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Chemistry for Changing Times And Evaluation Online Package,9780131230743
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Chemistry for Changing Times And Evaluation Online Package

by ; ;
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780131230743

ISBN10:
0131230743
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2004
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div

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Table of Contents

Preface xiv
To the Student xxii
Highlights of the 10th Edition xxiv
Student Media Resources xxviii
Instructor Media Resources xxix
Chemistry: A Science for All Seasons
1(36)
Science and Technology: The Roots of Knowledge
2(1)
The Baconian Dream and the Carsonian Nightmare
3(1)
Science: Testable, Reproducible, Explanatory, Predictive, and Tentative
4(2)
Limitations of Science
6(1)
Science and Technology: Risks and Benefits
7(2)
Chemistry: Its Central Role
9(1)
Solving Society's Problems: Scientific Research
10(2)
Chemistry: A Study of Matter and Its Changes
12(3)
Classification of Matter
15(2)
Measurement of Matter
17(4)
Density
21(3)
Energy: Heat and Temperature
24(2)
Critical Thinking
26(11)
Summary
28(1)
Key Terms
29(1)
Review Questions
29(1)
Problems
30(2)
Additional Problems
32(1)
Group Projects
32(1)
References and Readings
33(4)
Atoms: Are They for Real?
37(20)
Atoms: The Greek Idea
37(1)
Lavoisier: The Law of Conservation of Mass
38(1)
Proust: The Law of Definite Proportions
39(2)
John Dalton and the Atomic Theory of Matter
41(4)
Out of Chaos: The Periodic Table
45(3)
Atoms: Real and Relevant
48(1)
Leucippus Revisited: Molecules
48(9)
Summary
49(1)
Key Terms
50(1)
Review Questions
50(1)
Problems
50(2)
Additional Problems
52(1)
Group Projects
52(1)
References and Readings
52(5)
Atomic Structure: Images of the Invisible
57(30)
Electricity and the Atom
58(3)
Serendipity in Science: X-Rays and Radioactivity
61(1)
Three Types of Radioactivity
62(1)
Rutherford's Experiment: The Nuclear Model of the Atom
63(2)
Structure of the Nucleus
65(3)
Electron Arrangement: The Bohr Model
68(5)
Electron Arrangement: The Quantum Model
73(3)
Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table
76(2)
Which Model to Choose?
78(9)
Summary
78(1)
Key Terms
79(1)
Review Questions
79(1)
Problems
80(1)
Additional Problems
81(1)
Group Projects
82(1)
References and Readings
82(5)
Nuclear Chemistry: The Heart of Matter
87(34)
Natural Radioactivity
88(1)
Nuclear Equations
89(5)
Half-Life
94(2)
Radioisotopic Dating
96(1)
Artificial Transmutation
97(1)
Uses of Radioisotopes
98(1)
Nuclear Medicine
99(3)
Penetrating Power of Radiation
102(2)
Energy from the Nucleus
104(1)
Building the Bomb
105(5)
Radioactive Fallout
110(1)
Nuclear Power Plants
110(1)
Thermonuclear Reactions
111(1)
The Nuclear Age
112(9)
Summary
113(1)
Key Terms
114(1)
Review Questions
114(1)
Problems
115(1)
Additional Problems
115(1)
Group Projects
116(1)
References and Readings
117(4)
Chemical Bonds: The Ties That Bind
121(38)
The Art of Deduction: Stable Electron Configurations
122(1)
Electron-Dot Structures
123(1)
Sodium Reacts with Chlorine: The Facts
124(1)
Sodium Reacts with Chlorine: The Theory
124(2)
Using Electron-Dot Symbols: More Ionic Compounds
126(2)
Formulas and Names of Binary Ionic Compounds
128(2)
Covalent Bonds: Shared Electron Pairs
130(2)
Unequal Sharing: Polar Covalent Bonds
132(2)
Polyatomic Molecules: Water, Ammonia, and Methane
134(1)
Polyatomic Ions
135(1)
Rules for Writing Electron-Dot Formulas
136(3)
Odd-Electron Molecules: Free Radicals
139(1)
Molecular Shapes: The VSEPR Theory
140(3)
Shapes and Properties: Polar and Nonpolar Molecules
143(1)
Intermolecular Forces and the States of Matter
144(5)
