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Career Counseling : A Holistic Approach,9780534640170

Career Counseling : A Holistic Approach

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780534640170

ISBN10:
0534640176
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/14/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $209.33

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Summary

This highly successful book has been called the most comprehensive text on the market, providing students with needed career theory as well as practical techniques and examples. Through the author's clear writing style, case examples, tables, and exercises, students develop a solid understanding of the theoretical models of career counseling and are thoroughly exposed to the practical information on how to effectively counsel clients about career issues. As demonstrated by the text's new subtitle, 'A Holistic Approach,' this substantially revised Seventh Edition reflects the growing emphasis on looking at the "whole person"-values, temperament, talents, and passions-to determine his or her best career fit.

Table of Contents

Preface xxi
Part One Foundations and Resources
1(264)
Historical Development and Some Basic Issues
2(21)
Historical Development and Some Basic Issues
3(1)
Six Stages of Development from 1890
3(1)
A Chronology of Historical Events from Mid-1800s
4(4)
1850--1920
4(1)
1930--1950
5(1)
1950--1980
6(1)
1980--Present
7(1)
A Glance into the Past and a Look into the Future
8(1)
Some Basic Issues
8(12)
The Case for the Individual
10(1)
Career Life Perspective
11(1)
Career Choice
12(1)
Working in the 21st Century
13(1)
Lifelong Learning
14(1)
Counseling in a Culturally Diverse Society
15(1)
Effective Use of Career Information
16(2)
Focusing on a Multiple Spectrum of Domains
18(2)
Summary
20(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
21(1)
For More Information
21(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
22(1)
Theories of Career Development
23(62)
Trait-Oriented Theories
25(13)
Trait-and Factor Theory
25(2)
Person-Environment-Correspondence (PEC) Counseling
27(4)
John Holland's Typology
31(7)
Social Learning and Cognitive Theories
38(3)
Krumboltz's Learning Theory of Career Counseling
38(3)
Empirical Support for Krumboltz's Learning Theory
41(11)
Happenstance Approach Theory
41(3)
Career Development from a Cognitive Information Processing Perspective
44(4)
Career Development from a Social Cognitive Perspective
48(4)
Developmental Theories
52(15)
Life-Span, Life-Space Approach to Careers
52(10)
Circumscription, Compromise, and Self-Creation: A Developmental Theory of Occupational Aspirations
62(5)
Person-in-Environment Perspective
67(15)
Career Construction: A Developmental Theory of Vocational Behavior
70(1)
Career Construction: Developmental Tasks Within Vocational Development Stages
71(4)
A Contextual Explanation of Career
75(5)
Implications for Career Counseling
80(2)
Summary
82(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
83(1)
For More Information
83(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
84(1)
Career Counseling Models
85(47)
Some Issues and Concepts Emerging from Model Development
86(2)
Five Career Counseling Models
88(31)
Trait-and-Factor and Person-Environment-Fit
89(5)
Generating a PEF Analysis
94(6)
Developmental Model
100(5)
A Learning Theory of Career Counseling (LTCC)
105(7)
Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) Model
112(7)
The Multicultural Connection
119(7)
A Multicultural Career Counseling Model for Ethnic Women
120(6)
Major Parameters of Five Models
126(4)
Counseling Goals
127(1)
Intake Interview
127(1)
Use of Assessment
127(1)
Diagnosis
128(1)
Counseling Process
128(2)
Summary
130(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
130(1)
For More Information
131(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
131(1)
Managing Sets of Needs
132(17)
The Rationale for a Holistic Approach
133(2)
The Call to Integrate Career and Personal Counseling
135(1)
Career and Personal Counseling in Five Career Counseling Models
136(2)
Personal and Career Counseling by Theoretical Domains
138(1)
A Nexus for Integrating Counseling
139(3)
Managing a Holistic Counseling Approach
142(3)
Career Counselors of the Future
145(1)
Implications for Career Counseling
146(1)
Summary
147(1)
Supplementary Learning Questions
148(1)
For More Information
148(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
148(1)
Career Counseling Intake Interview
149(35)
The Intake Interview
150(1)
A Suggested Sequence for an Interview
150(2)
Suggestions for Interviewing Multicultural Groups
152(4)
Discovering the Significance of Life Roles and Potential Conflicts
