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Business and Its Environment

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Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130815613

ISBN10:
0130815616
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
9/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $120.00

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Summary

Taking a managerial perspective with respect to the subject matter and the cases provided, this book uses a structured and disciplinary approach to address a class of management issues of growing importance to the performance of companies. This approach brings together the disciplines of economics, political science, law, and ethics to provide a deeper understanding of the issues.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
PART I: STRATEGY AND THE NONMARKET ENVIRONMENT 1(118)
The Market and Nonmarket Environments
3(27)
Introduction
3(1)
The Role of Management
4(1)
The Market and Nonmarket Environments
5(2)
The Four I's
6(1)
The Nonmarket Environment of the Automobile Industry Safety
7(4)
Safety
7(1)
Air bags
7(1)
Fuel economy
8(1)
Alternative fuel vehicles
8(1)
Emissions
9(1)
Activist pressure
9(1)
Media coverage
9(1)
Liability
10(1)
Taxes
10(1)
Global warming
10(1)
International trade
10(1)
Labor relations
11(1)
Sexual harassment
11(1)
The Nonmarket Environment and Issue Agenda
11(6)
Issues
11(1)
Interests
12(1)
Institutions
13(1)
Information
14(1)
The nonmarket issue agenda
15(2)
Change in the Nonmarket Environment
17(2)
Anticipating Nonmarket Issues
19(1)
Example: Graduation Cards
19(1)
The Nonmarket Issue Life Cycle
20(2)
Summary
22(1)
Cases
23(7)
General Motors Like a Rock? (A)
23(3)
An Emerging Issue: MTBE
26(2)
The Nonmarket Environment of McDonald's
28(2)
Integrated Strategy
30(30)
Introduction
30(1)
Strategy in the Nonmarket Environment
30(4)
The importance of nonmarket strategy
30(2)
Timing and the nonmarket issue life cycle
32(1)
Integrated strategy
33(1)
Microsoft
34(8)
Nonmarket Assets and Competencies
42(1)
Strategies and borders
43(1)
Analysis of Nonmarket Issues
43(2)
The level of analysis
43(2)
Disciplinary foundations of nonmarket analysis
45(1)
A Framework for the Analysis of Nonmarket Issues
45(2)
Case: Citibank and Credit Cards for Undergraduates
47(3)
Application of the framework
47(3)
Citibank I
50(1)
Citibank II
50(1)
Organization of the Nonmarket Strategy Function
50(1)
Summary
51(1)
Cases
52(8)
Envirotest Systems Corporation (A)
52(4)
Personal Watercraft aka Jet Skis
56(2)
Buffalo Savings Bank (A)
58(2)
The News Media and Nonmarket Issues
60(30)
Introduction
60(1)
The Role of the News Media in Nonmarket Issues
60(2)
Messages and Their Interpretation
62(1)
A Theory of the News Media Coverage and Treatment
63(4)
Intrinsic audience interest
64(1)
Societal significance
64(1)
Combining the perspectives
65(2)
Extending the Theory
67(2)
Newsworthiness
67(1)
The audience
68(1)
The cost of coverage
69(1)
The Nature of the News Media
69(4)
The news media as a business
69(1)
The profession
70(1)
Does the media treat issues selectively?
