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Buddhism: Introducing the Buddhist Experience, Third Edition, focuses on the depth of Buddhist experiences as expressed in the teachings and practices of its religious and philosophical traditions. Taking a more global and inclusive approach than any other introductory text, the book spans more than 2,500 years, offering chapters on Buddhism's origins in India; Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism; Buddhism in Southeast Asia, Tibet, China, Korea, and Japan; and the globalization of Buddhism with a focus on the United States. The volume is enhanced by substantial selections of primary text material, numerous boxed personal narratives by respected Buddhists and scholars, maps and photos, and six essays on cultural experiences of Buddhism around the world today.
Donald W. Mitchell is Professor of Philosophy at Purdue University. He is the author of The Gethsemani Encounter: A Dialogue on the Spiritual Life by Buddhist and Christian Monastics (1997).
Sarah H. Jacoby is Assistant Professor of Religion at Northwestern University. She is the coeditor of Buddhism Beyond the Monastery: Tantric Practices and their Performers in Tibet and the Himalayas (2009).
Table of Contents
Boxes, Figures, and Maps Preface Pronunciation Guide Introduction 1. THE LIFE OF GAUTAMA BUDDHA The Early Life of Siddhartha Gautama Birth Youth The Four Sights The Great Renunciation Spiritual Teachers Asceticism The Awakening of the Buddha Enlightenment Nirvana The Mission of the Buddha The Three Refuges Important Conversions Monasticism Social Concern Women's Ordination The Rebellion of Devadatta The Last Days of Gautama Buddha 2. THE TEACHINGS OF THE BUDDHA The Three Characteristics Impermanence Dissatisfactoriness No-Self The Five Aggregates Dependent Arising Karma and Rebirth Buddhist Cosmology The Wheel of Life The Four Noble Truths The Middle Way The First Noble Truth: Life Is Duhkha The Second Noble Truth: The Cause of Duhkha The Third Noble Truth: The Cessation of Duhkha The Fourth Noble Truth: The Eightfold Path to the Cessation of Duhkha Awakening The Eightfold Path Right Understanding Right Thought Right Speech Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Nirvana 3. EARLY BUDDHISM AND THE WAY OF THE ELDERS The First Council: Three Baskets The Sutra Pitaka The Vinaya Pitaka The Abhidharma Pitaka Second and Third Councils: Many Paths King Asoka The Way of the Elders Cultivating Morality Purification and Wholesomeness Releasement for Nirvana Four Lower and Higher Meditations Supernormal Abilities Tranquility Meditation Insight Meditation Wisdom Five Purifications The Four Paths Theravada Buddhism in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia Sri Lanka Southeast Asia Theravada Monastic and Lay Experience The Cultural Experience of Thai Buddhism Today, Mano Mettanando Laohavanich From Childhood to Adulthood Marriages and Funerals Popular Buddhist Practices Contributions of Thailand to Buddhist Culture 4. THE GREAT VEHICLE The Mahayana Sutras Discovering the Perfection of Wisdom A Layperson's Sutra Exploring Consciousness The Lotus The Land of Bliss The Great Journey of the Bodhisattva The Six Perfections The Ten Stages A Joyous Choice Purity, Luminosity, and Radience Meditation and Wisdom Beyond Arhatship to Buddhahood The Dharma Cloud The Three Bodies of the Buddha Celestial Buddhas Celestial Bodhisattvas 5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF BUDDHIST THOUGHT IN INDIA The Abhidharma Philosophies The Mahayana Philosophies The Middle Way The Womb of the Buddha Foundations of Consciousness Theories of Knowledge 6. THE TIBETAN EXPERIENCES OF BUDDHISM The Early Dissemination of Buddhism in Tibet The Later Dissemination of Buddhism in Tibet Tantra and Vajray?na Buddhism Preliminary Practices Major Schools of Tibetan Buddhism The "Scripture and Precept" School: Kadam The "Gray Earth" School: Sakya The "Oral Transmission" School: Kagyu The "Virtuous Ones" School: Geluk The Dalai Lama Tibet in the Past Century New Tibetan Buddhist Movements The Cultural Experience of Tibetan Buddhism Today, Geshe Damdul Namgyal Daily Rituals Circumambulation Prayer Wheels Prayer Flags The Ransom of Animals Purifications Auspicious Days Pilgrimage Wandering Storytellers The Deeper Life 7. THE CHINESE EXPERIENCES OF BUDDHISM Translation and Inculturation New Translations and Scholarship Persecution and Reform The Foundation of the Chinese Experiences of Buddhism The Abhidhauma Schools The Mahayana Schools Defining the Chinese Experiences of Buddhism The Heavenly Terrace School The Flower-Garland School The Pure Land School Persecution and Decline New Chinese Buddhist Movements The Cultural Experience of Chinese Buddhism Today, Dedong Wei Temple Rituals Buddhist Festivals Popular Buddhist Practices Recent Developments in Popular Chinese Buddhism Buddhism's Influence on Chinese Culture Today 8. THE KOREAN EXPERIENCES OF BUDDHISM The Advent of Buddhism during the Three Kingdoms Period Buddhism during the Unified Silla Dynasty: Innovation and Scholarship Uisang Wonhyo The Five Buddhist Schools Buddhism during the Koryo Dynasty: Searching for Unity Uich'on Chinul The Korean Tripitaka Repression during the Choson Dynasty The Japanese Occupation and Recent Developments The Cultural Experience of Korean Buddhism Today, Jongmyung Kim Temple Rituals Prayer and Pilgrimage The Templestay Program Buddhist Cultural Heritage in Korea The Future of Popular Buddhism in Korean Culture 9. THE JAPANESE EXPERIENCES OF BUDDHISM Prince Shotoku The Nara Period (710-784): The Six Schools The Kusha School The Jojitsu School The Ritsu School The Sanron School The Hosso School The Kegon School The Heian Period (794-1185): The Tendai and Shingon Schools Tendai Buddhism The Shingon School The Kamakura Period (1185-1333): Pure Land, Zen, and Nichiren Pure Land Buddhism Zen Buddhism Nichiren Buddhism The Muromachi Period (1338-1573): Zen and Japanese Culture The Tokugawa Period (1603-1868): Struggle and Reform The Meiji Period (1868-1912) and Recent Developments New Japanese Buddhist Cultural Movements The Cultural Experience of Japanese Buddhism Today, Tomonobu Shinozaki Buddhist Veneration of Ancestors O-bon Festival Popular Buddhist Practices and Holidays The Bodhisattva Figure and Buddhist Practice Today 10. THE GLOBALIZATION OF BUDDHISM Early European Encounters and Scholarship Buddhism in the United States Chinese Buddhism Japanese Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism Theravada Buddhism Korean Buddhism Vietnamese Buddhism Buddhism in Europe Buddhists in Canada Buddhism in Australia and New Zealand Buddhism in Brazil Buddhism in Africa Issues Facing Global Buddhisms Ethnicity, Identity and Practice Women, Ordination and Gender Buddhist Ecumenism Interreligious Dialogue Social Engagement Ecology and Science Youth and the Internet The Future of Global Buddhism The Cultural Experience of Buddhism in America Today Glossary of Technical Terms Index