9780767917025

Chemistry Made Simple

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780767917025

  • ISBN10:

    0767917022

  • Edition: Revised
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2005-01-11
  • Publisher: Three Rivers Press

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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
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Summary

See the world, one molecule at a time. Chemistry helps us understand not only the world around us, but also our own bodies. CHEMISTRY MADE SIMPLE makes it fun. Each chapter has practice problems with complete solutions that reinforce learning. A glossary of chemical terms, the modern periodic table, and detailed illustrations throughout make this the best introduction to one of the most studied of all sciences. Topics covered include: *the Scientific Method *the structure and properties of matter *compounds *laws of chemistry *gases, liquids, and solids *solutions *electrochemistry *the atmosphere *biochemistry *organic chemistry *nuclear chemistry *energy *the environment Look for these Made Simple titles Accounting Made Simple Arithmetic Made Simple Astronomy Made Simple Biology Made Simple Bookkeeping Made Simple Business Letters Made Simple Earth Science Made Simple English Made Simple French Made Simple German Made Simple Ingles Hecho Facil Investing Made Simple Italian Made Simple Latin Made Simple Learning English Made Simple Mathematics Made Simple The Perfect Business Plan Made Simple Philosophy Made Simple Physics Made Simple Psychology Made Simple Sign Language Made Simple Spelling Made Simple Statistics Made Simple Your Small Business Made Simple www.broadwaybooks.com

Author Biography

<p><b>JOHN T. MOORE, Ed.D., </b>is an associate professor of chemistry at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas. Among numerous speaking and publication credits, he is also the author of <i>Chemistry for Dummies.</i></p>

