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Chemistry with Online ChemSkill Builder v.2,9780072930276
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Chemistry with Online ChemSkill Builder v.2

by ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780072930276

ISBN10:
0072930276
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
2/16/2004
Publisher(s):
MCG (Manual)
Includes 2-weeks free access to
step-by-step solutions for this book.
Step-by-Step solutions are actual worked out problems to the questions at the end of each chapter that help you understand your homework and study for your exams. Chegg and eCampus are providing you two weeks absolutely free. 81% of students said using Step-by-Step solutions prepared them for their exams.

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Summary

Designed for the two-semester general chemistry course, Chang's textbook has often been considered a student favorite. This best-selling textbook takes a traditional approach. It features a straightforward, clear writing style and proven problem-solving strategies.The strength of the eighth edition is the integration of many tools that are designed to inspire both students and instructors. The textbook is the foundation for the technology. The multi-media package for the new edition stretches students beyond the confines of the traditional textbook.

Table of Contents

List of Applications
xvii
List of Animations
xviii
Preface xix
Guided Tour
Text xxvi
Media xxix
A Note to the Student xxxii
Chemistry: The Study of Change
2(38)
Chemistry: A Science for the Twenty-First Century
4(3)
The Study of Chemistry
7(1)
The Scientific Method
8(3)
Primordial Helium and the Big Bang Theory
10(1)
Classifications of Matter
11(2)
The Three States of Matter
13(1)
Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter
14(1)
Measurement
15(5)
The Importance of Units
21
Handling Numbers
20(7)
Dimensional Analysis in Solving Problems
27(13)
Key Equations
31(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
31(1)
Key Words
31(1)
Questions and Problems
32(6)
The Disappearance of the Dinosaurs
38(2)
Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
40(34)
The Atomic Theory
42(1)
The Structure of the Atom
43(6)
Atomic Number, Mass Number, and Isotopes
49(2)
The Periodic Table
51(1)
Distribution of Elements on Earth and in Living Systems
53
Molecules and Ions
52(3)
Chemical Formulas
55(4)
Naming Compounds
59(15)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
68(1)
Key Words
68(1)
Questions and Problems
69(5)
Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions
74(40)
Atomic Mass
76(1)
Avogadro's Number and Molar Mass of an Element
77(4)
Molecular Mass
81(3)
The Mass Spectrometer
84(1)
Percent Composition of Compounds
84(4)
Experimental Determination of Empirical Formulas
88(2)
Chemical Reactions and Chemical Equations
90(5)
Amounts of Reactants and Products
95(4)
Limiting Reagents
99(2)
Reaction Yield
101(13)
Chemical Fertilizers
102(2)
Key Equations
104(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
104(1)
Key Words
105(1)
Questions and Problems
105(9)
Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
114(48)
General Properties of Aqueous Solutions
116(2)
Precipitation Reactions
118(3)
An Undesirable Precipitation Reaction
122
Acid-Base Reactions
121(5)
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
126(13)
Breath Analyzer
138(1)
Concentration of Solutions
139(4)
Gravimetric Analysis
143(2)
Acid-Base Titrations
145(3)
Redox Titrations
148(14)
Metal from the Sea
150(1)
Key Equations
150(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
150(1)
Key Words
151(1)
Questions and Problems
151(9)
Who Killed Napoleon?
