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Chemistry: Principles And Reactions (Updated 5th Edition, with CD-Rom & GenChem Now),9780495011408
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Chemistry: Principles And Reactions (Updated 5th Edition, with CD-Rom & GenChem Now)

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780495011408

ISBN10:
0495011401
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/3/2005
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
List Price: $228.33

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Summary

This new updated edition of CHEMISTRY: PRINCIPLES AND REACTIONS retains the same focus, providing students with the "core" material essential to understanding the principles of general chemistry ? but now gives them a unique online assessment and learning tool through the General ChemistryNow web-based system. Topics in Organic Chemistry have also been expanded to provide material for those who want to include this coverage in their course. Masterton and Hurley cover the basics without sacrificing the essentials, appealing to several markets. Appropriate for either a one- or two-semester course, CHEMISTRY: PRINCIPLES AND REACTIONS, Fifth Edition is three hundred pages shorter than most general chemistry texts and lives up to its long-standing reputation as THE student-oriented text. Though this text is shorter in length than most other General Chemistry books, it is not lower in level, and with the addition of the large volume of content provided by the revolutionary GENERAL CHEMISTRY INTERACTIVE 3.0 CD-ROM, and, the addition of the new General ChemistryNow web-based program that is included with every copy, it has a depth and breath rivaling much longer books.