A Chemical Vocabulary
149(10)
Summary
149(1)
Key Terms
150(1)
Review Questions
150(2)
Problems
152(2)
Additional Problems
154(1)
Group Projects
154(1)
References and Readings
155(4)
Chemical Accounting: Mass and Volume Relationships
159(34)
Chemical Sentences: Equations
159(3)
Volume Relationships in Chemical Equations
162(2)
Avogadro's Number: 6.02 X 10 23
164(1)
The Mole: ``A Dozen Eggs and a Mole of Sugar, Please''
165(4)
Mole and Mass Relationships in Chemical Equations
169(5)
The Gas Laws
174(6)
Solutions
180(13)
Summary
185(1)
Key Terms
185(1)
Review Questions
185(1)
Problems
186(2)
Additional Problems
188(1)
Group Projects
189(1)
References and Readings
189(4)
Acids and Bases: Please Pass the Protons
193(20)
Acids and Bases: Experimental Definitions
193(2)
Acids, Bases, and Salts
195(3)
Acidic and Basic Anhydrides
198(1)
Strong and Weak Acids and Bases
199(2)
The pH Scale
201(2)
Acid Rain
203(1)
Antacids: A Basic Remedy
204(1)
Acids and Bases in Industry and in Us
205(8)
Summary
206(1)
Key Terms
207(1)
Review Questions
207(1)
Problems
207(2)
Additional Problems
209(1)
Group Projects
209(1)
References and Readings
209(4)
Oxidation and Reduction: Burn and Unburn
213(26)
Oxidation and Reduction: Three Views
214(3)
Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
217(1)
Electrochemistry: Cells and Batteries
218(4)
Corrosion
222(2)
Explosive Reactions
224(1)
Oxygen: An Abundant and Essential Oxidizing Agent
224(2)
Other Common Oxidizing Agents
226(1)
Some Reducing Agents of Interest
227(2)
A Closer Look at Hydrogen
229(1)
Oxidation, Reduction, and Living Things
230(9)
Summary
231(1)
Key Terms
232(1)
Review Questions
232(1)
Problems
232(2)
Additional Problems
234(1)
Group Projects
234(1)
References and Readings
235(4)
Organic Chemistry: The Infinite Variety of Carbon Compounds
239(38)
The Unique Carbon Atom
239(1)
Alkanes
240(4)
Cyclic Hydrocarbons: Rings and Things
244(1)
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: Alkenes and Alkynes
245(2)
Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Benzene and Relatives
247(1)
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons: Many Uses, Some Hazards
248(2)
The Functional Group
250(3)
The Alcohol Family
253(3)
Phenols
256(1)
Ethers
256(2)
Aldehydes and Ketones
258(2)
Carboxylic Acids
260(2)
Esters: The Sweet Smell of RCOOR'
262(2)
Amines and Amides
264(2)
Heterocyclic Compounds: Alkaloids and Others
266(11)
Summary
268(1)
Key Terms
268(1)
Review Questions
268(1)
Problems
269(2)
Additional Problems
271(1)
Group Projects
272(1)
References and Readings
273(4)
Polymers: Giants Among Molecules
277(30)
Polymerization: Making Big Ones Out of Little Ones
277(1)
Natural Polymers
277(1)
Celluloid: Billiard Balls and Collars
278(1)
Polyethylene: From the Battle of Britain to Bread Bags
279(2)
Addition Polymerization: One + One + One + . . . Gives One!
281(5)
Rubber
286(2)
Condensation Polymers: Splitting Out Water
288(5)
Properties of Polymers
293(1)
Disposal of Plastics
294(1)
Plastics and Fire Hazards
295(1)
Plasticizers and Pollution
296(1)
Plastics and the Future
297(10)
Summary
298(1)
Key Terms
299(1)
Review Questions
299(1)
Problems
300(1)
Additional Problems
301(1)
Group Projects
302(1)
References and Readings
302(5)
Chemistry of Earth: Metals and Minerals
307(22)
Spaceship Earth: The Materials Manifest
307(1)
The Lithosphere: Organic and Inorganic
308(2)
Meeting Our Needs: From Sticks to Bricks
310(1)
Silicates and the Shapes of Things
310(3)
Modified Silicates: Ceramics, Glass, and Cement
313(2)
Metals and Ores
315(3)
Running Out of Everything: Earth's Dwindling Resources
318(1)
Land Pollution: Solid Wastes
319(1)
The Three R's of Garbage: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
320(1)
How Crowded Is Our Spaceship?
