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This revision is nearly a new book--yet it retains the accuracy, mathematical precision, and rigor appropriate that it is known for. This book contains an entire six chapters on early transcendental calculus and a completely new chapter on differential equations and their applications. For professionals who want to brush up on their calculus skills.
Table of Contents
1. Functions, Graphs, and Models.
Functions and Mathematical Modeling. Graphs of Equations and Functions. Polynomials and Algebraic Functions. Transcendental Functions. Preview: What Is Calculus?
2. Prelude to Calculus.
Tangent Lines and Slope Predictors. The Limit Concept. More about Limits. The Concept of Continuity.
3. The Derivative.
The Derivative and Rates of Change. Basic Differentiation Rules. The Chain Rule. Derivatives of Algebraic Functions. Maxima and Minima of Functions on Closed Intervals. Applied Optimization Problems. Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions. Exponential and Logarithmic Functions. Implicit Differentiation and Related Rates. Successive Approximations and Newton's Method.
4. Additional Applications of the Derivative.
Introduction. Increments, Differentials, and Linear Approximation. Increasing and Decreasing Functions and the Mean Value Theorem. The First Derivative Test and Applications. Simple Curve Sketching. Higher Derivatives and Concavity. Curve Sketching and Asymptotes. Indeterminate Forms and L'Hôpital's Rule. More Indeterminate Forms.
5. The Integral.
Introduction. Antiderivatives and Initial Value Problems. Elementary Area Computations. Riemann Sums and the Integral. Evaluation of Integrals. The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Integration by Substitution. Areas of Plane Regions. Numerical Integration.
6. Applications of the Integral.
Riemann Sum Approximations. Volumes by the Method of Cross Sections. Volumes by the Method of Cylindrical Shells. Arc Length and Surface Area of Revolution. Force and Work. Centroids of Plane Regions and Curves. The Natural Logarithm as an Integral. Inverse Trigonometric Functions. Hyperbolic Functions.
7. Techniques of Integration.
Introduction. Integral Tables and Simple Substitutions. Integration by Parts. Trigonometric Integrals. Rational Functions and Partial Fractions. Trigonometric Substitution. Integrals Involving Quadratic Polynomials. Improper Integrals.
8. Differential Equations.
Simple Equations and Models. Slope Fields and Euler's Method. Separable Equations and Applications. Linear Equations and Applications. Population Models. Linear Second-Order Equations. Mechanical Vibrations.
9. Polar Coordinates and Parametric Curves.
Analytic Geometry and the Conic Sections. Polar Coordinates. Area Computations in Polar Coordinates. Parametric Curves. Integral Computations with Parametric Curves. Conic Sections and Applications.
10. Infinite Series.
Introduction. Infinite Sequences. Infinite Series and Convergence. Taylor Series and Taylor Polynomials. The Integral Test. Comparison Tests for Positive-Term Series. Alternating Series and Absolute Convergence. Power Series. Power Series Computations. Series Solutions of Differential Equations.
11. Vectors, Curves, and Surfaces in Space.
Vectors in the Plane. Three-Dimensional Vectors. The Cross Product of Vectors. Lines and Planes in Space. Curves and Motion in Space. Curvature and Acceleration. Cylinders and Quadric Surfaces. Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates.
12. Partial Differentiation.
Introduction. Functions of Several Variables. Limits and Continuity. Partial Derivatives. Multivariable Optimization Problems. Increments and Linear Approximation. The Multivariable Chain Rule. Directional Derivatives and the Gradient Vector. Lagrange Multipliers and Constrained Optimization. Critical Points of Functions of Two Variables.
13. Multiple Integrals.
Double Integrals. Double Integrals over More General Regions. Area and Volume by Double Integration. Double Integrals in Polar Coordinates. Applications of Double Integrals. Triple Integrals. Integration in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates. Surface Area. Change of Variables in Multiple Integrals.
14. Vector Calculus.
Vector Fields. Line Integrals. The Fundamental Theorem and Independence of Path. Green's Theorem. Surface Integrals. The Divergence Theorem. Stokes' Theorem.
Contemporary calculus instructors and students face traditional challenges as well as new ones that result from changes in the role and practice of mathematics by scientists and engineers in the world at large. As a consequence, this sixth edition of our calculus textbook is its most extensive revision since the first edition appeared in 1982. Two entire chapters of the fifth edition have disappeared from the table of contents and an entirely new chapter now appears there. Most of the remaining chapters have been extensively rewritten. About 125 of the book's over 750 worked examples are new for this edition and the 1825 figures in the text include 225 new computer-generated graphics. About 600 of its over 7000 problems are new, and these are augmented by 320 new conceptual discussion questions that now precede the problem sets. Moreover, 1050 new true/false questions are included in the Study Guides on the new CD-ROM that accompanies this edition. In summary, almost 2000 of these 8400-plus problems and questions are new, and the text discussion and explanations have undergone corresponding alteration and improvement. PRINCIPAL NEW FEATURES The current revision of the text features Early transcendentalsfully integrated in Semester I. Differential equationsand applications in Semester II. Complete coverage of the calculus of transcendental functions is now fully integrated in Chapters 1 through 6--with the result that the Chapter 7 and 8 titles in the 5th edition table of contents do not appear in this 6th edition. A new chapter on differential equations (Chapter 8) now appears immediately after Chapter 7 on techniques of integration. It includes both direction fields and Eider's method together with the more elementary symbolic methods (which exploit techniques from Chapter 7) and interesting applications of both first- and second-order equations. Chapter 10 (Infinite Series) now ends with a new section on power series solutions of differential equations, thus bringing full circle a unifying focus of second-semester calculus on elementary differential equations.