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Cengage Advantage Books: Kagan and Segal's Psychology An Introduction (with InfoTrac),9780155081147

Cengage Advantage Books: Kagan and Segal's Psychology An Introduction (with InfoTrac)

by ;
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780155081147

ISBN10:
0155081144
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/9/2003
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $67.00

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Summary

This value-priced paperback combines brevity, clarity, rigor and relevance to adeptly cover the core topics in psychology. Continuing with the character and spirit of previous editions, Don Baucum and Carolyn Smith join Jerome Kagan and Julius Segal to create a streamlined text with a free integrated study guide. The text follows a developmental theme, with an emphasis on diversity coverage and critical thinking. In many chapters, the developmental theme is highlighted by a Life Span Perspective feature that shows students the relevance of chapter topics to the development of a human life, and that helps them make connections between themes discussed in different chapters. Personal applications and real-life examples are included throughout the text to engage students in every key topic area.

Author Biography

Jerome Kagan (Ph.D., Yale University) is former chair of the psychology department at Harvard University and is world renowned for his work on temperament in children. At Harvard, Dr. Kagan's research on the cognitive and emotional development of a child during the first decade of life focused on the origins of temperament. He has tracked the development of inhibited and uninhibited children from infancy to adolescence. He served on the National Institute of Mental Health and on the National Research Council Julius Segal was a recognized authority on coping with psychological trauma and served for 30 years as director of the scientific and public information programs for the National Institute of Mental Health. Dr. Segal taught psychology at George Washington University and the University of Maryland and lectured extensively throughout the United States. Dr. Segal, the author of eight books and over 250 articles on mental health and human development, received his Ph.D. from Catholic University. Dedicated to making psychology accessible to the public, Dr. Segal served as contributing editor and monthly columnist for Parents Magazine Don Baucum is an Associate Professor and a member of the primary faculty of the Department of Psychology at the University of Alabama. His Ph.D. is in General Experimental Psychology, and he has extensive training in clinical psychology as well. He currently divides his professional time between teaching and writing. Courses include personality, social psychology, introductory statistics, research methods, developmental psychology, and psychology of learning -- along with numerous offerings of introductory psychology Carolyn D. Smith, is a freelance writer. She has lent her writing expertise to other psychology texts about child development

Table of Contents

To the Instructor xvi
To the Student xxvii
The Authors xxxii
The Science and Practice of Psychology
1(51)
The Scope of Psychology
3(3)
Defining psychology's broad boundaries
3(1)
The missions of psychology
4(1)
Related disciplines
5(1)
The Varieties of Psychology and Psychologists
6(5)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Closing the Gender Gap in Psychology
7(1)
``Basic'' and ``applied'' psychology
8(1)
The practice of clinical and counseling psychology
9(2)
The Methods Psychologists Use
11(7)
Observation
11(1)
Interviews and case histories
12(1)
Questionnaires and surveys
13(1)
Standardized psychological tests and physiological measures
14(1)
Correlation: An important descriptive technique
15(2)
The most conclusive method: Experimentation
17(1)
Conducting Good Experiments
18(4)
Experiments that focus on individuals
19(1)
Experiments that focus on groups
19(3)
Psychology's Rich History and Promising Future
22(8)
The era of introspection
23(1)
Psychoanalytic theory and its impact
24(1)
The rise of behaviorism
25(1)
Gestalt psychology
26(1)
Humanistic psychology and positive psychology
26(2)
The cognitive approach and its pervasive influence
28(1)
Psychobiology and neuroscience
29(1)
Key Issues in Psychology: Yesterday and Today
30(4)
