9780893031336

Chemistry of Hazardous Material

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780893031336

  • ISBN10:

    089303133X

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 6/1/1999
  • Publisher: PRENTICE HALL HEALTH

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition xi
Introduction
1(32)
Role of Fire Throughout History
2(3)
Why Study Chemistry?
5(1)
Characteristics of Hazardous Materials
6(2)
Classes of Fire
8(2)
Federal Statutes Affecting Hazardous Materials
10(15)
NFPA 704 System of Identifying Potential Hazards
25(3)
CHEMTREC
28(5)
Review Exercises
30(3)
Some Features of Matter and Energy
33(41)
Matter Defined
33(2)
Units of Measurement
35(3)
Converting Between Units of the Same Kind
38(2)
Density of Matter
40(5)
Energy
45(1)
Measurement of Temperature
45(2)
Measurement of Pressure
47(6)
Transmission of Heat
53(3)
Calculation of Heat
56(2)
Expansion of Liquids
58(2)
Flammability
60(2)
General Hazards Accompanying the Gaseous State
62(5)
General Hazards of Cryogens
67(7)
Review Exercises
69(5)
Chemical Forms of Matter
74(28)
Elements and Compounds
74(3)
Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids
77(1)
Physical and Chemical Changes
77(2)
Internal Structure of Atoms
79(2)
Periodic Classification of the Elements
81(2)
Molecules and Ions
83(2)
Nature of Chemical Bonding
85(1)
Lewis Symbols
86(1)
Ionic Bonding
86(1)
Covalent Bonding
87(2)
Ionic and Covalent Compounds
89(1)
Chemical Formulas
90(1)
Writing Chemical Formulas and Naming Ionic Compounds
91(4)
Writing Some Chemical Formulas and Naming Covalent Compounds
95(1)
Naming Acids
96(1)
Molecular Weights, Formula Weights, and the Mole
97(5)
Review Exercises
98(4)
Principles of Chemical Reactions
102(32)
Chemical Reactions
102(1)
Balancing Simple Equations
103(2)
Types of Chemical Reactions
105(1)
Oxidation--Reduction Reactions
106(2)
Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction
108(4)
Combustion and the Energetics of Chemical Reactions
112(2)
Spontaneous Combustion
114(1)
Fire Tetrahedron
115(3)
Chemistry of Fire Extinguishment
118(16)
Review Exercises
130(4)
Some Aspects of the Usdot Hazardous Materials Regulations
134(34)
Shipping Papers
135(10)
Location of Shipping Papers During Transit
145(1)
Location of Hazardous Materials on Board Watercraft
146(2)
USDOT Labels
148(1)
USDOT-Required Markings
148(2)
USDOT Placards
150(3)
USDOT Classification of Hazardous Materials
153(9)
The Emergency Response Guidebook
162(6)
Review Exercises
163(5)
Chemistry of Some Common Elements
168(36)
Oxygen
168(6)
Hydrogen
174(7)
Fluorine
181(1)
Chlorine
182(5)
Bromine
187(3)
Phosphorus
190(4)
Sulfur
194(2)
Carbon
196(8)
Review Exercises
201(3)
Chemistry of Some Corrosive Materials
204(34)
Chemical Nature of Acids and Bases
205(3)
Corrosivity of Acids and Bases
208(3)
The pH Scale
211(1)
Responding to Emergency Incidents Involving Corrosive Materials
212(4)
Sulfuric Acid
216(4)
Nitric Acid
220(3)
Hydrochloric Acid
223(2)
Perchloric Acid
225(1)
Hydrofluoric Acid
226(3)
Phosphoric Acid
229(1)
Chlorosulfonic Acid
230(1)
Acetic Acid
231(1)
Sodium Hydroxide
232(1)
Potassium Hydroxide
233(5)
Review Exercises
234(4)