156(5)
Worker Role
156(2)
Homemaker Role
158(1)
Leisure Role
159(1)
Citizen Role
160(1)
Discovering Problems That Interfere with Career Development
161(9)
Behaviors That Can Lead to Work Maladjustment
162(1)
Patterns of Work Psychopathology
162(1)
Taxonomy of Psychological Work-Related Dysfunctions
162(1)
Faulty Cognitions
163(7)
Clarifying Problems
170(1)
Case Examples
171(10)
Summary
181(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
182(1)
For More Information
182(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
183(1)
Using Standardized Assessment in Career Counseling
184(27)
Psychometric Concepts for Selecting Assessment Instruments
186(2)
Reliability
186(1)
Validity
187(1)
Issues in Achieving Equity in Assessment
188(1)
Acculturation
189(1)
Assessment Goals in Career Counseling
189(18)
Goal 1: Identifying Career Beliefs
190(2)
Goal 2: Identifying Skills, Proficiencies, and Abilities
192(2)
Goal 3: Identifying Academic Achievement
194(2)
Goal 4: Identifying and Confirming Interest Levels
196(3)
Goal 5: Discovering Personality Variables
199(3)
Goal 6: Determining Values
202(2)
Goal 7: Exploring Career Maturity Variables
204(2)
Goal 8: Using Computer-Assisted Career Guidance (CACG) Assessment
206(1)
Information About Assessment Instruments
207(1)
Summary
208(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
209(1)
For More Information
210(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
210(1)
Self-Assessment and a Model for Using Assessment
211(18)
Rationale of Self-Assessment as an Alternative
212(4)
Learning to Self-Assess
216(3)
Self-Assessment Procedures for Career Counseling
219(3)
Autobiography
219(1)
Focused Questions to Uncover Specific Variables
219(1)
Interest Identification
220(1)
Card Sorts
220(1)
Lifeline---A Career Life Planning Experience
221(1)
Guided Fantasy---An Exercise to Increase Self-Awareness
221(1)
Skills Identification
222(1)
Model for Using Assessment Results
222(3)
A Glimpse at the Future of Assessment
225(1)
Summary
226(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
227(1)
For More Information
227(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
228(1)
Technology in the New Millennium
229(21)
Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems (CACG)---Some Implications of Research
231(1)
Some Cautions When Using Computers
232(1)
Advantages of Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems
233(1)
Types of Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems
233(1)
Development of Career Information Delivery Systems (CIDS)
234(2)
Two Early Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems
236(2)
Discover Multimedia
237(1)
System of Interactive Guidance and Information (SIGI) and SIGI PLUS
237(1)
Steps in Using Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Programs
238(1)
Using the Internet
239(1)
Examples of Web Locations
240(1)
Implementing a Computer-Based Program
241(2)
Technology: A Lifelong Learning Tool
243(5)
Some On-Site Training Methods
244(1)
Some Off-Site Training Methods
244(1)
CD-ROM and Interactive Multimedia
245(1)
Web-Based Instruction
245(1)
Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS)
246(1)
Virtual Reality (VR) Training
246(2)
Summary
248(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
248(1)
For More Information
249(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
249(1)
On Being an Ethical Career Counselor
250(15)
Some Boundaries of Ethical Competence
251(2)
Example of a Violation
252(1)
Example of a Violation
253(1)
Some Boundaries of Confidentiality
253(3)
Example of a Violation
254(1)
Example of a Violation
254(1)
Example of a Violation
255(1)
Some Boundaries of informed Consent
256(1)
Some Boundaries of Measurement and Evaluation
257(2)
Example of a Violation
257(1)
Example of a Violation
258(1)
Some NCDA Guidelines for Using the Internet
259(1)
Some Ethical Implications of Using Peer Helpers
260(1)
On Becoming Ethical
261(1)
Summary
262(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
262(1)
For More Information
263(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
263(2)
Part Two Career Counseling for Special Populations
265(120)
Career Counseling for Multicultural Groups
266(28)
What Is Culture?
267(1)
Four Major Cultural Groups
268(9)
African Americans
269(2)
Asian and Pacific Americans
271(2)
Hispanic (Latinos/as) Americans
273(2)
Native Americans
275(2)
Cultural Variability and Worldviews
277(2)
Cultural Differences in Work-Related Activities
279(2)
The Challenge of Becoming Culturally Competent
281(5)
Immigration and Its Sequelae
286(2)
Helping Clients to Live and Work in a Culturally Diverse Society
288(2)
Summary