Heredity and environment: Their relative influence
30(1)
Continuity and change
31(1)
Context: The person and the situation
32(1)
Culture, ethnicity, diversity, and ``race''
33(1)
Psychology's Ethical Standards
34(5)
Safeguarding human research participants
35(2)
Safeguarding research animals
37(2)
Summary
39(2)
Test Yourself Answers
41(1)
Study Guide
42(10)
Brain, Body, and Behavior
52(40)
How the Brain Governs Behavior
53(6)
The brain's communication system
54(1)
How neurons send their messages
55(1)
The links of the nervous system
56(1)
The cerebral cortex and how it makes us human
57(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: How the Brain Restores Its Functions
58(1)
How Neuroscientists Study the Brain and Mind
59(3)
Structural brain imaging
59(1)
Functional brain imaging
60(1)
Psychology and the Media: Neuroscience in the Future
61(1)
Electroencephalography
62(1)
The Brain's Functions, I: Experiencing the World
62(4)
Sensing and interpreting the environment
62(1)
Processing and transmitting sensory information
63(2)
Generating body movements
65(1)
Managing coordination and balance
65(1)
The Brain's Functions, II: Overseeing Emotions and Survival
66(6)
The wellsprings of passions and feelings
66(1)
Staying alive and physiologically in tune
67(1)
The autonomic nervous system: The brain's busy deputy
68(3)
The brain's hemispheres and the regulation of emotion
71(1)
The Brain's Functions, III: Managing Thought and Memory
72(4)
Thinking and planning
72(1)
How memories are stored and retrieved
72(1)
The growing brain and the developing intellect
73(1)
Left brain, right brain
74(1)
Life Span Perspective: As the Brain Matures
75(1)
The Brain-Behavior Link
76(3)
Transforming electricity and chemistry into meanings and feelings
76(2)
The interplay of biological, psychological, and environmental forces
78(1)
Summary
79(2)
Test Yourself Answers
81(1)
Study Guide
82(10)
Sensing and Perceiving
92(45)
How Our Senses Function: Some General Principles
94(2)
Thresholds for sensory experience
94(1)
Sensory adaptation
95(1)
The Power of Vision
96(5)
Light: The visual stimulus
96(1)
The structures of the eye and how they work
96(2)
The visual receptors---in good light and bad
98(1)
Seeing in full color
99(1)
Color blindness
100(1)
The Power of Hearing
101(4)
How is sound made?
101(1)
The ear and its hearing receptors
102(1)
How the hearing receptors work
102(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Loud Noises
103(1)
Determining where sounds come from
104(1)
Taste, Smell, Touch, and the Two Unnoticed Senses
105(6)
Taste and its many inputs
105(1)
Smell and its powers
105(1)
The taste-smell connection
106(1)
A Matter of Debate: A Human Scent of Sex?
107(1)
The subtle nature of touch: Skin senses
108(1)
Life Span Perspective: Taste, Smell, and Aging
109(1)
Bodily movement and equilibrium
110(1)
Perception and Survival
111(3)
The built-in ``wiring'' of feature detectors
112(1)
The skills of perception: Inborn or learned?
112(1)
Perceiving change, movement, and contrast
113(1)
Selection and Attention
114(2)
What's behind the selection process?
114(1)
Trying to attend to simultaneous inputs
115(1)
Selection and exploration
115(1)
Organizing Our Perceptions
116(7)
Some principles of organization
117(1)
Finding stability and consistency
118(1)
Perceiving distance and depth
119(1)
When illusions lead us astray
120(1)
Interpreting what we perceive
121(2)
Summary
123(2)
Test Yourself Answers
125(1)
Study Guide
126(11)
Conditioning and Learning
137(44)
Classical Conditioning
139(3)
Pavlov and the salivating dogs
139(2)
Classical conditioning: The basics
141(1)
Classical Conditioning Phenomena and Applications
142(7)
Timing and the number of conditioning trials
143(1)
Extinction and recovery of conditioned responses
143(1)
Predictability of the unconditioned stimulus
144(1)
Stimulus generalization and discrimination
144(1)
Nature versus classical conditioning
145(1)
Other classical conditioning phenomena
146(3)
Operant Conditioning
149(5)
B. F. Skinner's magic box
149(1)
Shaping and successive approximations
150(2)
Reinforcement and punishment: The basics
152(2)
Operant Conditioning Phenomena and Applications
154(9)
Delay of reinforcement and punishment
154(1)
The power of partial reinforcement
155(2)
When there's a choice: Reinforcement versus punishment
157(1)
A Matter of Debate: Spanking Children
158(1)
The power of superstitions and phobias
159(1)
When there is no escape
160(1)
