9781853834141

Cases in Climate Change Policy : Political Reality in the European Union

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781853834141

  • ISBN10:

    1853834149

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1997-09-01
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis

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Summary

The European Union accounts for 15 per cent of global carbon monoxide emissions, which make up the bulk of the greenhouse gases. As the only supranational body with an environmental policy it could make an important contribution to emissions reduction. But so far it has failed to implement any significant measures. This volume of case studies examines the constraints and opportunities for the implementation of climate change policies.

Table of Contents

Foreword viii
Jim Skea
Preface and Acknowledgements xi
Contributors xiii
List of Figures
xiv
List of Tables
xv
Abbreviations and Acronyms xvi
The Climate Change Challenge
1(14)
Ute Collier
Ragnar E Lofstedt
Introduction
1(2)
The Threat of Climate Change
3(2)
Options for Emission Reductions
5(1)
Developing Response Strategies
6(2)
Emerging Policy Responses: The International Level
8(2)
The EU Response
10(1)
National and Local Strategies
11(2)
The Following Chapters
13(2)
The Energy Dimension
15(15)
Ute Collier
Ragnar E Lofstedt
Introduction
15(2)
The Role of CO2-Free Electricity Generating Sources
17(2)
The Possible Contributions of New and Developing Renewable Energies
19(3)
Energy Efficiency
22(2)
Low CO2 Fossil Fuel Technologies
24(1)
New Opportunities in a Liberalized Energy Market?
25(1)
Conclusions: What Does the Future Hold?
26(4)
Routes of Reducing Transport-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions
30(13)
Jo Smith
Susan Owens
Introduction
30(1)
The Evolution of Car Dependence
31(1)
Sustainable Transport Strategies
32(2)
Traditional Objectives of Land Use Planning
34(1)
Land Use Planning as a Climate Change Policy Instrument
35(3)
Conclusion: Planning for Access and Real Wealth
38(5)
The EU and Climate Change Policy: The Struggle over Policy Competences
43(22)
Ute Collier
Introduction
43(1)
Emission Characteristics of the EU
44(3)
Subsidiarity and the Lack of EU Competences in Energy Policy
47(3)
Attempts at Defining a Common Climate Change Strategy
50(8)
Reliance on National and Local Action
58(3)
Conclusions: What Future Role for the EU?
61(4)
Leadership and Unification: Climate Change Policies in Germany
65(22)
Michael Huber
Introduction
65(1)
The German Emission Profile
66(3)
The Evolution of Climate Change Policy in Germany
69(4)
Energy Measures
73(1)
Reducing Emissions from Fossil Fuel Electricity Generation
74(4)
The Transport Dimension
78(2)
Local Authorities: the Real Policy Leaders?
80(3)
Concluding Remarks
83(4)
`Windfall' Emission Reductions in the UK
87(21)
Ute Collier
Introduction
87(1)
Emission Trends in Greenhouse Gases
88(2)
The UK Climate Change Programme
90(2)
Changes in Energy Related Emissions: Relying on the `Dash for Gas'
92(8)
Developments in Transport Policy
100(2)
Climate Change and Local Government
102(2)
Conclusions
104(4)
Italy: Implementation Gaps and Budget Deficits
108(19)
Gianni Silvestrini
Ute Collier
Introduction
108(1)
Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends
109(3)
The Italian Climate Change Programme
112(2)
Energy Measures: Reducing Fossil Fuel Dependency
114(6)
Transport Sector Developments
120(2)
Local Climate Change Policies
122(2)
Conclusions
124(3)
France: Relying on Past Reductions and Nuclear Power
127(20)
Pierre-Noel Giraud
Ute Collier
Ragnar E. Lofstedt
Introduction
127(1)
French Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Relying on Past Reductions
128(3)
France's Climate Change Policy
131(3)
Energy Measures
134(6)
Transport Policies
140(3)
Local and Regional Authority Initiatives
143(2)
Conclusions
145(2)
Spain: Fast Growth in CO2 Emissions
147(18)
Xavier Labandeira Villot
Introduction
147(1)
Spanish Greenhouse Gas Emissions
148(3)
The National Programme for Climate Change
151(2)
Energy Measures
153(4)
Transport Policies
157(1)
Regional and Local Authorities and the Private Sector
158(3)
Conclusions: Assessment of Current Strategies and Feasibility of Further Action
161(4)
Sweden: The Dilemma of a Proposed Nuclear Phase Out
165(19)
Ragnar E Lofstedt
Introduction
165(1)
Sweden's Greenhouse Gas Emissions
165(3)
Policy Developments in the Area of Climate Change
168(2)
Current Climate Policy--How to Reduce CO2 Emissions
170(5)
Transport Issues
175(3)
Actions Implemented at the Local Level
178(1)
Concluding Comments
179(5)
Comparative Analysis and Conclusions
184(16)
Ute Collier
Ragnar E Lofstedt
Introduction
184(1)
Comparing the National Programmes
185(2)
The Influence of Emission Characteristics
187(2)
Political Constraints
189(6)
Opportunities at the Local Level
195(2)
Conclusions
197(3)
Index 200

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