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Career Counseling And Development In A Global Economy: Process, Practice, And Theory,9780618426348
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Career Counseling And Development In A Global Economy: Process, Practice, And Theory

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780618426348

ISBN10:
0618426345
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
8/18/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $160.95
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Summary

This text prepares students for career counseling in the global economy, and supports their learning and understanding, through a unique pedagogical model--the Career Diamond--which helps students synthesize and apply career counseling theories. Also, case studies demonstrate the use of techniques and the application of theory. Covered topics include special populations, such as clients in the welfare-to-work program, and the impact of the global economy. In addition, a unique spirituality chapter demonstrates how some adults bring deeper meaning to life changes, including career transitions. A thorough assessment chapter describes how to integrate test results into a client's exploratory process. Experiential exercises in every chapter allow students to apply concepts and practice counseling skills. Theories of developmental psychology support career education programs.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
PART I Background for Understanding Career Services
1(28)
Importance of Career Services
3(13)
Historical Perspectives
5(2)
Work Values
5(1)
Horatio Alger
6(1)
Early Professional Standards
6(1)
Government Initiatives: DOT
6(1)
Measurement of Traits
6(1)
Matching Approach Versus Career Identity and Development
7(1)
From Vocation to Career, from Single Choice to Development
8(1)
Career Issues in the New Millennium
8(3)
Philosophical and Theoretical Changes
8(2)
A Changing Work Ethic
10(1)
Globalization
11(1)
Summary
11(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
12(1)
Exercises
12(1)
References
13(3)
Career Counseling: Structure and Competencies
16(13)
Career Development
17(1)
Emotional Processing
18(1)
Blocks to Career Counseling
19(2)
Competency Requirements for Career Counselors
21(3)
Basic Counseling Skills and Therapeutic Stance
21(1)
Counseling Theory
22(1)
Theoretical Models for Career Development
22(1)
Utilizing Career Assessment Methods and Instruments
23(1)
Information Resources
24(1)
Summary
24(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
25(1)
Exercises
26(1)
References
27(2)
PART II Career Counseling Theory and the Global Economy
29(136)
The Career Diamond: A Teaching Tool
31(16)
Understanding the Career Diamond
31(6)
The Exploring Phase
33(1)
The Peak of the Diamond
34(1)
The Deciding Phase
35(1)
A Career Decision-Making No-No
36(1)
Career Development Includes Multiple Diamonds
37(1)
Using the Career Diamond with Clients
37(6)
Using the Career Diamond to Conceptualize Clients' Needs
39(2)
When the External Dominates
41(1)
Describing the Career Diamond
42(1)
Summary
43(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
44(1)
Exercises
45(1)
References
46(1)
Career Theory: Holland Super
47(27)
Holland's Theory of Person-Environment Fit
47(8)
Practical Use via the Career Diamond
51(2)
Expanding Occupational Categories
53(2)
Career Development and Super's Self-Expression Theory
55(14)
Super's Theoretical Propositions
57(10)
Practical Use via the Career Diamond
67(2)
Summary
69(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
69(2)
Exercises
71(1)
References
72(2)
Career Theory: Krumboltz Gottfredson
74(30)
Krumboltz---Social Learning Theory and Career Development
74(6)
Self-Observation Generalities, Task Approach Skills, and Areas of Change
76(1)
What to Listen for in Career Counseling
77(1)
Changes in Career Planning to Awareness of Serendipity
78(1)
Practical Use via the Career Diamond
79(1)
Gottfredson---Circumscription and Compromise
80(7)
The Four Stages
81(2)
Images
83(1)
Circumscription
84(1)
Compromise
84(2)
Practical Use via the Career Diamond
86(1)