321(8)
Summary
322(1)
Key Terms
322(1)
Review Questions
323(1)
Problems
323(1)
Additional Problems
324(1)
Group Projects
324(1)
References and Readings
325(4)
Air: The Breath of Life
329(32)
Earth's Atmosphere: Divisions and Composition
329(1)
Chemistry of the Atmosphere
330(2)
Temperature Inversion
332(1)
Natural Pollution
333(1)
The Air Our Ancestors Breathed
333(1)
Pollution Goes Global
333(2)
Coal + Fire → Industrial Smog
335(3)
Automobile Emissions
338(2)
Photochemical Smog: Making Haze While the Sun Shines
340(2)
Acid Rain: Air Pollution → Water Pollution
342(1)
The Inside Story: Indoor Air Pollution
343(1)
Ozone: The Double-Edged Sword
344(4)
Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect
348(3)
The Ultimate Pollutant: Heat
351(1)
Who Pollutes? How Much?
352(2)
Paying the Price
354(7)
Summary
354(1)
Key Terms
355(1)
Review Questions
355(1)
Problems
355(1)
Additional Problems
356(1)
Group Projects
357(1)
References and Readings
357(4)
Water: Rivers of Life; Seas of Sorrows
361(28)
Water: Some Unique Properties
361(3)
Water, Water, Everywhere
364(1)
The Water Cycle and Natural Contaminants
364(3)
Chemical Contamination: From Farm, Factory, and Home
367(3)
An Example of Industrial Pollution: Building a Car
370(2)
Groundwater Contamination: Tainted Tap Water
372(1)
Making Water Fit to Drink
373(3)
Water Treatment Plants
376(2)
From Wastewater to Drinking Water
378(2)
The Newest Soft Drink: Bottled Water
380(1)
Back to the Soil: An Alternative Solution
380(1)
We're the Solution to Water Pollution
381(8)
Summary
382(1)
Key Terms
383(1)
Review Questions
383(1)
Problems
383(1)
Additional Problems
384(1)
Group Projects
384(1)
References and Readings
385(4)
Energy: A Fuels Paradise
389(44)
Heavenly Sunlight Flooding Earth with Energy
389(3)
Energy and Chemical Reactions
392(3)
Energy and the First Law: Energy Is Conserved
395(1)
Energy and the Second Law: Things Are Going to Get Worse
396(2)
People Power: Early Uses of Energy
398(1)
Fossil Fuels: Reserves and Consumption Rates
399(1)
Coal: The Carbon Rock of Ages
400(3)
Natural Gas: Mostly Methane
403(1)
Petroleum: Liquid Hydrocarbons
403(5)
Convenient Energy: Electricity
408(2)
Nuclear Fission
410(5)
Nuclear Fusion: The Sun in a Magnetic Bottle
415(1)
Harnessing the Sun: Solar Energy
416(3)
Biomass: Photosynthesis for Fuel
419(1)
Hydrogen: Light and Powerful
419(3)
Other Renewable Energy Sources
422(2)
Energy: How Much Is Too Much?
424(9)
Summary
425(1)
Key Terms
425(1)
Review Questions
426(1)
Problems
426(1)
Additional Problems
427(1)
Group Projects
428(1)
References and Readings
428(5)
Biochemistry: A Molecular View of Life
433(36)
The Cell
433(1)
Energy in Biological Systems
434(1)
Carbohydrates: A Storehouse of Energy
435(3)
Fats and Other Lipids
438(3)
Proteins: Polymers of Amino Acids
441(2)
Peptide Bond: Peptides and Proteins
443(2)
Structure of Proteins
445(4)
Enzymes: Exquisite Precision Machines
449(1)
Nucleic Acids: Parts and Structure
450(4)
DNA: Self-Replication
454(1)
RNA: Protein Synthesis and the Genetic Code
455(2)
Genetic Engineering
457(12)
Summary
461(1)
Key Terms
461(1)
Review Questions
461(1)
Problems
462(2)
Additional Problems
464(1)
Group Projects
465(1)
References and Readings
465(4)
Food: Those Incredible Edible Chemicals
469(58)
Carbohydrates: The Preferred Fuels
470(2)
Fats: Energy Reserves, Cholesterol, and Cardiovascular Disease
472(5)
Proteins: Muscle and Much More
477(2)
Minerals: Important Inorganic Chemicals in Our Lives
479(1)
Vitamins: Vital, But Not All Are Amines
480(4)
Other Essentials: Fiber and Water
484(1)
Starvation and Fasting
485(1)
Additives to Enhance Our Food
486(9)
Poisons in Your Food
495(2)
A World Without Food Additives
497(1)
Plants: Sun-Powered Food-Making Machines
498(1)
Farming with Chemicals: Fertilizers
499(6)
The War Against Pests
505(5)
Biological Insect Controls
510(2)
Herbicides and Defoliants
512(2)
Sustainable Agriculture
514(2)
Some Malthusian Mathematics
516(1)
Can We Feed a Hungry World?
