9780745323091

A Century of War; Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Orde

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780745323091

  • ISBN10:

    074532309X

  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 10/4/2004
  • Publisher: Pluto Press
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Summary

This book is a gripping account of the murky world of the international oil industry and its role in world politics. Scandals about oil are familiar to most of us. From George W. Bush's election victory to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, US politics and oil enjoy a controversially close relationship. The US economy relies upon the cheap and unlimited supply of this single fuel. William Engdahl takes the reader through a history of the oil industry's grip on the world economy. His revelations are startling.

Author Biography

William Engdahl has written on issues of energy, politics and economics for more than 30 years, beginning the first oil shock in the early 1970's. After a degree in politics from Princeton University and graduate study in comparative economics at the University of Stockholm, he worked as a free-lance writer in New York and later in Europe, covering subjects including IMF policy in the former Soviet Union, Third World debt issues, hedge funds and the Asia crisis. Mr. Engdahl has contributed regularly to a number of publications including Japan's Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Foresight magazine; Grant'sInvestor.com, European Banker and Business Banker International. He has spoken at numerous international conferences on geopolitical, economic and energy subjects, from London to Jakarta to Moscow. He currently lives in Germany and in addition to writing regularly on issues of economics, energy and international affairs.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
The Three Pillars of the British Empire
1(10)
The Empire needs a new strategy
1(1)
Free trade and the sinews of British power
2(3)
Britain's informal empire
5(3)
The Great Depression of 1873
8(3)
The Lines are Drawn: Germany and the Geopolitics of the Great War
11(8)
Germany's Wirtschaftswunder
11(3)
A Berlin bank panic
14(1)
The necessity for ship and rail infrastructure
15(4)
A Global Fight for Control of Petroleum Begins
19(16)
A British admiral sees beyond lamp oil
19(1)
D'Arcy captures the secret of the burning rocks
20(2)
By rail from Berlin to Baghdad
22(6)
The new Dreadnoughts
28(1)
Sir Edward Grey's fateful Paris trip
29(1)
Fashoda, Witte, great projects and great mistakes
30(5)
Oil Becomes the Weapon, the Near East the Battleground
35(15)
A bankrupt Britain goes to war
35(2)
Oil in the Great War
37(3)
Britain's secret eastern war
40(3)
`Selling the same horse twice'
43(1)
Arthur Balfour's strange letter to Lord Rothschild
44(2)
Balfour backs the new concept of empire
46(4)
Combined and Conflicting Goals: The United States Rivals Britain
50(15)
Morgan finances the British war
50(5)
New York bankers challenge the City of London
55(3)
Britain moves for oil supremacy
58(1)
Churchill and the Arab Bureau
59(1)
A battle for control of Mexico
60(1)
The secret of British oil control
61(4)
The Anglo-Americans Close Ranks
65(20)
A conference in Genoa
65(1)
Sinclair and the American bid
66(2)
Germany tries to outflank the British
68(2)
Military occupation of the Ruhr
70(1)
The real origins of Weimar hyperinflation
71(3)
The Anglo-American Red Line
74(2)
Deterding, Montagu Norman and Schacht's Hitler Project
76(9)
Oil and the New World Order of Bretton Woods
85(20)
A new empire rises from the ashes of war
85(2)
The dollar standard, Big Oil and the New York banks
87(1)
The Marshall Plan forms a postwar oil hegemony
88(2)
The power of the New York banks tied to U.S. oil
90(1)
Mohammed Mossadegh takes on Anglo-American oil
91(6)
Italy attempts independence in oil and development
97(2)
Mattei's bold development initiative
99(6)
A Sterling Crisis and the Adenauer-de Gaulle Threat
105(22)
Continental Europe emerges from the rubble of war
105(2)
Anglo-American grand designs against Europe
107(2)
1957: America at the turning point
109(1)
`That `58 Chevy'
110(1)
The dollar wars of the 1960s
111(3)
The Vietnam option is taken
114(3)
The beginnings of America's internal rot
117(3)
Sterling, the weak link, breaks
120(5)
De Gaulle is toppled
125(2)
Running the World Economy in Reverse: Who Made the 1970s Oil Shocks?
127(23)
Nixon pulls the plug
127(3)
An unusual meeting at Saltsjobaden
130(5)
Dr. Kissinger's Yom Kippur oil shock
135(3)
The economic impact of the oil shock
138(3)
Taking the `bloom off the nuclear rose'
141(2)
Developing the Anglo-American green agenda
143(4)
Population control becomes a U.S. national security issue
147(3)
Europe, Japan and a Response to the Oil Shock
150(28)
The petrodollar monetary order devastates the developing world
150(6)
From Colombo comes a political earthquake
156(6)
Atoms for Peace becomes a casus belli
162(3)
Gold, dollar crisis and dangerous new potentials from Europe
165(4)
The Crash of 1979: Iran and Volcker
169(9)
Imposing the New World Order
178(45)
Volcker borrows a British model
178(5)
Gunboat diplomacy and a Mexican initiative
183(8)
Wall Street replays the 1920s, IMF-style
191(8)
Reagan's chickens come home to roost
199(8)
`We'll get by with a little help from our friends'
207(2)
The fall of a wall panics some circles
209(4)
Saddam and Operation Desert Storm
213(6)
The target: an independent Europe and Japan
219(4)
From the Evil Empire to the Axis of Evil
223(23)
Finding the new bogeyman
223(2)
Japan: wounding the lead goose
225(4)
Phase two: shooting Asian tigers
229(2)
Washington revisits Halford Mackinder
231(2)
Russia gets the IMF Third World cure
233(5)
Yugoslavia gets the shock therapy
238(3)
U.S. oil geopolitics in the Balkans
241(5)
A New Millennium for Oil Geopolitics
246(25)
Bush brings Big Oil back to Washington
246(2)
`Where the prize ultimately lies'
248(2)
`The New American Century'
250(2)
From Kabul to Baghdad: war on terror or war on oil?
252(3)
`You've got to go where the oil is'
255(3)
The peak of oil?
258(5)
Oil and bases: removing the obstacles
263(5)
`Full spectrum dominance'
268(3)
Notes 271(14)
Appendix I: Founding Members of the Trilateral Commission (1973) 285(1)
Appendix II: Participants at the Saltsjobaden Meeting of the Bilderberg Group (1973) 286(2)
Index 288

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