9780190276393

A Brief Introduction to the New Testament

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780190276393

  • ISBN10:

    0190276398

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 6/30/2016
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Featuring vibrant full color throughout, A Brief Introduction to the New Testament, Fourth Edition, is a concise version of Bart D. Ehrman's best-selling The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings, Sixth Edition. Retaining the approach of the longer textbook while condensing and simplifying much of its material, this volume looks at the New Testament from a consistently historical and comparative perspective and emphasizes the rich diversity of the earliest Christian literature. Distinctive to this study is its emphasis on the historical, literary, and religious milieux of the Greco-Roman world, including early Judaism.

The text incorporates a wealth of pedagogical resources including an extensive text box program, study questions, maps, timelines, and more than eighty photos (including three photo essays). A comprehensive glossary contains more than 200 key terms; these terms appear in boldface type the first time they are used in each chapter and are also listed at the end of each chapter in which they appear.

Ideal for undergraduate and seminary classes in the New Testament, Biblical Studies, and Christian Origins, A Brief Introduction to the New Testament, Fourth Edition, is an engaging and accessible introduction that encourages students to consider the historical issues surrounding these writings.

A FREE 6-month subscription to Oxford Biblical Studies Online (www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com)--a $180 value--is available with the purchase of every new copy of this text.

Author Biography


Bart D. Ehrman is the James A. Gray Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has written or edited more than twenty-nine books, including five New York Times best sellers. His publications include The New Testament, Sixth Edition (OUP, 2015), After the New Testament, Second Edition (OUP, 2014), The Bible (OUP, 2013), Forgery and Counterforgery (OUP, 2013), and The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, Second Edition (OUP, 2011).