Table of Contents

Matter and Measurements
2(24)
Types of Matter
3(5)
Measurements
8(7)
Properties of Substances
15(11)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Antoine Lavoisier
16(3)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Titanium: A Space-Age Metal
19(1)
Chapter Highlights
20(1)
Summary Problem
21(1)
Questions & Problems
21(5)
Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
26(26)
Atoms and the Atomic Theory
27(1)
Chemistry: The Human Side: John Dalton
27(1)
Components of the Atom
28(5)
Introduction to the Periodic Table
33(2)
Molecules and Ions
35(5)
Formulas of Ionic Compounds
40(1)
Names of Compounds
41(11)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Ethyl Alcohol and the Law
45(1)
Chapter Highlights
46(1)
Summary Problem
47(1)
Questions & Problems
47(5)
Mass Relations in Chemistry; Stoichiometry
52(24)
Atomic Masses
53(3)
The Mole
56(2)
Mass Relations in Chemical Formulas
58(3)
Mass Relations in Reactions
61(15)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Hydrates
68(1)
Chapter Highlights
69(1)
Summary Problem
69(1)
Questions & Problems
70(6)
Reactions in Aqueous Solution
76(26)
Solute Concentrations; Molarity
77(2)
Precipitation Reactions
79(3)
Acid-Base Reactions
82(5)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Svante August Arrhenius
87(1)
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
87(15)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Antacids
94(1)
Chapter Highlights
95(1)
Summary Problem
95(1)
Questions & Problems
96(6)
Gases
102(28)
Measurements on Gases
103(2)
The Ideal Gas Law
105(2)
Gas Law Calculations
107(3)
Stoichiometry of Gaseous Reactions
110(3)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Amadeo Avogadro
112(1)
Gas Mixtures: Partial Pressures and Mole Fractions
113(2)
Kinetic Theory of Gases
115(6)
Real Gases
121(9)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Airbags
123(1)
Chapter Highlights
124(1)
Summary Problem
124(1)
Questions & Problems
125(5)
Electronic Structure and the Periodic Table
130(32)
Light, Photon Energies, and Atomic Spectra
131(3)
The Hydrogen Atom
134(4)
Quantum Numbers
138(3)
Atomic Orbitals; Shapes and Sizes
141(1)
Electron Configurations in Atoms
141(5)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Glenn Seaborg
145(1)
Orbital Diagrams of Atoms
146(2)
Electron Arrangements in Monatomic Ions
148(2)
Periodic Trends in the Properties of Atoms
150(12)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: The Aurora
155(1)
Chapter Highlights
156(1)
Summary Problem
156(1)
Questions & Problems
157(5)
Covalent Bonding
162(32)
Lewis Structures; The Octet Rule
164(9)
Chemistry: The Human Side: G. N. Lewis
172(1)
Molecular Geometry
173(7)
Polarity of Molecules
180(3)
Atomic Orbitals; Hybridization
183(11)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: The Noble Gases
188(1)
Chapter Highlights
189(1)
Summary Problem
189(1)
Questions & Problems
190(4)
Thermochemistry
194(30)
Principles of Heat Flow
195(3)
Measurement of Heat Flow; Calorimetry
198(3)
Enthalpy
201(1)
Thermochemical Equations
202(4)
Enthalpies of Formation
206(4)
Bond Enthalpy
210(2)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
212(12)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Energy Balance in the Human Body
216(2)
Chapter Highlights
218(1)
Summary Problem
218(1)
Questions & Problems
219(5)
Liquids and Solids
224(32)
Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium
225(5)
Phase Diagrams
230(3)
Molecular Substances; Intermolecular Forces
233(5)
Network Covalent, Ionic, and Metallic Solids
238(6)
Crystal Structures
244(12)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Dorothy Hodgkin
247(2)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Allotropy
249(1)
Chapter Highlights
250(1)
Summary Problem
251(1)
Questions & Problems
252(4)
Solutions
256(26)
Concentration Units
257(4)
Principles of Solubility
261(3)
Colligative Properties of Nonelectrolytes
264(7)
Colligative Properties of Electrolytes
271(11)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Maple Syrup
274(1)
Chapter Highlights
275(1)
Summary Problem
275(1)
Questions & Problems
276(6)
Rate of Reaction
282(38)
Meaning of Reaction Rate
283(3)
Reaction Rate and Concentration
286(4)
Reactant Concentration and Time
290(5)
Models for Reaction Rate
295(4)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Henry Eyring
299(1)
Reaction Rate and Temperature
299(3)
Catalysis
302(2)
Reaction Mechanisms
304(16)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: The Ozone Story
308(2)
Chapter Highlights
310(1)
Summary Problem
310(1)
Questions & Problems
311(9)
Gaseous Chemical Equilibrium
320(30)
The N2O4--NO2 Equilibrium System
321(3)
The Equilibrium Constant Expression
324(5)
Determination of K
329(1)
Applications of the Equilibrium Constant
330(4)
Effect of Changes in Conditions on an Equilibrium System
334(16)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: An Industrial Application of Gaseous Equilibrium
340(2)
Chapter Highlights
342(1)
Summary Problem
342(1)
Questions & Problems
343(7)
Acids and Bases
350(28)
Bronsted-Lowry Acid-Base Model
351(1)
The Ion Product of Water
352(1)
pH and pOH
353(4)
Weak Acids and Their Equilibrium Constants
357(8)
Weak Bases and Their Equilibrium Constants
365(3)
Acid-Base Properties of Salt Solutions
368(10)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Organic Acids and Bases
371(2)
Chapter Highlights
373(1)
Summary Problem
373(1)
Questions & Problems
374(4)
Equilibria in Acid-Base Solutions
378(24)
Buffers
379(7)
Acid-Base Indicators
386(2)
Acid-Base Titrations
388(14)
Chemistry: Beyond The Classroom: Acid Rain
394(1)
Chapter Highlights
395(1)
Summary Problem
396(1)
Questions & Problems
396(6)
Complex Ions
402(22)
Composition of Complex Ions
403(4)
Geometry of Complex Ions
407(4)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Alfred Werner
411(1)
Electronic Structure of Complex Ions
411(5)
Formation Constants of Complex Ions
416(8)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Chelates: Natural and Synthetic
418(2)
Chapter Highlights
420(1)
Summary Problem
420(1)
Questions & Problems
421(3)
Precipitation Equilibria
424(20)
Precipitate Formation; Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)
425(6)
Dissolving Precipitates
431(13)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Qualitative Analysis
436(2)
Chapter Highlights
438(1)
Summary Problem
438(1)
Questions & Problems
439(5)
Spontaneity of Reaction
444(30)
Spontaneous Processes
445(2)
Entropy, S
447(5)
Free Energy, G
452(2)
Chemistry: The Human Side: J. Willard Gibbs
453(1)
Standard Free Energy Change, ΔG°
454(3)
Effect of Temperature, Pressure, and Concentration on Reaction Spontaneity
457(4)
The Free Energy Change and the Equilibrium Constant
461(1)
Additivity of Free Energy Changes; Coupled Reactions
462(12)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Global Warming
465(1)
Chapter Highlights
466(1)
Summary Problem
467(1)
Questions & Problems
468(6)
Electrochemistry
474(32)
Voltaic Cells
475(4)
Standard Voltages
479(5)
Relations Between E°, ΔG°, and K
484(2)
Effect of Concentration on Voltage
486(3)
Electrolytic Cells
489(4)
Chemistry: The Human Side: Michael Faraday
493(1)
Commercial Cells
493(13)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Corrosion of Metals
498(1)
Chapter Highlights
499(1)
Summary Problem
500(1)
Questions & Problems
500(6)
Nuclear Reactions
506(24)
Radioactivity
507(5)
Chemistry: The Human Side: The Curies
511(1)
Rate of Radioactive Decay
512(2)
Mass-Energy Relations
514(4)
Nuclear Fission
518(3)
Nuclear Fusion
521(9)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Biological Effects of Radiation
523(1)
Chapter Highlights
524(1)
Summary Problem
525(1)
Questions & Problems
525(5)
Chemistry of the Metals
530(20)
Metallurgy
531(6)
Reactions of the Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals
537(3)
Redox Chemistry of the Transition Metals
540(10)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Essential Metals in Nutrition
546(1)
Chapter Highlights
547(1)
Summary Problem
547(1)
Questions & Problems
548(2)
Chemistry of the Nonmetals
550(26)
The Elements and Their Preparation
551(4)
Hydrogen Compounds of Nonmetals
555(4)
Oxygen Compounds of Nonmetals
559(3)
Oxoacids and Oxoanions
562(14)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Arsenic and Selenium
570(1)
Chapter Highlights
571(1)
Summary Problem
571(1)
Questions & Problems
572(4)
Organic Chemistry
576(32)
Saturated Hydrocarbons: Alkanes
578(5)
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons: Alkenes and Alkynes
583(3)
Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives
586(2)
Functional Groups
588(7)
Isomerism in Organic Compounds
595(4)
Organic Reactions
599(9)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: Cholesterol
601(2)
Chapter Highlights
603(1)
Summary Problem
603(2)
Questions & Problems
605(3)
Organic Polymers, Natural and Synthetic
608(25)
Synthetic Addition Polymers
609(3)
Synthetic Condensation Polymers
612(3)
Carbohydrates
615(4)
Proteins
619(14)
Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom: DNA Fingerprinting
627(2)
Chapter Highlights
629(1)
Summary Problem
629(1)
Questions & Problems
630(3)
Appendix 1: Units, Constants, and Reference Data 633(6)
Appendix 2: Properties of the Elements 639(2)
Appendix 3: Exponents and Logarithms 641(5)
Appendix 4: Nomenclature of Complex Ions 646(1)
Appendix 5: Molecular Orbitals 647(6)
Appendix 6: Answers to Even-Numbered and Challenge Questions & Problems 653(20)
Credits 673(4)
Index/Glossary 677


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