Behavior modification and token economies
161(1)
Nature versus operant conditioning
162(1)
Cognitive Learning: A Contemporary View Rooted in the Past
163(6)
The case of the ingenious chimps
164(1)
Learning in the absence of reinforcement
165(1)
Cognitive maps, expectancies, and knowledge
166(1)
Life Span Perspective: Learning and Age
167(2)
Summary
169(1)
Test Yourself Answers
170(1)
Study Guide
171(10)
Remembering and Forgetting
181(38)
The Range and Content of Human Memory
183(5)
Sensory memory: Gone in an instant
184(1)
Short-term (working) memory: How information is retained temporarily
185(1)
Long-term memory: An overview
186(2)
Why We Forget
188(7)
How remembering and forgetting are measured
189(1)
Theories of forgetting
190(2)
Psychology and the Media: Memory-Enhancing Drugs
192(3)
Factors in Encoding and Storage
195(4)
Chunking---putting many little items into one neat package
195(1)
What we encode, remember, and retrieve
196(1)
Emotional states and retrieval
197(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: False Memories
198(1)
Linkages in Learning and Memory
199(4)
The role of meaning and organization
200(1)
Using rules to learn and remember
200(1)
Building storehouses for memory
201(1)
Life Span Perspective: Remembering and Forgetting in Older Adulthood
202(1)
Learning How to Learn and Remember
203(5)
How categories help
204(1)
Clustering---packaging information for long-term memory
204(2)
Preserving visual information
206(2)
Summary
208(1)
Test Yourself Answers
209(1)
Study Guide
210(9)
Language and Thought
219(37)
The Function and Structure of Language
221(3)
Phonemes: The basic sounds of language
221(1)
Morphemes: The units of meaning
222(1)
Syntax: Building phrases and sentences from words
223(1)
Pragmatics: The effects of social context
223(1)
The Challenge of Generating and Comprehending Language
224(3)
The speaker
225(1)
A Matter of Debate: Bilingualism and Schoolchildren
226(1)
The listener
226(1)
How We Learn Language
227(6)
Infants and babbling
228(1)
How human interaction affects language skills
229(1)
Life Span Perspective: Language and Thought in Babies and Toddlers
230(1)
Discovering grammar
230(1)
Theories of language learning
231(1)
Can other animals learn language?
232(1)
Words and Concepts
233(8)
A Matter of Debate: Talking with Parrots?
234(2)
Concepts without words: Perceptual concepts
236(1)
How language enriches our concepts---and vice versa
236(1)
Concepts and inferences
237(1)
Concepts, learning, and memory
238(1)
A lingering puzzle: What exactly is a concept?
238(1)
Does language shape our view of the world---or vice versa?
239(1)
How new knowledge yields new language
240(1)
Thinking and Problem Solving
241(6)
Some tools of thinking: Rules and premises
241(1)
Logical and illogical ways of thinking
242(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Taking Steps to Solve a Problem
243(1)
Using algorithms and heuristics
243(1)
Traps and obstacles in problem solving
244(3)
Summary
247(1)
Test Yourself Answers
248(1)
Study Guide
249(7)
Intelligence and Its Assessment
256(32)
What Is Intelligence?
257(4)
Intelligence as a general ability
258(1)
Intelligence as multiple abilities
259(2)
Intelligence Tests
261(4)
A brief history of intelligence testing
262(1)
Intelligence tests: Some specifics
262(2)
Aptitude versus achievement
264(1)
What Intelligence Tests Do and Do Not Tell Us
265(4)
IQ and accomplishment in school
266(1)
IQ, occupational status, and success on the job
266(1)
Does IQ foretell achievement in life?
267(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Why Some Smart People Fail
268(1)
Intelligence and creativity
268(1)
Heredity, Environment, and Intelligence
269(6)
Family resemblances in IQ
270(1)
Further interactions between heredity and environment
271(1)
Intelligence and ethnicity
272(1)
Life Span Perspective: Are People Becoming More Intelligent?
273(2)
Psychological Testing---The Scientific Way
275(2)
Requirement 1: Reliability
275(1)
Requirement 2: Validity
275(1)
Requirement 3: Standardization
276(1)
Summary
277(1)
Test Yourself Answers
278(1)
Study Guide
279(9)
Emotion and Motivation
288(44)
Biological Underpinnings of Emotion
290(6)
Pinpointing bodily changes in emotion
291(1)
Hidden physiological changes
291(1)
The role of the autonomic nervous system and glands
292(1)
The role of the facial muscles
292(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: How Truthful Are Lie Detectors?