Lent, Brown, and Hackett---Social Cognitive Career Theory
87(8)
Vocational Interests
91(2)
Occupational Choice
93(1)
Practical Use via the Career Diamond
94(1)
Summary
95(2)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
97(4)
Exercises
101(1)
References
101(3)
Career Counseling for the Global Economy
104(20)
Global Economy's Impact on Career
105(3)
Careering
106(2)
Strategies for Dealing with the Global Economy
108(10)
Accepting Change---Challenging Paradoxes
108(4)
Self-Esteem at Work
112(2)
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and the Concept of Flow
114(3)
Sociopolitical Issues: A Critique of the Global Economy
117(1)
Summary
118(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
119(3)
Exercises
122(1)
References
122(2)
Career Issues for a Diverse Work Force
124(41)
Increasing Cultural Sensitivity: Examining Personal-Societal Backgrounds
125(3)
Gender Issues and Career
128(6)
Female Gender Issues
128(2)
The Excelsior Model
130(3)
Male Gender Issues
133(1)
Sexual Orientation
134(2)
Family Issues and Career
136(1)
Boundary Issues
137(2)
Career and Crosscultural Issues
139(1)
Embedded Assumptions for the Career Counselor
140(1)
Brown's Theory of Crosscultural Values
141(2)
Acculturation and Racial Identity Development
143(13)
Economic Issues and Career Practice
145(2)
Wealth Distribution
147(6)
Career Clients with Disabilities
153(3)
Summary
156(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
156(4)
Exercises
160(1)
References
160(5)
PART III Career Counseling Skills
165(108)
Career Counseling Process
167(24)
Classic Career Counseling Interaction
167(17)
Exploring Phase
168(12)
Decision-Making Phase
180(4)
Client Change
184(2)
Summary
186(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
186(3)
Exercises
189(1)
References
189(2)
Career Counseling Techniques
191(25)
Techniques for Expanding Self-Awareness
191(9)
Career Genogram
191(2)
Life Reviews
193(1)
Career Imaginings
194(2)
Metaphors
196(4)
Identifying Skills
200(7)
Values
201(2)
Occupational Card Sorts
203(3)
Student Card Sort
206(1)
Defining Success
207(1)
Narrowing and Prioritizing
207(4)
Decision Making
207(3)
Career Portfolio
210(1)
Career Support Groups/Psychoeducational Groups
210(1)
Summary
211(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
211(2)
Exercises
213(1)
References
214(2)
Assessment and Career Counseling
216(31)
Assessing Client Information
217(3)
Context for Presenting Concerns
217(1)
Decision-Making Style and Social Support
218(2)
Leisure Activities
220(1)
Interview Summary
220(1)
To Test or Not to Test, That Is the Question
220(2)
Qualitative Assessment Methods
221(1)
Tests Are Tools
222(1)
Choosing Appropriate Instruments
222(7)
Validity
222(1)
Reliability
223(1)
Career Interest Inventories
223(6)
Interpreting Assessment Results
229(7)
Interpreting Instruments
231(5)
Assessment Example: Interpreting Results of Interest Inventories
236(4)
Components of Interest Inventories
236(2)
Gender Differences
238(1)
Procedural Checks
238(2)
Special Scales
240(1)
Summary
240(2)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
242(2)
Exercises
244(1)
References
245(2)
Managing Career Information and Technology
247(26)
Evaluating Information
247(2)
Organizing Occupational Information
249(1)
Processing Information
250(1)
Career Resource Center: A Model
251(7)
Career Resource Room
251(1)
Career Assistants
252(1)
Educational Information
253(1)
Walk-In Career Counseling
253(1)
Special Populations
254(1)
Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems
254(3)
Discover-e
257(1)
Career Information Delivery Systems
258(1)
Government Agencies' Information
258(4)
Dictionary of Occupational Titles and Guide for Occupational Exploration
258(1)
O*NET
259(2)
Occupational Outlook Handbook
261(1)
Department of Defense, Service Branches
261(1)
Other Information Sources
262(2)
Other Directories
262(1)
Websites
262(1)
Job Search Sites
263(1)
Virtual Job Fairs
264(1)
Career Information for International Opportunities
264(1)
Career Counseling Online
264(3)
Summary
267(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
267(2)
Exercises
269(1)
References
270(3)
PART IV Career Development and Education
273(86)
