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Calculation of Drug Dosages,9780323018883

Calculation of Drug Dosages

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780323018883

ISBN10:
0323018882
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Elsevier Science Health Science div
List Price: $42.95
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Summary

This popular dosage calculation work-text helps students master the critical skills necessary to competently and confidently calculate drug dosages. Innovative and practical, it includes information on the ratio and proportion, formula and dimensional analysis methods of drug calculation, and numerous practice problems to accompany these methods. Ideal for students who need an extensive math review in addition to drug calculations content, this new edition features a more logical organization, a new chapter addressing medication administration to critically ill patients, and more practice problems on calculations for pediatric patients. Learning objectives help students focus on key content as they read and study. Chapter worksheets provide students the opportunity to practice solving realistic problems. Posttests help students identify their areas of strengths and weaknesses. Full-color drug labels provide a more realistic representation of medication administration. A comprehensive posttest at the end of the book helps students assess their knowledge of the calculation of drug dosages. A comprehensive glossary defines important terms. A new chapter on Critical Care IV Flow Rates addresses medication administration to critically ill patients. Content has been reorganized to create a more logical flow for learning. Approximately 20 more practice problems have been added on calculations for pediatric patients.

Table of Contents

PART I Review of Mathematics
Review of Mathematics Pretest
3(4)
Fractions
7(22)
Pretest
7(2)
Learning Objectives
9(2)
Changing an Improper Fraction to a Mixed Number
11(1)
Changing a Mixed Number to an Improper Fraction
11(1)
Lowest Common Denominator
11(2)
Changing a Fraction to an Equivalent Fraction with the Lowest Common Denominator
12(1)
Changing a Mixed Number to an Equivalent Fraction with the Lowest Common Denominator
12(1)
Addition of Fractions
13(2)
Addition of Fractions Having the Same Denominator
13(1)
Addition of Fractions with Unlike Denominators
13(1)
Addition of Fractions Involving Whole Numbers and Unlike Denominators
14(1)
Subtraction of Fractions
15(3)
Subtraction of Fractions Having the Same Denominator
15(1)
Subtraction of Fractions with Unlike Denominators
16(1)
Subtraction of Fractions Involving Whole Numbers and Unlike Denominators
16(2)
Multiplication of Fractions
18(1)
Multiplication of Mixed Numbers
18(1)
Division of Fractions
19(1)
Division of Mixed Numbers
19(1)
Reduction of a Complex Fraction
19(2)
Reduction of a Complex Fraction with Mixed Numbers
20(1)
Work Sheet
21(4)
Posttest 1
25(2)
Posttest 2
27(2)
Decimals
29(22)
Pretest
29(4)
Learning Objectives
33(2)
Reading Decimal Numbers
34(1)
Determining the Values of Decimal Fractions
34(1)
Addition and Subtraction of Decimals
35(1)
Multiplication of Decimals
35(1)
Multiplying a Decimal by 10 or a Power of 10 (100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000)
36(1)
Multiplying a Whole Number or Decimal by 0.1 or a Multiple of 0.1 (0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, or 0.00001)
36(1)
Rounding a Decimal Fraction
36(1)
Division of Decimals
37(1)
Dividing a Decimal by 10 or a Multiple of 10 (100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000)
38(1)
Dividing a Whole Number or a Decimal Fraction by 0.1 or a Multiple of 0.1 (0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, or 0.00001)
38(1)
Conversion
38(3)
Converting a Decimal Fraction to a Proper Fraction
38(1)
Converting a Proper Fraction to a Decimal Fraction
38(3)
Work Sheet
41(6)
Posttest 1
47(2)
Posttest 2
49(2)
Percents
51(18)
Pretest
51(4)
Learning Objectives
55(6)
Changing a Fraction to a Percent
55(1)
Changing a Decimal to a Percent
56(1)
Changing a Percent to a Fraction
56(1)
Changing a Percent to a Decimal
57(1)
Changing a Percent Containing a Fraction to a Decimal
57(1)
Finding What Percent One Number Is of Another
58(1)
Finding the Given Percent of a Number
58(3)
Work Sheet
61(4)
Posttest 1
65(2)
Posttest 2
67(2)
Ratios
69(14)
Pretest
69(2)
Learning Objectives
71(4)
Changing a Proper Fraction to a Ratio Reduced to Lowest Terms
71(1)
Changing a Decimal Fraction to a Ratio Reduced to Lowest Terms
72(1)
Changing a Percent to a Ratio Reduced to Lowest Terms
72(1)
Changing a Ratio to a Proper Fraction Reduced to Lowest Terms
73(1)
Changing a Ratio to a Decimal Fraction
73(1)
Changing a Ratio to a Percent
74(1)
Work Sheet
75(4)
Posttest 1
79(2)
Posttest 2
81(2)
Proportions
83(22)
Pretest
83(2)
Learning Objectives
85(1)
Solving a Simple Proportion Problem
86(3)
Proportion Problem Involving Whole Numbers
86(1)
Proportion Problem Involving Fractions
86(1)
Proportion Problem Involving Decimals