290(2)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
292(1)
For More Information
292(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
293(1)
Gender Issues in Career Counseling
294(27)
Career Development Theories and Women
295(5)
Multicultural Perspectives When Working with Women and Men
300(3)
Some Factors That Influence Gender Development
303(3)
Gender in the Workplace
306(2)
Special Needs of Women and Men
308(7)
Gender Stereotypes
309(1)
Fear of Femininity
310(1)
Restrictive Emotionality
311(1)
Sexual Harassment
312(1)
Achievement, Competition, and Self-Destructive Behavior
313(2)
Intervention Strategies
315(3)
Intervention Component I---Working Climate
315(1)
Intervention Component II---Expressiveness Training
316(1)
Intervention Component III---Dual-Career Roles
316(1)
Intervention Component IV---Lifestyle Skills
317(1)
Summary
318(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
319(1)
For More Information
320(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
320(1)
Special Issues in Family Systems Featuring Issues of Dual Careers
321(19)
The Family as a System
322(7)
Family Relationships
324(1)
Culturally Diverse Families
324(5)
Issues Facing Dual-Career Families
329(5)
Expectations and Intentions of Work and Family
329(1)
Role Conflict
329(2)
Child Care
331(1)
Relationship Factors
332(2)
Other Personal Factors
334(1)
Implications for Career Counseling
334(4)
Couples Counseling
337(1)
Summary
338(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
338(1)
For More Information
339(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
339(1)
Career Counseling for Individuals with Disabilities
340(23)
The Americans with Disabilities Act
341(2)
Special Problems and Needs of Individuals with Disabilities
343(4)
Adjusting to Physical Trauma
344(1)
Feelings of Inferiority and Negative Stereotypes
344(1)
Focusing on School Dropouts
345(1)
Goals of Helpers
345(2)
Multicultural Issues
347(1)
Implications for Career Counseling
348(1)
State Rehabilitation Programs
348(6)
Privately Supported Rehabilitation Agencies
349(5)
Career Education for Students with Disabilities
354(3)
Educating and Counseling Individuals with Disabilities in Public Schools
355(2)
A Group Counseling Program for Adult Individuals with Disabilities
357(3)
Session I: Personal/Social Adjustment Counseling
358(1)
Session II: Peer Group Affiliation
358(1)
Session III: Worker-Supervisor Affiliation
359(1)
Session IV: Job Attitude
359(1)
Summary
360(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
361(1)
For More Information
361(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
362(1)
Career Counseling for Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Clients
363(22)
Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Persons
364(1)
Counselor Checklist
365(1)
Some General Counseling Issues
365(2)
Discrimination of G/L/B Persons at Work
367(1)
Identity Issues
368(3)
Model of Homosexual Identity Formation
368(3)
Cultural Differences in Sexual Orientation
371(3)
Counseling G/L/B-Oriented Youth
374(2)
Career Counseling for G/L/B Persons
376(5)
Summary
381(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
382(1)
For More Information
383(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
383(2)
Part Three Career Counseling in Educational Settings
385(78)
Career-Related Programs and Counseling in Elementary Schools
386(18)
Building Support for Career-Related Programs---Keys to Success
387(7)
Learning by Observation
388(1)
Self-Concept Development
389(1)
Development by Stages and Tasks
389(1)
Influence of Family Interactions
390(2)
Involving Teachers and Parents in Career-Related Programs
392(2)
National Career Development Guidelines
394(1)
Career Goals and Competencies for Kindergarten through Sixth Grade
394(1)
Representative Strategies for Classroom Activities
395(3)
Self-Knowledge Strategies
397(1)
Educational and Occupational Exploration Strategies
397(1)
Career planning Strategies
398(1)
Career Infusion
398(2)
Counseling Children from Different Cultures
400(1)
Implications for Career Development programs in Elementary Schools
401(1)
Summary
402(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
402(1)
For More Information
403(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
403(1)
Career-Related Programs and Counseling in Secondary Schools
404(32)
Comprehensive School Guidance Programs
405(1)
Planning for Life Strategies
406(1)
Middle/Junior School
407(3)
Sociologists' View of Work Roles
410(1)
Status Attainment Theory
410(1)
Sociology of Labor Markets
410(1)
Race and Gender Effects
410(1)
Career Infusion Module
411(1)
National Career Development Guidelines
412(2)
Self-Knowledge Strategies
413(1)