Career Development in Elementary School
275(26)
The National Career Development Guidelines (NOICC, 1992) and a Career Development Program for Kindergarten to Fifth Grade
276(4)
The National Career Development Guidelines
276(1)
NOICC and Grade School
277(1)
Career Development Program
277(3)
Learning about One's Self: Gender, Morals, Social Skills, and Self-Esteem/Efficacy
280(8)
Gender
280(2)
Morals
282(2)
Social Skills
284(2)
Self-Esteem, Self-Concept, and Self-Efficacy
286(2)
Learning about the External World: Play
288(3)
Benefits of Affect in Play
288(1)
Types of Play
289(2)
Making Career Development Work in the School
291(2)
Support from Teachers and Administrators
291(1)
Support from Parents and Community
292(1)
Summary
293(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
294(1)
Exercises
295(1)
References
296(5)
Career Development in Middle School
301(24)
The National Career Development Guidelines (NOICC, 1992) and a Career Development Program for Middle School/Junior High (Grades 6--8)
301(3)
NOICC and Middle School
301(1)
Career Development Program
302(2)
The First Diamond: Middle School
304(1)
Early Adolescence and the Internal Side of the Diamond
305(9)
Cognitions
305(2)
Gender and Socioeconomic Status (SES)
307(2)
Ethnicity
309(1)
Identity
310(1)
Interests, Abilities, and Values
311(3)
Early Adolescence and the External Side of the Diamond
314(4)
Role of Parents and Teachers
314(3)
Time with Peers Versus Parents: Experiencing the External World
317(1)
Summary
318(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
318(2)
Exercises
320(1)
References
321(4)
Career Development in High School and Late Adolescence/Young Adulthood
325(34)
Middle Adolescence: Ages 14-18
325(1)
The National Career Development Guidelines (NOICC, 1992) and a Career Development Program for High School (Grades 9--12)
326(6)
NOICC and High School
326(1)
Career Development Program
327(1)
Career Diamonds
327(5)
Middle Adolescence and the Self Side of the Diamond
332(10)
Cognitions
332(2)
Gender
334(2)
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
336(1)
Ethnicity
337(1)
Identity
338(4)
Interaction of the Internal and External
342(1)
Interests, Abilities, and Values
342(1)
Middle Adolescence and the External Side of the Diamond
343(3)
Role of Parents
343(3)
Late Adolescence: Ages 18--25
346(5)
Emerging Adulthood
346(2)
Realities of Late Adolescence
348(3)
Summary
351(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
351(3)
Exercises
354(1)
References
355(4)
PART V Career Issues Across the Life-Span
359(56)
Career Counseling for Adults
361(29)
Theory of Work Adjustment and Person-Environment-Correspondence
362(5)
TWA and PEC Theory
362(2)
Adjustment
364(3)
Life Transitions
367(1)
Emotional and Cognitive Constructs Experienced During Transitions
368(2)
Prochaska's Model for Change: ``I Want to Change Careers, But...''
370(4)
Pre-Contemplators
371(1)
Contemplators
372(1)
Becoming a Client: Preparation and Action
373(1)
Undecided Versus Indecisive
374(1)
Career Coaching
375(3)
Questers and Career-Prenuers
378(1)
Career Consulting for Organizations
379(5)
Consultation for Plant Closings
380(4)
Summary
384(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
385(2)
Exercises
387(1)
References
387(3)
Spirituality and Career Counseling
390(25)
Calling to Vocation
391(1)
Core Humanistic Values
391(1)
Self-Expression as Meaning
392(1)
Process Interventions
393(1)
Reflection of Meaning
393(1)
Anti-Materialism
394(1)
Creativity
394(1)
Saving the Planet
395(1)
Family Values
395(2)
Nature and Community
397(1)
Spirituality
397(1)
Existential Issues and Clinical Judgment
398(1)
Synchronicity
398(1)
Flow: Meaning Beyond the Self
399(1)
Harmony
400(1)
Counseling as Flow: In Touch with Client's Healing Spirit
400(1)
Meditation
401(4)
Intentionality
402(1)
Meditative Practice
403(2)
Meaning Through Religion
405(2)
Summary
407(1)
Study Outline: Key Terms and Concepts
408(3)
Exercises
411(1)
References
411(4)
Appendix A Career Counseling Competencies 415(10)
Appendix B The Ethics of Technology-Based Counseling 425(7)
Name Index 432(3)
Subject Index 435


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