70(1)
Bias and accuracy
71(2)
Business Interactions with the News Media
73(3)
The need for information
73(1)
Media strategies
74(1)
Coverage and responses
74(1)
Developing relationships with the media
75(1)
Media interviews
75(1)
Strategies for Addressing Media Issues
76(1)
Anticipatable issues
76(1)
Unanticipated events
77(1)
Recourse in Disputes with the Media
77(6)
Private recourse
77(1)
Example: The Body Shop
78(1)
Recourse to the law: defamation and libel
79(1)
Example: Proctor & Gamble and Neighbor to Neighbor
80(2)
Other laws
82(1)
Summary
83(2)
Cases
85(5)
The Alar Episode (A)
85(1)
Veggie Libel Wars
86(2)
Illinois Power Company (A)
88(2)
Private Nonmarket Action
90(29)
Introduction
90(3)
Boycotts
91(2)
Activist Strategies
93(5)
Example: Pizza Hut and Helath Insurance Reform
94(4)
Activist Organizations
98(2)
Activist organizations and networks
98(1)
Greenpeace
99(1)
Interacting with Interest Groups and Activists
100(4)
Strategy and negotiations
100(1)
Example: Mitsubishi and the Logging of Tropical Rain Forests
101(2)
Example: Negotiating with Activists: OnBank
103(1)
Example: Mitsubishi and RAN
104(1)
Summary
104(2)
Cases
106(13)
Shell, Greenpeace, and Brent Spar
106(4)
Nike in Southeast Asia
110(3)
Monsanto and the Synthetic Milk Hormone
113(2)
Denny's and Customer Service
115(4)
Part I Integrative Case: Calgene Inc. and Infrastructure Marketing 119(8)
PART II: NONMARKET STRATEGIES AND GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS 127(128)
Political Theory and Government Institutions
129(36)
Introduction
129(1)
Markets
129(4)
The role and functioning of markets
129(1)
Consumer surplus and economic rents
130(3)
The Connection Between the Market and Nonmarket Environments
133(2)
The demand for nonmarket action
133(1)
The costs of nonmarket action
134(1)
The free-rider problem and collective action
134(1)
Social and Political Dilemmas
135(2)
The prisoner's dream
135(1)
Dilemmas, repeated encounters, and cooperation
136(1)
Majority Rule-Based Institutions
137(4)
Properties of majority rule
137(1)
Arrow's impossibility theorem and political institutions
138(1)
The median voter theorem
139(1)
Committees in legislatures
140(1)
Bargaining versus voting
141(1)
Vote trading and pivotal voters
141(1)
Institutions
141(12)
Congress
142(1)
The organization of Congress
142(1)
The legislative process
143(3)
Committees
146(2)
Committee and individual power
148(1)
Bargaining in political institutions
148(1)
Delegation
148(1)
Legislatures and their constituencies
148(2)
Committee and personal staffs
150(1)
State governments
151(1)
Parties
151(1)
The presidency and the executive branch
152(1)
Courts
153(1)
Politics and the Public Interest
153(1)
The Politics of the Extension of Daylight Saving Time
154(5)
The nature of political explanations
154(1)
The legislative history of the extension
154(1)
The Politics of daylight saving time
155(2)
The role of information
157(1)
An analytical characterization of the politics of daylight saving time
158(1)
Summary
159(2)
Cases
161(4)
Summertime in the European Union
161(1)
Repeal of the Luxury Tax
162(1)
An Electoral Dilemma (A)
163(1)
An Electoral Dilemma (B)
164(1)
Political Analysis for Business
165(27)
Introduction
165(1)
A Framework for the Analysis of Political and Collective Action
166(8)
Interests and interest groups
166(1)
The amount of political action
167(1)
The demand for political action
167(2)
The costs of political and collective action
169(1)
The effectiveness of group action
170(1)
The distributive politics spreadsheet
170(2)
The nature of political competition
172(2)
Institutions and institutional officeholders
