9780812233186

Censure and Heresy at the University of Paris 1200-1400

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780812233186

  • ISBN10:

    0812233182

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 9/1/1998
  • Publisher: Univ of Pennsylvania Pr
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Summary

For the scholastic philosopher William Ockham (c. 1285-1347), there are three kinds of heresy. The first, and most unmistakable, is an outright denial of the truths of faith. Another is so obvious that a very simple person, even if illiterate, can see how it contradicts Divine Scripture. The third kind of heresy is less clear cut. It is perceptible only after long deliberation and only to individuals who are learned, and well versed in Scripture. It is this third variety of heresy that J.M.M.H. Thijssen addresses inCensure and Heresy at the University of Paris, 1200-1400. The book documents 30 cases in which university trained scholars were condemned for disseminating allegedly erroneous opinions in their teaching or writing, and focuses particularly on four academic censures that have occupied prominent positions in the historiography of medieval philosophy. Thijssen grants central importance to a number of questions so far neglected by historians regarding judicial procedures, the authorities supervising the orthodoxy of teaching, and the effects of condemnations on the careers of the accused. He also places still current questions regarding academic freedom and the nature of doctrinal authority into their medieval contexts.

Author Biography

J.M.M.H. Thijssen is Professor of Medieval and Renaissance Natural Philosophy at the University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
1. The Suppression of False Teaching
1(39)
2. The Condemnation of March 7, 1277
40(17)
3. False Teaching at the Arts Faculty: The Ockhamist Statute of 1340 and Its Prelude
57(16)
4. Nicholas of Autrecourt and John of Mirecourt: Censure at the Faculty of Theology in the Fourteenth Century
73(17)
5. Academic Freedom and Teaching Authority
90(23)
Conclusion 113(6)
List of Abbreviations 119(2)
Notes 121(46)
Selected Bibliography 167(18)
Index 185

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