Glance: The Traditions of Jesus Some Additional Reflections: The Authors of the Gospels * Questions for Review and Reflection 5. JESUS, THE SUFFERING SON OF GOD: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MARK The Synoptic Problem Mark, Our Earliest Gospel The Beginning of the Gospel: Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God Who Fulfills Scripture Jesus the Authoritative Son of God Jesus the Opposed Son of God Jesus the Misunderstood Son of God Jesus the Acknowledged Son of God Jesus the Suffering Son of God Jesus the Crucified Son of God Jesus the Vindicated Son of God Conclusion: Mark and His Readers At a Glance: The Gospel of Mark * Questions for Review and Reflection 6. JESUS, THE JEWISH MESSIAH: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW A Redactional Approach to Matthew The Importance of Beginnings: Jesus the Jewish Messiah in Fulfillment of the Jewish Scriptures The Portrayal of Jesus in Matthew: The Sermon on the Mount as a Springboard Jesus Rejected by the Jewish Leaders Matthew and His Readers At a Glance: The Gospel of Matthew * Questions for Review and Reflection 7. JESUS, THE REJECTED PROPHET: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO LUKE A Comparative Overview of the Gospel The Preface to Luke's Gospel Luke's Birth Narrative in Comparative Perspective From Jew to Gentile: Luke's Portrayal of Jesus the Rejected Prophet Luke's Distinctive Emphases Throughout His Gospel Conclusion: Luke in Comparative Perspective At a Glance: The Gospel of Luke * Questions for Review and Reflection 8. JESUS, THE MAN SENT FROM HEAVEN: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN The Gospel of John from the Perspective of Genre Criticism The Gospel of John from a Comparative Perspective The Gospel of John from a Redactional Perspective The Author of the Fourth Gospel At a Glance: The Gospel of John * Questions for Review and Reflection * Excursus: Methods of Ideological Criticism 9. THE HISTORICAL JESUS Problems with Sources Using Our Sources Jewish Apocalypticism Jesus in His Apocalyptic Context The Beginning and End as Keys to the Middle The Apocalyptic Deeds of Jesus The Apocalyptic Teachings of Jesus The Apocalyptic Death of Jesus At a Glance: Jesus the Apocalyptic Prophet * Questions for Review and Reflection 10. FROM JESUS TO THE GOSPELS The Beginning of Christianity Jesus' Resurrection from an Apocalyptic Perspective Jesus' Death, According to the Scriptures The Emergence of Different Understandings of Jesus At a Glance: From Jesus to the Gospels * Questions for Review and Reflection Photo Essay: The Material World of Jesus and the Gospels 11. LUKE'S SECOND VOLUME: THE BOOK OF ACTS The Genre of Acts and Its Significance The Thematic Approach to Acts From Gospel to Acts: The Opening Transition Themes in the Speeches in Acts At a Glance: The Book of Acts Conclusion: The Author and His Themes in Context * Questions for Review and Reflection 12. PAUL THE APOSTLE: THE MAN AND HIS MISSION The Study of Paul: Methodological Difficulties The Life of Paul At a Glance: Paul and His Mission * Questions for Review and Reflection 13. PAUL AND HIS APOSTOLIC MISSION: I THESSALONIANS AS A TEST CASE The Founding of the Church in Thessalonica The Beginnings of the Thessalonian Church: A Sociohistorical Perspective The Church at Thessalonica after Paul's Departure Conclusion: Paul the Apostle At a Glance: I Thessalonians * Questions for Review and Reflection 14. PAUL AND THE CRISES OF HIS CHURCHES: THE CORINTHIAN CORRESPONDENCE 1 Corinthians At a Glance: 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians At a Glance: 2 Corinthians * Questions for Review and Reflection 15. PAUL AND THE CRISES OF HIS CHURCHES: GALATIANS, PHILIPPIANS, AND PHILEMON Galatians At a Glance: Galatians Philippians Philemon At a Glance: Philippians At a Glance: Philemon * Questions for Review and Reflection 16. THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO PAUL: THE LETTER TO THE ROMANS The Occasion and Purpose of the Letter The Theme of the Epistle Pauline Models for Salvation The Flow of Paul's Argument Conclusion: Paul and the Romans At a Glance: Romans * Questions for Review and Reflection * Photo Essay: The Cities and Roads of Paul 17. IN THE WAKE OF THE APOSTLE: THE DEUTERO-PAULINE AND PASTORAL EPISTLES Pseudonymity in the Ancient World The Deutero-Pauline Epistles At a Glance: The Deutero-Pauline Epistles The Pastoral Epistles The Historical Situation and Authorship of the Pastoral Epistles At a Glance: The Pastoral Epistles * Questions for Review and Reflection 18. FROM PAUL'S FEMALE COLLEAGUES TO THE PASTOR'S INTIMIDATED WOMEN: THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY Women in Paul's Churches Women Associated with Jesus Paul's Understanding of Women in the Church Women in the Aftermath of Paul Ancient Ideologies of Gender Gender Ideology and the Pauline Churches At a Glance: Women in Early Christianity * Questions for Review and Reflection 19. CHRISTIAN CONFLICTS WITH JEWS AND PAGANS: HEBREWS AND 1 PETER Christians and Jews Early Christian Self-Definition Continuity and Superiority: The Epistle to the Hebrews At a Glance: Hebrews Christians and Pagans Christians in a Hostile World: The Letter of 1 Peter At a Glance: 1 Peter * Questions for Review and Reflection 20. CHRISTIAN INTERACTIONS WITH CHRISTIANS: JAMES, 2 PETER, JUDE, AND THE JOHANNINE EPISTLES Christian Interactions with Christians The Epistle of James Jude 2 Peter The Johannine Epistles Understanding the Johannine Epistles Reflections on the Contextual Method for Understanding the Johannine Epistles Conflicts within the Early Christian Communities At a Glance: Christian Internal Conflicts * Questions for Review and Reflection 21. CHRISTIANS AND THE COSMOS: THE BOOK OF REVELATION The Content and Structure of the Book of Revelation The Book of Revelation from a Historical Perspective Apocalyptic Worldviews and the Apocalypse Genre The Revelation of John in Historical Context At a Glance: The Book of Revelation * Questions for Review and Reflection Glossary Index