174(1)
Moral Determinants of Collective and Political Action
174(3)
Example: Boeing in a Pickle
174(3)
Analysis of the Case Example
177(8)
The nonmarket issue
177(1)
Distributive consequences
177(2)
Boeing's nonmarket agenda and objectives
179(1)
The nature of the politics
179(2)
Institutions and institutional officeholders
181(2)
Nonmarket strategy formulation
183(1)
The outcome
184(1)
Summary
185(1)
Appendix
186(1)
Cases
187(5)
Tobacco Politics
187(2)
Scrubbers and Environmental Politics
189(1)
Pizza Hut and the Legal Drinking Age
190(2)
Formulating Political Strategies
192(31)
Introduction
192(1)
Responsible Political Action
192(4)
Criticisms of business political activity
193(3)
Political Strategy Formulation
196(5)
Managers and political strategies
196(1)
An approach to strategy formulation
197(4)
Political Strategies
201(11)
A representational strategy: Toshiba and trade sanctions
201(3)
Majority building strategies
204(2)
Multiple pivots
206(1)
The nature of the politics and political strategy
206(1)
Agenda setting
206(1)
Informational strategies
207(2)
Public officeholders as targets of political strategies
209(1)
Example: China and Most Favored Nation Status
210(1)
Political strategies in client and interest group politics
211(1)
Summary
212(2)
Cases
214(9)
Federal Express (A)
214(1)
Echelon and the Home Automation Standard (A)
215(4)
The Section 936 Tax Credit
219(4)
Implementing Political Strategies
223(32)
Introduction
223(1)
Lobbying
223(6)
The nature of lobbying
224(1)
Technical and politically relevant information
224(2)
Access
226(1)
Timing
227(1)
Government allies
228(1)
Controls on lobbying
228(1)
Grassroots Strategies and the Constituent Connection
229(2)
Mobilization
229(1)
Business grassroots campaigns
230(1)
The effectiveness of grassroots programs
231(1)
Coalition Building
231(5)
Example: Pacificare's Political Portfolio
232(1)
Peak associations
233(1)
Trade associations
233(1)
Example: Calgene and Canola
234(1)
Ad hoc coalitions
234(1)
Example: Silicon Valley goes to Washington
235(1)
Coalitions and consensus
236(1)
Testimony
236(2)
Example: Pharmaceutical Politics
237(1)
Electoral Strategies
238(3)
Election financing laws
238(2)
The pattern of campaign contributions
240(1)
Purposes of campaign contributions
240(1)
Communication and Public Advocacy
241(1)
Judicial strategies
242(1)
Advisory panels and committees
243(1)
Organizing for political effectiveness
244(1)
Summary
244(1)
Cases
245(9)
Drexel Burnham Lambert and Junk Bond Politics
246(1)
Envirotest Systems Corporation (B)
247(2)
CAFE Standards
249(5)
Appendix A: CAFE Formula
254(1)
Appendix B: CAFE Standards under S. 1224
254(1)
Part II Integrative Case: Proposition 211: Securities Litigation Referendum (A) 255(10)
PART III: GOVERNMENT AND MARKETS 265(142)
Antitrust: Economics, Law, and Politics
265(42)
Introduction
265(1)
Antitrust Law and Enforcement
266(9)
The antitrust statutes
266(2)
Example: Microsoft and monopoly
268(2)
Exemptions
270(1)
Government enforcement of the antitrust laws
270(3)
Private antitrust actions
273(1)
Per se violations and the rule of reason
274(1)
Schools of Antitrust Thought
275(7)
The structural approach
275(3)
The Chicago school
278(2)
The New 10 approach
280(2)
Examples of the Differences in Antitrust Thought
282(4)
Vertical arrangements
282(2)
Predatory pricing and entry deterrence
284(2)
Collusion and price fixing
286(1)
Mergers and Merger Guidelines
286(2)
State Antitrust Enforcement
288(1)
Compliance
289(1)
The Politics of Antitrust
289(2)
Summary
291(1)
Cases
292(15)
Apple Computer and Mail-Order Sales
292(1)
The Staples-Office Depot Merger?