517(10)
Summary
518(1)
Key Terms
519(1)
Review Questions
519(1)
Problems
520(2)
Additional Problems
522(1)
Group Projects
522(1)
References and Readings
523(4)
Household Chemicals: Helps and Hazards
527(36)
A History of Cleaning
528(1)
Fat + Lye → Soap
528(4)
Synthetic Detergents
532(2)
Laundry Detergent Formulations
534(4)
Dishwashing Detergents
538(1)
Fabric Softeners: Quaternary Ammonium Salts
538(1)
Laundry Bleaches: Whiter Whites
538(1)
All-Purpose Cleaning Products
539(1)
Special-Purpose Cleaners
540(1)
Organic Solvents in the Home
541(1)
Paints
542(1)
Waxes
542(1)
Cosmetics: Personal Care Chemicals
543(3)
Toothpaste: Soap with Grit and Flavor
546(2)
Perfumes, Colognes, and Aftershaves
548(2)
Some Hairy Chemistry
550(4)
The Well-Informed Consumer
554(9)
Summary
555(1)
Key Terms
555(1)
Review Questions
555(1)
Problems
556(2)
Additional Problems
558(1)
Group Projects
558(1)
References and Readings
559(4)
Fitness and Health: Some Chemical Connections
563(28)
Nutrition
564(2)
Vitamins and Minerals
566(3)
Body Fluids: Electrolytes
569(1)
Weight Loss Diets
570(2)
Exercise for Weight Loss
572(1)
Measuring Fitness
573(2)
Some Chemistry of Muscles
575(4)
Drugs and the Athlete
579(1)
Exercise and the Brain
580(1)
No Smoking
581(1)
Chemistry of Sports Materials
582(1)
The Power of Optimism
583(8)
Summary
584(1)
Key Terms
584(1)
Review Questions
585(1)
Problems
585(1)
Additional Problems
586(1)
Group Projects
587(1)
References and Readings
587(4)
Drugs: Chemical Cures, Comforts, and Cautions
591(54)
Pain Relievers: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
592(3)
Chemistry and the Common Cold
595(2)
Antibacterial Drugs
597(4)
Viruses and Antiviral Drugs
601(2)
Chemicals Against Cancer
603(3)
Hormones: The Regulators
606(4)
Chemistry and Social Revolution: The Pill
610(3)
Drugs for the Heart
613(2)
Drugs and the Mind
615(1)
Some Chemistry of the Nervous System
616(1)
Brain Amines: Depression and Mania
617(2)
Anesthetics
619(3)
Depressants
622(2)
Narcotics
624(4)
Antianxiety Agents
628(2)
Stimulant Drugs
630(2)
The Mindbenders: LSD
632(1)
Marijuana: Some Chemistry of Cannabis
633(2)
Drug Problems
635(1)
The Placebo Effect
635(1)
New Uses for Old Drugs
636(9)
Summary
637(1)
Key Terms
638(1)
Review Questions
638(1)
Problems
638(1)
Additional Problems
639(1)
Group Projects
639(1)
References and Readings
640(5)
Poisons: Chemical Toxicology
645
Natural Poisons
645(1)
Corrosive Poisons: A Closer Look
646(2)
Poisons Affecting Oxygen Transport and Oxidative Processes
648(1)
Make Your Own Poison: Fluoroacetic Acid
649(1)
Heavy Metal Poisons
649(3)
More Chemistry of the Nervous System
652(2)
The Lethal Dose
654(2)
Your Liver: A Detox Facility
656(1)
Chemical Carcinogens: Slow Poisons
657(3)
Testing for Carcinogens: Three Ways
660(1)
Birth Defects: Teratogens
661(1)
Hazardous Wastes
662(2)
What Price Poisons?
664
Summary
665(1)
Key Terms
665(1)
Review Questions
665(1)
Problems
665(1)
Additional Problems
666(1)
Group Projects
667(1)
References and Readings
667
Appendix A A Review of Measurement and Mathematics 1(14)
Appendix B Glossary 15(8)
Appendix C Answers 23
Photo Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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