Table of Contents


*=New to this Edition
Maps, Time Lines, and Diagrams
Boxes
Preface
Acknowledgments
Notes on Suggestions for Further Reading
Credits
Master Time Line
* 1. INTRODUCTION: WHY STUDY THE NEW TESTAMENT?
The New Testament: Some Basic Information
Other Early Christian Writings
The Development of the Christian Canon
Implications for Our Study
The New Testament: One Other Set of Problems
At a Glance: The New Testament Canon
Excursus: Some Additional Reflections: The Historian and the Believer
* Questions for Review and Reflection
Photo Essay: Ancient Manuscripts of the New Testament
2. THE GRECO-ROMAN WORLD OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY
The Problem of Beginnings
One Remarkable Life
The Environment of the New Testament: Religions in the Greco-Roman World
At a Glance: The World of Early Christianity
* Questions for Review and Reflection
3. THE JEWISH WORLD OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY
Monotheism: The Belief in the One True God
The Covenant: Israel's Pact with Its God
The Law: Israel's Covenantal Obligations
Temple and Synagogue: Israel's Places of Worship
Forms of Early Judaism
Political Crises in Palestine and Their Ramifications
The Formation of Jewish Groups
The Jewish Context for the Traditions about Jesus
At a Glance: The World of Early Judaism
* Questions for Review and Reflection
4. THE TRADITIONS OF JESUS IN THEIR GRECO-ROMAN CONTEXT
Oral Traditions Behind the Gospel
The Gospels as Biographies of Jesus
At a Glance: The Traditions of Jesus
Some Additional Reflections: The Authors of the Gospels
* Questions for Review and Reflection
5. JESUS, THE SUFFERING SON OF GOD: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MARK
The Synoptic Problem
Mark, Our Earliest Gospel
The Beginning of the Gospel: Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God Who Fulfills Scripture
Jesus the Authoritative Son of God
Jesus the Opposed Son of God
Jesus the Misunderstood Son of God
Jesus the Acknowledged Son of God
Jesus the Suffering Son of God
Jesus the Crucified Son of God
Jesus the Vindicated Son of God
Conclusion: Mark and His Readers
At a Glance: The Gospel of Mark
* Questions for Review and Reflection
6. JESUS, THE JEWISH MESSIAH: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW
A Redactional Approach to Matthew
The Importance of Beginnings: Jesus the Jewish Messiah in Fulfillment of the Jewish Scriptures
The Portrayal of Jesus in Matthew: The Sermon on the Mount as a Springboard
Jesus Rejected by the Jewish Leaders
Matthew and His Readers
At a Glance: The Gospel of Matthew
* Questions for Review and Reflection
7. JESUS, THE REJECTED PROPHET: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO LUKE
A Comparative Overview of the Gospel
The Preface to Luke's Gospel
Luke's Birth Narrative in Comparative Perspective
From Jew to Gentile: Luke's Portrayal of Jesus the Rejected Prophet
Luke's Distinctive Emphases Throughout His Gospel
Conclusion: Luke in Comparative Perspective
At a Glance: The Gospel of Luke
* Questions for Review and Reflection
8. JESUS, THE MAN SENT FROM HEAVEN: THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN
The Gospel of John from the Perspective of Genre Criticism
The Gospel of John from a Comparative Perspective
The Gospel of John from a Redactional Perspective
The Author of the Fourth Gospel
At a Glance: The Gospel of John
* Questions for Review and Reflection
* Excursus: Methods of Ideological Criticism
9. THE HISTORICAL JESUS
Problems with Sources
Using Our Sources
Jewish Apocalypticism
Jesus in His Apocalyptic Context
The Beginning and End as Keys to the Middle
The Apocalyptic Deeds of Jesus
The Apocalyptic Teachings of Jesus
The Apocalyptic Death of Jesus
At a Glance: Jesus the Apocalyptic Prophet
* Questions for Review and Reflection
10. FROM JESUS TO THE GOSPELS
The Beginning of Christianity
Jesus' Resurrection from an Apocalyptic Perspective
Jesus' Death, According to the Scriptures
The Emergence of Different Understandings of Jesus
At a Glance: From Jesus to the Gospels
* Questions for Review and Reflection
Photo Essay: The Material World of Jesus and the Gospels
11. LUKE'S SECOND VOLUME: THE BOOK OF ACTS
The Genre of Acts and Its Significance
The Thematic Approach to Acts
From Gospel to Acts: The Opening Transition
Themes in the Speeches in Acts
At a Glance: The Book of Acts
Conclusion: The Author and His Themes in Context
* Questions for Review and Reflection
12. PAUL THE APOSTLE: THE MAN AND HIS MISSION
The Study of Paul: Methodological Difficulties
The Life of Paul
At a Glance: Paul and His Mission
* Questions for Review and Reflection
13. PAUL AND HIS APOSTOLIC MISSION: I THESSALONIANS AS A TEST CASE
The Founding of the Church in Thessalonica
The Beginnings of the Thessalonian Church: A Sociohistorical Perspective
The Church at Thessalonica after Paul's Departure
Conclusion: Paul the Apostle
At a Glance: I Thessalonians
* Questions for Review and Reflection
14. PAUL AND THE CRISES OF HIS CHURCHES: THE CORINTHIAN CORRESPONDENCE
1 Corinthians
At a Glance: 1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
At a Glance: 2 Corinthians
* Questions for Review and Reflection
15. PAUL AND THE CRISES OF HIS CHURCHES: GALATIANS, PHILIPPIANS, AND PHILEMON
Galatians
At a Glance: Galatians
Philippians
Philemon
At a Glance: Philippians
At a Glance: Philemon
* Questions for Review and Reflection
16. THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO PAUL: THE LETTER TO THE ROMANS
The Occasion and Purpose of the Letter
The Theme of the Epistle
Pauline Models for Salvation
The Flow of Paul's Argument
Conclusion: Paul and the Romans
At a Glance: Romans
* Questions for Review and Reflection
* Photo Essay: The Cities and Roads of Paul
17. IN THE WAKE OF THE APOSTLE: THE DEUTERO-PAULINE AND PASTORAL EPISTLES
Pseudonymity in the Ancient World
The Deutero-Pauline Epistles
At a Glance: The Deutero-Pauline Epistles
The Pastoral Epistles
The Historical Situation and Authorship of the Pastoral Epistles
At a Glance: The Pastoral Epistles
* Questions for Review and Reflection
18. FROM PAUL'S FEMALE COLLEAGUES TO THE PASTOR'S INTIMIDATED WOMEN: THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY
Women in Paul's Churches
Women Associated with Jesus
Paul's Understanding of Women in the Church
Women in the Aftermath of Paul
Ancient Ideologies of Gender
Gender Ideology and the Pauline Churches
At a Glance: Women in Early Christianity
* Questions for Review and Reflection
19. CHRISTIAN CONFLICTS WITH JEWS AND PAGANS: HEBREWS AND 1 PETER
Christians and Jews
Early Christian Self-Definition
Continuity and Superiority: The Epistle to the Hebrews
At a Glance: Hebrews
Christians and Pagans
Christians in a Hostile World: The Letter of 1 Peter
At a Glance: 1 Peter
* Questions for Review and Reflection
20. CHRISTIAN INTERACTIONS WITH CHRISTIANS: JAMES, 2 PETER, JUDE, AND THE JOHANNINE EPISTLES
Christian Interactions with Christians
The Epistle of James
Jude
2 Peter
The Johannine Epistles
Understanding the Johannine Epistles
Reflections on the Contextual Method for Understanding the Johannine Epistles
Conflicts within the Early Christian Communities
At a Glance: Christian Internal Conflicts
* Questions for Review and Reflection
21. CHRISTIANS AND THE COSMOS: THE BOOK OF REVELATION
The Content and Structure of the Book of Revelation
The Book of Revelation from a Historical Perspective
Apocalyptic Worldviews and the Apocalypse Genre
The Revelation of John in Historical Context
At a Glance: The Book of Revelation
* Questions for Review and Reflection
Glossary
Index

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