293(5)
The Microsoft Antitrust Case
298(9)
Regulation: Law, Economics, and Politics
307(29)
Introduction
307(1)
Periods of Regulatory Change
308(1)
The Constitutional Basis for Regulation
309(1)
Regulatory Commissions and Agencies
310(1)
The Nonmarket Environment of Regulatory Agencies
310(3)
Delegation, Rule Making, Due Process, and Discretion
313(2)
Example: The FCC and TV, Cable, and VCR Compatibility
315(1)
Explanations for Regulation
315(1)
Market Imperfections
316(6)
Natural monopoly
316(2)
Externalities
318(1)
Public goods
318(1)
Asymetric information
319(1)
Moral hazard
320(1)
Transactions costs
321(1)
Government imperfections
322(1)
The Political Economy of Regulation
322(4)
Redistribution and cross-subsidization
324(1)
Cost-of-service regulation
325(1)
Deregulation
326(3)
Telecommunications
326(2)
Electric power
328(1)
Auctions
329(1)
Summary
329(2)
Cases
331(5)
Whirlpool and Energy Efficiency Standards (B): Rule Making
331(2)
Sears and the Local Regulation of Advertising
333(1)
The FCC and International Telephone Rates
334(2)
Product Safety: Liability and Regulation
336(36)
Introduction
336(1)
The Product Safety Problem and Social Efficiency
337(2)
Entitlements, Liability, and Social Efficiency
339(4)
The Coase theorem
339(1)
Entitlements and their protection
340(1)
Transactions costs and the limits of the Coase theorem
341(1)
The assignment of costs and the choice between liability and regulation
342(1)
Products Liability Law
343(12)
Products liability cases
343(2)
The development of products liability law
345(3)
Allowable defenses under strict liability
348(1)
Damages
349(1)
Imperfections in the liability system
350(2)
Absolute liability
352(1)
Example: Silicon breast implants
353(1)
The politics of products liability
354(1)
Product Safety Regulation
355(4)
The Consumer Products Safety Commission
355(3)
The nonmarket environment of the CPSC
358(1)
Chain Saw Safety
359(4)
The safety issue
359(1)
Market imperfections
360(2)
Channels of distribution and information provision
362(1)
The Consumer Product Safety Commission's standard-setting efforts
362(1)
Summary
363(2)
Cases
365(7)
Domino's Delivers (A)
365(1)
California Space Heaters, Inc. (A)
366(3)
Bic Disposable Butane Lighters
369(3)
Environmental Protection: Economics, Politics, and Management
372(35)
Introduction
372(1)
Socially Efficient Regulation of Pollution Externalities
372(7)
Tradable permits system
373(3)
Global warming and emissions trading systems
376(2)
Uncompensated damages
378(1)
Implementing socially efficient regulation
378(1)
The Environmental Protection Agency
379(4)
Enforcement
381(1)
Standard setting and engineering controls
381(1)
Incentive approaches
382(1)
Superfund
382(1)
The Politics of Environmental Protection
383(2)
NIMBY
385(1)
EPA Strategy and Activism
386(6)
The 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act
388(1)
Acid rain and tradable permits
388(2)
Environmental politics: Scrubbers and the Clean Air Act Amendments
390(2)
Management of Environmental Protection Issues
392(5)
Internal management issues
393(1)
McDonald's and waste reduction
394(1)
Kodak and the recycling of single-use cameras
395(1)
3M and pollution prevention pays
396(1)
Summary
397(2)
Cases
399(8)
Philips and the Low-Mercury Fluorescent Lamp
399(2)
Procter & Gamble and Disposable Diapers
401(3)
Westlands Water District
404(3)
Part III Integrative Case: Whirlpool and Energy Efficiency Standards (A): Regulation and Politics 407(6)
PART IV: GLOBAL BUSINESS AND THE NONMARKET ENVIRONMENT 413(143)
