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Case Studies in Abnormal Behavior,9780205324293

Case Studies in Abnormal Behavior

by
ISBN13:

9780205324293

ISBN10:
0205324290
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $50.00
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Summary

This rich collection of case studies, including real contemporary and classic cases, illustrates a wide range of clinical and legal issues related to abnormal psychology. Case Studies in Abnormal Psychology brings the field of abnormal psychology to life for students with its rare combination of readability, humor, and strong scholarship. Students gain a greater sense of what the person experiences and how he or she reacts to the diverse factors studied in psychopathology as they apply principles of abnormal psychology to these cases. To enable students to more fully understand the nature of the disorder, each case in this book contains the full background material relevant to etiological, diagnostic, and therapeutic considerations. Also, significant family and social history data are presented to give students a clear picture of how specific behavior patterns were generated and maintained.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Introduction and Major Historical Developments xv
Concepts of Abnormality
1(13)
The DSMs
2(1)
Rates of Mental Disorders
2(2)
A Presumably Normal Person Potentially Viewed as Pathological
4(10)
The Case of O. J. Simpson
4(2)
Standards of Proof
6(1)
Diagnoses and Syndromes
7(7)
Theories and Techniques
14(18)
Multiple Theoretical Views on Moderate Anxiety, Depression, and Simple Phobias
14(15)
The Case of Danielle
15(1)
Case Analysis
16(12)
The Various Mental Health Professionals
28(1)
An Overall Perspective on Treatment Change
29(3)
The Anxiety Disorders
32(26)
The Three Little Boys: Hans, Albert, and Peter
33(3)
A Study on Anxiety
33(1)
The Case of Little Hans
33(1)
The Case of Little Albert
34(1)
The Case of Little Peter
35(1)
Summary
35(1)
Agoraphobia
36(7)
The Case of Agnes
37(1)
Etiology
38(2)
Treatment Options
40(1)
The Treatment of Agnes
41(1)
Comment
42(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
43(7)
The Case of Bess
44(2)
Etiology
46(2)
Treatment Options
48(1)
Bess's Therapy
49(1)
Comment
50(1)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
50(8)
The Case of Ryan the ``Postman''
51(3)
Etiology
54(2)
Treatment Options
56(1)
The Treatment of Ryan
56(2)
The Dissociative and Sleep Disorders
58(14)
Multiple Personality Disorder
59(6)
The Case of Anna O.
60(2)
MPD Controversies
62(1)
Etiology
63(1)
Treatment Options
64(1)
Comment
64(1)
Sleep Disorders
65(7)
The Case of Sam
66(1)
Associated Features
67(1)
The Treatment of Sam
67(1)
The Case of Ilse
68(1)
Treatment Options
69(3)
The Somatoform Disorders
72(13)
Somatoform Disorder Subcategories
72(7)
Somatization Disorder
72(1)
Conversion Disorder
73(1)
Hypochondriasis
73(2)
The Case of ``Alix'' (Empress Alexandra Fedorovna)
75(2)
The Diagnosis
77(1)
Causes
78(1)
Treatment Options
78(1)
Psychogenic Pain Disorder
79(6)
The Case of Pam
79(3)
Treatment Options
82(1)
The Treatment of Pam
82(2)
Comment
84(1)
The Nocebo Effect
84(1)
The Schizophrenic and Delusional (or Paranoid) Disorders
85(16)
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
88(7)
The Case of Sally
88(2)
Etiology
90(1)
Premorbid Factors in Schizophrenia
91(1)
Treatment Options
92(2)
Negative Symptoms
94(1)
Positive Prognostic Signs in Schizophrenia
94(1)
The Treatment of Sally
95(1)
Paranoid Schizophrenia
95(6)
The Case of Daniel Paul Schreber
95(3)
Freud's Analysis of Schreber
98(1)
Etiology
98(1)
Treatment Options
99(1)
Comment
100(1)
The Affective (or Mood) Disorders and Suicide
101(22)
Major Depressive Disorder Associated with a Suicide Attempt
102(13)
Dimensions of Depression
103(1)
The Case of Joseph Westbecker
104(2)
Etiology
106(1)
Legal Aftermath: The First Major Civil Trial of Prozac
106(1)
Etiology of Depression
107(1)
Treatment Options
107(1)
The Prozac Controversies
108(1)
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
108(2)
Suicide
110(3)
Suicide Prevention
113(2)
Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depressive Psychosis)
115(8)
Creativity, Poetry, and the Bipolar Disorder
115(2)
The Case of Virginia Woolf
117(2)
Etiology and Diagnosis
119(1)
Predisposing Factors
120(1)
Treatment Options
120(1)
Comment
121(2)
The Psychosexual Disorders
123(31)
Sexual Addiction
123(5)
The Case of William Clinton
125(2)
Etiology
127(1)
Treatment Options
128(1)
Paraphilias
128(8)
The Case of Jeffrey Dahmer
129(3)
Etiology
132(2)
Treatment Options
134(2)
Pedophilia
136(4)
The Case of Jesse Timmendequas