Table of Contents

Introduction 1(3)
Science and Chemistry
4(9)
The Scientific Method
4(1)
Measurement
5(1)
Systeme International d'Unites (SI)
6(3)
The Mathematics of Chemistry
9(4)
The Factor-Label Method
9(1)
Significant Digits
10(3)
Matter
13(13)
Properties of Matter
13(1)
Physical Properties
13(3)
Intensive Physical Properties
14(2)
Extensive Physical properties
16(1)
Chemical Properties
16(1)
Kinds of Matter
17(5)
Elements
17(2)
Compounds
19(1)
Mixtures
19(3)
Chemical Change
22(4)
Combination
22(1)
Decomposition
23(1)
Single Displacement
23(1)
Double Displacement
23(3)
Structure of Matter
26(11)
Atoms
26(1)
Atomic Structure
27(1)
Distribution of Electrons
28(4)
Isotopes
32(1)
Atomic Mass
33(1)
Symbols
34(1)
The Atomic Model Revisited
34(1)
The Periodic Table
34(3)
Compounds
37(14)
The Noble Gas Elements
37(1)
Bonding
38(4)
Ionic Bonding
38(2)
Covalent Bonding
40(2)
Oxidation Number
42(1)
Formulas
42(5)
Writing Formulas of Ionic Compounds
43(1)
Polyatomic Ions
44(2)
Writing Structural Formulas
46(1)
Bond Polarity
47(1)
Formula or Molecular Masses
48(3)
Laws of Chemistry
51(11)
Conservation of Matter
51(1)
Definite Proportions
51(1)
Avogadro's Law
52(1)
Equations
53(3)
Percentage Composition
56(1)
Computation of Formulas
57(2)
Mass Relationships in Equations
59(3)
Gases
62(19)
Pressure
62(1)
Temperature
63(2)
Combined Gas Law
65(1)
Standard Conditions
66(1)
Law of Partial Pressures
66(2)
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
68(1)
Ideal Gases
69(1)
Density of Gases
70(1)
Law of Diffusion
71(1)
Gram Molecular Volume
71(1)
Avogadro's Number
72(1)
Finding Molecular Masses
72(1)
True Formulas
73(1)
Mass-Volume Relationships
73(1)
Volume-Volume Relationships
74(1)
The Ideal-Gas Equation
75(1)
Equivalent Mass of an Element
75(2)
Rule of Dulong and Petit
77(4)
Liquids and Solids
81(8)
Vapor Pressure
81(1)
Evaporation
82(2)
Surface Tension
84(1)
Capillary Action
85(1)
The Solid State
86(1)
Amorphous Solids
86(1)
Crystalline Solids
86(1)
Energy and Change of State
87(2)
Solutions
89(15)
Methods of Expressing Concentration
89(2)
Molarity
89(1)
Normality
89(1)
Molality
90(1)
Percentage Composition
90(1)
Standard Solutions
91(3)
Weight per Unit Volume
91(1)
Dilution
91(1)
Reaction
92(2)
Solubility
94(3)
Effects of Nonelectrolyte Solutes on Properties of Solvents
97(3)
Lowering of Vapor Pressure
97(1)
Elevation of Boiling Point
98(1)
Lowering of Freezing Point
99(1)
Osmotic Pressure
100(1)
Colligative Properties
101(1)
Colloids
101(1)
Applications of the Effects of Solutes on Solvents
102(2)
Solutions of Electrolytes
104(21)
Abnormal Behavior of Electrolytes
104(3)
Concentration of Ions in Solution
107(1)
Strong and Weak Electrolytes
107(2)
Reactions of Electrolytes
109(3)
Sample Ionic Reactions
109(2)
Chemical Equilibrium
111(1)
Law of Mass Action
112(5)
Ionization Constant
113(1)
The pH Scale
114(3)
Common-Ion Effect
117(1)
Hydrolysis
118(2)
Solubility Product
120(5)
Oxidation--Reduction
125(5)
Definitions
125(1)
Balancing Redox Equations
126(4)
Electrochemistry
130(16)
Electrical Units
130(1)
Electrolysis
130(4)
Faraday's Laws
132(1)
Applications
133(1)
Activity Series of Metals
134(4)
Batteries
138(4)
Voltaic Cells
138(1)
Dry Cells
139(1)
Lead Storage Cells
140(1)
Nickel-Cadmium Cells
141(1)
Corrosion
142(4)
The Atmosphere
146(14)
Characteristics
146(3)
Components
149(8)
Nitrogen
149(2)
Oxygen
151(1)
Ozone
152(1)
Hydrogen
153(1)
Water
154(2)
Carbon Dioxide
156(1)
Noble Gases
157(1)
Combustion
157(3)
The Halogens
160(8)
Occurrence and Preparation
161(2)
Properties
163(1)
Uses
164(1)
Principal Compounds
164(4)
Hydrogen Halides
164(1)
Acids
165(3)
The Sulfur Family
168(6)
Occurrence and Preparation
168(1)
Properties
169(1)
Uses
170(1)
Principal Compounds
171(3)
Hydrogen Sulfide
171(1)
Sulfur Dioxide
171(1)
Sulfuric Acid
172(2)
The Phosphorus Family
174(5)
Occurrence and Preparation
174(1)
Properties
175(1)
Uses
176(1)
Principal Compounds
177(2)
Phosphates
177(1)
Sulfides
177(2)
Carbon, Silicon, and Boron
179(7)
Occurrence and Preparation
179(1)
Properties
180(1)
Uses
181(1)
Principal Compounds
182(4)
Oxides
182(1)
Halides
183(1)
Carbides
184(1)
Hydrogen Cyanide
184(2)
The Alkali Metals
186(7)
Metallurgy
186(1)
Occurrence
187(1)
Properties
188(1)
Uses
189(1)
Principal Compounds
189(4)
Halides
189(1)
Hydroxides
189(1)
Carbonates
190(1)
Nitrates
191(1)
Peroxides
191(1)
Other Compounds
191(1)
Ammonium Compounds
191(2)
The Alkaline Earth Metals and Aluminum
193(9)
Occurrence
193(1)
Metallurgy
194(1)
Properties
195(1)
Uses
196(1)
Principal Compounds
196(6)
Oxides
196(1)
Hydroxides
197(1)
Sulfates
198(1)
Carbonates
198(1)
Cement and Concrete
199(1)
Hard Water
199(1)
Ceramics
200(2)
Iron and the Steel Alloy Metals
202(9)
Iron
202(2)
Occurrence
202(1)
Metallurgy
202(1)
Properties
203(1)
Uses
204(1)
Compounds
204(1)
Steel
204(2)
Alloy Steels
206(5)
Titanium and Zirconium
206(1)
Vanadium, Niobium, and Tantalum
207(1)
Chromium, Molybdenum, and Tungsten
208(1)
Manganese
208(1)
Cobalt and Nickel
209(2)
Nonferrous Alloy Metals
211(7)
Copper
211(1)
Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury
212(2)
Gallium, Indium, and Thallium
214(1)
Germanium, Tin, and Lead
214(4)
The Noble and Rare Metals
218(5)
Silver and Gold
218(1)
Photography
219(2)
The Platinum Metals
221(1)
The Transition Metals
221(2)
Organic Chemistry
223(12)
Properties
223(2)
Reactions
225(1)
Substitution Reactions
225(1)
Addition Reactions
226(1)
Compounds
226(1)
Hydrocarbons
227(2)
Petroleum Refining
229(1)
Oxidation Products
230(2)
Alcohols
230(2)
Aldehydes
232(1)
Carboxylic Acids
232(1)
Esters
232(1)
Ethers
233(1)
Plastics and Synthetic Fibers
233(1)
Liquid Crystals
234(1)
Nuclear Chemistry
235(8)
Radioactivity
235(2)
Nuclear Reactions
237(4)
Fusion Reactions
241(2)
The Chemistry of Energy
243(4)
Sources of Energy
243(1)
Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy
244(1)
Consumption
245(2)
The Chemistry of the Environment
247(6)
Air Pollution
247(2)
Chemistry of Trace Metals
249(1)
Hazardous Wastes in the Ground and Water
249(2)
Thermal Pollution
251(1)
Radioactive Wastes
251(2)
Biochemistry
253(6)
Carbohydrates
253(1)
Fats
254(1)
Proteins
255(1)
Nucleic Acids
255(1)
Biotechnology
256(3)
Answers to Problem Sets 259(12)
Concise Glossary of Chemical Terms 271(6)
Index 277

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