The Political Economy of Japan
415(32)
Introduction
415(1)
Issues
416(1)
Interests
417(1)
Institutions
418(7)
The Diet (parliament)
418(1)
Political parties and the electoral system
419(4)
The bureaucracy
423(2)
The Judicial System and the Antimonopoly Law
425(1)
Cultural Foundations
426(2)
Tying the Components Together: A Framework for Political Exchange
428(2)
Political exchange
428(2)
Characteristics of Business
430(3)
The organization of business
430(3)
Business-Government Interactions
433(4)
The organization of business for political action
433(1)
Political strategies
434(1)
Relationships with the bureaucracy
435(1)
Lobbying and points of access
435(2)
Information
437(1)
Relationships with Bureaucrats and Politicians
437(2)
Coalition building
438(1)
An incident
438(1)
Corporate Political Styles
439(1)
Summary
440(2)
Cases
442(5)
The Breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph
442(3)
Toys Us in Japan (A)
445(2)
The Political Economy of the European Union
447(38)
Introduction
447(1)
The Union
447(2)
The Single European Act
448(1)
The Maastricht Treaty
449(1)
Nonmarket Issues
449(2)
Example: Data privacy
450(1)
The Institutions of the European Union
451(13)
The European Commission
451(2)
The Council of Ministers
453(1)
The European Parliament
454(1)
The European Court of Justice
454(1)
The Economic and Social Committee
455(1)
The EU legislative process
455(2)
Economic and monetary union
457(1)
Competition policy
458(2)
Privatization and market opening
460(1)
State aids
461(1)
The social charter and labor markets
461(1)
Social democracy and labor
462(1)
Competition among the states
462(1)
Fortress Europe?
463(1)
Interests and Their Organization
464(1)
Nonmarket Strategies in the European Union
465(4)
Example: Pronuptia and franchising
469(1)
Germany
469(5)
Institutions: The structure of government
470(1)
The political economy of Germany
471(2)
Interests and their organizations
473(1)
Summary
474(2)
Cases
476(9)
The European Union Carbon Tax
476(4)
Benetton, Advertising Protests, and Franchising
480(1)
Toys Us in Germany
481(1)
Toys Us in Sweden
482(3)
China: History, Culture, and Political Economy
485(28)
Introduction
485(1)
Historical Background
485(6)
Pre-republican
485(2)
The Republican era
487(1)
The Communist era
488(3)
Confucianism and Social Explanations
491(5)
Applications in Society, Politics, and Business
493(3)
The Nonmarket Environment and the Four I's
496(4)
State institutions
498(2)
Provincial and local governments
500(1)
Business: State-Owned Enterprises, International Trade, and Investment
500(3)
State-owned enterprises
500(1)
International trade
501(1)
Foreign direct investment
502(1)
Continuing Issues
503(3)
Human rights and political reform
503(3)
Summary
506(1)
Cases
507(6)
Wugang and the Reform of State-Owned Enterprises
507(3)
Direct Marketing in China
510(1)
Fresenius Medical Care in China
511(2)
The Political Economy of International Trade Policy
513(43)
Introduction
513(2)
The Economics of Interntional Trade
515(3)
Competitive theory
515(2)
Strategic trade theory
517(1)
The Political Economy of International Trade Policy
518(3)
The dual nature of the politics of international trade
518(1)
Asymmetrics in the politics
519(2)
International Trade Agreements
521(6)
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization
521(1)
General Agreement of Trade in Services (GATS)
522(1)
Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
523(1)
Agriculture
523(1)
Government procurement
524(1)
Antidumping
524(1)
Dispute settlement
524(2)
The next round?