136(1)
Etiology
137(1)
Treatment Options
138(1)
The Trial
138(1)
Megan's Law
139(1)
Sexual Predator Legislation
139(1)
Transvestism
140(3)
The Case of Randy
141(1)
Etiology
142(1)
The Treatment of Randy
142(1)
Sexual Dysfunctions (Impotence)
143(6)
The Case of Tim
144(2)
Etiology
146(1)
Treatment Options
147(2)
Female Psychosexual Dysfunction
149(5)
The Case of Virginia
150(1)
Etiology
151(1)
The Treatment of Virginia
152(1)
Comment
153(1)
The Substance Use Disorders
154(19)
Alcohol Dependence and Abuse
156(9)
The Case of Betty Ford
157(3)
Etiology
160(1)
Treatment Options
161(3)
Prevention of Alcoholism
164(1)
The SA--Student Alcoholic
164(1)
Prescription Drug Abuse
165(1)
Polysubstance Dependence
166(3)
The Case of Elvis Presley
166(2)
Comment
168(1)
Nicotine Dependence
169(4)
The Case of Dr. S.
170(1)
Comment
170(1)
Treatment Options
171(2)
The Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
173(14)
Anorexia Nervosa
173(6)
The Case of Karen Carpenter
174(2)
Etiology
176(1)
Treatment Options
177(2)
Bulimia Nervosa
179(8)
The Case of Princess Diana
180(4)
Etiology
184(1)
Treatment Options
185(2)
The Personality Disorders
187(25)
Personality Types and Their Potential Disorders
188(1)
The Histrionic Personality Disorder
188(7)
The Case of Hilde
190(2)
Etiology
192(1)
Treatment Options
193(2)
Antisocial Personality Disorder
195(9)
DSM-IV
195(1)
The Case of Theodore Bundy
196(3)
Related Diagnostic-Etiological Considerations
199(2)
Proposed ``Common Path'' for the Development of Psychopathy
201(2)
Treatment Options
203(1)
The Schizoid Personality Disorder
204(8)
The Case of Theodore Kaczynski
204(3)
Etiology and Diagnosis
207(2)
Literary Obsessions and Violence
209(1)
Treatment Options
210(2)
Disorders of Impulse Control
212(11)
Pathological Gambling
213(4)
The Case of Fyodor Dostoyevski
214(2)
Stages of Compulsive Gambling
216(1)
Therapeutic Intervention with Pathological Gambling
216(1)
Prevention of Pathological Gambling
217(1)
Kleptomania
217(6)
The Case of Clare
218(2)
Etiology
220(1)
The Treatment of Clare
221(1)
Comment
222(1)
Disorders with Violence
223(16)
Causes of Violence
223(7)
The Case of Jack Ruby
223(5)
Interventions
228(1)
Prediction of Violent Behavior
228(1)
The Problems of Prediction and Overprediction
229(1)
Family Violence: Physical and Sexual Abuse of Children and Spouse Abuse
230(9)
Spouse Abuse
230(1)
Recognizing a Potentially Abusive Adult Relationship
231(1)
Child Abuse
231(1)
The Case of Charles
232(1)
The Case of Abby
233(1)
Etiology
234(1)
Physical Abuse
235(1)
Sexual Abuse
236(1)
Diagnostic Problems in Sexual Abuse
236(1)
Treatment Options
237(1)
Comment
238(1)
Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
239(28)
Developmental Language Disorder
240(4)
The Case of Delano
241(2)
The Treatment of Delano
243(1)
Comment
244(1)
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
244(5)
The Case of Matt
246(2)
The Treatment of Matt
248(1)
Comment
248(1)
Autistic Disorder
249(5)
Mental Retardation
250(1)
Asperger's Syndrome
251(1)
The Case of Audrey
251(2)
Comment
253(1)
Separation Anxiety Disorder Associated with School Refusal
254(5)
The Case of Julie
255(2)
Etiology
257(1)
Treatment Options
258(1)
The Treatment of Julie
258(1)
Comment
259(1)
The Oppositional Defiant Disorder
259(5)
The Case of Phyllis
260(1)
Etiology
261(1)
Treatment Options
262(1)
The Treatment of Phyllis
263(1)
Comment
264(1)
Identity Development Crisis or Disorder
264(3)
The Case of Mr. E.
264(1)
Identity Challenge
265(1)
Treatment Options
265(2)
Organic Mental Disorders and Mental Retardation
267(12)
Recovery of Functions Following Removal of Dominant Brain Hemisphere
268(3)
The Case of Harry
270(1)
Comment
270(1)
Alzheimer's Disease
271(6)
Diagnostic Signs
272(1)
Psychological Assessment
272(1)
Effects on Victim and Family
273(1)
The Case of Ronald Reagan
273(2)
Etiology
275(1)
Outcome Issues
276(1)
Mental Retardation
277(2)
Legal Issues and Psychological Practice
279(19)
Central Nervous System Dysfunction and Legal Incompetence from Aging and/or Alcohol
281(5)
The Case of Ingrid
282(2)
Treatment Options
284(1)
Comment
285(1)
Malingering, Factitious Disorder, or True Disorder?
286(2)
Comment
287(1)
Criminal Responsibility, Competency to Stand Trial, and Dangerousness and a Case of Boarderline Personality Disorder
288(10)
Criminal Responsibility
289(1)
Competency to Stand Trial
290(1)
The Case of John Hinckley
291(3)
Borderline Personality Disorder
294(1)
Treatment of the BPD
295(1)
Legal Perspectives and Prescriptions for Reform
295(3)
Postscript: Positive Mental Health
298(4)
References 302(9)
Index 311


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