160(2)
Gases
162(52)
Substances That Exist as Gases
164(1)
Pressure of a Gas
165(4)
The Gas Laws
169(6)
The Ideal Gas Equation
175(9)
Gas Stoichiometry
184(2)
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
186(5)
Scuba Diving and the Gas Laws
192
The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
191(8)
Super Cold Atoms
198(1)
Deviation from Ideal Behavior
199(15)
Key Equations
202(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
202(1)
Key Words
203(1)
Questions and Problems
203(9)
Out of Oxygen
212(2)
Thermochemistry
214(44)
The Nature of Energy and Types of Energy
216(1)
Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions
217(2)
Introduction to Thermodynamics
219(6)
Making Snow and Inflating a Bicycle Tire
224(1)
Enthalpy of Chemical Reactions
225(5)
Calorimetry
230(7)
Fuel Values of Foods and Other Substances
236(1)
Standard Enthalpy of Formation and Reaction
237(6)
How a Bombardier Beetle Defends Itself
242(1)
Heat of Solution and Dilution
243(15)
Key Equations
245(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
246(1)
Key Words
246(1)
Questions and Problems
247(9)
The Exploding Tire
256(2)
Quantum Theory and the Electronic Structure of Atoms
258(46)
From Classical Physics to Quantum Theory
260(4)
The Photoelectric Effect
264(2)
Bohr's Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
266(5)
Element from the Sun
272(2)
Laser---The Splendid Light
274
The Dual Nature of the Electron
271(6)
Electron Microscopy
276(1)
Quantum Mechanics
277(2)
Quantum Numbers
279(2)
Atomic Orbitals
281(4)
Electron Configuration
285(7)
The Building-Up Principle
292(12)
Key Equations
295(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
296(1)
Key Words
297(1)
Questions and Problems
297(7)
Periodic Relationships Among the Elements
304(40)
Development of the Periodic Table
306(2)
Periodic Classification of the Elements
308(4)
Periodic Variation in Physical Properties
312(7)
The Third Liquid Element?
319(1)
Ionization Energy
319(4)
Electron Affinity
323(2)
Variation in Chemical Properties of the Representative Elements
325(19)
Discovery of the Noble Gases
336(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
337(1)
Key Words
337(1)
Questions and Problems
338(6)
Chemical Bonding I: Basic Concepts
344(40)
Lewis Dot Symbols
346(1)
The Ionic Bond
347(2)
Lattice Energy of Ionic Compounds
349(5)
Sodium Chloride---A Common and Important Ionic Compound
353(1)
The Covalent Bond
354(3)
Electronegativity
357(3)
Writing Lewis Structures
360(2)
Formal Charge and Lewis Structure
362(3)
The Concept of Resonance
365(2)
Exceptions to the Octet Rule
367(5)
Just Say No
372(1)
Bond Energy
372(12)
Key Equation
377(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
377(1)
Key Words
378(1)
Questions and Problems
378(6)
Chemical Bonding II: Molecular Geometry and Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals
384(50)
Molecular Geometry
386(9)
Dipole Moment
395(6)
Microwave Ovens---Dipole Moments at Work
398(3)
Valance Bond Theory
401(2)
Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals
403(9)
Hybridization in Molecules Containing Double and Triple Bonds
412(3)
Molecular Orbital Theory
415(3)
Molecular Orbital Configurations
418(5)
Delocalized Molecular Orbitals
423(11)
Buckyball, Anyone?
426
Key Equations
425(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
425(3)
Key Words
428(1)
Questions and Problems
428(6)
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids
434(52)
The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Liquids and Solids
436(1)
Intermolecular Forces
437(6)
Properties of Liquids
443(3)
Why Do Lakes Freeze from the Top Down?