526(1)
Other trade agreements
526(1)
U.S. Trade Policy
527(1)
The structure of U.S. trade policy
527(1)
U.S. trade law and its administration
527(1)
The Political Economy of Protectionism
528(4)
Formal policies
528(2)
Channels of protection
530(1)
Example: Steel imports and the nonmarket campaign
530(2)
The Political Economy of Market Opening
532(2)
The North American Free Trade Agreement
532(1)
Marketing opening and client politics
533(1)
Market opening under the threat of retaliation
534(1)
Summary
534(2)
Appendix: U.S. Trade Law
536(2)
Cases
538(18)
The WTO and the Environment
538(2)
Cemex and Antidumping
540(6)
The Kodak-Fujifilm Trade Dispute
546(10)
Part IV Integrative Case Toys Us and Globalization 556(3)
PART V: ETHICS AND RESPONSIBILITY 559(185)
Corporate Social Responsibility
561(30)
Introduction
561(2)
Example: Tuna and dolphins
562(1)
The Role of Business in Society
563(3)
The efficiency perspective
563(1)
Concerns about the efficiency perspective
564(1)
Market capitalism and managerial capitalism
565(1)
The social responsibility perspective
565(1)
Conceptions of the Social Responsibility of Business
566(6)
The law
566(1)
Corporate social responsibility as profit maximization
566(3)
The Business Roundtable statement on social responsibility
569(1)
An example of the difference between Friedman and the Business Roundtable
570(1)
The stakeholder concept
571(1)
Strategic Uses of Corporate Social Responsibility
572(1)
Examples of Corporate Social Responsibility
573(3)
Unocal Corporation and the dirty car bounty
573(1)
ARCO and gasoline price restraints
574(1)
Malden Mills Industries
574(1)
Aetna and housing rehabilitation
575(1)
South Shore Bank and community development
576(1)
Social Responsibility: Motives and Causality
576(3)
Corporate Governance
579(4)
Constituent representation?
579(1)
Social accountability
580(1)
The duties of boards of directors
580(2)
The market for control
582(1)
Summary
583(2)
Cases
585(6)
Advanced Technology Laboratories, Inc.
585(2)
Headquarters Relocation: Kimberly-Clark and the State of Wisconsin
587(3)
Western National Bank
590(1)
Ethical Systems: Utilitarianism and Management
591(31)
Introduction
591(1)
What Ethics Is and Is Not
592(1)
Business Ethics
593(1)
Ethics and Private Interests
594(1)
Issue: integrity tests
594(1)
Ethics, Politics, and Change
595(1)
Casuistry
596(1)
Example: Saving the Division
596(1)
The Methodology of Ethical Analysis
597(2)
The Relationship among Moral Philosophy, Ethics, and Political Philosophy
599(1)
Utilitarianism: A Consequentalist System
600(2)
Utilitarianism and self-interest
601(1)
Utilitarianism, distribution, and altruism
601(1)
Summary
602(1)
Applied Utilitarianism---Cost-Benefit Analysis
602(1)
Utilitarian duty and the calabresi and melamed principles
603(1)
Act and Rule Utilitarianism
603(3)
Simultaneous choice by several individuals
605(1)
Utilitarianism and Rights
606(1)
Criticisms of Utilitarianism
606(2)
Utilitarianism in Application
608(1)
Categories of situations
609(1)
Methodology
609(1)
Difficulties in the Implementation of Utilitarian Analysis
609(5)
Identifying social costs and benefits
609(1)
The measurement problem
610(1)
The information problem
610(1)
Example: Corporate social responsibility
611(1)
Example: Integrity tests
612(1)
Example: Insurance screening for pre-existing conditions
612(1)
Example: Redlining
613(1)
Summary
614(1)
Cases
615(7)
Living Benefits
615(1)
Sex Differentiated Retirement Benefits
616(2)
Pricing the Norplant® System
618(4)
Ethical Systems: Rights and Justice
622(35)
Introduction
622(1)
Classification of Ethical Systems
622(1)
Classes of Rights
623(1)
Kantian Maxims or Moral Rules
624(6)
The relationship between maxims and rights
626(1)
Intrinsic and instrumental rights
627(2)
Criticisms of Kantian rights
629(1)
Applied Rights Analysis
630(2)
Claimed and granted rights
630(1)
A method for rights analysis
631(1)
Conflict among Rights
632(3)
Rights and interests
632(1)
Prioritization
632(1)
Example: Integrity tests
633(2)
Neoclassical Liberalism
635(1)
Categories of Justice Theories
636(2)
Distributive justive
636(1)
Compensatory justice
637(1)
Injustice
638(1)
Rawls's Theory of Justice
638(8)
The framework for justice as fairness
638(2)
The principles of justice
640(1)
The role of incentives
641(2)
Duty in Rawls's theory
643(1)
Criticisms of Rawls's theory
643(1)
The application of the principles of justice
644(2)
Higher Order Standards for Evaluating Ethical Systems
646(1)
Summary
647(2)
Cases
649(8)
Delta Instruments, Inc.