Educational and occupational Exploration Strategies
413(1)
Career Planning Strategies
414(1)
Developmental Tasks and Cognitive and Physiological Development in Junior and Senior High School
414(5)
Role Confusion
414(1)
Career Maturity
415(1)
Cognitive Development
415(1)
Sexual Maturity
416(1)
Developmental Stages by Ginzberg Group
417(2)
Implications for Career-Related and Counseling Programs in Middle/Junior Schools
419(1)
High School
420(1)
National Career Development Guidelines
421(3)
Self-Knowledge Strategies
422(1)
Educational and Occupational Exploration Strategies
422(1)
Career Planning Strategies
423(1)
Career Infusion Module
424(6)
Sex Role Stereotyping
425(1)
Career Videos for Individual and Group Counseling
426(1)
Some Significant Career-Related Programs
426(1)
Apprenticeships
426(1)
Tech-Prep Programs
427(1)
School-to-Work Programs
428(2)
Placement as Part of Career Planning
430(3)
The Purpose and Rationale for Career Centers
430(1)
The Role of Placement in High School
431(1)
Placement by State Employment Agencies
432(1)
Summary
433(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
433(1)
For More Information
434(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
435(1)
Career Services and Counseling in Institutions of Higher Learning
436(27)
How College Affects Students' Career Choice and Development
437(1)
National Goals for Career Services and Counseling Programs in Higher Education
438(15)
Examples of Career-Related Services in Institutions of Higher Learning
439(1)
Career Prep at a Community College Consortium
439(4)
Curricular Career Information Service (CCIS): A Module Model
443(3)
Career Counseling at a Large University: A Metroplex Model
446(1)
Life-Planning Workshops
447(6)
Work- and Experience-Based Programs
453(1)
Implications for Career Services and Counseling
453(1)
College Placement
454(5)
Interview Skills Training
456(1)
Resume Writing
456(2)
Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Programs
458(1)
The Follow-Up
458(1)
Summary
459(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
460(1)
For More Information
461(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
461(2)
Part Four Career Counseling in Work Settings and Career Transitions Throughout Life
463(52)
Work in Our Lives
464(23)
Changing Organizations and New Concepts in Career Development
465(5)
Reengineering the Corporation
467(3)
Will Postbureaucratic Organizations Have Advantages for Multicultural Groups?
470(1)
Examples of How Work Has Changed
471(13)
What Has Happened to Work in the United States?
473(2)
The Importance of Basic Skills
475(1)
The Rise of the Knowledge Worker
476(1)
The Rise of the Temporary Worker
477(2)
Stress at Work
479(5)
Aging Workers
484(1)
Implications for Career Counseling
484(1)
Summary
485(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
486(1)
For More Information
486(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
486(1)
Career Counseling for Adults in Career Transition
487(28)
Occupational Transitions in the New Millennium
488(12)
Job Loss Concerns
489(1)
Shift of Risks from Organizations to Individuals
490(1)
Adults Who Want to Change Careers
491(1)
Establishment Stage Transitions
492(1)
Career Anchors
493(1)
Midcareer and Maintenance Stage Transitions
494(2)
Late Career and Transition to Retirement
496(1)
Interacting Influences
497(1)
Volatile Behavior in the Workplace
498(2)
Implications for Career Counseling
500(1)
Interventions for Adults in Career Transition
501(10)
Experience Identification
502(4)
Interest Identification
506(1)
Skills Identification and Development
507(1)
Value and Needs Clarification
508(1)
Education and Training
508(1)
Occupational Planning
509(1)
Toward a Life Learning Plan
510(1)
Summary
511(1)
Supplementary Learning Exercises
512(1)
For More Information
512(1)
Suggested InfoTrac College Edition Topics
513(2)
Appendix A: Table of Basic Assumptions, Key Terms, and Outcomes 515(6)
Appendix B: Multicultural Career Counseling Checklist 521(4)
Appendix C: Career Counseling Checklist 525(2)
Appendix D: The Decision Tree 527(2)
Appendix E: The National Career Development Guidelines: Competencies and Indicators for Elementary School Students 529(4)
Appendix F: The National Career Development Guidelines: Competencies and Indicators for Middle/Junior High School Students 533(4)
Appendix G: The National Career Development Guidelines: Competencies and Indicators for High School Students 537(4)
Appendix H: A High School Student's Experience in a Cooperative Education Program 541(4)
Appendix I: Counseling Web Sites 545(2)
References 547(36)
Name Index 583(8)
Subject Index 591


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