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The Challenge Of Third World Development,9780131930704
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The Challenge Of Third World Development

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780131930704

ISBN10:
0131930702
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $73.60
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Summary

This book explores political, economic, and social issues common to diverse Third World countries. It stresses the themes of democratization, modernization, and dependency theory, examining the nature of underdevelopment. The text analyzes the major political and socio economic rifts that divide many of these nations and the efforts being made to understand and address these challenges.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
chapter 1 Understanding Underdevelopment 1(21)
Third World Commonalities: The Nature of Underdevelopment
2(9)
Economic Underdevelopment
3(2)
Social Underdevelopment
5(3)
Political Underdevelopment
8(2)
Some Relationships among the Components of Development
10(1)
The Causes of Underdevelopment
11(8)
Modernization Theory and the Importance of Cultural Values
12(3)
Dependency Theory
15(1)
Modernization and Dependency Theory Compared
16(2)
Contemporary Perspectives
18(1)
Discussion Questions 19
Notes
19(3)
chapter 2 Democratic Change and the Change to Democracy 22(23)
Democracy Defined
24(1)
Democratic Transition and Consolidation
25(1)
Authoritarian Beginnings
26(1)
Justifying Authoritarian Rule
27(1)
The Third Wave and Its Effect on the Third World
28(2)
International Causes and Consequences of the Third Wave
30(1)
The Prerequisites of Democracy in Individual Countries
31(7)
Social and Economic Modernization
32(1)
Class Structure
33(1)
Political Culture
34(4)
How Do Democracies Perform? Public Policy Compared
38(2)
Conclusion: Democratic Consolidation
40(1)
Discussion Questions
41(1)
Notes
42(3)
chapter 3 Religion and Politics 45(31)
The Meeting of Church and State
46(1)
Great Religions of the Third World
47(1)
Religion, Modernity, and Secularization
48(2)
Structural and Theological Bases of Church-State Relations
50(4)
Islam
51(1)
Catholicism
52(1)
Hinduism and Buddhism
53(1)
Religious Fundamentalism: Islam and Hinduism
54(11)
Defining and Explaining Fundamentalism
55(1)
Fundamentalists: Radical and Conservative
55(1)
"Sacred Rage and the Iranian Revolution": Radical Fundamentalism as a Reaction to Western-Style Modernization
56(3)
Al Qaeda and Militant Islamic Fundamentalism
59(4)
Radical Hindu Fundamentalism
63(2)
The Progressive Catholic Church
65(3)
Religion and Politics in the Developing World: Looking to the Future
68(2)
Conclusion: Religion and Democracy
70(1)
Discussion Questions
71(1)
Notes
71(5)
chapter 4 The Politics of Cultural Pluralism and Ethnic Conflict 76(38)
Defining Ethnicity
78(2)
Ethnic and State Boundaries
80(1)
Types of Ethnic-Cultural Divisions
81(10)
Nationality
81(2)
Tribe
83(2)
Race
85(3)
Religion
88(3)
Independence, Modernization, and Ethnic Conflict
91(1)
Levels of Interethnic Conflict
92(4)
Relative Harmony
92(1)
Uneasy Balance
93(1)
Enforced Hierarchy (Ethnic Dominance)
94(2)
Systematic Violence
96(1)
Outcomes and Resolutions
96(10)
Power Sharing: Federalism and Consociationalism
97(2)
Secession
99(1)
Outside Intervention
100(3)
Outside Intervention in Iraq: The Effect of the U.S. Occupation on Ethnic Relations
103(2)
Settlement through Exhaustion
105(1)
Toward a Peaceful Resolution of Conflict
105(1)
Conclusion: Ethnic Pluralism and Democracy
106(2)
Discussion Questions
108(1)
Notes
109(5)
chapter 5 Women and Development 114(34)
The Political and Socioeconomic Status of Third World Women
115(8)
Westernization, Modernization, and the Economic Status of Women
118(2)
Women in the Countryside
120(1)
Urbanization and the Status of Women
121(2)
Women and Politics
123(16)
Women's Political Activism at the Grass Roots