447
Crystal Structure
446(7)
X-Ray Diffraction by Crystals
453(2)
Types of Crystals
455(5)
Amorphous Solids
460(2)
High-Temperature Superconductors
460(2)
Phase Changes
462(9)
Phase Diagrams
471(15)
Hard-Boiling an Egg on a Mountaintop, Pressure Cookers, and Ice Skating
473(1)
Liquid Crystals
474(2)
Key Equations
476(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
476(1)
Key Words
477(1)
Questions and Problems
477(9)
Physical Properties of Solutions
486(44)
Types of Solutions
488(1)
A Molecular View of the Solution Process
489(2)
Concentration Units
491(4)
The Effect of Temperature on Solubility
495(2)
The Effect of Pressure on the Solubility of Gases
497(2)
The Killer Lake
500
Colligative Properties of Nonelectrolyte Solutions
499(13)
Colligative Properties of Electrolyte Solutions
512(2)
Desalination
516
Colloids
514(16)
Key Equations
518(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
519(1)
Key Words
519(1)
Questions and Problems
520(8)
The Wrong Knife
528(2)
Chemical Kinetics
530(54)
The Rate of a Reaction
532(7)
The Rate Law
539(4)
Relation Between Reactant Concentration and Time
543(11)
Determining the Age of the Shroud of Turin
552(2)
Activation Energy and Temperature Dependence of Rate Constants
554(6)
Reaction Mechanisms
560(6)
Femtochemistry
565(1)
Catalysis
566(18)
Key Equations
573(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
574(1)
Key Words
574(1)
Questions and Problems
575(9)
Chemical Equilibrium
584(42)
The Concept of Equilibrium and the Equilibrium Constant
586(2)
Writing Equilibrium Constant Expressions
588(12)
The Relationship Between Chemical Kinetics and Chemical Equilibrium
600(1)
What Does the Equilibrium Constant Tell Us?
601(6)
Factors That Affect Chemical Equilibrium
607(19)
Life at High Altitudes and Hemoglobin Production
613(1)
The Haber Process
614(2)
Key Equations
616(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
616(1)
Key Words
617(1)
Questions and Problems
617(9)
Acids and Bases
626(52)
Brønsted Acids and Bases
628(1)
The Acid-Base Properties of Water
629(2)
pH---A Measure of Acidity
631(3)
Strength of Acids and Bases
634(4)
Weak Acids and Acid Ionization Constants
638(7)
Weak Bases and Base Ionization Constants
645(2)
The Relationship Between the Ionization Constants of Acids and Their Conjugate Bases
647(1)
Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids
648(4)
Molecular Structure and the Strength of Acids
652(4)
Acid-Base Properties of Salts
656(5)
Acid-Base Properties of Oxides and Hydroxides
661(3)
Lewis Acids and Bases
664(14)
Antacids and the pH Balance in Your Stomach
666(2)
Key Equations
668(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
668(1)
Key Words
669(1)
Questions and Problems
669(7)
Decaying Papers
676(2)
Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria
678(52)
Homogeneous versus Heterogeneous Solution Equilibria
680(1)
The Common Ion Effect
680(3)
Buffer Solutions
683(7)
Maintaining the pH of Blood
688(2)
Acid-Base Titrations
690(8)
Acid-Base Indicators
698(2)
Solubility Equilibria
700(7)
Separation of Ions by Fractional Precipitation
707(2)
The Common Ion Effect and Solubility
709(1)
pH and Solubility
710(3)
Complex Ion Equilibria and Solubility
713(5)
Application of the Solubility Product Principle to Qualitative Analysis
718(12)
How an Eggshell Is Formed
719(2)
Key Equation
721(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
721(1)
Key Words
722(1)
Questions and Problems
722(6)
A Hard-Boiled Snack
728(2)
Chemistry in the Atmosphere
730(32)
Earth's Atmosphere
732(3)
Phenomena in the Outer Layers of the Atmosphere
735(2)
Depletion of Ozone in the Stratosphere
737(5)
Volcanoes
742(1)
The Greenhouse Effect
743(5)
Acid Rain
748(3)
Photochemical Smog
751(2)
Indoor Pollution
753(9)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
756(1)
Key Words
757(1)
Questions and Problems
757(5)
Entropy, Free Energy, and Equilibrium
762(34)