293(2)
Culture and the experience of emotion
295(1)
Can we hide our emotions?
295(1)
Mechanisms of Emotion
296(3)
Early theories of emotion
296(1)
The cognitive perspective
297(1)
Individual differences in emotions
298(1)
Motives That Originate in Physiological Needs
299(9)
Hunger
300(3)
Thirst
303(1)
Sleep
304(4)
Psychology and the Media: The Great American Sleep Debt
308(1)
The Special Case of Sex and Sexuality
308(7)
The role of hormones and the brain
308(2)
The power of psychological influences
310(1)
Life Span Perspective: Sexuality from Infancy to Older Adulthood
311(1)
Social and cultural influences
312(1)
Sexual orientation
313(2)
Motives That Are Primarily Psychological
315(5)
Achievement motivation
315(2)
Motivation for affiliation and dependency
317(1)
Motivation for certainty
318(1)
Motivation to meet standards
319(1)
Motives versus behavior
319(1)
Summary
320(2)
Test Yourself Answers
322(1)
Study Guide
323(9)
Personality and Its Assessment
332(38)
What Is Personality?
333(2)
Defining personality
333(1)
Traits that stand out: The personality hierarchy
334(1)
Four components of personality theory
334(1)
Psychodynamic Views: Freud and Those Who Followed
335(8)
Freud's psychoanalytic theory
335(4)
Jung versus Freud: Sexuality isn't everything
339(1)
Adler, Horney, and Erikson: Social influences
340(1)
Fromm's social psychoanalytic theory
341(2)
Positive Growth: Humanistic Theories of Personality
343(3)
Rogers and self-worth
343(1)
Life Span Perspective: Sibling Order and Personality Development
344(1)
Maslow and self-actualization
345(1)
Further Perspectives on Personality
346(5)
Skinner and operant conditioning
347(1)
Bandura and human agency
348(1)
Buss and the evolution of personality
349(2)
Personality Assessment---and Its Limits
351(8)
Big Five theory
352(2)
Objective tests
354(2)
Projective and other tests
356(1)
Limitations of psychological testing
357(1)
A Matter of Debate: The Person and the Situation
358(1)
Summary
359(1)
Test Yourself Answers
360(1)
Study Guide
361(9)
Human Development: Conception Through Childhood
370(44)
Life's Beginnings: From Conception to Birth
371(4)
The mechanics of heredity
372(1)
The world inside the womb
373(1)
The birth process
373(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: At Risk in the Womb
374(1)
Newborn Infants: Similarities and Differences
375(4)
Differences in temperament
375(2)
Easy, slow-to-warm-up, and difficult babies
377(1)
The durability of early traits
378(1)
The Early Development of Body and Mind
379(7)
Physical maturation
379(2)
The unfolding of intellectual abilities
381(1)
Piaget's theory of cognitive development
382(1)
Four stages of cognitive development
383(1)
Psychology and the Media: Influencing Children's Memories
384(2)
Personality Development: Birth to 18 Months
386(5)
The process of attachment
386(2)
Patterns of attachment
388(1)
Courage for exploration
388(1)
The appearance of anxiety
389(1)
The effects of day care
390(1)
Learning Society's Rules: 18 Months Through 3 Years
391(2)
Initial moral sense
391(1)
Parental practices and the development of morality
392(1)
Punishment, abuse, and neglect
392(1)
Venturing into the World: Ages 4 and 5
393(4)
Emulating a parent
394(1)
Same-sex identification
394(1)
The influence of television
395(1)
Divorce and loss of a parent
396(1)
Expanding Social Influences: Ages 6 to 10
397(3)
The new world of school
397(1)
The importance of peers
398(1)
Becoming dominant or submissive
399(1)
The doorway to adolescence
399(1)
Developmental Disorders
400(3)
Mental retardation
401(1)
Learning disorders
401(1)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
401(1)
A Matter of Debate: Is Ritalin Overprescribed?