649(1)
Genetic Testing in the Workplace
650(2)
Governmental Justice and Pollution Credits Trading Systems
652(5)
Implementing Ethics Systems
657(29)
Introduction
657(2)
Example: Levi Strauss & Co. and global sourcing
657(2)
Moral Determinants of Nonmarket Action
659(2)
Example: Buffalo Savings Bank (A) revisited
660(1)
Tensions in the Implementation of Ethical Principles
661(4)
Individual actions and responsibility for their consequences
661(1)
Paternalism
662(1)
Political action and restraint
663(2)
Corporate Social Responsibility Revisited
665(1)
Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethics in Practice
666(12)
British Petroleum and global warming
666(1)
Statements of commitment and expectations
667(1)
Example: Johnson and Johnson's Our Credo
668(1)
Core principles and their evolution
668(1)
Levi Strauss & Co. business partner terms of engagement
669(2)
Process
671(1)
Maintaining a culture
671(1)
The Body Shop and the social audit
672(1)
Codes of conduct
673(1)
Competitive and proprietary information
673(1)
Principles and reasoning
674(1)
Ethics programs
675(1)
Compliance
676(1)
Examples of implemented policies
677(1)
Sources of Unethical Behavior
678(2)
Summary
680(1)
Cases
681(5)
Circle K Corporation and Employee Health Care Costs (A)
681(1)
Honda and Excess Demand
682(2)
Levi Strauss & Co. Terms of Engagement Audits
684(2)
Ethical Issues in the Employment Relationship
686(30)
Introduction
686(1)
Employment Rights
686(3)
The evolution of employment rights
686(1)
Employee rights in continuing jobs
687(1)
Employee rights when jobs are being eliminated
688(1)
Equal Employment Opportunity
689(3)
The burden of proof
691(1)
Affirmative Action
692(3)
Preference and reverse discrimination
693(2)
Americans with Disabilities Act
695(1)
Sexual Harassment
696(1)
Diversity
697(1)
Women in Management
698(1)
Company Programs
699(1)
Organized Labor
700(2)
Privacy and Drug Testing
702(2)
Whistle-Blowing
704(2)
Summary
706(2)
Appendix: The Principal Equal Opportunity Laws
708(2)
Cases
710(6)
American Airlines and Weight Standards
710(1)
Beards
711(1)
Advanced Technology, Inc (ATI)
712(4)
Ethical Issues in International Business
716(28)
Introduction
716(1)
International Law and Institutions
717(1)
Cultural Relativism
718(3)
Human Rights and Justice
721(2)
Slave labor in Saipan?
722(1)
Operating in Developing Countries
723(3)
Sweatshops
724(1)
International codes
725(1)
Questionable Foreign Payments
726(9)
Questionable payments and ethical principles
727(1)
The Lockheed case
728(1)
A utilitarian analysis of bribery
729(1)
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
730(1)
Company codes
731(1)
Cummins practice
732(2)
The OECD convention on combating bribery
734(1)
Summary
735(1)
Cases
736(8)
Complications in Marnera
736(2)
Marketing Infant Formula in Developing Countries
738(1)
Levi Strauss & Co. in China
739(3)
University Games, Inc.
742(2)
Part V Integrative Case: Levi Strauss & Co. Global Sourcing Guidelines 744(7)
References 751(14)
Index 765


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