The Three Laws of Thermodynamics
764(1)
Spontaneous Processes and Entropy
764(1)
Entropy
765(5)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
770(5)
The Efficiency of Heat Engines
776
Gibbs Free Energy
775(7)
Free Energy and Chemical Equilibrium
782(4)
Thermodynamics in Living Systems
786(10)
The Thermodynamics of a Rubber Band
787(2)
Key Equations
789(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
789(1)
Key Words
789(1)
Questions and Problems
790(6)
Electrochemistry
796(46)
Redox Reactions
798(3)
Galvanic Cells
801(2)
Standard Reduction Potentials
803(6)
Spontaneity of Redox Reactions
809(3)
The Effect of Concentration of Cell Emf
812(4)
Batteries
816(5)
Corrosion
821(4)
Electrolysis
825(17)
Dental Filling Discomfort
831
Key Equations
830(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
831(1)
Key Words
832(1)
Questions and Problems
832(8)
Tainted Water
840(2)
Metallurgy and the Chemistry of Metals
842(28)
Occurrence of Metals
844(1)
Metallurgical Processes
844(8)
Band Theory of Conductivity
852(2)
Periodic Trends in Metallic Properties
854(1)
The Alkali Metals
855(4)
The Alkaline Earth Metals
859(2)
Aluminum
861(9)
Recycling Aluminum
864(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
864(2)
Key Words
866(1)
Questions and Problems
866(4)
Nonmetallic Elements and Their Compounds
870(40)
General Properties of Nonmetals
872(1)
Hydrogen
872(5)
Metallic Hydrogen
878
Carbon
877(3)
Synthetic Gas from Coal
881
Nitrogen and Phosphorus
880(8)
Ammonium Nitrate---The Explosive Fertilizer
889
Oxygen and Sulfur
888(8)
The Halogens
896(14)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
904(1)
Key Words
905(1)
Questions and Problems
905(5)
Transition Metal Chemistry and Coordination Compounds
910(32)
Properties of the Transition Metals
912(3)
Chemistry of Iron and Copper
915(2)
Coordination Compounds
917(4)
Structure of Coordination Compounds
921(4)
Bonding in Coordination Compounds: Crystal Field Theory
925(9)
Reactions of Coordination Compounds
934(1)
Coordination Compounds in Living Systems
930(4)
Applications of Coordination Compounds
934(8)
Cisplatin---The Anticancer Drug
932(4)
Key Equation
936(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
936(1)
Key Words
936(1)
Questions and Problems
936(4)
Dating Paintings with Prussian Blue
940(2)
Nuclear Chemistry
942(36)
The Nature of Nuclear Reactions
944(2)
Nuclear Stability
946(5)
Natural Radioactivity
951(3)
Nuclear Transmutation
954(3)
Nuclear Fission
957(6)
Nature's Own Fission Reactor
962(1)
Nuclear Fusion
963(2)
Uses of Isotopes
965(2)
Biological Effects of Radiation
967(11)
Food Irradiation
969(1)
Key Equation
970(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
970(1)
Key Words
971(1)
Questions and Problems
971(5)
The Art Forgery of the Twentieth Century
976(2)
Organic Chemistry
978(36)
Classes of Organic Compounds
980(1)
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
980(13)
Ice That Burns
992(1)
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
993(3)
Chemistry of the Functional Groups
996(18)
The Petroleum Industry
1003(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
1004(1)
Key Words
1005(1)
Questions and Problems
1006(6)
The Disappearing Fingerprints
1012(2)
Synthetic and Natural Organic Polymers
1014
Properties of Polymers
1016(1)
Synthetic Organic Polymers
1016(5)
Proteins
1021(9)
Nucleic Acids
1030
Sickle Cell Anemia---A Molecular Disease
1030(4)
DNA Fingerprinting
1034(1)
Summary of Facts and Concepts
1035(1)
Key Words
1035(1)
Questions and Problems
1035(3)
A Story That Will Curl Your Hair
1038
Appendix 1 Derivation of the Names of Elements 1(6)
Appendix 2 Units for the Gas Constant 7(1)
Appendix 3 Thermodynamic Data at 1 atm and 25°C 8(5)
Appendix 4 Mathematical Operations 13
Glossary 1(1)
Answers to Even-Numbered Problems 1(1)
Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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