87(1)
Proportion Problem Involving Fractions and Percents
87(1)
Proportion Problem Involving Decimals and Percents
87(1)
Proportion Problem Involving Numerous Zeros
88(1)
Work Sheet
89(4)
Posttest 1
93(2)
Posttest 2
95(2)
Review of Mathematics Posttest
97(8)
PART II Units and Measurements for the Calculation of Drug Dosages
Metric and Household Measurements
105(16)
Pretest
105(2)
Learning Objectives
107(1)
Metric Measurements
107(3)
Household Measurements
110(3)
Work Sheet
113(4)
Posttest 1
117(2)
Posttest 2
119(2)
Apothecary and Household Measurements
121(12)
Pretest
121(2)
Learning Objectives
123(4)
Addition of Roman Numerals
124(1)
Subtraction of Roman Numerals
124(1)
Apothecary Measurements
124(1)
Household Measurements
125(2)
Work Sheet
127(2)
Posttest 1
129(2)
Posttest 2
131(2)
Equivalents between Apothecary and Metric Measurements
133(16)
Pretest
133(2)
Learning Objectives
135(4)
Approximate Equivalents between Apothecary and Metric Measurements
135(2)
Approximate Equivalents between Celsius and Fahrenheit Measurements
137(2)
Work Sheet
139(4)
Posttest 1
143(2)
Posttest 2
145(4)
PART III Calculation of Drug Dosages
Interpretation of the Physician's Orders
149(8)
Learning Objectives
149(6)
Written Orders
149(1)
Verbal Orders
150(1)
Scheduling the Administration of Medications
150(1)
Introduction to Drug Dosages
151(1)
The Six Rights of Medication Administration
152(3)
Posttest
155(2)
How to Read Drug Labels
157(8)
Learning Objectives
157(4)
Parts of a Drug Label
157(1)
Examples for Practice in Reading Drug Labels
158(3)
Posttest 1
161(2)
Posttest 2
163(2)
Dimensional Analysis and the Calculation of Drug Dosages
165(10)
Learning Objectives
165(6)
Using Dimensional Analysis to Calculate IV Flow Rates
167(4)
Work Sheet
171(4)
Oral Dosages
175(54)
Learning Objectives
175(12)
Oral Dosages Involving Capsules and Tablets/Proportion Method
178(2)
Oral Dosages Involving Liquids/Proportion Method
180(2)
Oral Dosages Involving Milliequivalents/Proportion Method
182(1)
Alternative Formula Method of Oral Drug Dosage Calculation
182(1)
Oral Dosages Involving Capsules and Tablets/Alternative Formula
183(2)
Oral Dosages Involving Liquids/Alternative Formula
185(2)
Work Sheet
187(30)
Posttest 1
217(6)
Posttest 2
223(6)
Parenteral Dosages
229(56)
Learning Objectives
229(14)
Syringes
234(3)
Calculation of Parenteral Drug Dosages/Proportion Method
237(2)
Parenteral Drug Dosage Calculation/Alternative Formula Method
239(4)
Work Sheet
243(30)
Posttest 1
273(6)
Posttest 2
279(6)
Dosages Measured in Units
285(28)
Learning Objectives
285(8)
Powder Reconstitution
286(1)
Dosages Measured in Units Involving Oral Medications
287(1)
Dosages Measured in Units Involving Parenteral Medications
288(1)
Insulin Given with a Lo-Dose Insulin Syringe
289(1)
Mixed Insulin Administration
289(4)
Work Sheet
293(8)
Posttest 1
301(6)
Posttest 2
307(6)
Intravenous Flow Rates
313(28)
Learning Objectives
313(14)
IV Administration of Fluids by Gravity
316(1)
Infusion of IV Piggybacks by Gravity
317(4)
Infusion of IV Fluids with an IV Pump
321(1)
Infusion of IV Medications with an IV Pump
321(1)
IV or Heparin (Saline) Locks
322(1)
Central Venous Catheters
323(1)
Patient-Controlled Analgesia
323(4)
Work Sheet
327(6)
Posttest 1
333(4)
Posttest 2
337(4)
Critical Care IV Flow Rates
341(20)
Learning Objectives
341(6)
IV Administration of Medications by Units/Hour or International Units/Hour
342(1)
IV Administration of Medications by Microgram/Kilogram/Minute
343(1)
IV Administration of Medications by Microgram/Minute
344(1)
IV Administration of Medications by Milligram/Minute
344(3)
Work Sheet
347(6)
Posttest 1
353(4)
Posttest 2
357(4)
Pediatric Dosages
361(30)
Learning Objectives
361(10)
Pediatric Dosages Calculated by Milligram/Kilogram/Hour
361(2)
Body Surface Area Calculations
363(2)
Calculation of Dosage Based on Body Surface Area
365(1)
Calculation of Pediatric IV Solutions
366(1)
IV Administration of Medications to Pediatric Patients
367(4)
Work Sheet
371(8)
Posttest 1
379(6)
Posttest 2
385(6)
PART IV Drug Administration Considerations
Automated Medication Dispensing Systems
391(4)
Learning Objectives
391(4)
Special Considerations for the Administration of Medications to the Elderly
395(6)
Learning Objectives
395(6)
Changes Experienced by the Elderly
395(1)
Problems of the Elderly
396(1)
Medical Alert System
397(1)
Medications for the Elderly in the Home
397(1)
The Visiting Nurse
397(1)
Medication Errors with the Elderly
398(1)
Medications for the Elderly in the Hospital
399(2)
Home Care Considerations in the Administration of Medications
401(6)
Learning Objectives
401(1)
Home Health Nursing
401(2)
IV Therapy in the Home
403(4)
Central Venous Catheter
403(1)
Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter
403(1)
Implantable Venous Access Devices, or Ports
404(1)
Landmark Midline Venous Access Device
405(1)
Implications for Home Care Nursing
405(2)
Comprehensive Posttest 407(16)
Glossary 423(2)
Answer Key 425


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