9780809327027

Chicago

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780809327027

  • ISBN10:

    0809327023

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 6/30/2006
  • Publisher: Southern Illinois Univ Pr
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Summary

Chicago: Metropolis of the Mid-Continentprovides a comprehensive portrayal of the growth and development of Chicago from the mudhole of the prairie to today's world-class city. This completely revised fourth edition skillfully weaves together the geography, history, economy, and culture of the city and its suburbs with a special emphasis on the role of the many ethnic and racial groups that comprise the "real Chicago" of its neighborhoods. Cutler demonstrates how the geography of "Chicagoland" and the influx of a diverse population spurred transportation, industrial technology, the economy, and sporadic planning to foster rapid urban growth, which brought both great progress and severe problems.Through insightful analysis, Cutler also traces the demographic and societal changes to Chicago, critically examining such problems as the environment, education, racial tension, crime, welfare, housing, employment, and transportation. Richly illustrated with nearly three hundred drawings, photos, maps, and tables, the volume includes six appendices with sections dedicated to Chicago facts, population growth and income data, weather and climate, significant dates, and historic sites.

Author Biography

Irving Cutler, a professor emeritus of geography at Chicago State University, has published several books and numerous articles on Chicago, including the award-winning The Jews of Chicago: From Shtetl to Suburb. He serves on the board of directors of several historical and geographic societies, including the Chicago Jewish Historical Society, of which he was a founder, and the Geographic Society of Chicago, of which he was the president. He has spent more than twenty years giving lectures and leading tours addressing the sociological, historical, geographical, economic, and architectural features of Chicago.

Table of Contents

Foreword
James F. Marran
xi
Preface xiii
1. INTRODUCTION
1(4)
Yesterday and Today
1(1)
Chicago's Geographic Attributes
1(4)
2. THE PHYSICAL SETTING
5(16)
In the Beginning
5(1)
Effect of the Glaciers
5(2)
The Lake Plain
7(3)
After the Glaciers
10(2)
The Chicago River
12(2)
The Calumet River
14(1)
The Drainage Pattern
14(2)
The Vegetation
16(1)
The Climate
17(4)
3. THE EVOLUTION OF CHICAGO
21(28)
Early Settlement
21(2)
Town and City
23(8)
The Street Pattern
31(2)
Mudhole of the Prairies
33(3)
The Fire
36(3)
Rebuilding and Further Expansion
39(2)
Protecting the People's Health
41(3)
From Fair to Fair
44(5)
4. PEOPLE AND SETTLEMENT PATTERNS: THE EUROPEANS
49(106)
Sources of Early Settlers
49(2)
European Immigration
51(2)
An Ethnic Checkerboard
53(2)
Recent Population Trends
55(3)
The Irish
58(6)
The Germans
64(9)
The Scandinavians
73(8)
The Jews
81(15)
The Czechs and Slovaks
96(9)
The Poles
105(9)
The Lithuanians
114(8)
The Italians
122(10)
The Greeks
132(4)
The Ukrainians
136(4)
Other European Groups
140(10)
Chicago's European Neighborhoods
150(5)
5. PEOPLE AND SETTLEMENT PATTERNS: RECENT MIGRATION AND TRENDS
155(70)
Population Changes
155(1)
The African Americans
156(18)
The Hispanics
174(14)
The Asians
188(18)
The Native Americans
206(1)
Socioeconomic Patterns
207(13)
Theoretical Internal Arrangement of Chicago
220(5)
6. THE ECONOMY OF CHICAGO
225(40)
Early Industry
225(2)
The Union Stock Yards
227(3)
Pullman
230(4)
Present Industry
234(6)
Wholesale and Retail Trade
240(4)
Organized Industrial Districts and Parks
244(1)
The Calumet Industrial Complex
245(7)
The Changing Role of the Central Business District
252(13)
7. CULTURE, EDUCATION, AND RECREATION
265(36)
Recreation Facilities
265(7)
Education
272(3)
The Literary Field
275(5)
Art
280(6)
Music
286(5)
Architecture
291(10)
8. TRANSPORTATION: EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL
301(38)
From Portage to World Port
301(3)
The Modern Port of Chicago
304(5)
The Railroads Spin a Web
309(6)
Road Transportation
315(6)
Pipelines
321(1)
Air Transportation
321(4)
The CTA and Its Predecessors
325(7)
Pace, the Suburban Bus System
332(1)
Metra, the Commuter Rail System
333(3)
Transportation Trends
336(3)
9. EXPANSION OF THE CHICAGO METROPOLITAN AREA
339(34)
Suburban Growth
339(4)
Suburban Characteristics
343(4)
North Suburban Growth Patterns
347(8)
West Suburban Growth Patterns
355(3)
South Suburban Growth Patterns
358(5)
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
363(2)
Regional Shopping Centers
365(3)
The Rural-Urban Fringe
368(2)
Midwest Megalopolis
370(3)
10. PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE 373(18)
Problems and Principles
373(1)
The Burnham Plan
374(1)
Later Chicago Planning
375(4)
Planning for the Metropolitan Area
379(5)
The Challenge
384(7)
APPENDIX A: Chicago Population 391(2)
APPENDIX B: Chicago Weather arid Climate 393(2)
APPENDIX C: General Facts about Chicago 395(2)
APPENDIX D: Significant Dates in Chicago History 397(6)
APPENDIX E: Chicago Historic Sites 403(8)
APPENDIX F: Statistical Data for Incorporated Communities of the Chicago Area 411(8)
Notes 419(4)
Selected Bibliography 423(14)
Index 437

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