402(1)
Summary
403(1)
Test Yourself Answers
404(1)
Study Guide
405(9)
Human Development: Adolescence, Adulthood, and Death
414(41)
Adolescence: A Time of Transition
415(12)
Physical changes in adolescence
416(3)
The adjustment to junior high school
419(1)
Developing a set of morals
420(1)
Establishing an identity
421(3)
The troubles of adolescence
424(1)
Conflicts within the family
425(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Teenage Suicide: A Growing Tragedy
426(1)
Adulthood: The Prime Time
427(8)
New beginnings
427(2)
Choosing and succeeding at a career
429(1)
Workplace inequities: Struggles for women
429(1)
Gender roles in adulthood: Confusion and conflicts
430(1)
The quest for love, intimacy, and commitment
431(1)
Raising children: Stressful but rewarding
432(2)
Midlife: Radical changes and quiet revelations
434(1)
Women and menopause
435(1)
Growing Old: Maintaining an Active, Productive Life
435(6)
The aging process
436(2)
Intellectual capabilities: Slower but wiser
438(1)
Aging and mental health
439(2)
Retirement: Freedom or boredom?
441(1)
Coming to Terms with Life's End
441(4)
Attitudes toward death
442(1)
Bereavement
442(1)
The final stage: Facing death
443(1)
A Matter of Debate: Should Assisted Suicide Be Legalized?
444(1)
Summary
445(1)
Test Yourself Answers
446(1)
Study Guide
447(8)
Stress, Coping, and Well-Being
455(43)
Sources of Stress
456(6)
Life crises
457(1)
Transitions as stressors
457(1)
Life Span Perspective: Stress from Infancy to Older Adulthood
458(1)
Catastrophes
459(1)
Everyday hassles
459(1)
Conflict
460(1)
Uncertainty and doubt
461(1)
Stress as an individual experience
461(1)
Stress and Physical Health
462(7)
The general adaptation syndrome
463(1)
Somatoform disorders
464(1)
Stress and survival
465(1)
Are some stressors worse than others?
466(1)
Stress and immunity to disease
467(1)
Power, anger, and hypertension
468(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Using Anger Constructively
469(1)
Stress and Mental Health
469(5)
Stress and anxiety
470(3)
Stress and depression
473(1)
Burnout
474(1)
Coping with Stress
474(8)
Coping assertively
475(1)
Three varieties of coping
475(1)
The importance of control
476(1)
The importance of social support
477(1)
The benefits of optimism
478(2)
Psychology and the Media: Stress? Laugh It Off
480(1)
Exercise as a means of coping
481(1)
Biofeedback
481(1)
Defense Mechanisms
482(4)
Repression
483(1)
Rationalization
483(1)
Sublimation
484(1)
Identification
484(1)
Reaction formation
484(1)
Projection
485(1)
Denial
485(1)
Displacement
485(1)
Regression
485(1)
When defenses falter
486(1)
Well-Being and Positive Psychology
486(2)
Summary
488(1)
Test Yourself Answers
489(1)
Study Guide
490(8)
Mental and Behavioral Disorders
498(46)
Abnormal Characteristics: Their Nature and Scope
499(2)
Qualities that define disorders
499(1)
The prevalence and impact of disorders
500(1)
Causes and Classification of Abnormal Behaviors
501(4)
Biological influences
502(1)
Environmental influences
502(1)
The role of personality and cognition
503(1)
DSM-IV
503(2)
Schizophrenia
505(2)
Symptoms
505(1)
Causes
506(1)
Mood Disorders
507(7)
Depression
507(1)
Bipolar disorder
508(2)
Psychology and the Media: Making Art of Madness
510(1)
Seasonal mood swings
510(1)
Untangling the biological and environmental components
511(1)
Sex differences in depression
511(1)
Life Span Perspective: Depression in the Early Years
512(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Eating Disorders: When Food Becomes the Enemy
513(1)
Anxiety Disorders
514(4)
Generalized anxiety disorder
514(1)
Panic disorder
515(1)
Phobias
516(1)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
517(1)
Personality Disorders
518(4)
Antisocial personality disorder
519(2)
Paranoid personality disorder
521(1)
Narcissistic personality disorder
521(1)
Substance Abuse and Dependence
522(5)
Consequences of alcohol abuse
523(1)
What causes alcohol abuse?