Chemistry of Some Water-Reactive Materials
238(36)
Alkali Metals
239(6)
Magnesium, Zirconium, Titanium, Aluminum, and Zinc
245(8)
Organometallic Compounds
253(3)
Metallic Hydrides
256(4)
Boranes
260(2)
Metallic Peroxides
262(2)
Metallic Carbides and Phosphides
264(1)
Some Water-Reactive Metallic and Nonmetallic Chlorides
265(4)
Some Water-Reactive Organic Compounds
269(5)
Review Exercises
270(4)
Chemistry of Some Toxic Materials
274(54)
How Toxic Substances Enter the Body
277(1)
Classification of Toxic Effects
278(1)
Factors Affecting Toxicity
279(3)
Measurement of Toxicity
282(2)
Smoke
284(1)
Common Oxides of Carbon
284(8)
Hydrogen Cyanide
292(3)
Sulfur-Bearing Fire Gases
295(4)
Oxides of Nitrogen
299(3)
Ammonia
302(3)
Toxic Heavy Metals
305(6)
Asbestos
311(3)
Organic Pesticides
314(3)
Chemical Categories of Organic Pesticides
317(3)
Respiratory Protection from Toxic Substances
320(8)
Review Exercises
324(4)
Oxidation--Reduction Phenomena
328(32)
Oxidation Number
329(2)
Oxidation--Reduction Reaction
331(1)
Common Hazardous Features of Oxidizers
332(3)
Hydrogen Peroxide
335(3)
Metallic Hypochlorites, Chlorites, Chlorates, and Perchlorates
338(6)
Ammonium Compounds
344(5)
Oxidizing Agents Containing Chromium
349(1)
Metallic Permanganates
350(1)
Metallic Nitrites and Nitrates
351(1)
Chemistry of Matches
352(2)
Hydrazine
354(6)
Review Exercises
356(4)
Chemistry of Some Hazardous Organic Compounds
360(52)
What Are Organic Compounds?
361(2)
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
363(6)
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
369(3)
Functional Groups
372(2)
Petroleum and Its Products
374(3)
Simple Hydrocarbons
377(6)
Halogenated Hydrocarbons
383(7)
Alcohols
390(4)
Ethers
394(4)
Aldehydes and Ketones
398(1)
Organic Acids
399(1)
Esters
400(1)
Peroxo-Organic Compounds
400(4)
Carbon Disulfide
404(1)
Fighting Fires Involving Liquid Organic Compounds
405(7)
Review Exercises
406(6)
Chemistry of some Common Plastics and Textiles
412(34)
Polymerization
413(7)
General Features Regarding the Burning of Synthetic Polymers
420(3)
Vegetable and Animal Fibers
423(4)
Polyvinyl Polymers
427(6)
Polyacetals, Polyethers, and Polyesters
433(3)
Nitrogenous Polymers: Polyamides and Polyurethanes
436(2)
Natural and Synthetic Rubber
438(8)
Review Exercises
442(4)
Chemical Explosives
446(26)
Characteristics and Classification of Explosives
447(4)
Encountering Chemical Explosives When Firefighting
451(3)
Chemical Explosives and USDOT Regulations
454(2)
Black Powder
456(1)
Nitroglycerin
457(1)
Dynamite
458(3)
Nitrocellulose
461(1)
Trinitrotoluene
462(2)
Cyclonite
464(1)
Tetryl
465(1)
PETN
466(1)
Picric Acid
467(1)
Primary Explosives
468(4)
Review Exercises
469(3)
Radioactive Materials
472(28)
Some Features of Atomic Nuclei
474(2)
Types of Radiation
476(3)
Measurement of Radioactivity
479(3)
Adverse Health Effects from Radiation Exposure
482(3)
Fissionable Radioisotopes
485(5)
USDOT Regulations Regarding Radioactive Materials
490(3)
Encountering Radioactive Materials While Firefighting
493(3)
Residential Radon
496(4)
Review Exercises
497(3)
Index 500(10)
Table of the Elements 510

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