9780130543837

Chemistry

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780130543837

  • ISBN10:

    0130543837

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-01-01
  • Publisher: PRENTICE HALL SCHOOL GROUP

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Table of Contents

Welcome to Chemistry! xii
About the Authors xvi
To the Student xvii
Concept Mapping xviii
UNIT 1 The Nature of Chemistry xx
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Observing a Candle
Chemistry and You
2(52)
What Is Chemistry?
3(4)
The Scientific Method
7(7)
Safety in the Laboratory
14(3)
Math Tool Kit
16(1)
Units of Measurement
17(5)
Uncertainty in Measurement
22(3)
Working With Numbers
25(13)
Problem Solving
38(16)
Energy and Matter
54(34)
Energy
55(6)
Temperature
61(4)
Matter
65(9)
Elements and Compounds
74(3)
Mixtures
77(11)
From School to Work
84(2)
Unit Review
86(2)
UNIT 2 The Structure of Matter 88(134)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Designing Fireworks
Atomic Structure
90(34)
Early Models of the Atom
91(4)
Discovering Atomic Structure
95(8)
Modern Atomic Theory
103(9)
Changes in the Nucleus
112(12)
Electron Configurations
124(34)
Radiant Energy
125(5)
Quantum Theory
130(5)
Another Look at the Atom
135(6)
A New Approach to the Atom
141(6)
Electron Configurations
147(11)
The Periodic Table
158(32)
Development of the Periodic Table
159(5)
Reading the Periodic Table
164(10)
Periodic Trends
174(16)
Groups of Elements
190(32)
Reactive Metals: The s-block Elements
191(6)
Transition Metals: The d-block Elements
197(5)
Inner Transition Metals: The f-block Elements
202(2)
From Metals to Nonmetals: The p-block Elements
204(9)
Hydrogen: One of a Kind
213(9)
From School to Work
218(2)
Unit Review
220(2)
UNIT 3 Interactions of Matter 222(86)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ The Writing on the Wall
Chemical Formulas and Bonding
224(30)
Ionic Bonding
225(11)
Covalent Bonding
236(8)
Naming Chemical Compounds
244(10)
Molecular Shape
254(24)
The Shape of Small Molecules
255(11)
Polarity
266(12)
Chemical Reactions and Equations
278(30)
The Nature of Chemical Reactions
279(3)
Chemical Equations
282(9)
Classifying Chemical Reactions
291(17)
From School to Work
304(2)
Unit Review
306(2)
UNIT 4 Stoichiometry 308(106)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Balancing Diet and Exercise
The Mole
310(36)
Chemical Measurements
311(12)
Mole Conversions
323(9)
Empirical and Molecular Formulas
332(14)
The Mathematics of Chemical Equations
346(34)
Stoichiometry
347(7)
Solving Stoichiometry Problems
354(11)
Limiting Reactants and Percent Yield
365(15)
Heat in Chemical Reactions
380(34)
Chemical Reactions That Involve Heat
381(3)
Heat and Enthalpy Changes
384(4)
Hess's Law
388(5)
Calorimetry
393(8)
What Is Heat?
401(13)
From School to Work
410(2)
Unit Review
412(2)
UNIT 5 States of Matter 414(84)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Racing Hot-Air Balloons
Gases
416(40)
A Model to Explain Gas Behavior
417(7)
Measuring Gases
424(7)
The Gas Laws
431(10)
The Ideal Gas Law
441(5)
How Gases Work
446(10)
Liquids and Solids
456(42)
Condensed States of Matter
457(10)
Properties of Liquids
467(4)
The Nature of Solids
471(8)
Changes of State
479(19)
From School to Work
494(2)
Unit Review
496(2)
UNIT 6 Chemical Equilibrium 498(94)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ What's in the Water?
Solutions
500(34)
The Nature of Solutions
501(5)
Concentration of Solutions
506(6)
The Formation of Solutions
512(8)
Colligative Properties
520(14)
Chemical Equilibrium
534(26)
The Concept of Equilibrium
535(6)
The Law of Chemical Equilibrium
541(7)
Le Chatelier's Principle
548(12)
Solubility and Precipitation
560(32)
Solubility Equilibria
561(10)
Precipitates
571(9)
The Common-ion Effect
580(12)
From School to Work
588(2)
Unit Review
590(2)
UNIT 7 Acids and Bases 592(62)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Food From the 'Hood
Acids, Bases, and Salts
594(30)
Defining Acids and Bases
595(10)
Determining the Strength of Acids and Bases
605(11)
Naming and Identifying Acids and Bases
616(8)
Reactions of Acids and Bases
624(30)
The Self-ionization of Water and pH
625(9)
Buffers
634(2)
Acid-Base Titration
636(18)
From School to Work
650(2)
Unit Review
652(2)
UNIT 8 Redox Chemistry 654(64)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Picture This
Oxidation and Reduction
656(26)
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
657(9)
Types of Redox Reactions
666(4)
Applications of Redox Reactions
670(4)
Balancing Redox Equations
674(8)
Electrochemistry
682(36)
Electrochemical Cells
683(3)
Voltaic Cells
686(11)
Common Batteries
697(8)
Electrolytic Cells
705(13)
From School to Work
714(2)
Unit Review
716(2)
UNIT 9 Kinetics and Thermodynamics 718(56)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Fighting Fire
Rates of Reaction
720(28)
Chemical Kinetics
721(11)
The Reaction Process
732(6)
Factors Affecting Reaction Rates
738(10)
Thermodynamics
748(26)
Spontaneous Processes
749(4)
Enthalpy
753(3)
Entropy
756(5)
Gibbs Free Energy
761(13)
From School to Work
770(2)
Unit Review
772(2)
UNIT 10 Chemistry and Our World 774(172)
Math Tip CHEMedia™ Ancient Cultures, Modern Chemistry
Applications of Nuclear Chemistry
776(28)
Radioisotopes
777(9)
Biological Effects of Radiation
786(6)
Harnessing the Nucleus
792(12)
Carbon and Its Compounds
804(32)
The Element Carbon
805(5)
Carbon Compounds
810(3)
Hydrocarbons
813(3)
Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
816(11)
Polymers
827(9)
Classes of Organic Compounds
836(30)
Halocarbons, Alcohols, and Ethers
837(12)
Aldehydes and Ketones
849(3)
Carboxylic Acids and Esters
852(6)
Amines and Amides
858(8)
The Chemistry of Life
866(80)
Chemistry and Living Things
867(4)
Carbohydrates
871(7)
Lipids
878(3)
Proteins
881(7)
Nucleic Acids
888(12)
From School to Work
896(2)
Unit Review
898(2)
REFERENCE SECTION
Practice Problems
900(32)
Appendix A Laboratory Safety Rules
932(2)
Appendix B Laboratory Balances
934(2)
Appendix C SI and Non-SI Units in Chemistry
936(2)
Appendix D Mathematics Refresher
938(3)
Appendix E Important Formulas, Equations, and Constants
941(1)
Appendix F The Chemical Elements
942(1)
Appendix G Answers to Selected Problem Bank Questions
943(3)
Glossary 946(9)
Index 955(15)
Photo Credits 970

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