524(1)
Gender and alcohol abuse
524(1)
The highs and lows of substance abuse
525(1)
Consequences of drug abuse
525(1)
What causes addiction?
526(1)
Substance abuse and mental disorder
527(1)
Other Disorders
527(4)
Sexual disorders
528(1)
Dissociative identity disorder
528(1)
Disorders of impulse control
529(1)
Culture-bound syndromes
529(2)
Summary
531(1)
Test Yourself Answers
532(1)
Study Guide
533(11)
Psychotherapy and Other Treatment Approaches
544(40)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: How to Select a Psychotherapist
546(1)
Psychodynamic Therapy: Probing the Mind
547(3)
Classical psychoanalysis
547(1)
Modern psychodynamic therapies
548(1)
Brief goal-oriented treatment
549(1)
Humanistic Therapy: Improving Personal Strengths
550(2)
Person-centered therapy
551(1)
Other humanistic techniques
551(1)
Behavior Therapy
552(5)
Reinforcement: A positive approach
552(1)
Aversive conditioning
553(1)
Cognitive behavior therapy
554(3)
Therapy in Groups
557(2)
Group therapy: The traditional approach
557(1)
Group therapy for specific problems
558(1)
Self-help groups
558(1)
How Effective Is Psychotherapy?
559(6)
Evaluating treatment approaches
559(1)
Finding the right fit between client and therapist
560(2)
Is one method better than another?
562(1)
How people can help themselves
563(1)
Life Span Perspective: Therapeutic Strategies and Developmental Stages
564(1)
Biological Therapies
565(5)
Drug therapy
565(1)
Drugs for schizophrenia (major tranquilizers)
566(1)
Drugs for depression
567(1)
Drugs for anxiety (minor tranquilizers)
568(1)
Combined therapies
568(1)
Electroconvulsive therapy
569(1)
Mental Health in the Community and Society
570(4)
Community mental health programs
570(1)
Crisis intervention
571(1)
Supporting clients and their families
571(1)
Disorders and the homeless
572(1)
Removing the stigma from mental and behavioral disorders
572(1)
A Matter of Debate: Community Psychology---A Revolving Door?
573(1)
Summary
574(1)
Test Yourself Answers
575(1)
Study Guide
576(8)
Social Psychology
584(44)
Social Cognition: Schemas and Attitudes
585(7)
Developing new schemas and attitudes throughout life
586(1)
Illogical attitudes: Prejudices and stereotypes
587(1)
Cognitive dissonance
587(1)
How changes in behavior can change our attitudes
588(1)
Being persuaded to change our attitudes
589(2)
Life Span Perspective: How Much Can People Change?
591(1)
Attribution: Why Did You (or I) Do That?
592(5)
Person or situation: Attribution errors
592(2)
Mistaken impressions
594(1)
Expectations and social relationships
595(1)
The potent effects of self-fulfilling prophecies
595(1)
Psychology in the Lab and in Life: Guidance from Attribution Theorists
596(1)
Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
597(7)
The urge to conform
597(2)
Pressures to conform
599(1)
Why we conform
600(1)
Compliance
601(1)
Obedience: ``Just following orders''
602(1)
When independence replaces obedience
602(2)
Group Dynamics
604(2)
How do groups form?
604(1)
How do groups influence behavior?
604(2)
Interpersonal Behavior: Aggression and Prosocial Behavior
606(6)
The faces of aggression
606(2)
The origins of aggression: Innate or learned?
608(1)
The nature of caring: Studies of altruism
609(1)
Psychology and the Media: Compassionate Kids
610(1)
When no one cares: Bystander apathy
610(2)
Interpersonal Attraction: What Draws Us Together
612(3)
The staying power of first impressions
613(1)
The elusive nature of love
614(1)
Epilogue
615(1)
Summary
616(2)
Test Yourself Answers
618(1)
Study Guide
619(9)
Appendix Statistics: Description and Inference
628(11)
Descriptive Statistics
628(4)
Probability, Normal Distribution, and Some Applications
632(3)
Inferential Statistics: The Science of the Long Shot
635(4)
Answers to Practice Tests 639(1)
References 640(33)
Photo Credits 673(2)
Name Index 675(10)
Subject Index 685


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