125(3)
Women as National Political Leaders
128(3)
Reserved Seats and Quotas: Female Representation in Parliament and the Cabinet
131(6)
Women and Revolutionary Change
137(2)
The Status of Women: The Roles of Modernization, Globalization, and Regime Type
139(2)
Conclusion: Democracy and the Role of Women in Society
141(1)
Discussion Questions
142(1)
Notes
143(5)
chapter 6 Agrarian Reform and the Politics of Rural Change 148(22)
Rural Class Structures
149(1)
Peasant Politics
150(3)
The Politics of Agrarian Reform
153(4)
Patterns of Land Concentration
154(1)
The Case for Agrarian Reform
154(3)
Types of Agrarian Reform
157(7)
Externally Imposed Reform
157(1)
Revolutionary Transformation
158(3)
Moderate Reformism
161(1)
The Limits of Agrarian Reform
162(2)
Other Approaches and Issues
164(1)
Crop Pricing
164(1)
Conclusion: Democracy and Rural Reform
165(1)
Discussion Questions
166(1)
Notes
166(4)
chapter 7 Rapid Urbanization and the Politics of the Urban Poor 170(28)
The Political Consequences of Urban Growth
173(1)
The Struggle for Employment
173(4)
The Struggle for Housing among the Urban Poor
177(10)
Public Housing and the Role of the State
178(2)
Spontaneous Housing
180(1)
Sites-and-Services Programs
181(1)
The Struggle Against Urban Crime
182(1)
The Politics of the Urban Poor: Conflicting Images
183(4)
Forms of Political Expression among the Urban Poor
187(5)
Individual Political Behavior
187(1)
Collective Goals: Housing and Urban Services
188(3)
Radical Political Behavior
191(1)
Conclusion: Future Urban Growth and Democratic Politics
192(1)
Discussion Questions
193(1)
Notes
193(5)
chapter 8 Revolutionary Change 198(25)
Defining Revolution
199(2)
Underlying Causes of Revolution
201(7)
Inexorable Historical Forces
201(1)
Regime Decay
202(2)
Challenge from Below
204(3)
Causes of Revolution: A Summary
207(1)
Levels of Popular Support
208(2)
Peasants as Revolutionaries
210(2)
Why Peasants Rebel
211(1)
Which Peasants Rebel
211(1)
Revolutionary Leadership
212(2)
Revolutionaries in Power
214(3)
Conclusion: Revolutionary Change and Democracy
217(2)
Discussion Questions
219(1)
Notes
219(4)
chapter 9 Soldiers and Politics 223(30)
The Causes of Military Intervention
225(4)
The Nature of the Armed Forces
225(1)
The Nature of Civil Society
226(3)
Progressive Soldiers and Military Conservatives
229(2)
The Goals of Military Regimes
231(6)
Personalistic Regimes
231(2)
Institutional Military Regimes
233(4)
The Accomplishments and Failures of Military Regimes
237(8)
Combating Corruption
237(1)
Defending Corporate Interests
238(1)
Patterns in Military Spending
239(3)
Establishing Stability
242(1)
Economic Development
243(2)
Military Withdrawal from Politics
245(2)
New Roles for the Armed Forces
247(1)
Conclusion: Democracy and the Military
247(2)
Discussion Questions
249(1)
Notes
249(4)
chapter 10 The Political Economy of Third World Development 253(35)
The Role of the State
254(11)
The Command Economy
255(2)
Latin American Statism
257(4)
East Asia's Developmental State
261(2)
The Neoclassical Ideal
263(2)
Finding a Proper Role for the State
265(1)
Industrialization Strategies
265(4)
Import-Substituting Industrialization (ISI)
266(2)
Export-Oriented Industrialization (EOI)
268(1)
East and Southeast Asia's Economic Crisis
269(4)
The Onset of the Crisis
269(1)
Causes of the Asian Crisis
270(1)
Consequences of the 1997 Crash
271(1)
Implications for East Asia's Growth Model
271(1)
East Asia's Recovery
272(1)
Growth with Equity
273(4)
Economic Development and the Environment
277(2)
The Costs of Growth
277(1)
Environmental Decay as a Third World Problem
278(1)
Environmental Decay in the LDCs as a Global Problem
279(1)
The Search for Sustainable Development
279(3)
Some Signs of Progress
281(1)
Finding the Right Mix
282(1)
Conclusion: Democracy and Economic Development
283(1)
Discussion Questions
283(1)
Notes
284(4)
Glossary 288(7)
Index 295


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